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CHUMASH

Parshas Naso - Chamishi with Rashi

The parsha in Chumash which we are learning now goes back to tell us what happened on Rosh Chodesh Nissan, the day the Mishkan was put up.

For seven days, Moshe Rabbeinu put up the Mishkan and took it down every day. On this day, Moshe puts up the Mishkan one last time. (Now it will stay built until the Yidden have to travel. Then the kohanim will take it down, and they will carry it to the next place Hashem wants them to be. They put it up again to use in the place where they stop.)

Last time, when Moshe asked for people to bring gold and other things to make the Mishkan, the Nesiim waited. Now they saw they made a mistake, and so they brought their presents now FIRST.

The Nesiim joined together and brought 6 covered wagons and 12 oxen to be used to carry the Mishkan from place to place. At first Moshe wasn’t sure he should take them, but Hashem told him to give these wagons to the Leviim.

Moshe gave 2 wagons to the family of Gershon to carry the curtains, and the other 4 wagons to the family of Merari, since the boards of the Mishkan, carried by Merari, were much heavier. He didn’t give any to the family of Kehos, because they were in charge of the parts of the Mishkan that had to be carried by hand, like the Aron and the Menorah.

The Nesiim also wanted to bring korbanos for their whole Shevet. Hashem told Moshe that they should bring them one day at a time, in the order they camp in the Midbar.

The first one to bring his korban was Nachshon ben Aminadav, from Shevet Yehudah. He paid for the whole thing himself, even though it was a korban from his whole Shevet.

There were five parts of his korban. They were:

1) A silver bowl (that weighs 130 shekel) and one silver sprinkling bowl (that weighs 70 shekel), both of them were full of flour mixed with oil (for a Korban Mincha)
The Gematrias of these bowls hint to Adam and Noach.

2) A gold spoon (that weighs 10 shekel) full of Ketores
This hints to the Torah and Mitzvos.

3) His nicest bull, ram, and lamb (for a Korban Olah)
These hint to Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov.

4) One young goat for a Korban Chatas (in case someone became tomei by mistake and then came into the Mishkan)
This hints to Yosef.

5) 2 oxen, 5 rams, 5 goats, and 5 lambs for a Korban Shelamim.
These hint to the Kohanim, Leviim, and Yisraelim; and also to Torah, Neviim and Kesuvim.

All of the Nesiim brought the same Korbanos, because they all wanted to show how special it is that we got the Torah and can bring korbanos to Hashem!

But they also each were thinking about different kavanos when they brought their Korbanos. That’s why the Torah says EACH Nasi’s present again, even though they are all the same!

Here is the order they brought their korbanos:

Alef NisanNasi of Shevet Yehudah: Nachshon ben Aminadav
Beis NisanNasi of Shevet Yissachar: Nesanel ben Tzuar
Gimmel NisanNasi of Shevet Zevulun: Eliav ben Chelon
Daled NisanNasi of Shevet Reuven: Elitzur ben Shedeiur
Hey NisanNasi of Shevet Shimon: Shlumiel ben Tzurishadai

We learn the rest of the Nesiim’s presents tomorrow.

 
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TEHILLIM

66 - 68

In Kapitel Samech-Vov, it says “Hofach Yam LaYabasha” — Hashem made the water into dry land, during Kriyas Yam Suf.

Chassidus explains that this is like what happens when Moshiach comes.

Usually, there is water that covers over the sea. But when Hashem makes it into dry land, we can see what’s inside, what’s usually hiding!

When Moshiach comes, we’ll be able to see things that are hidden. Now we can’t see how Hashem makes everything be, but when Moshiach comes we will see it!

 
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TANYA

Shaar Hayichud Veha'emunah Perek Daled

The Alter Rebbe is starting to explain to us that even though all of the Gashmius things in the world are botul to the chayus of Hashem, we can’t see it! Hashem hides so much that even though Hashem is RIGHT HERE we still aren’t able to see Hashem’s chayus.

Hashem has two special names:

1) Yud-Kay-Vov-Kay
2) Elokim (we will learn about this name later — this is how Hashem hides Himself)

Yud-Kay-Vov-Kay has the same letters as Havayah, which means “to make things be.” Hashem is called by this name when He makes everything in the world, “Yeish MeAyin.” And like we said before, Hashem is doing this all the time!

Nowadays Hashem is hiding, using the name Elokim.

When Moshiach comes, there won’t be any more hiding, and we’ll be able to SEE how Hashem is making everything in the world become alive with the name Yud-Kay-Vov-Kay!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Yud-Beis Sivan

When we say the bracha “Shehakol,” we make sure to say Shehakol NIHIYAH Bidvaro, not NIHIYEH (like other people have a nusach to say).

The Rebbe Rashab wrote in a letter:

Be very happy if someone tells you how you can do something better, because then you can fix it and start to do things in the best way!

For example, if you make a book, don’t just listen to the people who say how nice it is. Listening to the people who say how it can be better will make it the best it can be!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #304 - Mitzvas Asei #246

Since we’re starting a new set of halachos in Rambam, halachos about cases in Beis Din, we have a new mitzvah today — we’ll be learning it for the next few days! The mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #246) is that whenever two people disagree about money in Beis Din, we need to follow the halachos about what to do.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos To'ein Venit'an

In today’s Rambam, we learn some of the details of the halachos the Torah tells us to do if two people come to Beis Din with an argument over money or property. Very often one of them needs to make a shevuah, a special kind of promise, that they don’t owe anything.

Perek Alef: If two people come to Beis Din and agree about part of the money — like if Reuven says “you owe me $100!” and Shimon says, “I owe you money, but only $50” — then Shimon needs to make a shevuah that he only owes $50 and pay the money right away.

In Perek Beis we learn about when the Beis Din doesn’t let someone make a shevuah — if they are a person that we think might make a false shevuah. For example, the Beis Din won’t let a gambler make a shevuah.

Perek Gimmel: If a person only agrees about a very little part of the money, less than a perutah, he doesn’t make a shevuah. He also doesn’t make a shevuah if the amount they are arguing over is worth less than two me’in. So if the two people are arguing over dates, and one person says “You owe me 100 dates!” but the other person says, “I only owe you 90,” they are only arguing about 10 of the dates. If 10 dates isn’t worth at least 2 me’in, the person doesn’t make a shevuah. And if someone says “You owe me $100!” but the other person says that he only owes him a perutah, then he doesn’t make a shevuah.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Eidus - Perek Chof

In Perek Chof, we learn more details about Eidim Zomemim. The Beis Din only punishes lying witnesses if BOTH of the witnesses are proven to be lying, and only after the Beis Din already issued their psak. But even if they aren’t punished, since we know they are liars, we don’t trust them as witnesses in Beis Din anymore!

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Lebn Mit Der Tzeit

In the times of the Beis Hamikdash, there were special korbanos that needed to be brought on Shavuos.

Since we don’t have a Beis Hamikdash now, we can’t bring these special korbanos. Still, there are certain presents we do give Hashem on the Yom Tov of Shavuos. We add in our learning and teaching Torah, with ourselves and with others. We do it with a new chayus and excitement, the way the Yidden felt when they got the Torah for the first time!

What does a person do if he didn’t bring these special presents on Shavuos?

The Torah teaches us what to do when we miss an important chance: Even if someone missed bringing the Korban Pesach, a very big mitzvah, it is not too late! Hashem gives us another chance to make up for it. Es iz nishto kein farfallen — it’s never too late!

Today is the last day of the Yemei Tashlumin for Shavuos. In the times of the Beis Hamikdash, Yidden had until today to make up for any korbanos that needed to be brought on Shavuos.

If we missed out on making a hachlata to learn Torah with more chayus, or to add a shiur in Torah, it’s not too late! Today is the day to chap arein and do it!

See sicha Yud-Beis Sivan Tof-Shin-Mem

 

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TEFILLAH

Praising Hashem on Shabbos

Every single day, we praise Hashem in davening. We say most of that praise in Pesukei Dezimra.

But on Shabbos, we add in our praise (shevach) to Hashem! We add many pieces of davening that speak about Hashem’s greatness.

We add these parts in three places:

1) Before Boruch She’amar
2) After Az Yashir, leading into Yishtabach
3) After the bracha Yotzer Ohr

The most important paragraph we add is in the third section, after the bracha Yotzer Ohr. This paragraph starts with the words, “Lokeil Asher Shovas,” and it speaks about the praise of Shabbos! All of the other pieces we add are praises of Hashem in honor of Shabbos, but only this one actually speaks about the praise of Hashem’s Shabbos itself.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, chelek beis, siman Reish-Pey-Alef

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Davening Shemoneh Esrei Quietly

We daven Shemoneh Esrei in a quiet voice that no one else can hear. The Chachomim say that a person who davens loud shows that he doesn’t have such strong emunah, because he thinks he has to daven loud so Hashem can hear.

But that’s only if you’ll still be able to have kavana, because kavana is the main thing. If davening out loud will help you have more kavana, and won’t bother anyone else (like if you’re davening at home, and not with a minyan), then you can also daven out loud.

You are also allowed to daven out loud for chinuch, if you want your family to learn how to daven.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, Hilchos Tefillah, siman 101

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

We Will Clearly See!

The Navi Yeshaya told us in a nevuah about Moshiach that we will all be able to see how Hashem will come back to Yerushalayim!

קוֹל צֹפַיִךְ נָשְׂאוּ קוֹל יַחְדָּו יְרַנֵּנוּ כִּי עַיִן בְּעַיִן יִרְאוּ בְּשׁוּב ה׳ צִיּוֹן

Kol Tzofayich Nasu Kol — The watchmen who are standing on the walls of the city will call out

Yachdav Yeranenu — They will sing together

Ki Ayin Be’Ayin Yiru — Because we will be able to see clearly with our own eyes

Beshuv Hashem Tzion — When Hashem comes back to rest in Yerushalayim, in the Beis Hamikdash!

Chassidus explains that this also means that we will be able to clearly see Hashem! Nowadays, we can understand a little bit about Achdus Hashem and Hashgacha Protis from what we learn in Torah. But when Moshiach comes, we will be able to SEE these things clearly with our Gashmius’dike eyes!

See Yeshaya perek Nun-Beis posuk Ches

 
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