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לעילוי נשמת ר׳ יוסף בנימין בן ר׳ מנשה קאלטמאנן
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מוקדש לחיזוק ההתקשרות לכ״ק נשיא דורנו
ע"י ולזכות הרה"ת ר' לייביש משה וזוגתו מרת רינה ילדיהם קיילא באשא, בנציון דוד, אליהו איסר, רבקה שיינדל אלטא שיחיו גולדהירש


Those who make Chitas for the month of Nisan possible:


לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ מרדכי בן הר׳ פינחס מענטליק
ולזכות הרה״ח זאב יחזקאל הכהן בן מינדל שי׳ לבריאות הנכונה

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח אברהם אהרן הלוי בן הוו״ח שניאור זלמן יששכר געציל רובאשקין
ליום היארצייט שלו ט׳ ניסן

L’ilui Nishmas
Miriam Necha A”H bas R’ Moshe Sheyichyeh ~ yartzeit Yud-Daled Nissan

in honor of the engagement of Mendy Rapoport and Lakey Kulek
May the chasunah take place in a good and auspicious time,
and may they build a Binyan Adei Ad!


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Parshas Acharei - Chamishi with Rashi

Yesterday we learned that the Yidden are not allowed to shecht a korban outside of the Mishkan or Beis Hamikdash. Today, the posuk adds that burning the korban outside of the Mishkan or Beis Hamikdash is another aveira.

We also learn about the punishment for eating blood. We are not allowed to eat blood, because the chayus of a living thing is in its blood. This is also why we need to cover the blood of animal when we shecht it (“Kisui Hadam”).

If someone eats a kosher bird that wasn’t shechted properly, he becomes tomei and his clothes become tomei, too. He is not allowed to eat from korbanos or go into the Beis Hamikdash until he goes himself into the mikvah, and dips his clothing into the mikvah too.

Now Hashem tells the Yidden to remember about Hashem, and not to act like the Mitzriyim, who didn’t know that getting married is a very holy thing! The Torah will give us rules about who we can marry.

We also learn from these pesukim that Yidden need to behave differently than the other nations (“Uvechukoseihem Lo Seileichu”). We need to be dedicated to learning Hashem’s Torah and doing His mitzvos.



120 - 134

In today’s Tehillim, Kapitel Kuf-Chof-Ches, it says “Yegia Kapecha Ki Sochel, Ashrecha VeTov Lach” — “when you work hard for your food, it is good for you.” We learn from this posuk that it is important to work for what we need, and not just to take money from Tzedakah!

Even though it is very important to work because Hashem wants us to make a keili in Teva, Chassidus teaches us that the posuk uses very specific words. It says “Yegia KAPECHA” — “the work of your HANDS.” This teaches us that the work should be done with our hands to do it properly, but our HEAD should be busy with Torah as much as possible! When our mind is always connected to Hashem, then our work will always be done the way Hashem wants.

See Maamar Dibur Hamaschil Mayim Rabim 5738, se’if beis



Likutei Amarim Perek Mem-Gimmel

In yesterday’s Tanya we learned that before a person has the highest level of Ahavas Hashem, they need to first learn Torah and do mitzvos properly with Yiras Shomayim. What about for the lower level? Do you need to be doing all of your mitzvos properly then too?

Today the Alter Rebbe says that SOMETIMES a person can have Ahavas Olam, where they love Hashem and not anything else, even if he DIDN’T have Yiras Shomayim first. Hashem will sometimes help a person to have Ahava first, if he needs to do teshuvah right away. But that is something that happens with special Hashgacha Protis from Hashem only in specific cases — its’s not the regular way things work.

We have to try to do Avodas Hashem in order — first we should work on our Yiras Shomayim, to  learn Torah and mitzvos properly, and THEN we will be able to have Ahavas Hashem.

This is hinted to us in Shema! The word “Ve’ahavta” (and you should love Hashem) is the same Gematria as the word “Ohr” (light) two times! First we have Yiras Shomayim so our neshama has the light of Torah and mitzvos, and then we can have the light of loving Hashem.



Chof-Zayin Nisan

Today is twelve days of the Omer!

There are a lot of things that are not asur to do, like eating nosh! But it makes a difference why we are doing them. If someone eats the nosh JUST because he likes nosh, with no other purpose — that makes what he’s doing NOT good at all!

We need to make sure that all of the Gashmius things we use are there for a purpose — to help us in our Torah and Mitzvos, Yiras Shomayim and Midos Tovos.



Shiur #319 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #280, Asei #177, Lo Saasei #276, #274

In Sefer Hamitzvos, we are learning more mitzvos for a Beis Din to follow, to make sure they are judging fairly. Today we have four mitzvos:

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #280) A judge can’t judge unfairly against a widow or orphan. (Of course, it is asur to judge ANYONE unfairly, but it is an extra aveira if it is against a widow or orphan.)

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: לֹא תַטֶּה מִשְׁפַּט גֵּר יָתוֹם

2) (Mitzvas Asei #177) A judge needs to treat both sides of a case equally. He needs to give each one a chance to explain their side, and not rush one of them.

This mitzvah includes other things also. One of them is that if two people who are arguing agree to come to a Talmid Chochom and not a Beis Din, he has a mitzvah to judge them fairly.

Another one is that if any person does something which could be understood in different ways, we should try to understand it as something good, and judge them favorably — Dan Lekaf Zechus.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Kedoshim: בְּצֶדֶק תִּשְׁפֹּט עֲמִיתֶךָ

The details of this mitzvah are explained in places throughout the Talmud.

3) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #276) A judge isn’t allowed to be afraid of anyone! He isn’t allowed to be scared and think, “If I pasken against him, he will take revenge and ruin my field!”

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Devarim: לֹא תָגוּרוּ מִפְּנֵי אִישׁ

4) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #274) A judge isn’t allowed to take a bribe or even a present from anyone who comes to Beis Din, EVEN if he thinks he will pasken the same way anyhow.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: וְשֹׁחַד לֹא תִקָּח

The details of this mitzvah are explained in many places in Mesechta Sanhedrin



Hilchos Sanhedrin

In Perek Yud-Tes, we learn a long list of aveiros that a Beis Din gives Malkos (lashes) for. There are 207 aveiros where a Beis Din would need to give Malkos!

In Perek Chof, we learn about judging fairly. If no witnesses SAW the person doing the aveira, even if it’s obvious that he did it, we can’t punish him. And if someone was forced to do an aveira, he can’t get punished by the Beis Din either. But we shouldn’t have rachmonus on someone and not punish him if he deserves it!

Perek Chof-Alef has more halachos about being fair when we judge. One halacha is about what to do if two people come to Beis Din because they are arguing about something, and one of them is dressed in fancy clothes, and one is dressed in not nice ones. The Beis Din tells the people they need to either both wear not nice clothes, or both wear fancy clothes, because it’s hard to treat both people equally otherwise!

If someone comes to Beis Din who only speaks Portuguese, the judge isn’t allowed to get someone to come and translate what the person is saying. He needs to understand Portuguese himself! (But if he understands it, and doesn’t speak so well, he is allowed to get a person to translate the psak.)



Hilchos Shaar Avos HaTumos - Perek Tes

Mayim She’uvim: People used to use dirty pools of water in caves as a mikvah. They would wash off the dirt using clean water afterwards. Some people started to think that the clean water WAS the mikvah, and didn’t go to the mikvah properly. So the Chachomim made a gezeira that non-mikvah water makes a person tomei.

Another gezeira made by the Chachomim was that Torah scrolls we learn from should make Terumah tomei, and touching them should make a person tomei. This gezeira was to keep the scrolls safe! People used to keep their Terumah next to Torah scrolls, because they are both holy. Mice would come to nibble on the Terumah, and they would rip the Sifrei Torah! The Chachomim made this gezeira so people would stop keeping their Terumah near the Torah scrolls, and the scrolls would stay safe and not get torn.

icon of clock


We Want Moshiach Now!

When Tzivos Hashem began, a special song was sung before the Rebbe, which we all know very well: “We want Moshiach now!” It became the theme song of Tzivos Hashem.

The Rebbe explained the Hashgacha Protis in the words that are used in this song:

If someone wants to have something, there are a few different ways to say it: “I wish I could have candy,” “I really would like to have cookies,” or “I could really use some donuts.”

But when we say “I WANT,” it means something more! In English, we sometimes say that something is “wanting.” That means that it is missing something that it needs.

That’s what we mean when we say that we WANT Moshiach now. We don’t mean that we wish we could have something that would be nice to have, like an extra present. Without Moshiach, we feel that we are “wanting!” We are missing something that is very important to us! We NEED Moshiach!

When it is something we need, we will do whatever it takes to make sure we get it! Since “We want Moshiach now,” we are ready to do many more mitzvos so we will actually HAVE Moshiach now!

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Torah Tziva

The first posuk of the Twelve Pesukim starts with the words “Torah Tziva.”

Torah Tziva Lanu Moshe,” the Torah that Moshe Rabbeinu commanded us on Har Sinai, is “Morasha Kehilas Yaakov,” a yerusha to each one of us! That means that the very same Torah that Moshe Rabbeinu was given at the time of Matan Torah is what belongs to each of us today.

The Chachomim tell us that this should be the very first thing we teach a child who is just learning to talk!

The Rebbe shows how this posuk has a message that is a foundation for learning Torah, which is why this is the first posuk a child needs to know. This posuk shows us that even parts of Torah that we don’t understand we should be ready to take with Kabolas Ol.

How do we see that this posuk is talking about parts of Torah that we can’t understand?

What Moshe Rabbeinu got on Har Sinai was not just the Chumash, or even just Tanach. It was ALL the Torah that we would ever have, including Kabbalah and Medrashim and even the Torah of Moshiach!

We are able to understand and learn a lot of parts of Torah. We can learn Chumash, Tanach, Medrash, Shas, and even Kabbalah! But there are some parts of it that we AREN’T able to understand. Some parts might be too hard for us, and of course we can’t learn or understand the Torah of Moshiach until Moshiach comes!

So we see that this posuk includes parts of Torah that we don’t understand!

This is what a child needs to know right away. Even if there are parts of Torah that we don’t understand, we know that they are all part of the same Torah that “Tziva Lanu Moshe!” We need to know that we will do what Hashem tells us in the Torah, with Kabolas Ol, even if we don’t understand it.

We can understand better by using the mashal of a tower:

Learning Torah is like building a tower. To build a tower, there needs to be a strong foundation at the bottom to keep the building steady, and then we can build more and more layers on top until the tower is very high!

Our Torah tower also can always keep growing, because there is always more Torah to learn! But we need to make sure that our foundation is very strong. Otherwise our whole tower will be shaky! The foundation is Kabolas Ol, accepting what the Torah says even if we can’t understand it.

This is the foundation that Torah Tziva gives us, even before we are old enough to start learning!

See Likutei Sichos chelek daled, sicha for Simchas Torah




The Chachomim, beginning in the times of Dovid and Shlomo Hamelech (or even before that), made a takana called Muktza, making sure we don’t move keilim that will make Shabbos less Shabbos’dik. In yesterday’s shiur, we learned three reasons for this takana.

But because of something that happened later, in the times of Nechemya ben Chachalya, who built the second Beis Hamikdash, a new issur was added in muktza.

After the neis of Purim, the Yidden were given permission from the king to continue building the second Beis Hamikdash. But the Yidden living in Yerushalayim then were not being careful with Shabbos. They were even squeezing fresh wine, loading up their donkeys, and carrying outside on Shabbos.

So the Chachomim of that time made a VERY strict gezeira. They didn’t let Yidden move ANYTHING on Shabbos except for very specific reasons, to keep the Yidden from doing melachos on Shabbos.

This gezeira worked! When Yidden had to think carefully about everything they touched on Shabbos, they stopped doing melacha without thinking. Over time, the Chachomim were able to make the gezeira less and less strict, since the Yidden were being so careful.

But one part of the gezeira still remains today: We are not allowed to move a keili on Shabbos for no reason at all.

There are two types of things that we can move even for no reason — seforim and food or drink, because they weren’t included in the gezeira in the times of Nechemya ben Chachalya.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, 308:16-17

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



The Four Corners of the World

After the Navi describes the kind of person Moshiach is and how the world will look in his time, the Navi says nevuos about Kibbutz Galuyos:

וְנָשָֹא נֵס לַגּוֹיִם וְאָסַף נִדְחֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וּנְפֻצוֹת יְהוּדָה יְקַבֵּץ מֵאַרְבַּע כַּנְפוֹת הָאָרֶץ

How will Moshiach find all of the Yidden?

Venasa Neis LagoyimMoshiach will let the goyim know to bring him Yidden, as a present

Ve’asaf Nidchei Yisrael — And he will gather the lost Yidden

Unefutzos Yehuda Yekabeitz — And he will gather the scattered Yidden

Me’Arba Kanfos Ha’aretz — From the four corners of the world.

Wherever the Yidden are, Moshiach will gather them together. Even the goyim will help to make sure that we have every single Yid to be part of the Geulah!

See Yeshayahu perek Yud-Alef, pesukim Yud-Alef and Yud-Beis, and Rashi there

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