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CHUMASH

Shvi'i with Rashi

The Torah is telling us the generations from Adam to Noach, and today we will finish them:

9) Lemech (a different Lemech)

10) Noach: Lemech had a Nevuah and gave him this name, since he would comfort the world (Yenachameinu) from the curse of Adam on the ground. He invented a plow, so now it wasn’t as hard to grow food.

Noach didn’t have children until he was 500 years old! This was so that his children could be saved from the Mabul — there wouldn’t be so many of them (to need an extra Teiva) and they wouldn’t be old enough to be punished.

Noach’s 3 sons were Sheim, Cham, and Yafes.

Now the Torah tells us about how the world turned into such Resha’im:

The princes were the ones who started — they decided to get married to whoever they wanted, even if they were already married! They didn’t treat marriage as something of Kedusha, and soon EVERYONE was just acting however they felt like.

Hashem was thinking of destroying all the people, and two Malachim told Hashem to do it — they hadn’t wanted Hashem to make people in the first place! Hashem told these two malachim, Shamchazai and Azael, to go see if they would be any better. They became giants in the world, and acted just as bad as the princes.

Soon they also stopped treating other people in a mentchlich way, and stole things and lied all the time. Hashem gave them 120 years to do Teshuvah, but they didn’t change.

The job of all of the people in the world was “Losheves Yetzara” — to make a world that runs in a nice way (civilization). Since they weren’t doing their job, there was no reason for there to be a world!

Hashem was glad that at least Malochim that were in Shomayim wouldn’t act in a way against Hashem!

Hashem decided to start acting in a way of Gevurah — being strict with the people. But instead of destroying EVERYONE, Hashem decided to only punish the ones who were Resha’im — almost everyone! He also decided to kill the animals, since they also acted in a not nice way, and because animals are only there to help people — if there are no people, we don’t need animals either!

Hashem decided to “start over” — but this time, to make the world in a way that it is much easier to do Teshuvah. Hashem would bring a Mabul to purify the world, and later Noach’s family — the only ones left — would have children and fill the world with people.

 
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TEHILLIM

120 - 134

Today we say the 15 Shir Hamaalos, which Dovid Hamelech made to be said on the 15 steps that lead from the Ezras Noshim into the Azara in the Beis Hamikdash!

Kapitel Kuf-Chof-Beis talks about when Yidden go up to Yerushalayim. Dovid Hamelech calls Yerushalayim an “Ir Shechubra La Yachdav” — “a city that is connected together.”

What is this talking about? Together with WHAT?

In the Gemara it says that there are TWO Yerushalayims! There is a Yerushalayim Shel Maalah, a ruchnius’dike city in Shomayim, and Yerushalayim Shel Matah — the city of Yerushalayim that we see. They are both connected!

The Gemara says that Hashem doesn’t go into the Gashmius Yerushalayim until He goes into Yerushalayim Shel Maalah, the ruchnius’dike Yerushalayim.

What makes Hashem go into these two Yerushalayims? It’s because of things WE do!

The Tzemach Tzedek explains that there are two things that bring Hashem into the two Yerushalayims — Teshuvah Tata’ah and Teshuvah Ila’ah.

When we do Teshuvah, it brings Geulah, bringing Hashem’s Shechinah back into Yerushalayim!

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Chof-Hey

We are learning about the Emunah we have, that everything that happens is from Hashem, and what it says about this in Kabbalah.

Yesterday we said that Hashem makes the world again from nothing every second!

The chayus that Hashem gives to the world has many names:

- In Tanach, it is called Dvar Hashem — Hashem’s word.
- In the Gemara it is called the Shechinah.
- In the Zohar it is called Ima Tata’ah and Matrunisa — which means a mother and a queen, that give chayus to their children and subjects.
- In Kabbalah it is called Malchus.

In Kabbalah, when it speaks about the chayus of Hashem called Malchus, it says that there are levels of Malchus that give chayus in different ways:

- There is the Malchus and chayus for big neshamos like Adam Harishon, Moshe Rabbeinu and the Neviim, in the Ruchnius world called Atzilus.

- There is a less chayus of Malchus that gives chayus to neshamos that aren’t as big, from a ruchniyus world called Beriyah.

- And there is a chayus of Malchus that gives chayus to our Gashmiyus world (Asiyah) and everything that is in it.

 
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HAYOM YOM

Chof-Zayin Tishrei

Even someone who grows up in a frum, Chassidishe home will need to make his own decision that he wants to live a life of Yiddishkeit and Chassidus. In today’s Hayom Yom, the Rebbe reminds us that this choice is a very good one, because the Torah gives us the highest quality of life possible.

Some people think that living like it says in the Torah is only important for a person’s neshama. But that’s not true!

The Torah teaches a Yid how to live his whole life — from when he is born until he passes away. The Torah gives a person a healthy way of thinking, tools to make his midos into the best type of midos, and the right way to have a good relationship with Hashem and with other people.

A person who lives a life according to Torah and the way the Chachomim teach us lives the BEST kind of life, in Ruchnius AND in Gashmius!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Nusach Birchos HaTefillah

Today’s Rambam and Sefer Hamitzvos are exactly the same! We read through the Rambam’s nusach for Shmoneh Esrei and Vidui. It is very interesting to see what is the same and what is different in the Rambam’s nusach and the nusach we daven!

 
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RAMBAM

Nusach Birchos HaTefillah

In today’s Rambam, we read through the nusach of every possible Shemoneh Esrei! We see Shemoneh Esrei the way it is said during the week, and the changes we make on Shabbos and Yomim Tovim. This way, we see every different type of Shemoneh Esrei there could be.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Matnos Aniyim - Perek Yud

This is a very important perek to know the details of! It is a good idea to learn it inside.

The Rambam tells us how special it is to give, and that even when we can’t give, we should try to make the poor person feel good. Also, helping other people to give Tzedakah is even BETTER than giving yourself!

The Rambam teaches us about:
- 8 levels of Tzedakah
- giving Tzedakah before davening
- not taking Tzedakah unless someone really needs to.

We need to trust in Hashem Who will make sure we have everything we need!

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Shabbos Bereishis

There is a vort from the Rebbbeim that “Vi M’shtelt Zich Avek Shabbos Bereishis, Azoi Geit A Gantz Yohr.” The way we use the kochos from Shabbos Bereishis helps set things up for the whole year in a good way.

Every parsha and Yom Tov has certain things we need to learn from it, and that we will live with the whole year. So why is the chayus of Shabbos Bereishis SO important for everything the whole year, more than any other parsha and Yom Tov?

The answer is that Shabbos Bereishis teaches us about our Emunah in Hashem! We learn about how Hashem made the world, and that everything that happens in the world is all from Hashem. That is the most important thing that we need to know that affects EVERYTHING in our lives all year.

When we know that Hashem is making everything in the world happen, we will know that there can’t be anything in the world that can stop us from doing what Hashem wants. And when we know that everything comes from Hashem we won’t worry so much about all of the gashmiyus we need parnasa and health and things we need for our family. We will know that everything is from Hashem and is only good and we have bitachon that we will SEE the good too.

(We are also learning about this in Tanya, which gives us extra koach to live with Shabbos Bereishis and take it with us all year!)

See Likutei Sichos chelek Alef, Parshas Bereishis

 

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TEFILLAH

Shemoneh Esrei on Shabbos

Shemoneh Esrei on Shabbos and Yom Tov is much fewer brachos than on a weekday! First we say 3 brachos praising Hashem, one bracha about the special day, and 3 brachos thanking Hashem.

The middle bracha in Shemoneh Esrei on Shabbos is five paragraphs:

1) Yismach Moshe — Hashem gave the mitzvah of Shabbos through Moshe Rabbeinu on Har Sinai.

2) Veshamru — These are the pesukim in the Torah that say how the Yidden kept Shabbos, as a connection to Hashem.

3) Velo Nesato — Shabbos is a present that was given ONLY to Yidden!

4) Yismechu — By celebrating Shabbos, we get to feel its brachos!

5) Elokeinu — We ask Hashem to give us brachos in honor of the special day of Shabbos.

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Mishnayos Baal Peh

Many seforim speak about how special it is to learn Mishnayos Baal Peh. Chassidim especially have a minhag to do this!

When the Frierdiker Rebbe came to America, he started a group called “Machaneh Yisrael,” which he wanted every Yid to join. As part of this group, each member was supposed to learn a part of Mishnayos Baal Peh. This would help make the air in the world more pure!

In Tof-Shin-Gimmel, there was a big siyum on Mishnayos, from all of the Mishnayos learned baal peh by members of Machaneh Yisrael. At the siyum, the Frierdiker Rebbe said:

Once, the Rebbe Maharash was near a group of Chassidim. The Rebbe Maharash called out, “Shabbos, come here!”

The Chassidim standing around were confused. Nobody had the name “Shabbos!” Levik, Yitzchok, Yosef, Yaakov — all of those names they could understand, but who was Shabbos?

The Rebbe Maharash finally pointed at a specific chossid, and said, “You are called Shabbos!”

In Shomayim, someone who learns a Mesechta of Mishnayos by heart is called by the name of that mesechta!

The Rebbe Maharash explained that this chossid had learned Mesechta Shabbos baal peh, so in Shomayim he got the name “Shabbos!”

The Frierdiker Rebbe finished by saying, “I am learning Mesechta Menachos baal peh, so in Shomayim I am called ‘Menachos…’”

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Big Beis Hamikdash and Little Beis Hamikdash

The Rebbe Rashab would sometimes take a walk with his son, the Frierdiker Rebbe. Once, on one of these walks, the Rebbe Rashab explained how the small Beis Hamikdash inside of each of us works.

The Rebbe Rashab said that when Hashem told the Yidden, “Veshochanti Besocham,” “I will live among you,” a small Beis Hamikdash came into the heart of every Yid — from then until Moshiach comes. When a Yid would come to the Beis Hamikdash, it would make the Shechinah in his small Beis Hamikdash shine, just like in the big Beis Hamikdash!

The Rebbe Rashab explained (at length) how this happens in a similar way when a chossid goes to the Rebbe for Yechidus. By going to the Rebbe, it makes the Shechinah shine inside of the little Beis Hamikdash of the chossid!

Sefer Hasichos 5699, p. 297

 
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