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CHUMASH

Parshas Va'eschanan - Shvi'i with Rashi

Moshe Rabbeinu is preparing the Yidden for going into Eretz Yisroel. He reminds them to stay far away from Avodah Zarah, and to keep the mitzvos, which will bring a lot of brachos!

Moshe Rabbeinu tells the Yidden to make sure to send away the Goyim in Eretz Yisroel who serve Avodah Zarah. They shouldn't marry them, and should break and cut down all of their Avodah Zarah.

Why? Because we are a different nation, and Hashem chose us! We need to stay very far away from Avodah Zarah.

Hashem loves us and took us out of Mitzrayim! He gives us a lot of schar when we do the mitzvos, and punishes people who don’t. So keep the mitzvos in this world (“Hayom Laasosam”), and the reward will be in Olam Haba (“Lemachar Lekabel Secharam”)!

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TEHILLIM

77 - 78

Today’s kapitelach are Ayin-Zayin and Ayin-Ches.

In Kapitel Ayin-Ches, which is in today’s Tehillim, there is a posuk that says “Vayakem Eidus BeYaakov, VeSora Sam BeYisroel” — “Hashem set up the Torah and mitzvos for Yaakov and Yisroel.” This kapitel also tells us why — so that the Torah will be passed on forever.

Chassidus teaches us that each of the Avos has something different and special about them, and they pass that on to all of the Yidden. These gifts from the Avos help us be better Yidden!

This Kapitel tells us that Hashem “set up the Torah for Yaakov,” by letting Yaakov Avinu spend SO much time learning Torah. This koach is passed down to us — that we will be able to learn lots of Torah too!

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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Hey

We said that the Yud of Hashem’s name is what gives chayus to Olam Haba, where the neshamos are, and that the Hey gives chayus to Olam Hazeh — this world.

One of the things we learn from today’s Tanya is how we can see this in the shapes of the letters!

The letter Hey has a line across the top, and a line on both sides. This reminds us of how Hashem is everywhere — on every side! His chayus is spread out all over the whole world.

The Yud is very small, like Olam Haba that we CAN’T see!

We will see later how this helps us understand why it’s so important to give Tzedakah.

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HAYOM YOM

Tes-Vov Menachem Av

In today’s Hayom Yom we learn what is so special about Chamisha Asar B’Av!

The Rebbe Rashab wrote something that teaches us how special today (Chamisha-Asar B’Av) is!

Really, the 15th day of EVERY month is special, because the moon is full — we can see the whole thing! Yidden are like the moon. Sometimes the world can see how special we are, and sometimes the Yidden are suffering and nobody can see it. When the moon is full, that is a sign of seeing how special Yidden are!

But the 15th of Av is EXTRA special. Many happy things happened today. And it is after the WORST thing that could happen to us — the Beis Hamikdash was destroyed and Yidden were sent into Golus.

Whenever something not good happens, Hashem does something good for Yidden later. Since Chamisha Asar B’Av comes after the WORST thing, it must be that it is the BEST kind of good!

What is the best kind of good thing? Moshiach, of course! Chamisha Asar B’av reminds us of the special time that is about to happen — Moshiach coming and the third Beis Hamikdash!

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #41 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #322

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #322) is that a Beis Din is not allowed to make court cases on Shabbos.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Vayakhel: לֹא תְבַעֲרוּ אֵשׁ
This posuk means, “Do not make a fire on Shabbos.”

The Chachomim ask: “The Torah already told us not to do any melachos. We know that lighting a fire is one of them. Why is the Torah telling us separately about this melacha, and not about the others?” It must be teaching us something.

The Chachomim explain that the posuk is telling us not to punish a person on Shabbos, even if he deserves Sereifah, a kind of punishment that has to do with making a fire. That’s what the posuk is teaching us by saying not to make a fire on Shabbos.

The Chachomim learn from this posuk that a Beis Din is also not allowed to have ANY court cases to punish a person on Shabbos.

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Shabbos

In today’s Rambam, Perakim Yud-Beis, Yud-Gimmel, and Yud-Daled, we learn about three of the melachos: Not to light a fire, not to put out a fire, and not to carry on Shabbos.

If a fire starts on Shabbos, we are not allowed to put it out ourselves unless it will be dangerous. For a small fire that isn’t dangerous, we are allowed to do something so the fire will burn out by itself, like by pouring water or juice AROUND the fire or putting plastic cups of water right next to the fire so it will put itself out.

Of course, for even a medium sized fire, or one that we think MIGHT be dangerous, we need to call the fire department RIGHT AWAY, even on Shabbos, because the Torah says that saving a person’s life is more important than not doing a melacha!

The melacha of hotza’ah is what we usually call “carrying.” It means to take something from one type of place (called a Reshus) to another. For example, taking something from a private house to a public street is this melacha. Hotza’ah has many details! We learn about the four different possible places, called reshuyos: Reshus Hayochid, Reshus Horabim, Karmelis, and Mekom Petur.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Terumos - Perek Hey

Now we learn about what part of the food to use for Terumah. We are supposed to take from the BEST of our fields for Terumah! But if there are no kohanim around, it is better to take food that won’t get rotten before we can bring it to the kohen — like raisins, even if the grapes are better.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Chamisha Asar B'Av

Why today is a Yom Tov: We learned in Hayom Yom that today is a very happy day! It is one of the biggest Yomim Tovim of the whole year! Here are some of the special things that happened today for Yidden:

- The gezeira that the Yidden were supposed to die in the Midbar ended, and all of the Yidden who were alive were ready to go into Eretz Yisroel! Hashem was now ready to talk to Moshe in a special way again.

- To make sure that every Shevet got the right part of Eretz Yisroel, people could only get married to someone in the same Shevet. But on the 15th of Av, that rule finished, and now the Yidden could get married to someone in ANY shevet!

- Shevet Binyamin was forgiven for doing a very big aveira, and now they could be part of the rest of the Yidden again!

- The king Hoshea opened up the roads to Yerushalayim so the Yidden could go to the Beis Hamikdash, after a not good king had blocked them.

- The Yidden were finally able to do the big mitzvah of burying the Yidden who were killed in Beitar.

- 15 Av was the day, every year, when the Yidden finished cutting wood for the Mizbeiach. Afterwards, they would break the axes, so today is also called “the day of the axe breaking!”

A day for chasunas: For many years, on this Yom Tov of Chamisha Asar B’Av, the Yidden would have a special minhag to help boys and girls get married! Girls would share their clothes so that nobody could tell if they were rich or poor. They would dance together in the fields, with the happiness of Yom Tov. Bochurim that wanted to get married would choose one of them! (Since it was Yom Tov, everyone was EXTRA careful with tznius, and they were doing this just for Hashem!)

Happiness after sadness: Like we learned in Hayom Yom, Yidden are compared to the moon. In the middle of the month, when the moon is full, it shows how the Yidden are in their full glory! Since it is after the sad day of Tisha B’av, the happiness of the middle of the month is the greatest it can be!

A Torah day: Another special thing about today is that the nights start getting longer! Now we can learn more Torah, since night time is a very special time for learning Torah!

Getting ready for Rosh Hashana: Today we start getting ready for Chodesh Elul and for Rosh Hashana! Many people have a minhag that starting today, we wish each other a Kesiva Vachasima Tova!

There is even a hint in the day: The Gematria of the words Chamisha Asar B’Av is the same as the words “Ksiva Vachasima Tova!”

▼ Jump to Coloring Books & Downloads ▼

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TEFILLAH

Korban Tomid

Chassidus shows us how the Korban Tomid teaches us what davening is all about!

The main part of davening, the way the Anshei Keneses Hagedolah set it up, is Shemoneh Esrei, where we ask Hashem for our needs. Still, the main point of davening is much deeper.

The word “tefillah” also means “connection,” and by davening, we connect ourselves to Hashem. We do ask for our needs in davening, but that’s because only by having the things we need can we really be close to Hashem!

We can learn this from the Korban Tomid, which was a Korban Olah.

When most korbanos are brought, part of the animal is burned on the Mizbeiach, part of it goes to the kohanim, and part of it goes to the person who brought it. But a Korban Olah is different. The ENTIRE korban is burned on the Mizbeiach, and no person gets a piece.

When we daven, we are doing it just like a Korban Olah! We aren’t expecting to get anything for ourselves, all we want is to come close to Hashem and live the way He wants us to.

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Chamisha Asar B'Av

Because of all of the special things that happened on Chamisha Asar B’Av, we have a few minhagim which we keep today:

1) We make a farbrengen to celebrate all of these things! It is a great time to bring Achdus, since that is what many of the things that happened today are about!

2) We make hachlatos to learn extra Torah — with ourselves and with others. The Torah gives us a promise that increasing in learning Torah will bring long life! The Rebbe says that this is important for men and women, and also for children!

3) We start wishing each other a Kesiva Vachasima Tova, in writing and talking.

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

The Sound of a Chosson and Kallah

The Navi Yirmiyah lived in a very hard time. The Yidden were not behaving the way they should have, and Hashem sent the Navi to warn the Yidden to do teshuvah. If they don’t, the Navi warned, there will be a terrible Churban and the goyim will come and capture Yerushalayim.

Most of the Yidden enjoyed the way they were acting. They didn’t want to hear what Yirmiyah had to say. Instead, they listened to the false neviim, who told them that Hashem would protect them no matter what, and everything would be fine. The king, Tzidkiyahu, was so upset at the way Yirmiyah was speaking, that he put Yirmiyah in prison!

While the Navi was in prison, he had many nevuos about the Churban and about what would happen afterwards, including about the Geulah!

One of these nevuos is one we know very well, from the Sheva Brachos we say for a chosson and kallah:

כֹּה אָמַר ה׳ עוֹד יִשָּׁמַע בַּמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה אֲשֶׁר אַתֶּם אֹמְרִים חָרֵב הוּא מֵאֵין אָדָם וּמֵאֵין בְּהֵמָה בְּעָרֵי יְהוּדָה וּבְחֻצוֹת יְרוּשָׁלִַם הַנְשַׁמּוֹת מֵאֵין אָדָם וּמֵאֵין יוֹשֵׁב וּמֵאֵין בְּהֵמָה

קוֹל שָׂשׂוֹן וְקוֹל שִׂמְחָה קוֹל חָתָן וְקוֹל כַּלָּה קוֹל אֹמְרִים הוֹדוּ אֶת ה׳ צְבָאוֹת כִּי טוֹב ה׳ כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ מְבִאִים תּוֹדָה בֵּית ה׳ כִּי אָשִׁיב אֶת שְׁבוּת הָאָרֶץ כְּבָרִאשֹׁנָה אָמַר ה׳

Ko Amar Hashem — Hashem says: You will still later hear, in this very place that Yidden are saying is destroyed and empty, in the cities of Yehuda and Yerushalayim, where now no person or animals can live;

Kol Sason — The sound of happiness and the sound of joy, the voice of a chosson and the voice of a kallah, the sound of people saying, “Praise Hashem because He is good, because Hashem’s chesed is forever,” bringing korbanos to thank Hashem! “Because I will bring the Yidden who were captured back home,” says Hashem.

See Yirmiya perek Lamed-Gimmel, pesukim Yud and Yud-Alef

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