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Shishi with Rashi

In today’s Chumash, Moshe Rabbeinu tells the Yidden the parsha of Shema, that the Yidden should keep their emunah strong, remember Hashem, remember Yetziyas Mitzrayim, and remember their achrayus to keep the mitzvos!

Today’s Chumash starts off with Shema! We learn the whole Shema, until Uvisharecha! Rashi explains that “Hashem Elokeinu Hashem Echod” is talking about Moshiach — when Moshiach comes, Hashem’s name will be one!

We need to love Hashem “bechol levavcha” — with our Yetzer Tov, AND our Yetzer Hara.

In the first parsha of Shema, we have the first five of the Ten Mivtzoyim! Ahavas Yisroel (as the Alter Rebbe explained that one of the ways we love Hashem is through loving a Yid), Chinuch, Torah, Tefillin, and Mezuzah. Can you find them all in the first parsha of Shema?

Then Moshe tells the Yidden to be careful when they come into Eretz Yisroel, not to forget about Hashem. Since Hashem had the Goyim build cities for the Yidden, and dig them wells and plant them trees, it might be easy to forget that HASHEM is Who gave them all of these things!

The Yidden shouldn’t worship Avodah Zarah — it will make Hashem upset and He will punish them. Instead, they should be careful to keep all the mitzvos, and Hashem will be happy for the Yidden to live in Eretz Yisroel!

Then Moshe tells us something we know from the Haggadah:

If your son asks you “What are these mitzvos Hashem gave to you?” You should explain — Avadim Hayinu — we were slaves to Paraoh in Mitzrayim, and Hashem took us out so we could go to Eretz Yisroel! Hashem gave us all of these mitzvos so we will stay alive, and it is our zechus to keep them.



77 - 78

Today’s kapitelach are Ayin-Zayin and Ayin-Ches.

In Kapitel Ayin-Ches, which is in today’s Tehillim, there is a posuk that says “Vayakem Eidus BeYaakov, VeSora Sam BeYisroel” — “Hashem set up the Torah and mitzvos for Yaakov and Yisroel.” This kapitel also tells us why — so that the Torah will be passed on forever.

Chassidus teaches us that each of the Avos has something different and special about them, and they pass that on to all of the Yidden. These gifts from the Avos help us be better Yidden!

This Kapitel tells us that Hashem “set up the Torah for Yaakov,” by letting Yaakov Avinu spend SO much time learning Torah. This koach is passed down to us — that we will be able to learn lots of Torah too!



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Hey

We said that the Yud of Hashem’s name is what gives chayus to Olam Haba, where the neshamos are, and that the Hey gives chayus to Olam Hazeh — this world.

One of the things we learn from today’s Tanya is how we can see this in the shapes of the letters!

The letter Hey has a line across the top, and a line on both sides. This reminds us of how Hashem is everywhere — on every side! His chayus is spread out all over the whole world.

The Yud is very small, like Olam Haba that we CAN’T see!

We will see later how this helps us understand why it’s so important to give Tzedakah.



Tes-Vov Menachem Av

In today’s Hayom Yom we learn what is so special about Chamisha Asar B’Av!

The Rebbe Rashab wrote something that teaches us how special today (Chamisha-Asar B’Av) is!

Really, the 15th day of EVERY month is special, because the moon is full — we can see the whole thing! Yidden are like the moon. Sometimes the world can see how special we are, and sometimes the Yidden are suffering and nobody can see it. When the moon is full, that is a sign of seeing how special Yidden are!

But the 15th of Av is EXTRA special. Many happy things happened today. And it is after the WORST thing that could happen to us — the Beis Hamikdash was destroyed and Yidden were sent into Golus.

Whenever something not good happens, Hashem does something good for Yidden later. Since Chamisha Asar B’Av comes after the WORST thing, it must be that it is the BEST kind of good!

What is the best kind of good thing? Moshiach, of course! Chamisha Asar B’av reminds us of the special time that is about to happen — Moshiach coming and the third Beis Hamikdash!



Mitzvas Asei #246

Since we’re starting a new set of halachos in Rambam, halachos about cases in Beis Din, we have a new mitzvah today — we’ll be learning it for the next few days! The mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #246) is that whenever two people disagree about money in Beis Din, we need to follow the halachos about what to do.



Hilchos To'ein Venit'an

In today’s Rambam, we learn some of the details of the halachos the Torah tells us to do if two people come to Beis Din with an argument over money or property. Very often one of them needs to make a shevuah, a special kind of promise, that they don’t owe anything.

Perek Alef: If two people come to Beis Din and agree about part of the money — like if Reuven says “you owe me $100!” and Shimon says, “I owe you money, but only $50” — then Shimon needs to make a shevuah that he only owes $50 and pay the money right away.

In Perek Beis we learn about when the Beis Din doesn’t let someone make a shevuah — if they are a person that we think might make a false shevuah. For example, the Beis Din won’t let a gambler make a shevuah.

Perek Gimmel: If a person only agrees about a very little part of the money, less than a perutah, he doesn’t make a shevuah. He also doesn’t make a shevuah if the amount they are arguing over is worth less than two me’in. So if the two people are arguing over dates, and one person says “You owe me 100 dates!” but the other person says, “I only owe you 90,” they are only arguing about 10 of the dates. If 10 dates isn’t worth at least 2 me’in, the person doesn’t make a shevuah. And if someone says “You owe me $100!” but the other person says that he only owes him a perutah, then he doesn’t make a shevuah.



Hilchos Shechitah - Perek Vov

In this perek we learn about holes in part of the insides of an animal that make it treif.



Chamisha Asar B'Av

Why today is a Yom Tov: We learned in Hayom Yom that today is a very happy day! It is one of the biggest Yomim Tovim of the whole year! Here are some of the special things that happened today for Yidden:

- The gezeira that the Yidden were supposed to die in the Midbar ended, and all of the Yidden who were alive were ready to go into Eretz Yisroel! Hashem was now ready to talk to Moshe in a special way again.

- To make sure that every Shevet got the right part of Eretz Yisroel, people could only get married to someone in the same Shevet. But on the 15th of Av, that rule finished, and now the Yidden could get married to someone in ANY shevet!

- Shevet Binyamin was forgiven for doing a very big aveira, and now they could be part of the rest of the Yidden again!

- The king Hoshea opened up the roads to Yerushalayim so the Yidden could go to the Beis Hamikdash, after a not good king had blocked them.

- The Yidden were finally able to do the big mitzvah of burying the Yidden who were killed in Beitar.

- 15 Av was the day, every year, when the Yidden finished cutting wood for the Mizbeiach. Afterwards, they would break the axes, so today is also called “the day of the axe breaking!”

A day for chasunas: For many years, on this Yom Tov of Chamisha Asar B’Av, the Yidden would have a special minhag to help boys and girls get married! Girls would share their clothes so that nobody could tell if they were rich or poor. They would dance together in the fields, with the happiness of Yom Tov. Bochurim that wanted to get married would choose one of them! (Since it was Yom Tov, everyone was EXTRA careful with tznius, and they were doing this just for Hashem!)

Happiness after sadness: Like we learned in Hayom Yom, Yidden are compared to the moon. In the middle of the month, when the moon is full, it shows how the Yidden are in their full glory! Since it is after the sad day of Tisha B’av, the happiness of the middle of the month is the greatest it can be!

A Torah day: Another special thing about today is that the nights start getting longer! Now we can learn more Torah, since night time is a very special time for learning Torah!

Getting ready for Rosh Hashana: Today we start getting ready for Chodesh Elul and for Rosh Hashana! Many people have a minhag that starting today, we wish each other a Kesiva Vachasima Tova!

There is even a hint in the day: The Gematria of the words Chamisha Asar B’Av is the same as the words “Ksiva Vachasima Tova!”


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Korban Tomid

Chassidus shows us how the Korban Tomid teaches us what davening is all about!

The main part of davening, the way the Anshei Keneses Hagedolah set it up, is Shemoneh Esrei, where we ask Hashem for our needs. Still, the main point of davening is much deeper.

The word “tefillah” also means “connection,” and by davening, we connect ourselves to Hashem. We do ask for our needs in davening, but that’s because only by having the things we need can we really be close to Hashem!

We can learn this from the Korban Tomid, which was a Korban Olah.

When most korbanos are brought, part of the animal is burned on the Mizbeiach, part of it goes to the kohanim, and part of it goes to the person who brought it. But a Korban Olah is different. The ENTIRE korban is burned on the Mizbeiach, and no person gets a piece.

When we daven, we are doing it just like a Korban Olah! We aren’t expecting to get anything for ourselves, all we want is to come close to Hashem and live the way He wants us to.



Chamisha Asar B'Av

Because of all of the special things that happened on Chamisha Asar B’Av, we have a few minhagim which we keep today:

1) We make a farbrengen to celebrate all of these things! It is a great time to bring Achdus, since that is what many of the things that happened today are about!

2) We make hachlatos to learn extra Torah — with ourselves and with others. The Torah gives us a promise that increasing in learning Torah will bring long life! The Rebbe says that this is important for men and women, and also for children!

3) We start wishing each other a Kesiva Vachasima Tova, in writing and talking.

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



What the World Will Be Like

The Rambam tells us what the world will be like when Moshiach comes! In the last halacha, the Rambam says:

וּבְאוֹתוֹ הַזְמַן לֹא יִהְיֶה שָׁם לֹא רָעָב וְלֹא מִלְחָמָה וְלֹא קִנְאָה וְתַחַרוּת שֶׁהַטוֹבָה תִּהְיֶה מוּשְׁפַּעַת הַרְבֵּה וְכָל הַמַעַדַנִים מְצוּיִין כְּעָפָר

Uve’oso Hazman — And in that time (the days of Moshiach)

Lo Yihiyeh Sham — There will not be in the world

Lo Raav Velo Milchama — No hunger and no war

Velo Kina Vesacharus — And no jealousy or competition

Shehatova Tihiyeh Mushpaas Harbei — Because there will be plenty of good

Vechol Hamaadanim Metzuyin Ke’afar — And there will be as many enjoyable things as the dust!

See Rambam Hilchos Melachim perek Yud-Beis halacha Hey

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