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CHUMASH

Parshas Pinchas - Chamishi with Rashi

Hashem tells Moshe Rabbeinu to remind the Yidden to do what Hashem wants, even after Moshe passes away. They shouldn’t forget to bring the korbanos that Hashem asked for.

Hashem tells Moshe Rabbeinu to remind the Yidden to always bring the Korban Tamid two times every day, just like Hashem said. (These pesukim are a part of davening, the paragraph that starts “Vayedaber” that we say in korbanos before Shacharis and Mincha! After the Churban, Shacharis and Mincha take the place of these korbanos, so we say this paragraph before davening.)

Hashem also tells Moshe to remind the Yidden about the special korban of Shabbos. (We say these pesukim in Musaf on Shabbos, since our davening takes the place of the korban.) He reminds them about the korban for Rosh Chodesh, too. (Since we can’t bring the actual korban, we say THESE pesukim in Musaf of Rosh Chodesh, which is in place of bringing the korban. These pesukim are also part of the Kriyas HaTorah for Rosh Chodesh.)

TAMID: (2 times every day) 1 lamb for an Olah

SHABBOS: 2 lambs for an Olah

ROSH CHODESH: 2 bulls, 1 ram, and 7 lambs for an Olah AND a goat for a Chatas (in case any Yidden did an aveira by coming into the Beis Hamikdash or bringing a Korban while they were tomei without realizing it)

Each animal brought for a Korban Olah also needs a Mincha (fine flour and oil) and a Nesech (wine).

For each lamb (Keves) : 1/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/4 hin of oil, and 1/4 hin of wine

For each ram (Ayil): 2/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/3 hin of oil, and 1/3 hin of wine

For each bull (Par): 3/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/2 hin of oil, and 1/2 hin of wine

This shiur in Chumash, about the Korban Tomid, is very special to learn now! Do you know why? Because in the Three Weeks, we learn about the Beis Hamikdash, and the Avodah in the Beis Hamikdash. The Korban Tomid was part of the Avodah every day!

In Tof-Shin-Lamed-Tes, the shiur of Chumash for Shiva-Asar B’Tammuz was the same as for today, about the Korban Tomid! The Rebbe said that this was very special, because learning about the Beis Hamikdash during this time makes the Churban weaker and brings the Geulah faster!

 
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TEHILLIM

106 - 107

Today’s kapitelach of Tehillim are Kuf-Vov and Kuf-Zayin.

Kapitel Kuf-Zayin starts with the words “Hodu LaHashem Ki Tov, Ki LeOlam Chasdo!” “Thank Hashem because He is good, His kindness is forever!”

The first word is “Hodu,” which means to thank. But it also means something else! Hodu also means to “admit.”

What are we admitting to?

The Tzemach Tzedek explains that we know that Hashem is creating the world EVERY SECOND and is here inside us EVERY MOMENT. But we don’t see it! But we need to admit that it’s true anyway.

When Moshiach comes, we won’t have to admit it anymore — we will all be able to SEE it!

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hateshuvah Perek Hey

We are learning what is special about a Yiddishe Neshama. This way we can understand what happens to it when someone does an aveira, and therefore how a person can do Teshuvah.

We said that every Yid has the name of Hashem (Havaya) in his neshama. When we serve Hashem in a HIDDEN way (with our minds and hearts), we get chayus from the first half of Hashem’s name. When we ACT the way a Yid should, we get chayus from the last letters of Hashem’s name.

The chayus of Hashem which is in our neshama also gives chayus to the Guf (body). The chayus that connects us to Hashem is like a rope that ties two things together — it connects the Yid to Hashem, and Hashem’s chayus to the Yid.

When a Yid does an aveira that deserves the punishment of Kareis, it cuts off the chayus from Hashem to the guf. Because of that, the Yid will have to pass away soon, because he doesn’t have enough chayus to live long.

The chayus that comes to a Yid is a very strong chayus from Hashem. It is compared to blowing, which takes much more energy than speaking!

When a Yid does a Kareis aveira, it’s like he is putting up a wall to block that powerful koach of Hashem.

That’s why in the times of the Beis Hamikdash , a person who did an aveira that deserves kareis passed away before he got old, because he couldn’t live without the chayus of his neshama. (Later this changed, and we will IY”H see why later.) He still had some chayus left from before he did the aveira so he is still able to live for some time (and has a chance to do teshuvah), but then the chayus runs out.

So what happens with other aveiros? It also weakens the Yid’s connection with Hashem, but it is a little different. Our connection to Hashem is like a big “rope” made of 613 strings, one for each mitzvah. If someone does an aveira, it’s like Chas Veshalom cutting ONE of these strings.

 
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HAYOM YOM

Chof-Beis Tammuz

Today the Rebbe tells us how the Darkei Hachassidus affect us!

The Rebbe Rashab said:

1) A Chassidishe Vort (a saying) makes the head clear and the heart pure!

When we hear a Chassidishe vort it makes us feel like a Chossid! It takes away shmutz from our minds and makes us feel more aidel.

2) Chassidishe behavior (acting the way Chassidus teaches) makes our house bright — making it a lichtige house!

3) A Chassidishe Niggun is very special! It makes our bitachon in Hashem strong, and we KNOW that everything will be good! It brings simcha, and keeps the whole family safe from the darkness of the world.

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #328 - Mitzvas Asei #180

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #180) is that if the Beis Din can prove (with two witnesses) that the first witnesses were lying, they are called Eidim Zomemim. The Beis Din gives them the same punishment that they were trying to make the person get!

Reuven and Shimon came to Beis Din and said that they saw Moshe doing an aveira on Tuesday, and so he needs to get malkos. But before the Beis Din gave the malkos to Moshe, two new witnesses came and said that Reuven and Shimon were lying! They didn’t see Moshe do an aveira on Tuesday, because they were together with them out of town on Tuesday! Now the Beis Din gives malkos to Reuven and Shimon, since that was what they were trying to make Moshe get.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Shoftim: וַעֲשִׂיתֶם לוֹ כַּאֲשֶׁר זָמַם לַעֲשׂוֹת לְאָחִיו

The details are explained in Mesechta Makos.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Eidus

In today’s Rambam, we finish learning the halachos about witnesses, eidim!

In Perek Chof, we learn more details about today’s mitzvah. The Beis Din only punishes lying witnesses if BOTH of the witnesses are proven to be lying, and only after the Beis Din already issued their psak. But even if they aren’t punished, since we know they are liars, we don’t trust them as witnesses in Beis Din anymore!

Perek Chof-Alef teaches us specific examples about when Eidim Zomemim, witnesses that we proved to be lying, have to pay money to the person they were lying about:

If Eidim Zomemim lied and said that Reuven had to pay back $500 last week, and Reuven says he only has to pay it back next year, the Eidim Zomemim owe Reuven money! They pay him however much it is worth to be able to use $500 for a year.

In Perek Chof-Beis, we learn about what to do when there are two groups of witnesses that come to give eidus about one case, and they each say something different. We know one group is lying, but we don’t know which one!

Let’s say that two groups of people come to Beis Din to be witnesses about a certain case: One group from Yerushalayim, and another group from Chevron. If each group says different things, that means that one of the groups is lying! So if one person from each group later comes to Beis Din to be witnesses about something else, we don’t believe them! That’s because one of them is for SURE a liar, so we really don’t have two witnesses.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Shaar Avos Hatumah - Perek Yud-Ches

This perek has halachos about when we have a sofek about tumah which is in a Reshus Hayochid or a Reshus Horabim. Usually, in a Reshus Horabim we say it is tahor, and in a Reshus Hayochid we say it is tomei.

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Hilchos Beis Habechirah

At the top of the 15 steps going into the Azara, where the Mizbeiach was, there were two big gates, called Shaar Nikanor. These gates were very unusual — they were the only ones in the whole Beis Hamikdash that weren’t covered with gold, and they were named after a person! Why?

Nikanor was a Yid who loved the Beis Hamikdash so much, that he wanted to do something special for it! He decided to take all of his money and go to Alexandria, in Mitzrayim, where there were coppersmiths who could do the most beautiful work in the world. He paid them a lot of money to make two huge doors for the Beis Hamikdash out of the finest copper that money could buy.

They worked very hard, and made two magnificent doors. Nikanor paid them, and hired a ship to bring the heavy doors to Eretz Yisroel.

On the way, there was a big storm, and the sailors were afraid the ship would sink! “It’s because of these heavy copper doors!” they cried out, and even though Nikanor begged them not to, they threw one of the doors into the sea. At first, the ship seemed to be doing better, but then it started to rock again like it would sink! The sailors wanted to throw the other door into the water too, but this time Nikanor held onto the door tightly! He yelled, “If you throw this one in, you will have to throw me in too!”

The sailors didn’t want to do that, and soon the storm ended and the ship made it to Eretz Yisroel. Nikanor was very sad that he had only one door for the Beis Hamikdash — but then, he saw something shining in the water! The second door didn’t sink, even though it was so heavy! It floated behind the ship, all the way to Eretz Yisroel!

The Chachomim decided not to cover these doors with gold, so that everyone will see the neis that Hashem made!

These doors were so heavy, it took 20 kohanim to open them! They were only opened on Shabbos and Yom Tov and if the king was there. On other days, you would go into the Azara using smaller doors on the sides of Shaar Nikanor.

 

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TEFILLAH

Asher Yatzar

The next bracha we say in Birchos Hashachar in the morning is Asher Yatzar. We say it in Birchos Hashachar for two reasons:

1) In the morning, we are like a new creation, a “Beryah Chadasha!” We are starting a new day, a new avodah. We thank Hashem for giving us this amazing guf that we can use to serve Hashem with!

2) The Chachomim teach us to say the bracha of Asher Yatzar after using the bathroom. Since we aren’t allowed to daven if we need to use the bathroom, and a person usually needs to use the bathroom in the morning, we will probably need to say Asher Yatzar at the beginning of Birchos Hashachar anyway.

In the bracha of Asher Yatzar, we speak about the amazing body Hashem gave us, and how incredible it is that it works just right!

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Asher Yatzar

Every time we use the bathroom during the day, we say the bracha of Asher Yatzar.

After coming out of the bathroom, we wash our hands and say this bracha, thanking Hashem that our body is working well.

When we say the bracha of Asher Yatzar — just like with any other bracha — we shouldn’t be doing anything else, not even drying our hands. We should be paying attention to what we are saying, and appreciating that our body is working properly.

It is written in seforim that paying attention to the words that we say in this bracha, to thank Hashem for His kindness that our body is working properly, is a segulah for good health.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Kuf-Pey-Gimmel se’if Yud-Daled

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Nevuah Will Come Back!

During the time of the second Beis Hamikdash, the Yidden no longer had Neviim. When Moshiach comes, we will again have Nevuah as a regular thing!

וְאֶת רוּחִי אֶתֵּן בְּקִרְבְּכֶם וְעָשִׂיתִי אֵת אֲשֶׁר בְּחֻקַּי תֵּלֵכוּ וּמִשְׁפָּטַי תִּשְׁמְרוּ וַעֲשִׂיתֶם

Hashem says through the Navi Yechezkel:

Ve’es Ruchi Etein Bekirbechem — I will put back the Ruach of Nevuah inside of you (which you didn’t have during Golus)

Ve’asisi Eis Asher Bechukai Teileichu — And I will make you want to follow in My mitzvos

U’mishpatai Tishmeru Va’asisem — And you will keep My mitzvos and do them!

One of the first things we will need to use nevuah for is building the Beis Hamikdash! We know many halachos from Hilchos Beis Habechirah (which we are learning now, during the Three Weeks), but the third Beis Hamikdash is not the same as the other ones! We can learn many details from the Navi Yechezkel, who was shown the third Beis Hamikdash, but not everything there is clear. Even though the Navi Yechezkel will be there with us, and will able to explain what is not clear, that won’t be enough. We will need nevuah, which Hashem will give back to the Yidden, to help us understand how to build everything right!

Then a Ruchnius Beis Hamikdash will come down from Shomayim and come into the Beis Hamikdash that we built. This will make it a Beis Hamikdash that will last forever!

See Yechezkel perek Lamed-Vov, posuk Chof-Zayin and sicha Parshas Matos-Masei Tof-Shin-Lamed-Tes

 
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