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CHUMASH

Parshas Behaalosecha - Sheini with Rashi

Yesterday we learned what the Leviim became ready to do the Avodah.

The Torah explains why the Leviim are the ones to do the Avodah: At Makas Bechoros, when Hashem killed the bechorim of Mitzrayim and protected teh bechorim of the Yidden, Hashem took the firstborns as a temporary “payment” for protecting them. This lasted until the bechorim did the aveira of the Cheit Ha’egel, when Hashem took the Leviim permanently to serve in the Mishkan.

But the Torah tells us that Hashem took the Leviim on behalf of the bechorim and the entire Bnei Yisroel! Rashi tells us that we see in the posuk that Hashem loves ALL of the Yidden very much! Hashem says the words “Bnei Yisrael” (the Yidden) five times in one posuk, to show that He loves the Yidden as much as He loves the five books of the Torah!

The Torah praises the Yidden, that Moshe and Aharon, the Yidden and the Leviim, did exactly what Hashem told them to do, and nobody complained or protested.

Hashem told Moshe some rules about the Leviim:

- A Levi can work in the Mishkan even if he has something wrong with his body (a mum) even though a Kohen isn’t allowed to.
- A Levi starts learning how to do his job when he is 25 years old.
- He starts to work when he is 30 years old.
- A Levi stops carrying parts of the Mishkan after he is 50.
- He can still do the other jobs of the Leviim when he is older than 50.

What are the other jobs of the Leviim?

- Opening and closing the gates of the Beis Hamikdash
- Playing lighter instruments
- Singing
- Putting things that aren’t heavy onto the wagons
- Keeping people out of the Mishkan who aren’t allowed to be there
- Taking down and putting up the Mishkan

 
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TEHILLIM

79 - 82

In Kapitel Pey-Alef (81), the posuk says “Tiku BaChodesh Shofar, Bakeseh LeYom Chageinu. Ki Chok LeYisroel Hu, Mishpat Leilokei Yaakov.” These pesukim are talking about blowing the shofar, which is the mitzvah of Rosh Hashana.

The Gemara says that it is also talking about the parnasa that every Yid will have for the coming year. There is an argument in the Gemara whether a person is judged on Rosh Hashana, or every day, or even every hour!

Chassidus explains that it’s really not an argument — they’re just talking about different things! In Ruchnius, on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur, it is decided what a person will have. But based on how they act every day and every moment, it is decided whether that Ruchnius koach he deserves will come into Gashmius and give him parnasa, or stay in Ruchnius for Gan Eden.

Some people think that since anyway Hashem decided on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur what they will get for the whole year, it doesn’t matter if they daven with a minyan or go to a shiur in Torah or do other mitzvos. Either they will get it or they won’t get it!

But that’s not true! Even if in Shomayim it was decided that a person will get a lot, if he doesn’t earn Hashem’s bracha, he won’t get the bracha in Gashmius. And the opposite is also true — even if someone isn’t supposed to get a lot, with Hashem’s bracha that little can help him even more than a lot would!

 
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TANYA

Shaar Hayichud Veha'emunah Perek Vov

Before, the Alter Rebbe told us that there are two names of Hashem: Havaya and Elokim.

Havaya is the name of Hashem that gives Chayus to the world, and Elokim is the name of Hashem that HIDES the chayus.

Today the Alter Rebbe tells us that the name Elokim is the same gematria as the word “HaTeva” — nature. We see the world in a way of Elokim. It looks like the world takes care of itself, through the “laws” of nature, instead of needing Hashem’s chayus to always make it stay.

Before, we also learned that these two names of Hashem are only two different NAMES, but Hashem is ONE!

Today the Alter Rebbe explains how we can see that they are one:

Havaya is Chesed, giving.

Elokim is Gevurah — taking away.

If Havaya and Elokim were two separate things, then the name Havaya would give chayus to everything, and the name Elokim would take away the chayus from everything!

But since they are the same Hashem, they work together! They work together and they need each other! The name Havaya is Hashem’s chesed that gives us the chayus, and the name Elokim is the Gevurah that HIDES it so that the chayus doesn’t shine too strong for us to be able to live and serve Hashem.

This shows us that they are really one!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Tes-Zayin Sivan

Today’s Hayom Yom teaches us that our Ruchnius health is similar to our Gashmius health.

A person whose tooth hurts a lot knows that he needs to go to the dentist. He understands that the dentist has the tools that with Hashem’s help will make him healthy.

A Yid’s neshama could also be hurting Chas Veshalom. Like if someone says not true things a lot, that hurts his neshama.

When our tooth is hurting we feel it and want to get better. The same is with our neshama! If the things we do don’t make our neshama healthy, we need to feel it and want to become better.

When it’s our tooth that hurts, we know that going to the dentist will, with Hashem’s help, make us feel better. The same is when our neshama hurts! We need to know that we CAN feel better and with Hashem’s help we will learn how to act the way a Yid should.

The Rebbe also tells us different reasons why a person’s neshama can feel sick. Until the “doctor” (like a mashpia) figures out exactly what is making him sick and helps him feel better, he needs to live in a healthy way. How does a Yid act in a healthy way? By learning Torah, doing mitzvos, and having good midos, and by staying away from aveiros and ideas that are against Torah!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #308 - Mitzvas Asei #246

In today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #246), we learn (like the past few days) that if there are ever people who have an argument about money or belongings, then Beis Din has a mitzvah to decide what should be done, according to the rules of the Torah.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos To'ein Venit'an

Perek Yud-Gimmel: Here’s a case that could come before Beis Din: Reuven was living in a house for a long time, and Shimon came to him and said, “What are you doing in this house?! It’s mine!” What does the Beis Din do?

There’s a big problem here — Reuven doesn’t have a contract to show that the house is his! He didn’t keep the paper!

But Beis Din will still believe Reuven, even without the contract and let him stay in the house. This is because of something called “chazaka” — if a person was living in a house or using a field for 3 years, with other people knowing, that proves it belongs to him — because otherwise Shimon would have told him to move out a long time ago!

But there are some people where this is not a proof — like business partners. These people might not mind if their partner is using their house, but it doesn’t mean that they should be able to keep it forever! There is a different halacha for them — Shimon needs to prove the house used to be his, and needs to make a special kind of shevuah that he didn’t give it away or sell it to his partner.

In Perek Yud-Daled, one of the things we learn is that even if a person CAN’T use chazaka to prove that the property is theirs, they can bring witnesses to show that they bought it.

But a robber can’t do that either! If he once stole a field, the Beis Din will never be able to trust him, because maybe the person only pretended to sell the field to him because he was scared of him, since he is a robber!

Perek Tes-Vov teaches us what to do when witnesses come to Beis Din to say that the person has a chazaka on the property, but they don’t say exactly the same thing. If one person says he grew wheat for three years and the other witness says he grew barley, we accept the witnesses, because that is a small detail that the witnesses could make a mistake in. But if one witness says he worked there during the odd years, and the other witness says he worked there during the even years, then we don’t have any witness to say he has a chazaka, and he has to give the property back!

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Mamrim - Perek Beis

In Perek Beis, we learn about making rules so that Yidden will keep the Torah better. A Beis Din should only make these kinds of rules if they are sure that most of the Yidden can keep them.

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Niggunim During Davening

During a farbrengen, the Frierdiker Rebbe once said: Neginah (singing niggunim), and especially Neginah during davening, is one of the Darkei Hachassidim.

He explained that singing niggunim brings out a kavana. It helps us daven properly in a way that it will change our Nefesh Habehamis.

In Tof-Shin-Nun-Beis, a short time before Chof-Zayin Adar, the Rebbe also spoke about the special koach of niggunim during davening!

(When we’re little, we get used to singing different parts of davening with a tune, so that it’s easier to say the words together. Here it means especially to sing a niggun by itself, to help with kavana, or that your kavana brings you to sing a niggun. This will bring a special chayus to your davening!)

See Sefer Hasichos Tof-Shin-Beis, p. 134

 

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TEFILLAH

Don't Talk During Davening

Imagine that you are waiting for a long time to see someone special. Finally, he tells you that he will be coming to your house tomorrow! You will be so excited — you were waiting for so long!

Imagine that your special guest comes — but you don’t even go to talk to him. You decide that you need to go shopping, or you need to go play kugelach with your friend.

Wouldn’t that be a crazy way to act? You were waiting for so long, and now that your guest comes, you just waste your time and forget about how excited you were?! You should be spending time with him, not doing anything else — especially things that aren’t even important!

Well, Hashem comes to “visit” us every day when we daven!

If we waste that time and talk about other things, we are being foolish ourselves, and it is embarrassing for Hashem. He wants us to be happy with the time we spend with Him, and not to be busy with other things at the same time!

See Igeres Hakodesh Siman Chof-Daled

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Shokeling

Did you ever wonder why we shokel (sway) when we daven and learn?

It’s actually a halacha! When the Torah was given, it made the Yidden tremble, their bodies actually shook. (“Vayar Ha’am Vayanu’u.”)Those who are careful with mitzvos are careful to shokel when they learn Torah too.

There are also reasons to shokel specifically during davening: The posuk says, “Kol Atzmosai Tomarna Hashem Mi Chamocha!” “All of my bones take part in saying, ‘Who is like You, Hashem!’”

We make sure our bones can take part in the praise of Hashem, by shokeling when we daven.

There is an opinion that we should only shokel during Pesukei Dezimra, which is an actual praise to Hashem. According to this opinion, a person should stand still during Shemoneh Esrei, and only move a bit at the end of each bracha, trembling a bit from saying Hashem’s name. The Alter Rebbe says that it is not so important whether you follow this opinion or not — the main thing is to have kavana!

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman mem-ches se’if gimmel

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

All Yidden Will Be Talmidei Chachomim!

Nowadays, learning Torah isn’t easy for everyone. Some of us would like to learn more Torah, but we don’t have enough time.

But when Moshiach comes, it won’t be that way anymore! The Navi Yeshaya promises us that ALL of the Yidden will be Talmidei Chachomim!

וְכָל בָּנַיִךְ לִמּוּדֵי ה׳ וְרַב שְׁלוֹם בָּנָיִךְ

Vechol Banayich Limudei Hashem — And all of your children will be Talmidei Chachomim, studying Hashem’s Torah

VeRav Shelom Banoyich — And your children will have lots of shalom!

This posuk is explained in a maamar that the Frierdiker Rebbe said in connection with the Rebbe’s chasuna. The maamar explains the connection between the first half of the posuk and the second half of the posuk. When Yidden are Talmidei Chachomim, they can bring shalom into the world, and make it a world where Hashem wants to be!

But for this to work, we need to be a real Talmid of Hashem. We need to make sure to daven properly so that we always remember that it’s HASHEM’s Torah. This way our Torah learning will bring shalom to the world!

See Yeshaya perek Nun-Daled posuk Yud-Gimmel, Maamar Vechol Banayich Tof-Reish-Pey-Tes

 
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