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Parshas Pekudei - Shvi'i with Rashi

Today we are finishing not only this parsha, but the entire Chumash Shemos!

Moshe Rabbeinu finished putting up the Mishkan. He set up the curtain (Masach) for the front “door,” and set up the Mizbeiach Hanechoshes. He brought the daily korbanos, like Hashem told him to. Then he set up the Kiyor and filled it up with water. Finally, he set up the chatzer around the Mishkan.

Now Moshe Rabbeinu was finished his work!

Then Hashem made His Shechinah rest in the Mishkan! A special cloud stayed over the Mishkan (and a fire at night). Sometimes there was a cloud inside of the Mishkan as well. When it was inside the Mishkan, and not just on top, Moshe was not able to go inside.

When the cloud or fire moved away from the top of the Mishkan, the Yidden would know that it was time to travel.

Chazak, Chazak, Venis’chazeik!



10 - 17

In Kapitel Tes-Vov (15), we learn about special midos that a Yid needs to have.

One of the things it says is “Nivzeh BeEinav Nimas” — “he is embarrassed of himself, and thinks he is disgusting.”

What kind of midah is that?!

In Tanya, the Alter Rebbe tells us what it means: That when our Yetzer Hara is getting too big and too proud, and not leaving room to think about Hashem and another Yid, we need to do something about it! We need to be embarrassed of what the Nefesh Habehamis brings us to do, which will stop the Yetzer Hara from being proud.

For example, we just learned in Hayom Yom that if a person sees that people around him are not coming closer to Yiddishkeit, that needs to make him feel broken inside. It should give him a push to do his shlichus and make a difference around him!



Likutei Amarim Perek Lamed-Daled

We just learned in Tanya about the simcha of “Yismach Yisroel Be’Osav” — the tremendous simcha we have that we are able to give Hashem nachas and make Him feel comfortable in the world!

First we learned to use our simcha to make us decide that we want to learn more Torah. Because what makes us happy? Thinking about how Hashem is always with us!

So to feel that even more, we should learn Torah (especially halacha) because Hashem isn’t hiding in Torah, and we can feel that Hashem is with us when we are learning!

We want to have this feeling ALL day, not only during the time we are learning Torah. How do we have this? Here are two ways!

1) Make a hachlata that if Hashem gives us more time to learn Torah, we will use it!

2) During the rest of the day, we’re busy with regular things like eating or sleeping, or working on parnasa. We should also make it a Mishkan for Hashem by using the chayus of our food or sleep to do our avodah, or give tzedakah with the money we earn!



Beis Adar Sheini

Rain is a bracha from Hashem that makes things grow. But for that bracha to help, we need to first get the field ready and plant seeds. Then, when the rain falls, it will make things grow! But even lots of rain won’t make a field grow if we didn’t prepare it!

The same thing is true with ALL brachos. Hashem likes to give us brachos, but we need to do things ourselves so that the bracha will help us!

A bochur once wrote to the Rebbe and asked for a bracha, that he should have hatzlacha in Yeshivah.

The Rebbe told him that when you’re a bochur, you’re like a tree that’s growing. You want to grow into a healthy, good tree — but you need to first get the soil ready. As a bochur, your “plowing” is to follow the Seder (schedule) of the Yeshivah. It might be hard, when you want to eat or sleep instead of being on time, but you should do it!

Your “planting” is to learn properly — to try hard to understand what you’re learning, and do it with a chayus! Then the brachos of Hashem will help, and you will have lots of hatzlacha in Yeshivah!



Shiur #190 - Mitzvas Asei #72

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #72) is that a person who does certain aveiros needs to bring a Korban Oleh V’Yored — a kind of Korban that is worth more (Oleh) like an animal, or worth less (Yored) like a korban of a bird or flour — depending on how rich the person is:

- Someone who was Tomei and came into the Beis Hamikdash by mistake

- Someone who was Tomei and by mistake ate meat from a Korban

- Someone who made a Shevuah not to do something and by mistake did it

- Someone who was supposed to be a witness in Beis Din and lied that he didn’t have anything to say, whether it was by mistake or on purpose.

This mitzvah is explained in Mesechta Krisus and Mesechta Shevuos.



Hilchos Shegagos

In today’s Rambam, we learn about when a Sanhedrin makes a mistake in their psak and Yidden do an aveira because of what they said. Sometimes, the Sanhedrin need to bring a Korban, and sometimes each Yid who did the aveira needs to.

Perek Yud-Beis: Depending on what kind of aveira the Sanhedrin made people make, they need to bring a different kind of korban. If it was an aveira of Avodah Zara, they bring a korban called Se’irei Avodah Zarah. For other aveiros, they bring a Par Helem Davar Shel Tzibur.

Perek Yud-Gimmel and Yud-Daled: The Rambam teaches us the conditions that mean that the Sanhedrin brings this korban. If those conditions aren’t there, every single Yid who did the aveira needs to bring a korban.



Hilchos Me'ilah - Perek Beis

In today’s Rambam, we are learning more about the halachos of me’ilah. Me’ilah means enjoying for ourselves something that belongs to Hashem. If a person does me’ilah, he needs to pay and bring a korban.

We learn that me’ilah is only for korbanos that are brought on the Mizbeiach. The parts that are NOT burned on the Mizbeiach are not a problem of me’ilah. We also learn about when an animal first is considered a korban, which is when we need to be careful about mei’lah.




Now that we have two weeks left, it’s time to remind ourselves about Purim mivtzoyim!

But what is Purim mivtzoyim? Every Yom Tov has its own special mivtzoyim, like shofar on Rosh Hashana, lulav and esrog on Sukkos, menorahs for Chanukah, and matzah for Pesach. What is the mivtza of Purim?

Here are some of the things the Rebbe tells us about Purim mivtzoyim:

1) Tell people about the four mitzvos of Purim — hearing the Megillah, giving Matanos L’evyonim and Shalach Manos, and having a seudah.

2) Help people do the mitzvos of Matanos L’evyonim and Shalach Manos, by bringing them food and coins to give. The Rebbe said that these are the main mitzvos of Purim for mivtzoyim because they are easy to keep, and they are a mitzvah for everyone! The Rebbe said that even kids should do these mitzvos.

The Rebbe also said that it is important to go to Yidden in hospitals, prisons, nursing homes, army bases, or orphanages to make sure that they can do these mitzvos too. Since usually that kind of thing needs to be arranged before Purim, now is the time to make sure it is arranged!

In Tof-Shin-Lamed-Daled, the Rebbe gave dollars especially for people who participated in Mivtza Purim. Are you going to be part of Mivtza Purim this year? What do you need to do to be ready?

See sichos Rosh Chodesh Adar, 5735 and 5736


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Shir Shel Yom - Shabbos

The Shir Shel Yom that the Leviim would sing on Shabbos is kapitel Tzadik-Beis, “Mizmor Shir Leyom HaShabbos.” “Let us sing a song for the day of Shabbos.”

The next posuk says, “Tov Lehodos LaHashem,” “It is good to praise Hashem!”

The “Tov,” the goodness of Hashem, is what makes us want to praise Him. On Shabbos, it is much easier to feel this goodness than it is during the week! So especially on Shabbos, we want to thank and praise Hashem!



Talking About Purim Mivtzoyim on Shabbos

Today we learned about planning our Purim Mivtzoyim. But on Shabbos, we aren’t allowed to plan for things that will be after Shabbos, or to talk about how we will do melacha after Shabbos! This is called “Vedaber Davar,” that even our talking on Shabbos should be in a Shabbos’dike way.

But when it is something that is a mitzvah, we ARE allowed to talk about it on Shabbos. And something that will help many Yidden is ALWAYS a mitzvah! So on Shabbos, we are allowed to talk about giving tzedakah, and of course we can talk about doing Mivtzoyim!

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Shin-Vov se’if Yud-Beis

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Putting On Our Moshiach Glasses

The Rebbe teaches us how to look at the world in a Moshiach’dike way!

One way to do this is to look at everything and think about how it will be when Moshiach comes. Another way to do this is to think about how everything can be used to bring Moshiach closer!

For example, when we see the clock, and notice that we have another five minutes, we should think about how we can use these five minutes to bring Moshiach closer! We can use them to learn a little bit of extra Torah, do another mitzvah, or have Ahavas Yisroel by helping another Yid!

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