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Sheini with Rashi

Today we see how many Yidden Moshe Rabbeinu counted:

Reuven: 46,500
Shimon: 59,300
Gad: 45,650
Yehudah: 74,600
Yissachar: 54,400
Zevulun: 57,400
Efrayim: 40,500
Menasheh: 32,200
Benyamin: 35,400
Dan: 62,700
Asher: 41,500
Naftali: 53,400
Altogether: 603,550

But there is one Shevet missing! Can you figure out who it is?

It’s Shevet Levi! Hashem told Moshe not to count the Leviim together with the rest of the Yidden. The Leviim are special, and should be counted separately.

Hashem said that the Leviim have a job to take care of the Mishkan and all of the things in it. They will carry it in the Midbar. They will work in the Mishkan. They will camp around the Mishkan. They will take apart the Mishkan before the Yidden go, and put it together when they stop. No one from any other Shevet is allowed to do this work!

The Yidden were told to camp in the order Hashem says later in Chumash Bamidbar, and they all listened to everything Hashem said.



140 - 150

Today we are going to finish the whole Sefer Tehillim! Since there are only 29 days in Iyar, we say the Tehillim for day 29 AND day 30.

In Kapitel Kuf-Mem-Zayin, Dovid Hamelech talks about the greatness of Hashem and how He runs the world! At the end, he says “Maggid Devarav LeYaakov, Chukav Umishpatav L’Yisrael.” “Hashem tells over His words to the Yidden, and His mitzvos to Bnei Yisrael.”

The Medrash says about this posuk that people will sometimes tell others to do something, even though THEY don’t do it! Like a person will say “Eat all the food on your plate” — even though he didn’t finish his own chicken.

But Hashem does everything that He tells us to do! That’s why it says HIS words and HIS mitzvos — Hashem does them too!

For example, Hashem puts on Tefillin. The Gemara tells us that in OUR Tefillin, it says how great Hashem is. In HASHEM’S Tefillin, it says how special the Yidden are and how proud Hashem is that we make the world into a comfortable place for Hashem!

(Chassidus talks about this in the Bar Mitzvah Maamar!)



Likutei Amarim Perek Nun-Beis

We said before that Hashem’s Shechina needs to have something to cover it over in order for it to give chayus to the world. We said that the cover is the Torah. The Torah can be the cover because it talks about Gashmius things that we can understand. But from the Torah being Hashem’s chochma until it talks about Gashmius things, it needs to go through a bunch of steps, called the “Olamos” — the Ruchnius worlds. So the Shechinah, which needs the Torah as a cover, also needs to go with it through these steps.

Yesterday we learned the first step which is the “world” of Beriyah. The Chochmah of Hashem that’s a cover there is the Talmud, the reasons for the halachos.

Today, we are learning about the next step, the “world” of Yetzirah. There, the cover for the Shechinah is the part of Torah called Mishnah, which is just the halachos by themselves, where the reasons are hiding.

When this Chochmah of Hashem goes into the Shechinah of Olam HaYetzirah, all of the neshamos and malachim of Yetzirah are created.

Then the Shechinah goes to the next steps, together with the Chochmah of Hashem, until it is able to give chayus to this world through the Torah that we have.



Chof-Tes Iyar

Today is forty-four days of the Omer!

The neshamos of Tzadikim become closer to Hashem three times a day — during the times of davening. (This includes also after the neshama leaves this world!)

What do the neshamos daven about?

The Rebbe tells us today that they daven to Hashem for Chassidim who are connected to them, who do what they told them to, and learn their Torah.

The tzadik davens that the Chassidim should be helped by Hashem in Gashmius and Ruchnius!



Mitzvas Asei #107

Since there are no mitzvos about the tumah of keilim, which we’re learning about in Rambam, we are reviewing some of the mitzvos we learned before about tumah and tahara.

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #107) is one we just learned a few weeks ago! If someone gets tomei with Tumas Meis (touching the body of a person who passed away), he needs to follow the halachos about what he is not allowed to do, and how he becomes tahor again.



Hilchos Keilim

In today’s Rambam, we are learning about how Keilim (containers or utensils) become tomei:

In Perek Gimmel we learn about wooden keilim that aren’t supposed to be moved, like a big dresser. They can’t become tomei.

Perek Daled explains the halachos of wooden keilim that are not containers. We also learn the halachos of keilim that are part wood and part metal.

Perek Hey explains when a keili becomes called a keili and can become tomei: It needs to be finished enough to use. So once a person finishes making a bowl, even if he didn’t decorate it yet, it can still become tomei.



Hilchos Ishus - Perek Chof-Daled

In this perek, we learn about cases where a woman loses her kesubah, for example, a Sotah.



Sefiras Haomer

This whole week we are working on our midah of Malchus!

The Rebbe teaches us that when we say Malchus, what words do we think of? Melech Hamoshiach! Talking about our sefirah of Malchus reminds us about Moshiach. And when we are reminded about Moshiach, of course that makes us want to work hard to BRING Moshiach! So this whole week we work very hard to bring Moshiach now.

Today we are working on our Gevurah Shebemalchus. From what the Rebbe tells us, we can understand a little bit more about this sefirah:

We learned before in Pirkei Avos that a gibor (a strong person) is someone who is stronger than his Yetzer Hara. When we are working on our gevurah, we are working on being a gibor over OUR Yetzer Hara!

Many times, our Yetzer Hara tells us something completely ridiculous, like “don’t tell the truth. You’ll get in trouble,” or “don’t share with your friend — it’s all just for you.” When we remember how much we want to bring Moshiach, and that we are part of Tzivos Hashem that will make it happen, that will help us be a gibor and not listen. Instead, we will do another mitzvah… and bring Moshiach NOW!


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Name Pesukim

At the end of Shemoneh Esrei, we say the posuk of Yihiyu Leratzon, asking that our words be wanted by Hashem. Then we say the paragraph of Elokai, Netzor, the personal added tefillah from one of the Amoraim. After we finish this tefillah, we again say Yihiyu Leratzon.

We have a minhag to add something before this second Yihiyu Leratzon:

At the end of Shemoneh Esrei, we say a posuk from Tanach that has the same first and last letters as our name! For example, someone with a name of Avraham would say a posuk that starts with an Alef and ends with a Mem. If we have two names, we say a posuk for each one.

This posuk is important for the neshama when it goes up to Shomayim.

Chassidim have a minhag not only to say a posuk for our own name, but to also say the pesukim of the Rebbe’s name! It is important for the neshama, when it goes up to Shomayim, to show that it is connected to the Rebbe.

Here are the Rebbe’s pesukim which we add:

מְאוֹר עֵינַיִם יְשַׂמַּח לֵב שְׁמוּעָה טוֹבָה תְּדַשֶּׁן עָצֶם
(from Mishlei)

מַה טֹּבוּ אֹהָלֶיךָ יַעֲקֹב מִשְׁכְּנֹתֶיךָ יִשְׂרָאֵל
(from Chumash)

See Shulchan Menachem



Mitzvos Tmidiyos

There are mitzvos that we do by giving,
and mitzvos we do by smelling.
There are mitzvos we do by walking,
and mitzvos that we do by telling.

There are also six mitzvos that we do by thinking — and they are mitzvos to do ALL THE TIME!

These mitzvos are called the Mitzvos Temidiyos, the “all-the-time” mitzvos. They have to do with the way we think and feel and how we look at the world.

Usually, the best place to learn how to do mitzvos right is in Shulchan Aruch. But to do these mitzvos right, we need to learn Chassidus!

The six mitzvos are:

1) To believe in Hashem
2) Not to believe in anything aside for Hashem
3) To know about the oneness of Hashem
4) To love Hashem
5) To have Yiras Shomayim
6) Not to follow taavos and thoughts that separate us from Hashem.

Over the next few days, as a preparation for Matan Torah, we will IY”H go over these mitzvos.

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



The Great Shofar

The Navi Yeshaya speaks about Kibbutz Galuyos, that a great shofar will be blown and all of the Yidden will be reunited again in Yerushalayim!

וְהָיָה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא יִתָּקַע בְּשׁוֹפָר גָּדוֹל וּבָאוּ הָאֹבְדִים בְּאֶרֶץ אַשּׁוּר וְהַנִּדָּחִים בְּאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם וְהִשְׁתַּחֲווּ לַה׳ בְּהַר הַקֹּדֶשׁ בִּירוּשָׁלִָם

Vehaya Bayom Hahu — This will happen on the day of the Geulah:

Yitaka Beshofar Gadol — A great shofar will be blown

U’va’u Ha’ovdim Be’Eretz Ashur — And all of the Ten Shevatim that were “lost” in the land of Ashur

Vehanidachim Be’Eretz Mitzrayim — And all of the Yidden that were in Golus in Mitzrayim —

Vehishtachavu LaHashem — They will all come daven and bow to Hashem

Behar Hakodesh Biyerushalayim — On the holy mountain (the Har Habayis, where the Beis Hamikdash stands) in Yerushalayim.

This is one of the pesukim that we say in the Musaf of Rosh Hashana.

See Yeshaya perek Chof-Zayin, posuk Yud-Gimmel

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