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Parshas Vayeilech - Shishi with Rashi

Hashem tells Moshe Rabbeinu and Yehoshua what will happen to the Yidden when they come into Eretz Yisroel:

When the Yidden come into Eretz Yisroel, they are going to be very excited about how nice it is to live in Eretz Yisroel — there is lots of food, and things grow so well.

Then, they will start to serve Avodah Zarah, making Hashem angry.

Hashem will have to punish them, and they will wonder why such hard things are happening to them — but this song, Haazinu, will show them that Hashem warned them! And even if things are very hard, the Yidden will NEVER forget the Torah.

So Moshe wrote down the song Haazinu, and taught it to the Yidden.

Hashem told Yehoshua to be strong and brave! He will bring the Yidden into Eretz Yisroel.

Then the Torah will tell us what Moshe did with the Sefer Torah once he finished writing it, as we will IY”H see in tomorrow’s Chumash.



29 - 34

Today’s Tehillim is Chof-Tes through Lamed-Daled. Until Yom Kippur, we still add three extra kapitelach. Today these are kapitelach Kuf, Kuf-Alef, and Kuf-Beis.

The Frierdiker Rebbe once told this story:

Once when the Mitteler Rebbe was 7 or 8, he davened for a longer time than usual — he davenedBaArichus.” After he finished davening, someone asked him what took him so long! The Mitteler Rebbe answered that he stopped to think about something that is says in davening, and that made it take a long time.

Which part? It was a posuk from today’s TehillimKapitel Lamed (posuk gimmel)! We say this kapitel every day before Boruch She’amar: “Hashem Elokai, Shivati Eilecha Vatirpa’eini” — “I cried out to You, Hashem and You made me feel better!”

The Mitteler Rebbe was thinking about the word “Vatirpa’eini” (“and You healed me”). He was thinking how that word is like the word “rifyon” — making something weaker. He thought that the posuk could mean “I cried out to You, Hashem, and You made my Yetzer Hara not as strong!” He was thinking about how Hashem helps us win over our Yetzer Hara!

Very soon, when Moshiach comes, Hashem will take away our Yetzer Hara completely! We will have won the fight with the Yetzer Hara!

Until then, Hashem helps us make it weaker so we will act the way Hashem wants us to.



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Chof

In this letter the Alter Rebbe is telling us how the gashmius world we live in has such a strong koach of Hashem — much more than Gan Eden or any ruchniyus world. We said that the koach of Ein Sof is in the words (the Asara Maamaros) that Hashem used to make the world, and that koach makes it become something from nothing every moment.

That is what is special about mitzvos too. They are all done with gashmius things that were all created with this special koach from Hashem.

That’s also why we find in Kabbalah that the chayus of Hashem in mitzvos is higher than everything — even more than in Torah! That’s because the chayus of Hashem that makes the gashmiyus that we do mitzvos with also has this special koach of Ein Sof in it, that is greater than everything.



Hey Tishrei

R’ Zushe of Anipoli said that Teshuvah has five parts, one for each letter of the word “Teshuvah!” Yesterday we learned what the Tof stands for. Today, we learn that the Shin teaches us to realize that everything is Hashgacha Protis — part of Hashem’s plan.

The “shin” of Teshuvah stands for “Shivisi Havaya Lenegdi Somid” — “I put Hayava (a name of Hashem) before me always.”

The name of Hashem “Havaya” shows how Hashem created the world and everything inside of it. The creation of the entire world and the chayus it receives from Hashem is Yeish Me’Ayin, something from absolute nothingness.

The teshuvah from the letter Shin comes from a person thinking about how Hashem is constantly creating the entire world and everything inside of it.

What does that mean?

We should always look around at the world and see Hashem! A Goy might look around and think that the world just runs itself, using nature. But we know better — Hashem is hiding in every part of the world, and making every single thing be there every single second — even right now, today, Hey Tishrei 5780!

We know that everything is Hashgacha Protis, and Hashem makes everything happen exactly the way it does! This is all part of a big plan — making the world a place for Hashem, which we will see very soon with the true Geulah.



Shiur #60 - Mitzvas Asei #171

In Sefer Hamitzvos, we again learn the mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #171) of giving a half shekel every year to the Beis Hamikdash. We will IY”H get to do this mitzvah again when Moshiach comes!

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Sisa: וְנָתְנוּ אִישׁ כֹּפֶר נַפְשׁוֹ לַה׳

The details are explained in Mesechta Shekalim.

We also learn another mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #153): That the Beis Din needs to make a calendar, and decide the right time for each month to start.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Bo: הַחֹדֶשׁ הַזֶּה לָכֶם רֹאשׁ חֳדָשִׁים

The details are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Alef, Mesechta Rosh Hashana and Brachos.



Hilchos Shekalim - Kiddush Hachodesh

In Rambam, Hilchos Shekalim perek Daled, we finish learning the halachos about the Machtzis Hashekel, about what kind of things the money can be used to pay for.

Now we start to learn the halachos of Kiddush Hachodesh, Perek Alef and Beis. We learn how the Beis Din decides when the new month starts. Because a month can be 29 days or 30 days, depending if we see the new moon. If someone sees the moon, they come tell the Beis Din! The Beis Din asks them lots of questions to make sure that they are telling the truth.

How does the Beis Din know they are telling the truth?

There are ways to figure out how the moon should look at different times of the year. The Beis Din knows which part of the sky the moon should be in, and which way it should be pointing. They know how wide the moon should be, and when you should be able to see it.

After we learn about the witnesses in the next few perakim, we will be learning about how the Beis Din figures all of these things out! This way they will be able to be sure that the eidim are telling the truth.



Hilchos Nizkei Mamon - Perek Yud-Daled

This is the last perek in this set of halachos!

The Rambam teaches us about if someone starts a fire and it burns someone else’s field. If he started it in the other person’s field, or if he wasn’t careful when he started a fire in his own field, he needs to pay. If he was careful, and the fire spread anyway, he doesn’t need to pay — we say that it came from Hashem.

Now we are finished the halachos about damages! Tomorrow we will IY”H start a new set of halachos, about stealing.



Aseres Yemei Teshuvah

The Rambam tells us that the Aseres Yemei Teshuvah, from Rosh Hashana through Yom Kippur, are very special days. Hashem is extra close to the Yidden during this time! That’s why it is so much easier to do teshuvah now.

This special closeness that Hashem has to us during these days is called in Kabbalah and Chassidus, “Kiruv HaMaor El Hanitzutz.”

What does this mean?

A mashal for the closeness of Hashem to the Yidden is the way a big flame comes close to small sparks, and the sparks then become part of the big flame. During the Aseres Yemei Teshuvah, Hashem comes close to us, like big flames of fire coming closer to small sparks. Just like the sparks join together with the big flames, our neshamos are drawn to come closer to Hashem.

This special closeness Hashem has to Yidden during this time helps us do teshuvah — to help our neshama come closer to Hashem and want to live the way Hashem wants from us!


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Avinu Malkeinu

Each day during the Aseres Yemei Teshuvah, we add the special tefillah of Avinu Malkeinu in Shacharis and Mincha. In Avinu Malkeinu, we ask Hashem to bentch us with a good year!

(We say the sections for the Aseres Yemei Teshuvah that have the word “Chadeish”, not the sections for a Taanis, with the word “Bareich.”)

But on Erev Shabbos at Mincha time, when we don’t say Tachanun (or any other time we do not say Tachanun, like at a bris), we do not say Avinu Malkeinu.

See Shevach Hamoadim, Aseres Yemei Teshuvah



Buying Lulav and Esrog

It was a minhag by the Rebbeim to light a “Teshuvah Licht” for Shabbos Shuva.


Zrizin Makdimin Lemitzvos!” We should hurry to do mitzvos!

It is a minhag not to wait, but to buy the Daled Minim (Lulav and Esrog), in the Aseres Yemei Teshuvah! During these days, Hashem is counting up all of our mitzvos to make sure that we deserve a good year. We want Hashem to also count the precious mitzvah of Lulav and Esrog with those mitzvos!

But if you know you will be able to get a better set after Yom Kippur, you should wait until then to buy it.

See Shevach Hamoadim, Aseres Yemei Teshuvah

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Aseres Yemei Teshuvah

If Moshiach comes during the Aseres Yemei Teshuvah, we will celebrate Yom Kippur differently than usual!

In honor of the Chanukas Beis Hamikdash, which will last at least seven days, we will all be celebrating! We will eat and drink with big seudos like on Yom Tov!

At the times of Bayis Rishon, this is just what happened. Yom Kippur was in the middle of the seven days of celebration when the Beis Hamikdash was finished, and the Yidden did not fast! They were busy celebrating the Chanukas Habayis of the Beis Hamikdash and preparing the Avodah to be done there.

If that’s what happened with the FIRST Beis Hamikdash, imagine how great the simcha will be with the THIRD Beis Hamikdash, that we know will be even greater! What a happy Yom Kippur that will be!

See Sefer Hasichos Mem-Tes, vol. 1, p. 12

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