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CHUMASH

Parshas Tzav - Shishi with Rashi

In today’s Chumash, we learn about another korban brought during these 7 days of preparation: The ram for the special Miluim korban!

Moshe brought this korban, and put some of the blood on the ears, thumbs, and big toes of the kohanim.

Moshe had the kohanim wave parts of the korban together with the matzos, and then burned them on the Mizbeiach.

Moshe got to keep part of this korban to eat himself, too.

These days of preparing the Mishkan are called the Shivas Yemei Hamiluim. The word “miluim” also means to fill up. Chassidus explains that during these days, the Shechinah came down and filled up everything that was missing in the world before, from the time of the Cheit Eitz Hadaas!

This was a taste of the way Hashem will fill up all of the things we are missing because of the pain and suffering of Golus, when Moshiach comes!

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TEHILLIM

69 - 71

The first kapitel of today’s Tehillim is kapitel Samach-Tes. If you look through the kapitel, the beginning looks very sad. Dovid Hamelech is asking Hashem to please save him from everyone who wants to hurt him.

At the end, though, Dovid Hamelech is sure Hashem will help! He says that he will sing and praise Hashem, because He always listens to people who need His help! The skies and the seas will sing to Hashem when he rescues the Yidden — “Ki Elokim Yoshia Tzion” — “because Hashem will redeem Yerushalayim.”

In Tof-Shin-Lamed (5730), the Rebbe was saying this posuk in a sicha at every Farbrengen! So on Shavuos, some of the bochurim had an idea — to sing these words to the same tune we use for Dayeinu. The Rebbe was very happy with this “new” niggun, and there are many recordings and videos where you can see and hear the Rebbe singing it!

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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Mem

In this perek, the Alter Rebbe continues to tell us about why it’s so important to learn Torah or do a mitzvah lishmah, to connect our neshama with Hashem.

Today we learn where the Torah goes if we learn for the wrong reason, or for no specific reason — just because we’re used to learning.

If we learn for NO specific reason, then our Torah only goes to the “Heichalos and Madorin” where the malachim are, but not where Hashem’s Sefiros shine.

But if we learn for the WRONG reason, like if someone learns Torah because he wants to be called a Talmid Chochom, the Torah doesn’t even go up there! It just stays right down here in the world.

Why?

A person’s reasons for learning Torah get attached to the Torah that he learns. Since this person’s reason for learning was his gaavah, which comes from kelipah, it keeps the Torah stuck in Golus in the kelipah of the world! It’s not even able to go up to the place of the malochim.

Only when the Torah is learned lishmah, in order to connect our neshama to Hashem, can it go all the way up to where Hashem’s Sefiros shine.

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HAYOM YOM

Yud-Gimmel Nisan

Today is the Yartzeit-Hilula of the Tzemach Tzedek, on Yud-Gimmel Nisan Tof-Reish-Chof-Vov (5626). The Tzemach Tzedek’s Ohel is in Lubavitch.

The Rebbe Maharash told the Rebbe Rashab that when the Tzemach Tzedek was only 12 years old, he already started writing Niglah and Chassidus!

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #260 - Mitzvas Asei #247, Lo Saasei #292, #297, Asei #182

Today in Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn four more mitzvos about a person who kills someone else:

1) (Mitzvas Asei #247) If someone is chasing after another person to kill him (Rodef), we need to do whatever we can to stop him! If we can do it by hurting the Rodef, we should, but if not, we need to kill him instead of letting him kill the other person.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: וְקַצֹּתָה אֶת כַּפָּהּ לֹא תָחוֹס עֵינֶךָ

The details of this mitzvah are explained in Perek Ches of Mesechta Sanhedrin.

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #293) We are not allowed to feel bad for the Rodef — we need to kill him to stop him from doing what he wants to do. (If he already did the aveira, we can’t kill him — the Beis Din needs to take care of it.)

We learn this from the same posuk as the mitzvah before, and the dinim are also explained in Perek Ches of Mesechta Sanhedrin.

3) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #297)Lo Saamod Al Dam Reiacha!” We are not allowed to ignore when someone is in danger or his things are going to be ruined. We need to try to help!

For example, if someone is drowning, if we know how to swim, we have to jump in and save him! And if a person is being taken to court, if we know the truth, we need to go be a witness to save his money.

We learn this from a posuk in Parshas Kedoshim: לֹא תַעֲמֹד עַל דַּם רֵעֶךָ

4) (Mitzvas Asei #182) We need to set up Arei Miklat in Eretz Yisroel, and make roads leading to them. These cities are a “safe place” for someone who killed by mistake.

The Torah tells us this mitzvah in Parshas Shoftim: תָּכִין לְךָ הַדֶּרֶךְ וְשִׁלַּשְׁתָּ אֶת גְּבוּל אַרְצְךָ

The details are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin, Makos, Shekalim, and Sotah.

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Rotzeiach U'Shmiras HaNefesh

In today’s Rambam, we learn about a person who kills by mistake.

Perek Hey has the halachos about when a person would need to go to an Ir Miklat. For a kohen, the top of the Mizbeiach is also a safe place, just like an Ir Miklat!

Perek Vov teaches us about three kinds of “accidental killing:”

1. Someone who didn’t know that what he was doing would kill someone — a real mistake. He needs to stay in the Ir Miklat.

2. When it was a kind of thing that doesn’t usually happen — like throwing something heavy into a place where people don’t usually go. That person doesn’t need to stay in an Ir Miklat, and the Goel Hadam is not allowed to kill him.

3. Where the person was being careless, we don’t consider that an accident. It won’t help for him to be in an Ir Miklat, and he won’t be safe there.

Perek Zayin teaches us about the Ir Miklat. The Ir Miklat is a city where a person will be safe from the Goel Hadam. Two Talmidei Chachomim come run with the person to the Ir Miklat where he will be safe. The Talmidei Chachomim are there to try to convince the Goel Hadam not to kill him.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Isurei Biah - Perek Alef

We start learning a new set of halachos, about who we are allowed to marry.

The Rambam starts giving us general rules about this, for example that we don’t need to prove that people are relatives.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Yud-Gimmel Nissan

Today is the day of the Tzemach Tzedek’s histalkus. The Tzemach Tzedek’s mother, Rebbetzin Devorah Leah, passed away when he wasn’t even three yet, and his Zaidy, the Alter Rebbe, took care of him.

The Tzemach Tzedek wrote a lot of Torah, like we see in today’s Hayom Yom, even when he was young!

The Rebbe tells us that on Yud-Gimmel Nissan we should learn some of the Torah that the Tzemach Tzedek wrote.

Here is something that the Tzemach Tzedek teaches us about Ahavas Yisroel: (There is a sefer from the Tzemach Tzedek that explains what many of the mitzvos mean in Ruchnius, called Derech Mitzvosecha. Here is something he explains about the mitzvah of Ahavas Yisroel.)

There are two important things that will help us with this mitzvah:

1) Remember that all of the neshamos of the Yidden together are one thing! Only because of the guf is each person separate. We are only complete when we connect ourselves to the rest of the Yidden. That is why we accept the mitzvah of Ahavas Yisroel before davening — so that our neshama is complete before we stand before Hashem in davening.

2) We should treat others the way we would like to be treated! When we make a mistake, we realize that we were trying, and next time we will try even harder and do better. We should treat other people the same way — we can accept and respect them even if they did something wrong. We understand that they also are trying, and next time they will try harder too.

We don’t start screaming at ourselves and say “I don’t want to sit next to me anymore! I’m never going to be friends with myself again! I don’t want to have anything to do with me ever again!” We say, “I did something wrong, but I’m still a good person.” We should also say that about other people. Even if they did something wrong, we can still be nice to them, sit next to them, and treat them with respect.

When all of the Yidden show respect and love for each other, Hashem will do the same to us, and give all Yidden brachos — including the main bracha that we all need, the Geulah!

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TEFILLAH

Shabbos Davening

Hashem wants people to work for their parnasa. Because this is an important thing, the Chachomim were very careful in what they added to davening, to make sure it would not be too long and keep people from going to work (“bittul melacha”).

But on Shabbos, we don’t have to work! The Chachomim were able to add more pieces to davening, speaking for longer about Hashem’s praises and how lucky we are to be Yidden. There are extra paragraphs added to prepare before Boruch She’amar, mainly kapitelach of Tehillim. In some places, these are called Birchos Shabbos, the brachos of Shabbos! There is also a section added in Pesukei Dezimra, before Yishtabach, and in the brachos before Kriyas Shema.

That’s why the Shabbos davening is longer than the weekday davening, because we have more time to connect to Hashem in this special way.

One of the kapitelach added before Boruch She’amar is “Hodu LaHashem Ki Tov,” also called Hallel Hagadol. In this kapitel, we praise Hashem in 26 ways! (The holy name of Hashem, Havaya, has a Gematriya of 26!)

One of the lines in it is all about this Shabbos, Shabbos Hagadol! The posuk says, “Lemakei Mitzrayim Biv’choreihem, Ki Le’olam Chasdo!” It means that Hashem punished the Mitzriyim, through their own firstborns. The Yidden didn’t have to do anything! This neis happened on Shabbos HaGadol, when the firstborns tried to force Paraoh to let the Yidden go so they would be saved from Makas Bechoros.

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Erev Pesach on Shabbos

Today is the last day we say an extra section in davening connected to the Nesiim. We say the paragraph that starts with the words “Zos Chanukas Hamizbeiach,” which is a summary of all of the korbanos that were brought by all of the Nesiim.

We also read the beginning of Parshas Behaalosecha, which speaks about how Aharon lit the Menorah, and so this section is connected to Shevet Levi.

~

Here are some of the things we need to know for Erev Shabbos:

On Erev Pesach on a regular year we don’t say Mizmor Lesodah. Today we do say it, because it is not actually Erev Pesach yet.

We burn the chometz early in the day like on every year, even though we are still allowed to eat chometz afterwards (which we can’t do on a regular year). We don’t say the Kol Chamira, but we do say the Yehi Ratzon that is written in the siddur.

We get rid of all of the chometz in the house except for what we will need for the seudos of Shabbos.

On a regular year on Erev Pesach, we should get our hair or nails cut before Chatzos, but this year we can do it until Shabbos.

We should remember to prepare the things we will need for the seder before Shabbos: The zro’a, beitzah, maror (horseradish and lettuce), charoses, and salt water. Anything else we can do in advance for the seder we should, so that we can start the seder as early as possible.

On Shabbos itself, we need to daven early so we can finish the challah of the seudah before the last time to eat chometz! Then we need to get rid of any other chometz or put it away with the rest of the chometz that is sold. There are many details of how to do this right, so make sure you have a sefer with the halachos or print out the halacha newsletters so you know what to do!

Here are links to Halacha Newsletters, to make sure we are doing everything according to halacha in this special and unusual kvius!
- Pesach Day-By-Day (Horav Yosef Yeshaya Braun)
- Halacha Newsletter (Horav Shmuel Lesches)

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Achdus Brings Geulah

In a farbrengen in honor of the 100th yartzeit of the Tzemach Tzedek, the Rebbe told this story:

The Tzemach Tzedek had to go to Petersburg for meetings where they wanted Rabbonim to make changes in Chinuch and how someone can become a Rav. The Tzemach Tzedek spoke out very strongly not to make any changes, even though he was going against the government, which was very dangerous! Someone asked the Tzemach Tzedek how he was able to put his life in danger if there are so many Yidden that are relying on him to show them the right derech in serving Hashem.

The Tzemach Tzedek said he would give two answers (like we see a lot of times in Gemara, “Iba’is Eima”):

1) There are the children — if something chas veshalom happens, they (the Tzemach Tzedek’s children) can show Chassidim what to do.

2) Through the Achdus of Chassidim they will overcome all hardships, and will be able to bring the “Emes Hashem Leolam,” the true derech of Hashem, into the world so EVERYONE will know.

In that farbrengen, the Rebbe finished by saying that today, the second thing the Tzemach Tzedek said is important for all Chassidim to know, because together we have the responsibility to teach others the derech of Hashem the way the Rebbeim showed us.

See farbrengen of Yud-Gimmel Nissan, 5726

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