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CHUMASH

Parshas Vayakhel - Revi'i with Rashi

In today’s Chumash, we learn how all of the four types of Yerios (coverings) of the Mishkan were made.

Betzalel realized himself that he should first build the Mishkan, and afterwards make the furniture, and Moshe told him that he was right!

Since the wool would get hard if they waited, the Yidden first made the coverings for the Mishkan.

Do you know what each of the Yerios were for?

1) The bottom layer was woven out of colorful threads mixed together, in a way that on one side of the material it looked like a pattern of eagles, and on the other side it looked like a pattern of lions. There were ten pieces of this kind of material. They were sewn together into two big blankets with five pieces each, and loops were attached to one end of each of the blankets. They were connected with gold clips in the loops before they were laid on top of the Mishkan.

2) The next layer was made of very soft goat hair, that was woven when it was still growing on the goats! It was woven into 11 pieces, that were sewn together into a bigger blanket with 6 pieces, and a smaller one with 5. The Yidden also attached loops to one end of each of these blankets, which were connected with copper clips in the loops before they were put on top of the Mishkan.

3) To lay over the roof of the Mishkan, there was a covering made of ram skin (Oros Eilim) dyed red.

4) On top, there was another covering made of Tachash skin.

 
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TEHILLIM

106 - 107

Kapitel Kuf-Zayin starts with the words “Hodu LaHashem Ki Tov, Ki LeOlam Chasdo!” “Thank Hashem because He is good, His kindness is forever!”

The first word is “Hodu,” which means to thank. But it also means something else! Hodu also means to “admit.”

What are we admitting to?

The Tzemach Tzedek explains this. We know that Hashem is creating the world EVERY SECOND and is here EVERY MOMENT. But we don’t see it! So we need to admit that it’s true anyway.

When Moshiach comes, we won’t have to admit it anymore — we will all be able to see it!

 
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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Lamed-Alef

Today we are finishing the hisbonenus that we have been learning about for the past few perakim. One day a week in a Shana Me’uberes we have a very long Tanya, and this year it is on Wednesdays. We will learn the whole Perek Lamed-Alef!

We are learning about a hisbonenus, a thought process, that we can use when we are not feeling interested in davening with avodah and fighting the Yetzer Hara, like by looking for ways to have iskafya. The Alter Rebbe gives an eitza, that we should think about things that make us feel humble.

In today’s Tanya, the Alter Rebbe tells us that even though these humbling thoughts can bring us a moment of sadness, it is okay. This sadness will break the Yetzer Hara’s pride, which is keeping us from doing our Avodas Hashem right.

If we do the hisbonenus properly, these thoughts will not only NOT make us sad, but they will bring us to have MORE chayus and serve Hashem the way we should!

But this hisbonenus works best and should be done at certain times: When the Yetzer Hara is stopping us from doing our Avodah properly, and we’re in a sad mood anyway. That’s a good time to do this hisbonenus, which can help us in many ways.

In fact, by doing this we will be using our sad mood for a good thing, which will take away our sad mood altogether! The Alter Rebbe tells us that not only will it take away the sad mood, but if our sad mood was for a reason, Hashem will take away whatever was making us sad!

After we think about all the things that make us feel humble, we realize that we are very far from Hashem and from the way we should be. But we also realize that that’s only from the Guf and the Nefesh Habehamis!

We are Yidden! Inside each of us is a neshama, a part of Hashem! We have Rachmonus on our neshama that it is stuck inside this low guf.

We feel so bad for our neshama, we want to do something to help it! We make it our goal to help the neshama connect to Hashem the way it was before it came into the guf, by learning Torah and doing mitzvos — and especially davening with kavana, because during davening the neshama is able to go out of its Golus in the guf!

This brings us to have tremendous simcha, that we have the opportunity to connect our neshama to Hashem through Torah and Avodah!

When a person realizes that he is able to connect his neshama to Hashem through Torah and mitzvos, he will decide that this is something he wants to be busy with for his whole life!

That’s why the Chachomim teach us that a Yid should do teshuvah all his life — Kol Yamav BeTeshuvah. It is not talking about teshuvah from an aveira, but teshuvah meaning to return and reconnect the neshama to Hashem. This is a kind of teshuvah a person can do all his life, and it is something that can be done with great simcha! The Alter Rebbe gives us a mashal that helps us understand the great simcha we have:

It is like a prince who was captured, and had to do hard work in prison, while covered with garbage. Imagine how happy he would be when he is freed and can go back home to the king!

The same thing is with our neshama: Imagine how happy our neshama is to connect to Hashem through Torah and mitzvos! Even though our guf is still low and dirty, we are so happy that we can connect our neshama with Hashem again! The Nefesh Habehamis may not have become kedusha, but the neshama is the most important thing! Having a low guf may be a sad thing, but that doesn’t take away from our simcha at all!

Then the Alter Rebbe tells us something we can think about to make our simcha even MORE!

Did we choose to have a low guf that will try to shlep us away from Hashem?

Of course not! Hashem GAVE us that guf.

And why did Hashem do that?

Because Hashem wants us to bring our guf up to Hashem too!

When we learn the halachos of Torah and do mitzvos using our guf, we are not only connecting our neshama to Hashem, we are bringing our guf up with us too!

That will bring us a stronger simcha because we will realize that not only does it bring joy for our neshama, but for our guf as well, because it is doing what Hashem created it for!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Chof-Beis Adar Alef

The Rebbe Rashab writes in a maamar that even though the third seudah of Shabbos (Shalosh Seudos) is different that we don’t need to wash, we should still eat at least something.

~

The Alter Rebbe teaches that we need to be very careful about davening Mincha. Mincha is a very special Tefillah! Shacharis is before we start our day, and Maariv is when we finish the day. Mincha is right in the middle — we’re doing a lot of things, and STILL we stop to daven to Hashem!

Based on this, the Alter Rebbe explains a deeper meaning of what the Chachomim say about Mincha, “Leolam Yehei Adam Zahir” “a person should always be careful” with davening Mincha:

Leolam usually means “always,” but it also has the word “olam,” “world.” So we can explain this to mean that the Chachomim are teaching us about the Avodah of a Yid in the world:

Yehei Adam usually means that a person should be. But we can also translate it as, “be a person!” Be a person, who does what they know is right (Moach Shalit Al Halev).

Zahir usually means careful, but it can also mean “to shine” — meaning that the Ruchnius can shine into the Gashmius.

So the Avodah of a Yid in the world is to be a mentch, to be in control of our behavior, and make the Ruchnius shine into the Gashmius.

Where do we see this? In the avodah of davening Mincha!

When we are able to stop whatever important things we are doing in the middle of the day, and go to connect to Hashem in tefillah, that shows that we are doing our job in the world! We show that we have Moach Shalit Al Halev, and that the Ruchnius is more important to us than the Gashmius!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #180 - Mitzvas Asei #57, #56, #58

Today in Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn 3 mitzvos about the Korban Pesach.

1) (Mitzvas Asei #57) If someone couldn’t bring the Korban Pesach on time, he should bring it on Pesach Sheini!

We learn this mitzvah from the first half of a posuk in Parshas Behaalosecha: בַּחֹדֶשׁ הַשֵּׁנִי בְּאַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר יוֹם בֵּין הָעַרְבַּיִם יַעֲשׂוּ אֹתוֹ

2) (Mitzvas Asei #56) We need to eat the Korban Pesach on the first night of Pesach, just like the Torah tells us — it needs to be roasted, and we eat it at home, with matzah and maror.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Bo: וְאָכְלוּ אֶת הַבָּשָׂר בַּלַּיְלָה הַזֶּה צְלִי אֵשׁ וּמַצּוֹת עַל מְרֹרִים יֹאכְלֻהוּ

3) (Mitzvas Asei #58) If someone needs to eat the Korban Pesach on Pesach Sheini, he needs to eat it that night, with matzah and maror.

We learn this mitzvah from the second half of the posuk in Parshas Behaalosecha: עַל מַצּוֹת וּמְרֹרִים יֹאכְלֻהוּ

The details of all of these mitzvos are explained in Mesechta Pesachim.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Korban Pesach

In today's Rambam, we learn more about the halachos of the Korban Pesach.

In Perek Gimmel and Perek Daled the Rambam tells us what to do if there is a problem with the korban, like if it gets lost or becomes Tomei.

Perek Hey: In this perek, we learn what to do if the person becomes tomei and can’t bring the korban, and when he needs to bring it on Pesach Sheini.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Pesulei Hamukdashin - Perek Tes-Zayin

If the kohen thinks that he is going to bring it at the wrong time, it is called pigul. But that’s only if he did not mix in any other thought that makes it posul at the same time, like thinking that it’s a different korban or that he will eat it in a different place. (There are different halachos for a korban that is posul or a korban that is pigul.)

 
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DARKEI HACHASSIDUS

Leben Mit Der Tzeit

In Parshas Vayakhel and Pekudei, we learn about how the Yidden made the Mishkan, just the way Hashem wanted. But if you look at the pesukim, you might think, “Didn’t we learn this before?”

The Torah could have just said, “And the Yidden made the Mishkan just the way Hashem wanted.” Instead, there is practically two whole parshas repeating what we already learned! Why?

Chassidus explains that Moshe heard about the Mishkan while he was on Har Sinai. He was very close to Hashem and felt almost like a malach! When he learned about the Mishkan, he was thinking about all of the Ruchnius in the Mishkan, and about all of the kedusha there. That’s all of the pesukim in Parshas Terumah and Tetzaveh.

In Parshas Vayakhel-Pekudei, though, we learn about the GASHMIYUS Mishkan — about the way it was built with wood and gold and silver! We learn how the Yidden gave gold and copper to build the Mishkan, and about how Betzalel and Oholiav made sure that each part of the Mishkan was made properly.

And what’s the MAIN point of the Mishkan? The Gashmiyus!

Hashem wants a house HERE, in this world that is full of trees and rocks and animals and dirt. Hashem doesn’t need another house in Shomayim, He wants to live right here in this world!

That’s the Mishkan we’re learning about in Parshas Vayakhel and Pekudei. That’s why we need to say it all over again, because now we’re talking about Hashem’s house on earth, and that’s very different!

No matter how low or dark the world seems, we need to know that THIS is where Hashem wants the Mishkan to be built! If we put our kochos into it, like the Yidden did then, Hashem will help us make a beautiful Dirah Betachtonim.

See Likutei Sichos chelek Alef, Parshas Pekudei; see also chelek Beis hosafos Vayakhel-Pekudei

 

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TEFILLAH

Tefillah L'Dovid

Before the Shir Shel Yom, we add two kapitelach of Tehillim and other pesukim from places in Nach.

The first paragraph, Tefillah L’Dovid, is a heartfelt tefillah from Dovid Hamelech, asking Hashem to help him overcome his enemies and that Hashem should show him the right way in Avodas Hashem.

In many ways, it is similar to Kapitel Chof-Hey, which we said in Nefilas Apayim. Since it is like a kind of Tachanun, we don’t say it on a day when we say Tachanun.

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Kissing Children in Shul

Little children are very cute, and we’re used to kissing them and hugging them all the time!

Still, we shouldn’t kiss children in shul. This way, we make it clear in our hearts that there is no love like the love for Hashem.

See Shulchan Aruch 98 se’if 1

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

The Light of Moshiach

It is written in Seforim that in the year 5500 from the Creation of the world, 500 years before the year 6000, the lights of Geulah will start to shine in the world.

Very close to that year, on Chai Elul 5494 (about 5 years from 5500) is when the Baal Shem Tov was first revealed, and his teachings started to shine throughout the world. The teachings of the Baal Shem Tov are a spark of the light of Moshiach!

Through spreading this spark of Chassidus, “Yafutzu Maayanosecha Chutza,” we will soon have the COMPLETE light of Moshiach, with the Geulah Sheleimah Bekarov Mamosh, VERY soon!

Migdal Oz p. 492; Otzar Pisgomei Chabad vol. 2, p. 422

 
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