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Parshas Pinchas - Shishi with Rashi

Hashem tells Moshe to tell the Yidden about the other korbanos that we bring on Yom Tov: The korbanos for Pesach, Shavuos, Rosh Hashana, and Yom Kippur.

PESACH: Every Yid brings the Korban Pesach. Every day of Pesach, the kohanim also bring a Korban Olah like the korbanos of Rosh Chodesh, on behalf of all of the Yidden: 2 bulls, 1 ram, and 7 lambs. We also bring a goat for a Korban Chatas, in case someone did an aveira with the kedusha of the Beis Hamikdash or korbanos without realizing it, like coming in when they were tamei without knowing.

SHAVUOS: (like the korban for Rosh Chodesh) 2 bulls, 1 ram, and 7 lambs for a Korban Olah AND a goat for a Korban Chatas.

ROSH HASHANA: 1 bull, 1 ram, and 7 lambs for a Korban Olah AND a goat for a Chatas.

YOM KIPPUR: (like the korbanos of Rosh Hashana) 1 bull, 1 ram, and 7 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas (not counting the goat for Azazel).

Each animal brought for a Korban Olah also needs a Mincha with soless (fine flour) and oil, and a Nesech (wine):

- For each lamb (Keves): 1/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/4 hin of oil, and 1/4 hin of wine
- For each ram (Ayil): 2/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/3 hin of oil, and 1/3 hin of wine
- For each bull (Par): 3/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/2 hin of oil, and 1/2 hin of wine

Of course, even on Yomim Tovim, we bring the Korban Tomid!



108 - 112

Today’s kapitelach are Kuf-Ches to Kuf-Yud-Beis.

Dovid Hamelech, who wrote the Tehillim, had to lead the Yidden through many wars. He made a Sefer Tehillim to encourage and warm the hearts of the Yidden, and to strengthen their bitachon in Hashem, for his time and for all generations to come.

In Kapitel Kuf-Yud, Dovid Hamelech looks back to the first Yid and the first of the Avos, Avraham Avinu. From Avraham, who also had to fight wars, Dovid Hamelech learns a secret for battle!

In posuk Gimmel, it says “Amcha Nedavos Beyom Cheilecha, Behadrei Kodesh Meirechem Mish’char, Lecha Tal Yaldusecha.” The posuk is speaking about Avraham. It means, “Your nation of helpers (Aner, Eshkol and Mamrei, who came to help Avraham during the war with the four kings) will volunteer on the day of your battle. This is a reward because you are beautiful with holiness, and from the time you were born (when you came to recognize Hashem), your childhood is pleasant like dew.”

Because of Avraham’s kedusha, that’s why other nations came to help him. And because he recognized Hashem when he was young, and his behavior was a Kiddush Hashem, it was a zechus for them to help him in times of war.

The Rebbe told us so many times how important Jewish children are for the protection of Yidden! Their kedusha, their Torah and Tefillah, along with their good behavior, are what will bring a yeshuah to all of the Yidden. In this kapitel we see that Avraham Avinu was our first example for this!



Igeres Hateshuvah Perek Vov

If a person chas veshalom deserves to get Kareis, the Torah says that he is supposed to pass away at a young age. We explained why — because the neshama of a Yid gets chayus from deep inside Hashem, like when a person blows air from deep inside. Just like with someone blowing, if something is blocking him, the air can’t get there. Certain big aveiros “block” the chayus of Hashem from coming into a person’s neshama, and after a while the chayus in the neshama runs out, and the person passes away.

So how come nowadays people live a long time even though they do big aveiros?

The Alter Rebbe now gives us the answer: We said that the person passes away because he has no more chayus in his neshama. But if the person can get chayus from somewhere else, then he can live!

That’s what happens nowadays, after the Beis Hamikdash was destroyed. A person can get chayus from somewhere else and stay alive, even if there are big aveiros blocking Hashem’s deep chayus from coming.

Where can a person get chayus from, if not from the neshama?

During the time of the Beis Hamikdash, Yidden ONLY got chayus from Kedusha. Still, tumah has chayus in the world too. After the Churban, the aveiros of Yidden made it that we can get chayus from tumah! It makes it possible for a person to live like nothing happened, even if he got kareis and can’t get chayus from the neshama.

We will IY”H see more about this tomorrow.



Chof-Gimmel Tammuz

Today we learn a Chabad minhag about Kriyas HaTorah when Parshas Masei is by itself (not together with Parshas Matos).

Besides for leining the Torah on Shabbos, every week we also lein the NEXT parsha on Shabbos by Mincha, and on Monday and Thursday. Usually, what we read is Rishon (the first aliyah), split into three parts, so a Kohen, Levi, and Yisroel will be called up.

In Parshas Masei, we review all of the places where the Yidden traveled in the Midbar.

In most Chumashim, the first aliyah of Parshas Masei is the first seven places where the Yidden stopped, and the rest of the travels are in the second aliyah.

But our minhag is not to stop in the middle of leining the Yidden’s travels. Whenever we lein the beginning of Parshas Masei, during Mincha or on Monday or Thursday (and also in Chitas), we do it without a hefsek. We lein through all of the 42 stops in the same aliyah.



Shiur #329 - Mitzvas Asei #174, Lo Saasei #312, #313, #314

Today we start a new section in Rambam, about people who don’t listen to what the Torah teaches.

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn four mitzvos:

1) (Mitzvas Asei #174) We need to listen to whatever the Sanhedrin paskens.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Shoftim: עַל פִּי הַתּוֹרָה אֲשֶׁר יוֹרוּךָ וְגוֹ׳

The details are explained in the end of Mesechta Sanhedrin.

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #312) We are not allowed to NOT listen to what the Chachomim teach us.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Shoftim: לֹא תָסוּר מִן הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר יַגִּידוּ לְךָ

The details are explained in the end of Mesechta Sanhedrin.

3) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #313) We can’t add anything to the Torah.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Re’eh: לֹא תֹסֵף עָלָיו

4) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #314) We can’t take anything away from the Torah.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Re’eh: וְלֹא תִגְרַע מִמֶּנּוּ



Hilchos Mamrim

We learn in today’s Rambam that even someone who is very smart, and knows so much Torah, still needs to follow what the Beis Din says, because Hashem wants only one place to be in charge and lead the Yidden.

In Perek Alef, we learn that we rely on the Sanhedrin to understand the Torah Shebaal Peh. We need to listen to what they tell us, because it is just as important as keeping the rest of the Torah!

In Perek Beis, we learn about making rules so that Yidden will keep the Torah better. A Beis Din should only make these kinds of rules if they are sure that most of the Yidden can keep them.

Perek Gimmel talks about people who don’t follow what the Sanhedrin says:

- If a person decides he doesn’t believe in the Torah Shebaal Peh, he isn’t just rebelling against the Chachomim, he is going against the whole Torah!

And now the Rambam talks about shlichus!

- If a person doesn’t believe in the Torah Shebaal Peh because that’s what his parents taught him, he shouldn’t be punished — it’s not his fault that he doesn’t know better! He’s like a little baby who was captured and grew up in a non-Jewish home, and didn’t learn the Torah. Instead of punishing him, we should try to teach him Torah in a loving way, so that he will learn the right way to act.

- A Zaken Mamrei — a Talmid Chochom who paskens differently than the Sanhedrin — is chayav misa, because he is making the Yidden not have achdus, he is making them act differently than everyone else!



Hilchos Shaar Avos Hatumah - Perek Yud-Tes

This perek has more halachos about a sofek whether something was tomei or not.



Shabbos Mevorchim Menachem Av

This Shabbos is Shabbos Mevorchim Menachem Av.

In the times of the Beis Hamikdash this coming month was only called “Av,” not “Menachem Av.” So in Tanach, Mishnayos, and Gemara we see this month just called Av.

Later, though, it became a minhag to add the word Menachem to the name of the month. In fact, in some places, the month is called just “Menachem,” and not even “Menachem Av!”

The word Menachem means to comfort. We call the month Menachem Av to remind us that we are coming to the end of Golus, when Hashem will be Menachem us, comfort us, with the Geulah!

When we bentch the new month on Shabbos Mevorchim before Musaf, we also use the name “Menachem Av.” This has a very special meaning!

The meaning of a bracha is to bring something down into the world that is already in Shomayim.

By bentching Chodesh Menachem Av, we are asking Hashem to bring down the Geulah, which is ready to come in Shomayim! We are asking that this month, Hashem should be Menachem us and make Chodesh Av into Chodesh Menachem Av, a very happy month, a month of Geulah!

See Farbrengen Shabbos Mevorchim Menachem Av Tof-Shin-Lamed-Ches


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Pirush Hamilos

A few days after Yud-Beis Tammuz, in the year Tof-Shin-Yud-Zayin, the Rebbe went to visit Camp Gan Yisroel for the second time. While the Rebbe was there, they made a farbrengen for Yud-Beis Tammuz. The Rebbe spoke to the campers, telling them stories that the Frierdiker Rebbe had told about the other Rebbeim, with important lessons for kids to know!

The Rebbe told the campers that in order to win over the Yetzer Hara and get Hashem’s bracha, we have a mitzvah to daven to Hashem and ask Hashem for the things we need. But when we’re talking to Hashem, it is good to know what we are saying! That is why we need to know the meaning of the words of davening, or at least what the davening is about.

The Tzemach Tzedek was very busy with many important things. But still, the Tzemach Tzedek would make time to test his grandchildren, to make sure they understood what they were saying in davening!

See sicha to Gan Yisroel Tes-Vov Tammuz Tof-Shin-Yud-Zayin



Hilchos Beis Habechirah

During the Three Weeks, it is a minhag to learn the halachos of the Beis Hamikdash. The Rebbe explains how by learning these halachos, we are doing the mitzvah of “Ve’asu Li Mikdash” as best as we can! This will also hurry up the time when we have the THIRD Beis Hamikdash with the Geulah very soon!

Once you go up the 15 steps from the Ezras Noshim, you can go through doors (or the big Nikanor gate, when it’s open!) into the Ezras Yisroel. This is where you can stand and watch the kohanim bringing korbanos! (Nobody is allowed to sit down here... except for a king from Shevet Yehudah!)

If you are bringing a korban, you are allowed to come closer to watch the Kohanim shecht it and bring it on the Mizbeiach. Otherwise, you need to stay in the Ezras Yisroel.

You can see where the Ezras Yisroel ends, because that is where the Duchan (platform) is set up for the Leviim to sing and for the kohanim to bentch all the Yidden. But the Mizbeiach is further inside, in a part of the Azara called the Ezras Kohanim.

See Hilchos Beis Habechirah of the Rambam

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Splitting Up Eretz Yisroel

In this week’s parsha, Parshas Pinchas, we learn how the Yidden were counted. Hashem says that Eretz Yisroel should be split up for the Yidden that were counted now!

In one of his nevuos, the Navi Yechezkel tells us that when Moshiach comes, Hashem will split up Eretz Yisroel among the Yidden again!

זֹאת הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־תַּפִּילוּ מִנַּחֲלָה לְשִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאֵלֶּה מַחְלְקוֹתָם נְאֻם ה׳ אֶלוֹקִים

Zos Ha’aretz — This is the land

Asher Tapilu — which you should give out

Minachala Leshivtei Yisroel — as the nachalah of the Shevatim

Ve’eieleh Machlekosam — and this is how you should split them up

Ne’um Hashem Elokim — says Hashem.

The Gemara explains that this time, when they divide up Eretz Yisroel, they should do it differently than the way it was done in the Midbar. This time, Hashem Himself will give each chelek their part, and Shevet Levi will also get a part of Eretz Yisroel, not just cities!

In Tof-Shin-Lamed-Ches the Rebbe said a maamar explaining how Eretz Yisroel will be divided, according to Gemara and Chassidus! In the maamar, the Rebbe also tells us the Avodah we need to do to get ready for this.

See Yechezkel perek Mem-Ches posuk Chof-Tes, Maamar Le’eileh Techaleik

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