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Parshas Shoftim - Sheini with Rashi

Moshe tells the Yidden about choosing a Yiddishe King when they come into Eretz Yisroel.

When you come into Eretz Yisroel, and you’re settled safe and sound
You’ll say “We want to have a KING like everyone else around!”

A Jewish king needs to be special, there are mitzvos he must do
(Along with ALL the mitzvos kept by every single Jew).

A king needs a lot of horses, but TOO many is not okay —
The best horses are in Mitzrayim, and we need to stay away!

He can’t marry too many wives, no more than eighteen
Or he’ll be too busy to be king — taking care of each queen!

He can’t get too much money, more than he needs for everything.
— And if he follows these rules, Hashem will let him stay the King!

He also has an extra mitzva, to remind him of his role
He has to carry around with him a special Torah scroll!

He needs to always learn the mitzvos, and remember them
He’s there to help the Yidden, he’s just a servant of Hashem!



10 - 17

Today’s kapitelach Tehillim are Yud through Yud-Zayin. (Don’t forget to also say Daled, Hey, and Vov for Chodesh Elul!)

Kapitel Yud-Alef in Tehillim talks about how Hashem brings tzaros to a Tzadik, but really it’s all for his good.

The last posuk says, “Tzadik Hashem Tzedakos Ahev” — Hashem loves giving tzedakah.

When Hashem gave us the Torah, we were able to feel Hashem in the world and help the whole world to know Hashem. That’s the best kind of tzedakah there could be!



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Yud

Giving tzedakah without a limit brings the chayus of Hashem without a limit into the world!

When a person does a mitzvah, he brings chayus from Hashem into the world. Because mitzvos are Gashmius, they have a certain amount, and they bring that much chayus into the world.

If someone missed a chance for a mitzvah, there is missing chayus in the world! What should they do? Teshuvah can reach a level of Hashem where there IS no amount — and then they can bring in a more special chayus that can fix up missing chayus from before!

But even though Teshuvah REACHES that chayus, it can’t bring the chayus into the world! You need to a Gashmius mitzvah to bring the chayus actually into the world.

But a regular mitzvah with an amount can’t bring in a chayus WITHOUT an amount! So we need to do a mitzvah WITHOUT an amount. What Gashmiusdike mitzvah do we have that can be without an amount?

Give tzedakah, without an amount!

But didn’t we learn that the Gemara says not to give more than a fifth ($1 of out of every $5)?

That’s for someone who didn’t do any aveiros. But someone who DID, and needs this special chayus, can give as much as he wants — just like if a person chas veshalom needs to become healthy, he will pay even ALL of his money! So if it is our neshama that needs to be healthy, we can ALSO give as much money as we need to tzedakah, to have a healthy neshama.

Then when we give tzedakah without an amount, that will be able to bring down the chayus of Hashem which we reach through teshuvah, to make sure that the world gets any chayus that was missing.



Beis Elul

Every Yid has a treasure of good midos hiding inside. Our job is to inspire ourselves and others to want these kochos to shine!

Imagine that someone you respect tells you that there is a treasure buried in your backyard. He is SURE that it is there, he’s just not sure how deep it is buried. Maybe it is right near the top, or maybe it is very deep down.

Would you go out and start digging?

Every Yid is called an Eretz Cheifetz, a land with treasures buried inside! The treasures in each Yid are the Yiras Shomayim, Ahavas Hashem, and good midos. In some Yidden, they are right there! In other Yidden, they might be harder to find — but they are there FOR SURE.

In the mashal of a buried treasure, we see that some people will go and dig for a few minutes, and then give up and go back inside, while another person will keep on digging until he finds the treasure!

Why? Because that person has patience and is willing to keep trying!

This is true also with the nimshal of a Yid:

If we have patience and keep trying, we will find the first treasure inside of ourselves and other Yidden — the Ratzon that we WANT to be a better Yid. Once we have that first treasure, all of the other treasures will come too, because NOTHING stands in the way of Ratzon! Once someone WANTS to become better, NOTHING can stand in his way!



Shiur #28 - Mitzvas Asei #15, #18

Today we learn two mitzvos!

1) (Mitzvas Asei #15) We need to put a mezuzah on the doorpost of our house.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Vaeschanan: וּכְתַבְתָּם עַל מְזֻזוֹת בֵּיתֶךָ וּבִשְׁעָרֶיךָ

The details are explained in Mesechta Menachos perek Gimmel.

2) (Mitzvas Asei #18) Every person needs to write a Sefer Torah.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Vayeilech: כִּתְבוּ לָכֶם אֶת הַשִּׁירָה הַזֹּאת

The details are explained in Mesechta Menachos perek Gimmel, and the beginning of Mesechta Bava Basra and Mesechta Shabbos.



Hilchos Tefillin U'Mezuzah V'Sefer Torah

Perek Hey: In today’s Rambam, we learn how to write a kosher Mezuzah and put it on the door. There are many halachos of how to do this right! One halacha is that we don’t say a bracha when we WRITE the mezuzah, but only when we put it up — because the mitzvah is putting it up.

In Perek Vov, we learn what kinds of places don’t need a mezuzah. A house has to have 10 conditions to need a mezuzah! For example, a house with no roof does not need a mezuzah.

Perek Zayin: Then, we start to learn about a Sefer Torah. It is a mitzvah for every Yid to write his own Sefer Torah. The Rambam tells us one way to do this mitzvah, by checking at least one letter of the Torah to make sure it’s not posul. The Rebbe tells us another way, by everyone buying a letter in the Sefer Torah, which is one of the mivtzoyim! (Do you and all of your friends have a letter in the Sefer Torah? You can sign up at to get one now! Adults can sign up to get a letter at



Hilchos Keilim - Perek Chof-Alef

In today’s Rambam, we learn more about when Keilim can become Tomei.

This perek explains when a long string or chain or rope is counted as part of a keili or not. Based on the halachos in today’s Rambam, if a balloon would become tomei, the string of the balloon would be tomei too.



Chodesh Elul

During the whole month of Elul, we blow the Shofar every day. Why? To wake us up and remind us that we need to act the way Hashem wants us to!

But we don’t just do it once — we do it EVERY day, so we will remember the whole month!

We see that hearing the Shofar more will help us remember more. So the Rebbe tells us it’s a good idea to blow it for other people too during Elul. Not only will it help other Yidden become inspired to do teshuvah, by hearing it again, it will help us also!


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Lesheim Yichud

Before we start Boruch She’amar, at the beginning of Pesukei Dezimra, we say the line “Lesheim Yichud.”

These words say that we are davening in order to bring Yichud, a close connection, to “Kudsha Brich Hu” and the Shechinah.

Kudsha Brich Hu is the level of Hashem that is the source of all of the Torah and mitzvos. The Shechinah is the source of the neshamos of all of the Yidden. By bringing a Yichud to Kudsha Brich Hu and the Shechinah, we are connecting not just ourselves with Hashem through our mitzvos, but all of the Yidden everywhere, through all of the mitzvos we are doing!

Some people say Lesheim Yichud before doing ANY mitzvah, but we say it just once here in davening, and have in mind that it is also for the Avodah of the entire day.



Birchos Hanehenin

If we have a Ha’eitz and a Ha’adamah food in front of us, it is usually better to make the bracha Ha’eitz first, since it is a more specific bracha. But if we LIKE the Ha’adamah food more, or we WANT it more (“Choviv”), we make the bracha on the Ha’adamah food before.

This is a detail in the halachos of “Kadimah Bebrachos,” which brachos are made first, which we will IY”H learn more about later.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Seder Birchos Hanehenin perek Yud

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Hashem's Melucha

Ovadiah was a ger from the nation of Edom, the nation of Eisav. Even though he was an officer in the palace of the wicked Achav and Izevel, he saved 100 neviim from being killed. Hashem rewarded him by making him a Navi!

Since Ovadiah was from Edom, Hashem gave Ovadiah the zechus of saying the nevuos about the end of the nation of Edom, in the times of the Geulah:

וְעָלוּ מוֹשִׁעִים בְּהַר צִיּוֹן לִשְׁפֹּט אֶת הַר עֵשָׂו וְהָיְתָה לַה׳ הַמְּלוּכָה

Ve’alu Moshi’im Behar TzionMoshiach, who saves the Yidden, will go up together with his officers from the mountain of Yerushalayim

Lishpot Es Har Eisav — They will go to Har Se’ir, the mountain of Eisav, to punish them for the terrible things they did to the Yidden

Vehaysa LaHashem Hamelucha — And then Hashem’s melucha will be complete, since everyone will agree that Hashem is the King of the entire world!

See Ovadiah perek Alef posuk Chof-Alef

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