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Parshas Terumah - Shvi'i with Rashi

In this week’s parsha we learned how Hashem gave Moshe Rabbeinu instructions on Har Sinai about the Mishkan that the Yidden should build. Today we learn the final section in building the Mishkan. We learn about the Chatzer, the “fence” around the Mishkan, made to show that the area around the Mishkan is holy too! The Yidden will make a long curtain, like a net, to hang on poles that go all the way around the Mishkan.

The Chatzer will be shaped like a big rectangle, 5 amos (almost 8 feet, or 2.4 meters) high, with the long side measuring 100 amos, and the short side measuring 50 amos (about 80'x40' or 24x12 meters). There will be 20 poles on the longer sides, and 10 poles on the short sides. Each side will have a long hanging curtain made of linen, made in a way that you can see through it (like a loose net). They will hang on hooks attached to each pole.

On the front side, there will be TWO curtains, one on each side (15 amos wide each), leaving space in the middle for the “door.” Hanging by the “door” will be a fancy curtain like the ones we used inside the Mishkan, made of colorful thread with patterns of birds and lions.

The poles to hang the chatzer were very fancy — they were wood covered with gold, wrapped with a silver pattern and silver hooks! The bottom of each pole was put into a copper piece.

The Mishkan shouldn’t be right in the middle of the chatzer — it should be closer to one of the sides. In the empty space of the Chatzer, the kohanim should put the mizbeiach and the kiyor.

All the tools the kohanim will need to put the Mishkan together, like hammers and stakes to keep the curtains from flying up, should all be made of copper!



23 - 28

In today’s first kapitel, we say “Hashem Ro’i Lo Echsar.” — “Hashem is my Shepherd, I am not missing anything.”

We know the story of Dovid Hamelech, who was so careful to make sure all of the sheep had plenty to eat. We also know how Moshe Rabbeinu took such good care of even a sheep who ran away.

Hashem is like our Shepherd — He takes care of each of us, making sure every single person has what he or she needs. Because of that, “Lo Ech’sar” — we aren’t missing anything! Hashem gives us every single thing we need.

This will also help us have bitachon — since we know Hashem is taking such good care of us, we will always trust Him. We will know that there is nothing else that can Chas Veshalom hurt us, and that we shouldn’t rely on anyone else to help us. We will remember that everything is just a tool in the hands of Hashem and that He is making sure that everything will be for the best.



Likutei Amarim Perek Chof-Zayin

Every time a Yid pushes away a not-good or non-kosher thought, something amazing happens!

Hashem made the world in a very interesting way: Things that happen in the world also make things happen in Shomayim. When we push away bad thoughts and think about something else instead, Hashem pushes away the kelipah, where not good things come from. This brings Hashem a great nachas ruach!

So a Yid shouldn’t feel UPSET that he needs to deal with bad thoughts that come into his mind. Instead, he should be happy to be able to do something so special for Hashem!

That’s why in Nach, in one place it says that Hashem “created” resha’im. At first, that sounds confusing! Don’t we have a choice of how to act? If Hashem MAKES someone be a rasha, how can he be punished for it?

The Alter Rebbe explains that the posuk isn’t saying that Hashem actually makes a person be a Rasha — a person has a choice to do the right thing or the opposite. Hashem is only giving him thoughts of a rasha, that not-good thoughts come into his head. But the person has the choice to push them out of his mind by thinking about other things. This brings Hashem a big nachas from the iskafya that he does!

So when not-good thoughts come into our head, we shouldn’t feel bad. We should feel happy that we can give Hashem this nachas ruach so often!

Right now we are learning about iskafya for bad thoughts. Later we will learn even more ways to have iskafya and bring Hashem this nachas ruach! We will also learn how iskafya helps us in our Avodas Hashem!



Daled Adar Alef

The Alter Rebbe taught Chassidus Chabad, how to serve Hashem by using our minds.

For Chassidus Chabad to work best, we need to be interested and excited enough to learn the Chassidus about the things that will help us serve Hashem!

So in today’s Hayom Yom, we learn how to prepare our sechel so it should be ready to learn Chassidus.

To be ready to learn Chassidus, we need to do two things:

1) Teach ourselves that the body shouldn’t have so much of a geshmak in Gashmius things.

2) Get ourselves used to enjoying and feeling a geshmak about Ruchnius things and about Elokus.

There was once a boy who came with his father for dollars in the Rebbe’s home. The father said that this boy doesn’t want to learn! The Rebbe said, “But learning Torah is a SWEET thing!”

We also know how the Rebbe said that it’s a beautiful thing when parents put their kids to sleep by telling them “Torah is the best sechora” — and this gets us excited about Ruchnius!



Mitzvas Asei #66, Lo Saasei #147, Asei #67, Lo Saasei #102, #103, #138

Today’s we learn six mitzvos about Korbanos!

1) (Mitzvas Asei #66) When we bring a Korban Shelamim, we need to follow all of the rules of how to bring it!

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Vayikra: וְאִם זֶבַח שְׁלָמִים קָרְבָּנוֹ

The halachos of the four mitzvos with types of Korbanos (Olah, Chatas, Asham, Shelamim) are explained in Mesechta Zevachim, along with the halachos of all the mitzvos about how to bring them right.

2)(Mitzvas Lo Saasei #147) We can’t eat the Korbanos called Kodshim Kalim (like the Korban Todah and Korban Shelamim) before their blood is sprinkled on the Mizbeiach.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Reeh: לֹא תוּכַל לֶאֱכֹל בִּשְׁעָרֶיךָ וְגוֹ׳ וְנִדְבֹתֶיךָ

3) (Mitzvas Asei #67) When we bring a Korban Mincha (flour and oil) we need to follow the rules. There are many different types of Korban Mincha, and the mitzvah is to do each one of them the way it is described in the Torah. There is a whole Mesechta in Gemara explaining these halachos, called Mesechta Menachos. (We start to learn the halachos of this mitzvah in the last perek of today’s Rambam.)

וְנֶפֶשׁ כִּי תַקְרִיב קָרְבַּן מִנְחָה לַה׳ וְגוֹ׳ וְאִם מִנְחָה עַל הַמַּחֲבַת קָרְבָּנֶךָ וְגוֹ׳ וְאִם מִנְחַת מַרְחֶשֶׁת קָרְבָּנֶךָ

4) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #102) We CAN’T mix olive oil into the Korban Mincha of someone who did an aveira, called a Minchas Chotei.

We learn this mitzvah from Parshas Vayikra: לֹא יָשִׂים עָלֶיהָ שֶׁמֶן

5) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #103) We CAN’T mix levonah (a kind of spice) into a Minchas Chotei, a Korban Mincha for someone who did an aveira.

We learn this mitzvah from the next words in the same posuk: וְלֹא יִתֵּן עָלֶיהָ לְבֹנָה

6) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #138) When a Kohen (or a Kohen Gadol) brings a Korban Mincha, the whole thing needs to be burned. None of it can be eaten!

We learn this mitzvah fro ma posuk in Parshas Tzav: וְכָל מִנְחַת כֹּהֵן כָּלִיל תִּהְיֶה לֹא תֵאָכֵל



Hilchos Maaseh HaKorbanos

In today’s Rambam, we learn about eating Korbanos, and start learning about the Korban Mincha.

Perek Yud: We learn about eating the Korban Chatas, the Korban Asham, and the Mincha: We learn when and where and who can eat them!

Perek Yud-Alef: This perek teaches us about Korbanos that we are NOT allowed to eat.

Perek Yud-Beis: The Rambam teaches us some general rules about the Korban Mincha.



Hilchos Temidin Umusafin - Perek Ches

In this perek, the Rambam teaches us about the two Chometz’dike loaves of bread we bring on Shavuos.



Learning Torah Baal Peh

Today in Tanya we learned about the special nachas ruach that Hashem gets when a Yid has not-good thoughts coming into his mind, and he is able to push them away.

To stop ourselves from saying something not good isn’t that hard — just close our mouths! To stop ourselves from doing something not good, we can just sit down and not do it! But it’s harder to stop thinking something.

The only way to turn off a thought is to switch it for a different thought. Since we are always thinking things, we need to have a collection of good thoughts to use whenever a not good thought comes into our mind.

That’s why, in many letters from the Rebbe, the Rebbe suggests to learn at least a few perakim of Mishnayos and at least one perek of Tanya by heart. That way we will always have them ready to use if a not good thought comes up!

At the very least, each of us have the twelve pesukim that we can use whenever we need to fill our mind up with good thoughts.

See, for example, Igros Kodesh chelek Vov letter #1724


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Daven With the Echod

In the Purim farbrengen in 5718, the Rebbe told a story that the Frierdiker Rebbe said at a Purim farbrengen 22 years before, in Otvotzk in 5696:

One of the Alter Rebbe’s chassidim was a simple Yid. He didn’t know very much Chassidus, in fact he didn’t even know Lashon Kodesh perfectly — he might not have understood all of the words in davening. Still, he would daven for a long time every single day, Shacharis, Mincha, and Maariv!

The other Chassidim wondered how he could daven so long. You could tell that he wasn’t pretending to have kavana, he really was davening with his whole heart!

When they asked this chossid, he answered, “I don’t know. All I can tell you is that I heard a vort from my Rebbe (the Alter Rebbe), that ‘Shamor Vezachor Bedibur Echad.’

This is part of Lecha Dodi, which we say Friday night. It means, “Shamor and Zachor were said in one dibur — together.” The word Zachor comes from the Aseres Hadibros, which we read in Parshas Yisro, “Zachor Es Yom HaShabbos Lekadsho,” “Remember the Shabbos day to keep it holy.” But when Moshe Rabbeinu reviews the Aseres Hadibros in Parshas Va’eschanan, he uses a different word — SHAMOR Es Yom HaShabbos Lekadsho, that you should guard (be careful with) the day of Shabbos to keep it holy.

The Gemara says that Hashem said both of these words (Zachor and Shamor) at the exact same time!

The Alter Rebbe explained that we need to Zachor and Shamor — remember and be careful with — the Echad that is in every Dibur, every word Hashem used to create the world. We need to do Zachor and Shamor with everything in the world, since Hashem created it!

This simple chossid davened thinking about this vort for forty years!

In that sicha, the Frierdiker Rebbe said that we can see how a vort of Chassidim doesn’t get wasted. This one chossid lived with it all the time!

After telling this story, the Rebbe continued: Some people complain that they can’t work on davening like a chossid. They say that it’s too hard for them. We see from this story that even if you don’t understand very much Chassidus, and even if you don’t understand every word of davening, you can still daven with Avodah! This one vort from the Alter Rebbe is enough to daven with for forty years.

See Likutei Sichos vol. 14, p. 224



Chodesh Adar

When the Megillah tells us about how Mordechai established the mitzvos of Purim for future generations, it also says that the whole month of Adar was transformed from sadness to joy. (“Vehachodesh Asher Nehepach Lahem Miyagon Lesimcha, Ume’eivel Leyom Tov.”) This means that the whole month became a month of simcha — and Adar Alef, too!

The Chachomim say that when the month of Adar comes, we have to add in simcha!

How do we do this?

Firstly, we add in learning Torah, because Torah makes our neshama happy! When we learn Torah, it will make us do mitzvos behidur, and that also brings us simcha, like it says in Tehillim, “Pekudei Hashem Yesharim Mesamchei Leiv” — “The mitzvos of Hashem are upright, making the heart happy.”

Secondly, we learn from the halachos about Yom Tov, when we also have a mitzvah to be happy. The halacha there is that each person gets Gashmius’dike things that bring them joy: Men get good food (meat and wine), women get clothes and jewelry, and children get nosh! It is also a special opportunity for parents who are often strict with their children to show them how much they love them, by giving them things that bring them simcha.

See Sefer Hasichos 5752, vol. 2, page 391; Halachos Uminhagei Chabad p. 145

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



How to Keep a Hachlata

The Gemara says that a person is judged every day (and according to one opinion, every moment) to see what will happen to him, based on how he acts. But aren’t we already judged on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur to see what will happen the whole year?

The answer is because when Hashem gives us something, it comes through many steps. So even though the brachos are there, the way we act makes the brachos come into Gashmius so we can see them.

But when Moshiach comes, whatever Hashem gives to us will come straight to us and right away!

All of the things that will happen when Moshiach comes are because of the way we act now. What can we do that will make this happen Le’asid Lavo?

We need to make sure that when we give Hashem HIS needs (the mitzvos he wants us to do), it doesn’t go through a bunch of steps!

Sometimes, like on special days or at special times, we make hachlatos. We decide we will do more or better mitzvos! But when it comes to actually doing them, it can take a while. We remember the hachlata, but don’t really do anything about it. Or we might decide later to do just part of the hachlata, and not the whole thing.

We need to start trying to do the WHOLE hachlata, and right away! When we act in this way, not only will Hashem start treating us that Moshiach’dik way now, it is also important to deserve what will happen Le’asid Lavo!


In today’s Chumash, we learned about the Chatzer of the Ohel Moed. The Rambam says that the Azara in the Beis Hamikdash was similar to the Chatzer of the Mishkan.

See Rambam Hilchos Beis Habechirah 1:5

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