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לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
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CHUMASH

Parshas Vayeira - Rishon with Rashi

Hashem appears to Avraham Avinu after his bris milah. Malochim tell Avraham and Sarah that they will have a baby next Pesach!

On the third day after Avraham’s bris, Hashem came to Avraham to do Bikur Cholim. Avraham was waiting outside, looking for guests, but no travelers were passing by! Hashem had made it too hot for people to travel, so that Avraham would have a chance to rest.

When Hashem appeared to him, Avraham tried to stand up out of respect, even though he was in pain from the bris milah. Hashem told him he doesn’t need to stand up!

Hashem saw that Avraham was upset that he had no guests to do Hachnosas Orchim. Even though Hashem was going to send the malochim to Avraham later, He sent them now so Avraham wouldn’t be sad.

Avraham saw three men (who were really malochim in disguise) standing outside. They saw that Avraham was uncomfortable from his bris, and they didn’t want to bother him by coming over. But Avraham wanted to do Hachnosas Orchim! He asked Hashem to wait, and ran out to invite them into his tent.

Avraham thought that these were men who bowed to dirt like Avodah Zarah. So before inviting them into his tent, he asked them to wash their feet. He then told them he would bring them food.

The first malach gave Avraham a Refuah Sheleima, and now he was able to go quickly without being in pain! Avraham ran to Sarah and told her to make bread for the guests.

Avraham then ran to where the animals were kept, and picked out three baby cows. He told Yishmael (who he was trying to teach about Hachnosas Orchim) to make a special spicy cow tongue for each guest, and Yishmael did.

Avraham served the food as soon as it was ready. He brought them cream and milk, then when the tongue was ready he brought it to them, standing there like a waiter to make sure they had everything they needed. The malochim pretended to eat, like good guests.

Politely, they asked Sarah how Avraham was doing. Then they asked Avraham how Sarah was doing.

The second malach said, “I have a message for Sarah: Next year today, Sarah will have a baby boy!” Sarah was listening by the door. Sarah couldn’t believe that it could be true — she was old, and she felt like an old lady. She couldn’t believe that she would become young again and have a baby! She laughed out loud, and said “Could I really become like a young woman again?! And Avraham is too old too!”

As she said this, she did become like a young woman again!

Hashem said to Avraham, “why did Sarah laugh? Is there a neis that is too hard for me? You will see that next year at this time I will visit you again, and Sarah will have a baby that day.”

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TEHILLIM

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Today’s kapitelach are Samach to Samach-Hey.

In Kapitel Samach, the first of today’s Tehillim, we have a posuk that says “Lemaan Yeichaltzun Yedidecha, Hoshia Yemincha Va’aneini.” (We also say it by the end of Shmoneh Esrei.)

The pesukim before this one talk about how Hashem sometimes makes a person have a hard time so they can show that they ALWAYS believe in Hashem. This posuk tells us that really “Hashem does this so that He can save them, and will help with His right hand and answer.” Really, the whole time Hashem wants to save the person, but he wants them to show that they believe in Hashem all the time. Then everyone will know they deserve their brachos.

We see that even though sometimes things are hard, it’s because Hashem wants to give us later something even better.

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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Chof-Vov

We learned before that when we work hard to understand the halachos of the Torah properly, we are taking the Torah out of the Golus it is in — the kelipah of the questions and things that make it hard to understand.

When Moshiach will come, we won’t need to learn Torah for THAT reason, because there will be no more kelipah to hide the kedushah of the Torah! We will only need to learn the Chassidus that explains the halachos, to bring extra kedushah into the Torah. But we won’t need to take it out of Golus, since there will be no more bad in the world!

And what about the halachos themselves? We will know them by just learning them once — we won’t need to review them all the time, because we will not forget them. Forgetting is from kelipah, and Hashem will take away all of the kelipah from the world! Plus, we will understand them by knowing the Chassidus that we learn about them.

This ends this very long letter! We understand now that in the times of Golus, the Torah is also in Golus. We know that when we work hard to understand the halachos and discover new insights in the Torah we bring the Geulah sooner. And we know that when Moshiach comes, our learning will be different, and we will mainly learn the deeper meanings and the secrets of the Torah!

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HAYOM YOM

Yud-Alef Mar-Cheshvan

The first paragraph of today’s Hayom Yom has two corrections in the Torah Ohr of this week.

The Rebbe Rashab wrote corrections in the margins of his copy of Torah Ohr. All of the corrections in Torah Ohr which are printed in Hayom Yom are from what the Rebbe Rashab wrote there.

The Rebbe Rashab also wrote notes and explanations on one of the maamarim in Torah Ohr for Parshas Vayeira, the maamarPosach Eliyahu.” He started writing these notes in the winter of Tof-Reish-Nun-Beis (1891).

The Rebbe had these notes printed almost 90 years later, in Tof-Shin-Mem-Alef, in a booklet called “Hagahos L’Dibur Hamas’chil Posach Eliyahu Tof-Reish-Nun-Beis.”

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #126 - Mitzvas Asei #126, #129

Today we learn the first 2 mitzvos about Terumah:

1) (Mitzvas Asei #126) That we need to give the first part of the food we grow, called Terumah Gedolah, to the kohen. (This mitzvah is only kept in Eretz Yisroel.)

2) (Mitzvas Asei #129) The Leviim need to give maaser from the maaser they get from Yidden, to give to the kohen. This is called “Terumas Maaser” or “Maaser Min HaMaaser.” They need to give the BEST part to the kohen!

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Terumos

In today’s Rambam, we are starting to learn the halachos of Terumos. There are 8 mitzvos in these 15 perakim. Three mitzvos about separating the Terumah, and five mitzvos are about who can eat it.

Perek Alef: The Rambam starts talking about WHERE the food needs to grow to need to take Terumah.

Perek Beis: Then the Rambam talks about the KINDS of foods that need Terumah, like if we need to take Terumah from Leket, or Pe’ah, or Hefker foods. We learn what happens if the food becomes tomei or mixed up with other foods. We also learn about making a bracha when we take Terumah, and not taking it outside of Eretz Yisroel, because it will become Tamei.

Perek Gimmel: Now we learn the first 3 mitzvos, which are: separating Terumah, separating Terumas Maaser, and doing them in the right order.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Biyas Hamikdash - Perek Zayin

There are 15 things that could be wrong that count as a mum if they are in a person, and ALSO if they are in an animal.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Mesiras Nefesh for the Geulah

Yud-Alef Cheshvan is the yartzeit of Rochel Imeinu.

The Rebbe teaches us a beautiful lesson that we can learn from Rochel!

When Rochel passed away, Yaakov didn’t bury her in Me’aras Hamachpeilah, where the rest of the Avos and Imahos were already buried, and where he would later be buried. Instead, he buried her on the side of the road.

But Rochel was happy about this!

Yaakov Avinu knew with Ruach Hakodesh that the Yidden would pass by this place on their way to Golus.

When Rochel saw her children taken away from Eretz Yisroel, she went to cry to Hashem.

Hashem heard her tefillos, and promised to bring the Yidden back, and give them the Geulah.

Rochel was ready to not be buried together with her husband, so she could later help the Yidden to get the Geulah.

The Rebbe said in a sicha to women that this teaches us a very important lesson! Rochel Imeinu had such Mesiras Nefesh for the Geulah, and we, her children, should try to do that too. We should be ready to do things that might not be comfortable for us, so we can help other Yidden deserve the Geulah.

Based on farbrengen of Parshas Vayechi Tof-Shin-Mem-Vov

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LEARNING FROM THE REBBE

Shnas Ha'ibur

One of the special things about this year is that it is a Shana Me’uberes, an Ibur Yahr.

In an Ibur Yahr, we have an extra month — a second Chodesh Adar!

The Rebbe tells us that there is an important message to learn from a year like this:

Since we have an extra month, it means we have a lot of extra days to learn Torah and do mitzvos! Hashem gives us more kochos than what we have in a regular year, and we need to accomplish much more than in a regular year.

Even though it is only one MONTH that is added, the whole YEAR is called a Shana Me’uberes! Every single day of the year, even in a regular month like Cheshvan, is part of this special kind of year.

That teaches us that EVERY day of this year has to have something extra!

Every single day of the year, we need to do a little more in our Avodah, with an extra chayus in our learning, our davening, and doing mitzvos.

Then we are zoche to EXTRA reward from Hashem, especially to win over our Yetzer Hara and to have hatzlacha in our shlichus!

See farbrengen Yud-Ches Tishrei 5749; Der Rebbe Redt Tzu Kinder vol. 6, p. 121

▼ Jump to Coloring Books & Downloads ▼

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TEFILLAH

Everyone Needs to Daven!

A person who is very busy with taking care of his community is called an Osek Betzorchei Tzibur. In halacha, the job of an Osek Betzorchei Tzibur is even more important than certain mitzvos! If someone is very busy all the time with what his community needs, he doesn’t even need to daven or learn.

(This is like the reason why women don’t have to keep certain mitzvos — because their job of Akeres Habayis is even more important.)

But this is only if there is no choice, then the halacha is that what the community needs is more important. But Hashem doesn’t usually make things happen that way! Usually, he WILL be able to have time to daven — and even to daven without needing to think about other things!

In fact, it is EXTRA important for an Osek Betzorchei Tzibur to make time to daven and to learn, because it will help his community too!

An Osek Betzorchei Tzibur needs to take care of the needs of the community. But he also has his own feelings and interests and can sometimes get distracted by them or worry more about what people will say about him than what is best for his community.

That is why he needs to daven! When he davens, he can ask Hashem that he should not let his own feelings make him do something that isn’t good for the community. And then, when he learns Torah, he can see the things that are really important, not just what he might think on his own or what people say.

Davening and learning helps an Osek Betzorchei Tzibur — and every Yid — to make the right kinds of decisions all day!

See sicha Yud Alef Nisan 5732

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Saying Brachos Out Loud

As we learned before, when we say a bracha, we should know what we are saying! It is important to know who we are saying the bracha to (the meaning of the words Baruch Ata Hashem Elokeinu Melech Haolam), and what the bracha is about (the last words of the bracha).

In order to have this kavana, it is brought in halacha that we should make a bracha out loud! Even if there is nobody there to hear us saying it, “Hakol Me’orer Es Hakavana” — our voice helps us have kavana.

That way we will be able to think how we are saying a bracha to Hashem, and what we are saying the bracha about.

See Misgeres Hashulchan to Kitzur Shulchan Aruch siman Vov and sources there

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Deserving Moshiach

Today, in the beginning of Parshas Vayeira, we learn about how Hashem revealed Himself to Avraham. When the Rebbe Rashab was a little boy, just 4 or 5 years old, he heard this, and was very sad. He came crying to his zaidy, the Tzemach Tzedek. “Why does Hashem reveal Himself to Avraham and not to me?”

The Tzemach Tzedek answered him that when a Yid who is 99 years old is ready to give himself a Bris Milah, he DESERVES that Hashem should reveal Himself to him!

We aren’t Avraham Avinu or the Rebbe Rashab, but there is still something that we can learn from this story: After all the work that Yidden did in the time of Golus, and the Chassidus that the Rebbeim taught us, the world has everything it needs to see Moshiach. But in order to SEE it, we need to DESERVE it! We learn from here two things: That we really need to cry to Hashem that we want to see the Geulah now, and also that when we work hard to use all of these kochos to bring Moshiach, we will deserve to see the Geulah with our own eyes.

See farbrengen Parshas Vayeira 5752

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