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CHUMASH

Parshas Korach - Shishi with Rashi

In today’s Chumash we learn about the avodah of Shevet Levi and the presents the Yidden need to give to them.

Hashem told Moshe to put Aharon’s stick (with the almonds) back in front of the Aron, to remind everyone that Hashem wants Aharon to be the Kohen Gadol.

The Yidden realized now that Hashem didn’t want ALL of the Yidden to be Kohanim, but they were scared that they would go into the Mishkan by mistake and they would be punished for it!

So Hashem had Moshe remind the Leviim of their job, to make sure nobody goes into the Mishkan by mistake.

~

Now Hashem tells the Yidden the presents they need to give to the Kohanim.

Here are some of the presents:

- parts of certain Korbanos
- Terumah (part of every Yid’s olive oil, wine, and grain)
- Bikurim (the first fruits)
- Hekdesh (something a Yid wants to give to Hashem)
- Pidyon HaBen money
- firstborn cow, sheep or goat
- Peter Chamor — the sheep used for a Pidyon when a firstborn donkey is born

Hashem gave these presents to the Kohanim so they don’t need to work to earn money, they can spend their time doing their job serving Hashem. They won’t get a part of Eretz Yisroel, and they also won’t get to keep things from the wars the Yidden fight.

Hashem tells Aharon, “Ani Chelkecha Venachalas’cha” — “I am your part of Eretz Yisroel, and I am your yerusha.”

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TEHILLIM

1 - 9

Today is the second day of Rosh Chodesh. We start the Tehillim again from the beginning, and will finish at the end of Chodesh Tammuz! Today we say from kapitel Alef to kapitel Tes.

In Kapitel Hey, there is a posukKi Lo Keil Chofeitz Resha Ata, Lo Yegurcha Ra.” This means “You are Hashem Who does not want evil, and bad doesn’t exist with You.”

What is this talking about?

Chassidus explains that this posuk is talking about Atzilus, the highest Ruchnius level of the world, where Hashem isn’t hiding! There, it is impossible for there to be anything bad.

But in order to make the Gashmius world, Hashem had to “hide” so much that Hashem cannot be felt here. That’s why there can be bad in the world, and resha’im who aren’t afraid of Hashem.

Most neshamos also have to go down through the Ruchnius levels, where Hashem is hidden more and more — until our neshamos don’t feel Hashem so strongly. But neshamos of tzadikim, like a Rebbe, come straight from Atzilus into the world! Their neshamos can still feel Hashem strongly, even in this Gashmius world.

Hashem spreads out these neshamos of Atzilus, sending them into the world at different times. They are called the Tzadik Yesod Olam, the tzadik who is the foundation of the world. They are very close to Hashem, they can see the truth, and they show us and teach us the way Hashem wants us to be.

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TANYA

Shaar Hayichud Veha'emunah Perek Yud

The Torah gives us a mashal to understand how Hashem and the sefiros are one, from the sun and its light.

The way Hashem made us, we can’t understand how Hashem is One when there are so many different midos (Sefiros), and all of the Gashmius things which come from them, which seem separate and different.

But the truth is that just as the midos are one with Hashem, and everything in the world, which comes from them, are also one with Hashem! This is not something we can really understand, but it is the truth.

Even though this is called Raza D’Mheimenusa, the secret of Emunah, still Hashem gave permission with Ruach Hakodesh to Mekubalim (people who teach Kabbalah) to talk about the sefiros and give a mashal for them. The mashal they gave is not from our own neshama, but from something ELSE Hashem created: Light.

They called the SefirosOros” (lights) — giving a mashal from the light of the sun, which has rays that shine from it. The sun’s rays are also inside the sun, but when they’re in the sun, they don’t have a name — they’re just part of the sun!

This helps us understand the oneness of Hashem with the sefiros a little.

The Sefiros are like sun rays from Hashem. When they shine on us, we call them different names, but the truth is that they are one with Hashem, like the rays of the sun are part of the sun!

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HAYOM YOM

Alef Tammuz

Today we learn about the Mesiras Nefesh a person who learns Torah needs to have.

Do you think it’s easy to learn in Yeshivah?

A person who has a job to learn Torah (a Ben Torah) needs to learn Torah all the time, and WANT to learn Torah all the time! If he wants to eat ice cream instead, he won’t be able to learn Torah with the right kind of chayus.

A Ben Torah can’t let himself get excited about Gashmius if he wants to have the right geshmak in learning Torah.

It takes real Mesiras Nefesh to live this way!

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #337 - Mitzvas Asei #187, Lo Saasei #49, Asei #188, #189, Lo Saasei #59

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn 5 mitzvos:

1) (Mitzvas Asei #187) We have to kill the 7 nations that lived in Eretz Yisroel, because they are the main source of Avodah Zarah. We don’t have to kill them if they agree to leave or keep Sheva Mitzvos.

Hashem gave us this mitzvah so we don’t learn from them to serve Avodah Zarah.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Shoftim: כִּי הַחֲרֵם תַּחֲרִימֵם

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #49) We can’t leave any of those 7 nations alive. (This is the Lo Saasei of the mitzvah before.)

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Shoftim: לֹא תְחַיֶּה כָּל נְשָׁמָה

3) (Mitzvas Asei #188) We need to wipe out Amalek.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: תִּמְחֶה אֶת זֵכֶר (זֶכֶר) עֲמָלֵק

The halachos are explained in Mesechta Sotah perek Ches.

4) (Mitzvas Asei #189) We need to remember what Amalek did to the Yidden. This way we won’t stop hating Amalek very much over time. By speaking about the terrible things that Amalek did to the Yidden, we will always hate them very much. (We do this mitzvah every day by saying what Amalek did to us, in the Sheish Zechiros at the end of davening.)

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: זָכוֹר אֵת אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה לְךָ עֲמָלֵק

5) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #59) We can’t forget Amalek. (This is the Lo Saasei of the mitzvah before. The Asei is to speak about Amalek, and the Lo Saasei is not to forget in our hearts.)

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: לֹא תִּשְׁכָּח

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Melachim

In Perek Daled, we learn about what rights a Jewish king has. He is allowed to make taxes, hire whoever he wants to work for him, and choose officers. In halacha Yud, the Rambam reminds us that the king has to make these decisions Lesheim Shomayim, to do the job Hashem wants him to do!

In Perek Hey, we learn about Milchemes Mitzvah — a war that is a mitzvah! One of the wars is with Amalek, of course! Another war that is a mitzvah is a war to take back parts of Eretz Yisroel.

The Rambam teaches us how special Eretz Yisroel is. There is a lot of kedusha there, and we are not allowed to leave Eretz Yisroel unless we have a very good reason, like learning Torah or getting married. The Rambam tells us that the Chachomim used to kiss the ground of Eretz Yisroel because they loved it so much!

Perek Vov teaches us about how to fight wars for the Jewish people. Before we fight, we always have to first ask the people if they want to make shalom and keep the Sheva Mitzvos Bnei Noach. If we surround their cities, we should leave a way out so they can escape, and that way we can take over the city without fighting them.

Even in a time of war, we shouldn’t ruin things for no reason (Bal Tashchis). A war for the Yidden is a holy thing — we fight even on Shabbos!

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Nedarim - Perek Yud-Gimmel

We learn about HOW we take away a promise. At the end of the perek, the Rambam tells us when it’s a GOOD thing to make a neder. A neder can actually help us in our Avodas Hashem!

For example, if someone eats way too much or not in an aidel way, he can make a promise not to eat any meat for a year or two. If he drinks too much wine, he can make a neder to only drink wine on Shabbos and Yom Tov for a few years, or he can promise never to get drunk.

Still, we should be careful not to make too many nedarim, so that we don’t forget how serious a neder is in halacha. Nowadays, when we make a hachlata, we should always say that it is “bli neder.” Even though we are very serious about keeping our hachlata, we want to be extra careful to not ever end up chas veshalom not keeping a neder.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Moshe Rabbeinu of our Time

The Alter Rebbe teaches in Tanya that the Rebbe of each generation is like the “Moshe Rabbeinu” of the time.

Before the Yidden went into Eretz Yisroel, Moshe Rabbeinu told them about Matan Torah, “Anochi Omed Bein Hashem Uveineichem,” “I am standing between you and Hashem, to tell you what Hashem wants.”

Moshe Rabbeinu was the first one to teach Yidden the 613 mitzvos, the way Hashem wants us to live. But in each time, there is a special shlichus — what part of Torah they should have an extra chayus in, and special horaos for that time. It is the Rebbe who teaches what Hashem wants for that time.

In our time, the Rebbe told us that it is our shlichus now to prepare ourselves and the whole world for Moshiach, which we’re going to see very soon!

We have so many horaos from the Rebbe how to accomplish this. Can you think of some of them?

▼ Jump to Coloring Books & Downloads ▼

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TEFILLAH

Kabolas Shabbos

In Kabolas Shabbos on Friday night, we start off with six kapitelach of Tehillim. These correspond to the six days of the week. The last one, “Mizmor LeDovid, Havu LaHashem,” is the one that corresponds to Friday.

After this, we say the paragraph of Ana Bekoach, which has 42 words. The first letters of all of these words together spell one of the names of Hashem! We always say Ana Bekoach at a time of aliyah, like at night before our neshama goes up to Hashem when we go to sleep. Now, at the end of the week, when the Avodah of the week becomes elevated, we say Ana Bekoach as well.

Now that we have mentioned each of the six days of the week, we say Lecha Dodi. This, and the rest of Kabolas Shabbos, is to honor the holy day of Shabbos!

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Fighting for a Mitzvah

We love mitzvos!

But even if we love them very much, it is NOT a mitzvah to fight to get to do a mitzvah ourselves.

We learn this from what it says in the Mishnah about the kohanim and the Lechem Hapanim:

In the Beis Hamikdash, there were 12 loaves of bread for the Lechem Hapanim and a lot of kohanim who wanted the mitzvah of eating them! The tznuim (the aidel ones) didn’t even stretch out their hands, while the gargeranim (the greedy ones) grabbed all of it. The kohanim knew that it is NOT a mitzvah to fight for the mitzvah!

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Nun-Gimmel, se’if Chof-Tes

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

What the World Will Be Like

Near the end of the Sefer Yeshaya, the Navi Yeshaya says another Nevuah about the Geulah that is similar to his first nevuos, about how the world will look when Moshiach comes.

זְאֵב וְטָלֶה יִרְעוּ כְאֶחָד וְאַרְיֵה כַּבָּקָר יֹאכַל תֶּבֶן וְנָחָשׁ עָפָר לַחְמוֹ לֹא יָרֵעוּ וְלֹא יַשְׁחִיתוּ בְּכָל הַר קָדְשִׁי אָמַר ה׳

Ze’ev VeTaleh Yir’u Ch’echad — A wolf and a lamb will eat grass together (even though nowadays wolves try to eat lambs)

V’Aryeh Kabakar Yochal Teven — And a lion will eat straw like a cow (even though nowadays lions eat other animals)

Venachash Afar Lachmo — And for a snake, his food will be dirt (instead of biting and poisoning people)

Lo Yareiu Velo Yashchisu Bechol Har Kodshi — They will not hurt or destroy anyone or anything in the whole Eretz Yisroel.

Amar Hashem — So says Hashem!

See Yeshaya perek Samach-Hey posuk Chof-Hey

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