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A CIS Weekly update on immigration policy related reading from the United States and around the world.

Immigration Reading, 5/19/16


Support the Center for Immigration Studies by donating on line here: http://cis.org/donate
 
GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS
1. Senate testimony on the decline in deportations and increase in the release of criminal aliens
2. House testimony on life on the SW border
3. CRS report on unaccompanied alien children
4. E.U.: Statistics on asylum seekers during 2015
5. Finland: Reports on Syrian asylum seekers and migration during 2015
6. Denmark: Statistics on immigration and emigration during Q1 2016
7. Norway: Report on unemployment among immigrants during Q1 2016
8. Netherlands: Reports on Syrian immigration and migration and population growth

REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.
9. New TRAC report on civil immigration litigation
10. Pew Research Center report on origins and destinations of the world's migrants
11. "Shifting Ground: Views on immigration during the long term and during election campaigns"
12. "Why Border Enforcement Backfired"
13. Four new reports and features from the Migration Policy Institute
14. Six new and recent papers from the Social Science Research Network
15. New report from the International Organization for Migration
16. U.K.: "Brexit and the Impact of Immigration on the UK"
17. U.K.: New briefing paper from MigrationWatch
18. Human Rights Watch report on Greece and refugees

BOOKS
19. Strangers in Our Midst: The Political Philosophy of Immigration
20. Contemporary Conversations on Immigration in the United States: The View from Prince George's County, Maryland
21. Employment-based Immigration: Background and Risks of the Immigrant Investor (Eb-5) Program
22. Illiberal Liberal States: Immigration, Citizenship and Integration in the EU
23. The Rise and Fall of the Miraculous Welfare Machine: Immigration and Social Democracy in Twentieth-Century Sweden
24. Migration by Boat: Discourses of Trauma, Exclusion and Survival

JOURNALS
25. CSEM Newsletter
26. Ethnic and Racial Studies
27. International Migration
28. IZA Journal of Migration
29. Journal of Intercultural Studies
30. REMHU
31. The World Economy


1.
Senate Committee on the Judiciary
Subcommittee on Immigration and the National Interest
May 19, 2016
http://www.judiciary.senate.gov/meetings/declining-deportations-and-increasing-criminal-alien-releases_the-lawless-immigration-policies-of-the-obama-administration

Declining Deportations and Increasing Criminal Alien Releases – The Lawless Immigration Policies of the Obama Administration

Witness testimony:

Thomas Homan
Executive Associate Director, Enforcement And Removal Operations
U.S. Immigration And Customs Enforcement
U.S. Department Of Homeland Security
https://www.judiciary.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/05-19-16%20Homan%20Testimony.pdf

Ronald Vitiello
Acting Chief, U.S. Border Patrol
U.S. Customs And Border Protection
U.S. Department Of Homeland Security
https://www.judiciary.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/05-19-16%20Vitiello%20Testimony.pdf

Brandon Judd
President, National Border Patrol Council
American Federation of Government Employees
https://www.judiciary.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/05-19-16%20Judd%20Testimony.pdf

Mark Krikorian
Executive Director
Center for Immigration Studies
https://www.judiciary.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/05-19-16%20Krikorian%20Testimony.pdf

Alex Nowrasteh
Immigration Policy Analyst
Cato Institute
https://www.judiciary.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/05-19-16%20Nowrasteh%20Testimony.pdf

Hearing video available at link above.

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2.
House Committee on Homeland Security
Subcommittee on Border and Maritime Security
Field Hearing, Sahuarita, Arizona, May 9, 2016
https://homeland.house.gov/hearing/life-border-examining-border-security-eyes-local-residents-law-enforcement/

Life on the Border: Examining Border Security through the Eyes of Local Residents and Law Enforcement

Opening Statement:

Subcommittee Chairwoman Martha McSally
https://homeland.house.gov/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/05-9-16-McSally-Open.pdf

Witness testimony:

Mark Dannels, Sheriff
Cochise County, Arizona
http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM11/20160509/104818/HMTG-114-HM11-Wstate-DannelsM-20160509.pdf

Danny Ortega, Mayor
Douglas, Arizona
http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM11/20160509/104818/HMTG-114-HM11-Wstate-OrtegaD-20160509.pdf

Art Del Cueto, President
National Border Patrol Council, Local 2544
http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM11/20160509/104818/HMTG-114-HM11-Wstate-DelCuetoA-20160509.pdf

Dan Bell, President
ZZ Cattle Corporation
http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM11/20160509/104818/HMTG-114-HM11-Wstate-BellD-20160509.pdf

Mark S. Adams, Coordinator
Frontera De Cristo
http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM11/20160509/104818/HMTG-114-HM11-Wstate-AdamsM-20160509.pdf

Jamie S. Chamberlain, President
J-C Distributing Inc.
http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM11/20160509/104818/HMTG-114-HM11-Wstate-ChamberlainJ-20160509.pdf

Nan Stockholm-Walden, Vice President and Legal Counsel
Farmers Investment Co. (FICO)
http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM11/20160509/104818/HMTG-114-HM11-Wstate-Stockholm-WaldenN-20160509.pdf

Frank Krentz
Rancher
http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM11/20160509/104818/HMTG-114-HM11-Wstate-KrentzF-20160509.pdf

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3.
New from the Congressional Research Service

Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview
By William A. Kandel
May 11, 2016
https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/R43599.pdf

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4.
Almost 90,000 unaccompanied minors among asylum seekers registered in the EU in 2015
Slightly more than half are Afghans
Eurostat, May 2, 2016
http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/2995521/7244677/3-02052016-AP-EN.pdf/19cfd8d1-330b-4080-8ff3-72ac7b7b67f6

Excerpt: In 2015, 88,300 asylum seekers applying for international protection in the Member States of the European Union (EU) were considered to be unaccompanied minors. While their number always stood between 11,000 and 13,000 in the EU over the period 2008-2013, it almost doubled in 2014 to reach slightly more than 23,000 persons, then nearly quadrupled in 2015.

In 2015, a substantial majority of unaccompanied minors were males (91%) and over half were aged 16 to 17 (57%, or 50,500 persons), while those aged 14 to 15 accounted for 29% (25,800 persons) and those aged less than 14 for 13% (11,800 persons). Around half (51%) of asylum applicants considered to be unaccompanied minors in the EU in 2015 were Afghans.

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5.
Preliminary population statistics
Finland's preliminary population figure 5,489,821 at the end of April
Statistics Finland, May 19, 2016
http://www.stat.fi/til/vamuu/2016/04/vamuu_2016_04_2016-05-19_en.pdf

Summary: According to Statistics Finland's preliminary data, Finland's population was 5,489,821 at the end of April. Our country's population increased by 2,513 persons during January-April. The reason for the increase was migration gain from abroad, since immigration exceeded emigration by 3,873. The number of births was 1,360 lower than that of deaths.

Migration 2015
Immigration gain decreased clearly from one year earlier
Statistics Finland, May 17, 2016
http://www.stat.fi/til/muutl/2015/muutl_2015_2016-05-17_tie_001_en.html

Summary: According to Statistics Finland, Finland’s gain in international migration decreased by 3,580 persons in 2015 from one year earlier. Last year, net immigration amounted to 12,441 persons, which was the smallest number in nine years. Finland received a migration gain of 14,737 persons from immigration of foreign citizens.

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6.
Immigration and emigration first quarter 2016
Statistics Denmark, May 11, 2016
http://www.dst.dk/en/Statistik/nyt/relateret?psi=278

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7.
Unemployment among immigrants, register-based, Q1 2016
Strongest increase among men from the EU
Statistics Norway, May 11, 2016
https://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/innvarbl/kvartal

Excerpt:
African immigrants still have the highest unemployment rate

Despite the decrease, immigrants from Africa still have the highest unemployment rate, at 12.1 per cent in the 1st quarter, which is due to the large percentage of refugees within this group. Next were immigrants from the EU countries in Eastern Europe with 10 per cent. Immigrants from Latin America and Asia had 8 per cent each, while those from Eastern Europe outside the EU had 7.3 per cent registered unemployed. As usual, the remaining groups had rates far below the immigrant average: Western Europe (4.6 per cent), North America and Oceania (3.9 per cent) and the Nordic countries (3.4 per cent).

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8.
Most immigrants now come from Syria
Statistics Netherlands, May 18, 2016
https://www.cbs.nl/en-gb/news/2016/20/most-immigrants-now-come-from-syria

Summary: According to Statistics Netherlands (CBS), 2.6 thousand Syrians were registered in Dutch municipalities in April 2016, making it the largest group of immigrants. Immigration from Syria has risen since the end of last year after the arrival of asylum seekers and following family members in 2015. Asylum seekers holding a residence permit and those who have stayed in asylum centres for a period of at least six months are allowed to register in a Dutch municipality. They acquire the immigrant status and as such are considered to be official residents of the Netherlands. Following family members also have access to this immigration procedure.

Migration contributes less to population growth
Statistics Netherlands, May 10, 2016
https://www.cbs.nl/en-gb/news/2016/19/migration-contributes-less-to-population-growth

Summary: Compared to other EU countries, natural population growth (defined as live births minus deaths) has been a more relevant factor for the population increase in the Netherlands in the period 2000-2014, accounting for 72 percent. Migration was a relatively small factor during this period but became more important in the following period. Altogether, the population in the Netherlands grew by 6.5 percent.

More than one-fifth of the collective population increase across the 28 EU countries was caused by natural growth and nearly four-fifth was due to migration. Migrant children have been included in live births.

Although the number of children born to Dutch women is declining, the birth rate is still high relative to other EU countries. Furthermore, emigrants outnumbered immigrants in the period 2003-2006.

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9.
New from the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse, Syracuse University

Increase in Civil Immigration Litigation
May 2016
http://trac.syr.edu/immigration/reports/425/

Excerpt: The latest available data from the federal courts show that during April 2016 the government reported 235 new civil immigration lawsuits had been filed. These suits have been rising fairly steadily during the past year; the April data represent a 37.7 percent increase from one year ago.

According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University, this number is up 5.4 percent over the previous month when the number of civil filings of this type totaled 223. Overall, the data show that civil immigration filings are up approximately 30 percent from levels reported in April 2011, five years ago.


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10.
Origins and Destinations of the World’s Migrants, from 1990-2015
In 2015, 46,630,000 people living in the United States were born in other countries
Pew Research Center, May 17, 2016
http://www.pewglobal.org/2016/05/17/global-migrant-stocks/

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11.
Shifting Ground: Views on immigration during the long term and during election campaigns
Ipsos MORI, May 4, 2016
https://www.ipsos-mori.com/Assets/Docs/Publications/sri-shifting-ground-attitudes-to-immigration-2016.pdf

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12.
Why Border Enforcement Backfired
By Douglas S. Massey, Karen A. Pren, and Jorge Durand
American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 121, No. 5, March 2016
http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/full/10.1086/684200

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13.
New from the Migration Policy Institute

Maintaining Public Trust in the Governance of Migration
By Demetrios G. Papademetriou
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/maintaining-public-trust-governance-migration

Engaging the Anxious Middle on Immigration Reform: Evidence from the UK Debate
By Sunder Katwala and Will Somerville
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/engaging-anxious-middle-immigration-reform-evidence-uk-debate

Kenyan Migration to the Gulf Countries: Balancing Economic Interests and Worker Protection
By Froilan Malit, Jr. and Ali Al Youha
Migration Information Source, May 18, 2016
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/kenyan-migration-gulf-countries-balancing-economic-interests-and-worker-protection

International Students in the United States
Migration Information Source Spotlight, May 12, 2016
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/programs/migration-information-source

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14.
New from the Social Science Research Network

1. Does Information Change Attitudes Towards Immigrants? Evidence from Survey Experiments
By Alexis Grigorieff, University of Oxford; Christopher Roth, University of Oxford; and Diego Ubfal, Bocconi University; IGIER
Posted April 21, 2016
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2768187

2. Removal in the Shadows of Immigration Court
By Jennifer Lee Koh , Western State College of Law
Southern California Law Review, Vol. 90, Forthcoming
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2769620

3. States’ Rights and Refugee Resettlement
By Kevin J. Fandl, Temple University - Fox School of Business and Management
Minnesota Journal of International Law (2016) Forthcoming
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2764642

4. Introduction to How Cities Will Save the World: Urban Innovation in the Face of Population Flows, Climate Change, and Economic Inequality
By Raymond H. Brescia, Albany Law School and John Travis Marshall , Georgia State University College of Law
Albany Law School Working Papers Series No. 24 for 2015-2016
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2776153

5. Canada's New Immigration Policies 2016: Good Politics, Bad for the Country
By Herbert Grubel, Simon Fraser University (SFU) Department of Economics
Posted May 4, 2016
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2775454

6. Immigration Judicial Reviews in the Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber): An Analysis of Statistical Data
By Robert Thomas, University of Manchester School of Law
Posted May 2016
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2766979

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15.
New from the International Organization for Migration

Measuring well-governed migration: The 2016 Migration Governance Index
May 2016
https://publications.iom.int/system/files/pdf/migration_governance_index_2016.pdf

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16.
Brexit and the Impact of Immigration on the UK
By Jonathan Wadsworth, Swati Dhingra, Gianmarco Ottaviano, and John Van Reenen
Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science
May 2016
http://cep.lse.ac.uk/pubs/download/brexit05.pdf

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17.
The Fiscal Effects of Immigration to the UK 2014/15
MigrationWatchUK Briefing Paper No. 381, May 17, 2016
http://www.migrationwatchuk.org/briefing-paper/381

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18.
Greece: Refugee “Hotspots” Unsafe, Unsanitary
Human Rights Watch, May 19, 2016
https://www.hrw.org/news/2016/05/19/greece-refugee-hotspots-unsafe-unsanitary

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19.
Strangers in Our Midst: The Political Philosophy of Immigration
By David Miller

Harvard University Press, 240 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0674088905, $35.00
http://smile.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0674088905/centerforimmigra

Kindle, 714 KB, ASIN: B01EUZ2O9U, 212 pp., $33.25

Book Description: It is not unusual for people in countries with limited job opportunities and economic resources to want to seek a better life in different lands. This is especially so for those who come from countries where they are treated poorly, discriminated against, or worse. But moving from one country to another in large numbers creates serious problems for receiving countries as well as those sending them.

How should Western democracies respond to the many millions of people who want to settle in their societies? Economists and human rights advocates tend to downplay the considerable cultural and demographic impact of immigration on host societies. Seeking to balance the rights of immigrants with the legitimate concerns of citizens, Strangers in Our Midst brings a bracing dose of realism to this debate. David Miller defends the right of democratic states to control their borders and decide upon the future size, shape, and cultural make-up of their populations.

Reframing immigration as a question of political philosophy, he asks how democracy within a state can be reconciled with the rights of those outside its borders. A just immigration policy must distinguish refugees from economic migrants and determine the rights that immigrants in both categories acquire, once admitted. But being welcomed into a country as a prospective citizen does more than confer benefits: it imposes responsibilities. In Miller’s view, immigrants share with the state an obligation to integrate into their adopted societies, even if it means shedding some cultural baggage from their former home.

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20.
Contemporary Conversations on Immigration in the United States: The View from Prince George's County, Maryland
By Judith Noemí Freidenberg

Lexington Books, 212 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0739182625, $80.00
http://smile.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0739182625/centerforimmigra

Kindle, 4566 KB, ASIN: B01F6U8MGW, 212 pp., $76.00

Book Description: Contemporary Conversations on Immigration in the United States: The View from Prince George’s County, Maryland contextualizes the narratives of international migrants arriving to Prince George’s County, Maryland from 1968 to 2009. The life course trajectories of seventy individuals and their networks, organized chronologically to include life in the country of origin, the journey, and settlement in the county, frame migration as social issue rather than social problem. Having internalized the American dream, immigrants toil to achieve upward social mobility while constructing an immigrant space that nurtures well-being. This book demonstrates that an immigrant’s experience is grounded in personal, social, economic, and political spheres of influence, and reflects the complexity of migrants’ stories to help demystify homogenous categorization.

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21.
Employment-based Immigration: Background and Risks of the Immigrant Investor (Eb-5) Program
By Roy McGuire

Nova Science Pub Inc., 104 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 163484646X, $120.00
http://smile.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/163484646X/centerforimmigra

Book Description: Congress created the Employment-Based Fifth Preference Immigrant Investor Program (EB-5 Program) visa category to promote job creation by immigrant investors in exchange for visas providing lawful permanent residency. Participants are required to invest $1 million in a business that is to create at least 10 jobs—or $500,000 for businesses located in an area that is rural or has experienced unemployment of at least 150 percent of the national average rate. Upon meeting program requirements, immigrant investors are eligible for conditional status to live and work in the United States and can apply to remove the conditions for lawful permanent residency after 2 years. This book examines U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) efforts under the EB-5 Program to work with interagency partners to assess fraud and other related risks; address any identified fraud risks; and increase its capacity to verify job creation and use a valid and reliable methodology to report economic benefits. This book also review the EB-5 Adjudications Policy Memorandum, which is the guiding document for USCIS administration of the EB-5 program.

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22.
Illiberal Liberal States: Immigration, Citizenship and Integration in the EU
By Elspeth Guild and Kees Groenendijk

Ashgate, 436 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0754676986, $118.98
http://smile.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0754676986/centerforimmigra

Kindle, 2458 KB, ASIN: B01FMKUQTM, $119.96

Book Description: Understanding the dynamics of the illiberal practices of liberal states is increasingly important in Europe today. This book examines the changing relationship between immigration, citizenship and integration at the European and national arenas. It studies some of the main effects and questions the comprehensiveness of the exchange and coordination of public responses to the inclusion of third country nationals in Europe, as well as their compatibility with a common European immigration policy driven by a rights-based approach and the respect of the principles of fair and equal treatment of third country nationals. The volume reviews key national experiences of immigration and citizenship laws, the use of integration and the 'moving of ideas' between national arenas. The framing of integration in immigration and citizenship law and the ways in which policy convergence is being achieved through the EU framework on integration raises a number of conceptual dilemmas and a set of definitional premises in need of reflection and consideration.

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23.
The Rise and Fall of the Miraculous Welfare Machine: Immigration and Social Democracy in Twentieth-Century Sweden
By Carly Elizabeth Schall

ILR Press, 258 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0801456673, $55.00
http://smile.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0801456673 /centerforimmigra

Kindle, 1375 KB, ASIN: B01FM1TV60, $52.25

Book Description: Sweden is well known for the success of its welfare state. Many believe that success was made possible in part by the country's ethnic homogeneity and that the increased diversity of Sweden’s population is putting its welfare state at risk. Few, however, have suggested convincing mechanisms for explaining the precise relationship between relative ethnic homogeneity/heterogeneity and the welfare state. In this book Carly Elizabeth Schall acknowledges the important role of ethnic homogeneity in Sweden’s thriving welfare state, but she argues that it mattered primarily because political elites—especially social democrats—made it matter.

Schall shows that diversity and the welfare state are related but that diversity does not undermine the welfare state in a straightforward way. Tracing the development of the Swedish welfare state from the late 1920s until the present day, she focuses on five historical periods of crisis. She argues that the story of Swedish national identity is a story of elite-driven hegemony-building and that the linking of social democracy and national identity colored the integration of immigrants in important ways. Social democracy could have withstood the challenge posed by immigration, but the faltering of social democratic hegemony opened a door for anti-immigrant sentiment. In her deft analysis of the relationship between immigration and the welfare state in Sweden, Schall makes a compelling argument that has relevance for immigration policy in the United States and elsewhere.

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24.
Migration by Boat: Discourses of Trauma, Exclusion and Survival
By Lynda Mannik

Berghahn Books, 284 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 1785331019, $104.50
http://smile.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1785331019/centerforimmigra

Kindle, ASIN: B01AOU35O8, 284 pp., $31.68

Book Description: At a time when thousands of refugees risk their lives undertaking perilous journeys by boat across the Mediterranean, this multidisciplinary volume could not be more pertinent. It offers various contemporary case studies of boat migrations undertaken by asylum seekers and refugees around the globe and shows that boats not only move people and cultural capital between places, but also fuel cultural fantasies, dreams of adventure and hope, along with fears of invasion and terrorism. The ambiguous nature of memories, media representations and popular culture productions are highlighted throughout in order to address negative stereotypes and conversely, humanize the individuals involved.

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25.
CSEM Newsletter
May 2016
http://csem.org.br/

English language content:

Kenya to Close All Refugee Camps and Displace 600,000 People

The country's government said it was shutting down the camps due to “very heavy” economic, security and environmental issues. Those due to close include Dadaab, the largest refugee camp in the world, home to more than 300,000 people on the Kenya-Somalia border.

Karanja Kibicho, Kenya’s secretary for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, cited the influence of terror group Al-Shabaab as among the risks of keeping the camps open.

Mr Kibicho said in a statement: "Kenya, having taken into consideration its national security interests, has decided that hosting of refugees has come to an end.

"The Government of Kenya acknowledges that the decision will have adverse effects on the lives of refugees and therefore the international community must collectively take responsibility on humanitarian needs that will arise out of this action."

It is not yet clear when the closures will begin, but the Kenyan government has already disbanded the Department of Refugee Affairs, which worked with humanitarian organisations for the welfare of the refugees. The closures mean Somali asylum seekers would be forced to return to the situation they fled.
. . .
http://csem.org.br/index.php/csem/noticias/4618-kenya-to-close-all-refugee-camps-and-displace-600-000-people

Migrant Domestic Workers March through Beirut in Protest of Human Rights Abuses

Hundreds of migrant workers have taken to the streets in Lebanon in protest of current working conditions. Around 200,000 migrants - mainly hailing from the Philippines, Ethiopia, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal - are employed in the country with a majority working mainly as live-in maids.

The workers, who are mostly women, are vulnerable to exploitation because they cannot leave or enter the country without asking for written permission from their employers. The demonstrators are seeking for the implementation of International Labour Organization's (ILO) Convention 189, which states that domestic workers are entitled to a minimum wage and have at least one day's holiday per week.

Currently, migrant domestic workers in Lebanon are working under the kafala system – in which they are sponsored by their Lebanese employers, and may not work for anyone else – and are excluded from the country's labour laws.

There have been reports of mistreatment of migrant domestic workers including incidents of beatings, sexual abuse, withholding of passports and working long hours. Suicides and suicide attempts have been reported among the migrant domestic workers, including a maid who committed suicide through hanging herself at her employer's apartment in Tripoli. She had been on hunger strike for three days previously, Lebanon's Labour Ministry said, because she had not been allowed to return to Bangladesh to see her children.
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http://csem.org.br/index.php/csem/noticias/4627-migrant-domestic-workers-march-through-beirut-in-protest-of-human-rights-abuses

40,000 Non-Muslim Migrants Harassed in German Centers over their Religion

Up to 40,000 Christian and other non-Muslim refugees, currently residing in migrant centers in Germany, are being discriminated against and harassed by other asylum seekers, and even guards because of their religion, human rights groups have said.

The groups, who presented the results of the survey at a press conference, said they interviewed at least 231 Christian migrants, who had mostly arrived from Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan.

Of them, at least 88 percent said they were harassed by Muslim migrants due to their religion, according to Open Doors Germany group, a mission supporting the persecuted Christians that took part in the survey.

Also, nearly 50 percent of those interviewed said they had been discriminated against and harassed by guards in refugee centers. The majority of guards in these centers are Muslim, according to German media.
. . .
http://csem.org.br/index.php/csem/noticias/4626-40-000-non-muslim-migrants-harassed-in-german-centers-over-their-religion-activists

Recognizing Rights of Domestic Workers and Carers in the EU
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Domestic workers and carers should be included in all national labour, healthcare, social care and anti-discrimination laws and be enabled to join trade unions, says the text. Furthermore, EU member states should ensure wider access to affordable quality care, e.g. for children or elderly, so as to reduce incentives to hire carers illegally, but also provide viable and legal career options for these domestic workers in social care services.

MEPs call for a “professionalization” of domestic work to turn precarious and undeclared female work into recognized jobs, which would give domestic workers and carers social protection rights. They also urge the EU Commission to propose a framework for recognition of the status of non-professional carers, which offers them remuneration and social protection during the time they perform the care tasks.

Fight black labour, trafficking and abuse of migrant women

The majority of domestic workers and carers are migrant women, most of whom are in an irregular situation, says the text, which points out that their social and cultural inclusion is facilitated by integrating them into the labour market.
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http://csem.org.br/index.php/csem/noticias/4587-recognizing-rights-of-domestic-workers-and-carers-in-the-eu

Persecution in Sweden: Christian Migrants Harassed and Threatened in Asylum Centers
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The Swedish Evangelical Alliance revealed that a Christian refugee in Kalmar, southeastern Sweden, said one man claiming to have fought with jihadists in Syria threatened to slit the refugee's throat and slaughter him. The group also says some of the refugees are forced to move out because of the harassment, like a Pakistani Christian couple who sought shelter in a church after the husband received a death threat, Christian Today relays

Jacob Rudolfsson, the deputy secretary-general of the Swedish Evangelical Aliance, has called for an urgent action on the situation. He urged the state to provide protection for Christian asylum seekers, and told Christian organizations to also move if the government fails to do so.

Patriarch Ignatius Aphrem II, the Supreme Head of the Universal Syrian Orthodox Church, wrote a letter on March 14 echoing Rudolfsson's request. He spoke of how fleeing Christians in the Middle East refuse to stay in refugee camps because of the persecution that awaits them there. Because of their situation, they cannot receive help from the United Nations, so churches step in and try to help them, Christians in Pakistan reports.
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http://csem.org.br/index.php/csem/noticias/4590-persecution-in-sweden-christian-migrants-harassed-and-threatened-in-asylum-centers


Bulgaria Cabinet Adopts National Programme on Human Trafficking Prevention
. . .
For the first time this year there will be information campaigns for the migrants from third countries, who are staying in Bulgaria.

In response to the challenges connected with the entrance of unaccompanied child migrants through the state borders Bulgaria will adopt a coordination mechanism for cooperation between the institutions and organisations for guaranteeing the rights of the unaccompanied foreign children, including such who seek or have received protection.

The programme envisages improvement of the cooperation within the coordination mechanism and taking care of the unaccompanied children and children, who are victims of trafficking, who return from abroad.
. . .
http://csem.org.br/index.php/csem/noticias/4603-bulgaria-cabinet-adopts-national-programme-on-human-trafficking-prevention

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26.
Ethnic and Racial Studies
Vol. 39, No. 8, May 2016
http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/rers20/current

Selected article:

Understanding the contemporary race–migration nexus
By Umut Erel, Karim Murji, and Zaki Nahaboo
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01419870.2016.1161808

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27.
International Migration
Vol. 54, No. 3, June 2016
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.2016.54.issue-3/issuetoc

NUANCES OF LABOUR MIGRATION

Articles:

Day Labourers' Work Related Injuries: An Assessment of Risks, Choices, and Policies
By Edwin Meléndez, M. Anne Visser, Abel Valenzuela Jr and Nik Theodore
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.imig.12042/abstract

Socio-Cultural Incorporation of Skilled Migrants at Work: Employer and Migrant Perspectives
By Micheline van Riemsdijk, Scott Basford and Alana Burnham
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12221/abstract

How Successful are Highly Qualified Return Migrants in the Lithuanian Labour Market?
By Egidijus Barcevicius
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12224/abstract

Foreign Language Skills and Willingness to Move: The Case of a Spanish Region
By César Rodríguez-Gutiérrez and Juan Francisco Canal-Domínguez
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12231/abstract

What Moves the Highly Skilled and Why? Comparing Turkish Nationals in Canada and Germany
By Saime Ozcurumez and Deniz Yetkin Aker
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12234/abstract

The Human Capital Model of Selection and Immigrant Economic Outcomes
By Garnett Picot, Feng Hou and Hanqing Qiu
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12235/abstract

Native-Migrant Wage Differential Across Occupations: Evidence from Australia
By Asad Islam and Jaai Parasnis
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12236/abstract

The Formation of Transnational Identity among French Immigrants Employed in French-Speaking Companies in Israel
By Karin Amit and Shirly Bar-Lev
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12239/abstract

Irregular Immigration, Labour Market and Enforcement at the US-Mexico Border. Evidence from a Time-Series Analysis (1963–2014)
By Fabrizio Costantino
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12243/abstract

Immigration Policies and the Factors of Migration from Developing Countries to South Korea: An Empirical Analysis
By Ador R. Torneo
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12246/abstract

POLITICAL PARTICIPATION OF MIGRANTS

Homeland (Dis)Integrations: Educational Experience, Children and Return Migration to Albania
By Zana Vathi, Veronika Duci and Elona Dhembo
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12230/abstract

The Implementation of Voting from Abroad: Evidence from the 2014 Turkish Presidential Election
By Zeynep Sahin-Mencütek and M. Murat Erdogan
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imig.12229/abstract

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28.
IZA Journal of Migration
Vol. 5, No. 9, May 13, 2016
http://izajom.iza.org/

Latest article:

The cost of immigrants’ occupational mismatch and the effectiveness of postarrival policies in Canada
By Yigit Aydede and Atul Dar
http://izajom.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s40176-016-0057-z

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29.
Journal of Intercultural Studies
Vol. 37 No. 3, 2016
http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/cjis20/current

Selected articles:

Post-migration Experiences of Female Immigrant Spouses from the Former Soviet Union
By Igor Ryabov
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07256868.2016.1163531

No Arranged Marriages Here: Migration and the Shift from Relations of Descent to Consent in the Lebanese Diaspora
By Nelia Hyndman-Rizk
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07256868.2016.1163533

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30.
REMHU
Revista Interdisciplinar da Mobilidade Humana
Ano XXIV – No. 46, January-April, 2016
http://csem.org.br/remhu/index.php/remhu

English-language articles and abstracts:

“I’m an Immigrant”: cosmopolitismo, alteridade e fluxos comunicacionais em uma campanha anti-xenofobia no Reino Unido
By Denise Cogo and Viviane Riegel
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852016000100023&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=en

“Media representations of immigrants in Italy: framing real and symbolic borders”
By Marco Bruno
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852016000100045&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en

Migración en tiempos de crisis: exploraciones del concepto de resiliencia social transnacional en Apaseo el Alto, Guanajuato, México
By Ana Vila Freyer, Eduardo Fernández Guzmán, and Perla del Carpio Ovando
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852016000100159&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=en

Delito, seguridad, orden público e “inmigración limítrofe” en Argentina (1976-1995)
By Manuel Andrés Pereira
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852016000100177&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=en

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31.
The World Economy
Vol. 39, No. 5, May 2016

Selected article:

Determinants of International Student Migration
By Andrew Abbott and Mary Silles
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/twec.12319/abstract

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The Center for Immigration Studies is an independent, non-partisan, non-profit research organization founded in 1985. It is the nation's only think tank devoted exclusively to research and policy analysis of the economic, social, demographic, fiscal, and other impacts of immigration on the United States.