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CHUMASH

Parshas Devarim - Sheini with Rashi

Moshe Rabbeinu is reviewing the mitzvos and reminding the Yidden about what happened in the Midbar to prepare them to enter Eretz Yisroel, and make sure that they don’t make the same mistakes again. Today Moshe reminds the Yidden about how he set up the judges to help the Yidden act in the right way and about the nations who did not let them pass through their lands.

Moshe Rabbeinu tells the Yidden that they did something wrong by being excited about having judges.

When Moshe Rabbeinu told the Yidden about the idea of having more judges, they should have said “No! Only Moshe Rabbeinu should lead us!” They should have been upset about losing the zechus to learn directly from Moshe. But they weren’t upset about the idea at all. The Yidden were excited about the judges — for the wrong reasons. They hoped that some of the judges would be ready to take bribes to make them win even if they are wrong!

Still, Moshe set up the judges for the Yidden. He tried to make sure that the judges will have Yiras Shomayim and judge them the way Hashem wants. He taught them how to be fair to everyone.

Then Moshe tells the Yidden how they traveled more — they got so close to Eretz Yisroel, but the nations wouldn’t let them pass through their countries.

Still, Moshe told the Yidden not to be worried. When it would be the right time to go into Eretz Yisroel, Hashem would fight for them and they will able to go right in!

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TEHILLIM

23 - 28

Today’s kapitelach are Chof-Gimmel until Chof-Ches.

In today’s Tehillim, there are two pesukim (Kapitel Chof-Hey, pesukim ches and tes) that talk about how Hashem shows us the right way to live. The last words of these pesukim are “VeYelamed Anavim Darko” — Hashem teaches humble people His path.

The Rambam says that this is talking about two things that Hashem gives to Yidden to help them do teshuvah and do the right things:

1) He sends them Neviim (and Rebbeim) who teach them the ways of Hashem and how to do teshuva, and

2) Hashem makes a person to WANT to do the right thing when they learn about it.

These two things together make it much easier for us to do JUST what Hashem wants!

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TANYA

Igeres Hateshuvah Perek Yud-Alef

We learned that a Yid is able to feel serious and happy at the same time when doing teshuvah, because they are for different reasons. The seriousness comes from Teshuvah Tata’ah, from having rachmanus for the neshama and feeling bad for the aveiros that we did, since they bring the Shechinah and the neshama in Golus. The happiness comes from Teshuvah Ila’ah, from being able to daven and learn and do mitzvos with a new chayus after doing Teshuvah Tata’ah!

Then we learned that even the part of Teshuvah where we feel bad about the aveiros we did can also bring a simcha! When we have emunah and bitachon that Hashem forgives us, that will make us happy!

Today the Alter Rebbe tells us more about how we are so sure that Hashem forgives us:

We say every day in davening, “Boruch Ata Hashem, Chanun HaMarbeh Lisloach” — “Blessed are You Hashem, Who is merciful and forgives A LOT!” We also say something like this when we ask Hashem to forgive us on Yom Kippur.

It MUST be that Hashem forgives us, otherwise how could we say Hashem’s name in a bracha? It would be a bracha levatala!

If we asked a person to forgive us for hurting him, he might agree. But if we kept on hurting him again and again, he would run out of patience and not want to forgive us anymore!

But Hashem’s midos do not run out! We ask Hashem three times a day to forgive us, even though we keep making the same mistakes. And every year on Yom Kippur we ask Hashem to be mochel us for the same things. We know that Hashem WILL for sure forgive us!

If a Yid chas veshalom does an aveira and thinks “It’s OK to do this aveira — I’ll just do Teshuva later,” (Echteh Ve’Ashuv), Hashem won’t help him to do teshuvah. But when we daven, before we ask Hashem to forgive us, we ask for help to do a proper teshuvah. On Yom Kippur also, we first ask Hashem to help us not do aveiros again. This shows that our teshuvah is real, we aren’t just relying on Hashem’s forgiveness. And even if someone is, and Hashem won’t help him do teshuvah, if he tries very hard, he still can do teshuvah — and Hashem will forgive him!

When we KNOW that Hashem will forgive us, we can be besimcha even about the past!

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HAYOM YOM

Daled Menachem Av

Sometimes we think that we get parnasa based on how hard we work. But really, the main thing is the bracha from Hashem which comes from doing what Hashem wants!

Sometimes a Tatty might think that if he skips a shiur or doesn’t daven with a minyan, he will have more time to work and he will get more money! But it’s not true. No matter how hard a person works, he won’t get even one penny more than what Hashem decided he should have.

This is very important to remember!

If we realize that our parnasa comes ONLY from Hashem, we will act the way Hashem wants. A person won’t think “It’s a waste of time to daven with a minyan because it takes too long and then I don’t have as much time to work!” or thinking “If I worked on Shabbos (chas veshalom) I would get more...” And it will never feel like a waste of money to pay for kosher food or for chinuch for our children! We know that all of the money comes from Hashem, and we know where Hashem wants us to spend it!

Even though we need to do our part to earn the parnasa, we need to remember that our work is not the main thing. The main thing is the bracha from Hashem!

When we remember this, we will make sure that our work in parnasa won’t take away from our Ruchnius, and we will live the way a Yid should. Then Hashem will bentch us with everything that we need!

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #75 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #262

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos, we again learn the mitzvah (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #262) that a man has to do certain things for his wife — two of them are that he has to take care of making sure she has food and clothes.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: שְׁאֵרָהּ כְּסוּתָהּ וְעֹנָתָהּ לֹא יִגְרָע

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Ishus

In today’s Rambam, Perakim Yud-Zayin, Yud-Ches and Yud-Tes, we are learning many halachos about the Kesuba. The Kesuba promises the wife that if they can’t be married anymore or the husband passes away, the woman will have money and not be stuck without any money to live.

Usually, if a husband passes away, the wife gets the amount written in the Kesuba. But what if the husband owed money to other people, and there’s not enough to give the wife her Kesuba AND to pay back what he owes?

The Rambam tells us that it’s more important to pay back the money the husband owes, even if there is no money left to pay the Kesuba. That’s because the people that loaned him money were expecting to get that back, and if they don’t, that money was wasted. But the wife didn’t get married FOR the money, she got married to have a husband, so even without the Kesuba, she still got what she wanted.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Gezeilah VaAveidah - Perek Vov

This perek has halachos about when things are counted as robbery even if they don’t look like robbery — like taking someone’s furniture that fell into the river and was washed away, or like gambling.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Learning Torah

Erev Pesach (5719), a Lubavitcher boy was standing near the Rebbe’s room. Suddenly the Rebbe came out! When he saw the boy, he asked “Why aren’t you learning?”

The boy answered that it was vacation, and he had no school.

“But why aren’t you learning?” the Rebbe asked again.

The boy was confused, and again said that he had no cheder.

The Rebbe took out a sefer, opened up to the last page, and said: “Do you see how many pages there are in this sefer? Do you see how many seforim there are in the bookshelves? I’m sure you know that there are even MORE seforim that aren’t in the bookshelves! When are you going to get to know all of these seforim if you don’t learn?”

We need to be always learning — not just when it’s school!

From “Haketzarim” — short stories about the Rebbe. With permission

▼ Jump to Coloring Books & Downloads ▼

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TEFILLAH

Hareini Mekabel

The Chachomim tell us that this long, long Golus came because of our aveiros, especially because of Sinas Chinam, hating another Jew for no reason.

While we fight the darkness of Golus by bringing light to the world, we also need to fight the Golus by taking away the reason for it! That way, the Golus will have no more reason to be there. We do this by strengthening our Ahavas Yisroel, loving every Jew just because he is a Jew!

In davening, we are going to ask Hashem to bring us the Geulah. We start off our davening by telling Hashem that the reason for the Golus is gone! We say Hareini, telling Hashem that we love every single Jew. This way, the reason for the Golus will go away, and Hashem will give us what we’re asking for — the Geulah for all of the Yidden!

See Igros Kodesh chodesh Menachem Av 5724

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Meat & Wine During the Nine Days

During the Nine Days, we don’t eat meat or drink wine.

One of the reasons why is because meat and wine bring a person simcha! During the Nine Days we are sad about the Beis Hamikdash, and don’t do certain things that usually make us happy.

Another reason why we don’t eat meat or drink wine is to remind ourselves that we are missing the meat of the korbanos, and the wine that was poured on the Mizbeiach.

The halacha is that we don’t eat actual meat or food that has the flavor of the meat, like chicken soup. But it isn’t a problem to eat food that was cooked in a fleishige pot, or to eat food where there was meat that became botul or it doesn’t make the food taste like meat. (For example, we would be allowed to eat a vegetable soup that has a few pieces of onion that were fried in shmaltz instead of oil, as long as it is doesn’t make the whole soup taste like chicken soup.)

If wine was used in cooking, it is also fine as long as it was botul. Wine vinegar isn’t considered like wine at all, and we can use it for cooking during the Nine Days.

But if someone has a bris or a Pidyon Haben during the Nine Days, we DO eat fleishigs!

Based on “Day by Day” halacha newsletter by Rabbi Sholom Osdoba, downloadable at Halochos.com

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

The Third Beis Hamikdash

How will the Third Beis Hamikdash be built?

There is a machlokes about whether it will come down from Shomayim already built or it will be built by people.

Rashi (in Gemara Sukkah) brings a Medrash saying that the Beis Hamikdash is already built! It will come down from Shomayim when Moshiach comes. We see this in the posuk, “Mikdash Hashem Konenu Yadecha,” “Hashem, Your hands built the Beis Hamikdash.”

The Zohar also says that Hashem will build the third Beis Hamikdash. The Zohar calls this Beis HamikdashBinyana DeKudsha Brich Hu,” Hashem’s building. It is Hashem’s building because Hashem will build it Himself!

This is the first opinion, that says it will be built from Shomayim. Tomorrow IY”H we will learn the other opinion, and then see how the Rebbe explains how they both are true!

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