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לעילוי נשמת ר׳ יוסף בנימין בן ר׳ מנשה קאלטמאנן
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לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ מרדכי בן הר׳ פינחס מענטליק
ולזכות הרה״ח זאב יחזקאל הכהן בן מינדל שי׳ לבריאות הנכונה

L’ilui Nishmas
Chana Tzivia bas R’ Yosef Yitzchok A”H


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Parshas Naso - Shishi

Yesterday we started to learn about the presents that the Nesiim brought on the day the Mishkan was set up. We learned the presents of the first five Nesiim.

Today we learn the rest of the presents that the Nesiim brought for Chanukas Hamzbeiach:

Here is the order they brought their korbanos:

Vov NisanNasi for Shevet Gad: Eliasaf ben De’uel
Zayin Nisan (Shabbos) — Nasi for Shevet Efrayim: Elishama ben Amihud
Ches NisanNasi for Shevet Menashe: Gamliel ben Pedahtzur
Tes NisanNasi for Shevet Binyamin: Avidan ben Gidoni
Yud NisanNasi for Shevet Dan: Achiezer ben Amishadai
Yud-Alef NisanNasi for Shevet Asher: Pagiel ben Ochran
Yud-Beis NisanNasi for Shevet Naftali: Achira ben Einan

Even though all of their presents were exactly the same, the Torah tells us every detail of the present of each Nasi! This is because they had different kavanos when they brought these things.



55- 59

Today’s Tehillim has the posukPadah Beshalom Nafshi,” where Dovid Hamelech says that he won his fights and was free in the zechus of the people that davened for him.

The Gemara says that this posuk is also talking about how the Shechinah and the Yidden are freed from Golus, when Moshiach comes!



Shaar Hayichud Veha'emunah Perek Gimmel

In the Tanya, the Alter Rebbe is explaining to us how to serve Hashem with feelings of Ahava and Yirah (love and fear of Hashem). Just like when you love someone, you need to know something about them first, we also have to know something about Hashem so we can have these feelings. First, we need to understand about Hashem as much as we are able to know, and strengthen our Emunah (belief) for what we can’t understand. These are the first things we need to have to bring out the feelings of Ahava and Yirah which are in our neshama. This is what we are learning about now in Shaar Hayichud Veha’emunah.

Yesterday, the Alter Rebbe told us that there are some people who make a big mistake. They think that Hashem created the world and then went away, and the world just stays by itself! The Alter Rebbe explained how come they made the mistake, and why it’s wrong! We learned how the chayus of Hashem (from the Alef-Beis in Torah) gives chayus every moment to every part of the world.

The world can’t just stay by itself! Hashem has to give it chayus all the time so it will exist. That makes sense… but we can’t see it.

When we look around, we see Gashmius. We see things that look like they are alive on their own. It doesn’t look like it needs a constant chayus from Hashem!

Hashem doesn’t allow our eyes to see the truth. If Hashem did let our eyes see it, we would look around at the world and see something completely different! We would just see the chayus that Hashem is giving to it every moment — and we would not see the Gashmius thing at all!



Yud Sivan

In today’s Hayom Yom, we learn about how important it is to have Iskafya, and that only when we have Iskafya, is our neshama able to shine.

The Alter Rebbe once told a chossid in Yechidus how to make his neshama shine:

Yidden are called oil candles. A candle has a container to hold the oil, oil, a wick, and a flame. It can’t shine until the flame is lit!

The Alter Rebbe told this Chossid, “You have a good candle. But you need to light the flame!”

How do you “light” your “candle”? The Yetzer Hara is like a special kind of stone called a flint stone. It can make a fire when it is hit hard against another stone. Similarly, when we “hit” our Yetzer Hara by doing Iskafya (NOT to think or do something that we want, in order to do what Hashem wants), it makes a spark of fire! That little spark kindles the fire of Hashem and makes the neshama shine.



Shiur #316 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #310, Asei #224, Lo Saasei #300

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn 3 mitzvos:

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #310) A Beis Din can’t let a witch live (a witch is someone who uses the koach of tumah to make magic).

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: מְכַשֵּׁפָה לֹא תְחַיֶּה

2) (Mitzvas Asei #224) The Beis Din needs to follow the halachos of giving malkos (lashes) — one of the punishments a Beis Din gives for certain aveiros.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: וְהִפִּילוֹ הַשֹּׁפֵט וְהִכָּהוּ לְפָנָיו

The details are explained in Mesechta Makos.

3) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #300) The Beis Din can’t hit someone during Malkos more than he’s supposed to be hit. Part of this mitzvah is never to hit another Yid, or even just pick up our hand as if we were going to hit him!

We also learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: כְּדֵי רִשְׁעָתוֹ בְּמִסְפָּר אַרְבָּעִים יַכֶּנּוּ לֹא יֹסִיף



Hilchos Sanhedrin

In today’s Rambam, we learn more about how the Sanhedrin judges.

In Perek Yud, one of the things we learn is how every judge has to have his OWN opinion. Because of that, we don’t ask the oldest or greatest judge to say his opinion first, because then the other judges might not want to say something different.

Perek Yud-Alef talks about the differences between judging cases about money (Dinei Mamonos), and judging cases where someone would be punished by being killed (Dinei Nefashos). In Dinei Nefashos, the Beis Din needs to try to find ways to make the person not guilty. One of the ways we see this is that even someone who is not a judge can give a reason why NOT to punish someone, but only the judges can give a reason to say why he is guilty!

Perek Yud-Beis explains how the Sanhedrin can pasken that someone is Chayav Misa. The judges first need to make sure that there were witnesses who saw it happen, and that the person was warned first that he is not allowed to do the aveira.



Hilchos Shevuos - Perek Daled

This perek talks about the kind of expressions a person uses to make a shevuah, and what the halacha is in each case.



Writing Chiddushei Torah

In past generations, Chassidim were careful not to share or write the way they understood things in Torah. They were afraid that maybe their own thoughts were not the true meaning of the Torah. They were also worried that talking about things they figured out in Torah would make them feel too proud of themselves.

The Rebbe told us that in our times, we should write down and share our own understanding of the Torah. Of course, we should do our best to make sure that the ideas we write are according to the Klolim (rules) of how Torah is understood. By sharing these thoughts, it will bring more chayus into learning Torah, for ourselves and for others. This is something that we definitely need!

That is the reason why nowadays we need to write down our Chiddushei Torah.

See farbrengen Shavuos 5751

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Yud-Beis Pesukim - Review

We are reviewing the Yud-Beis Pesukim, in a different order. We are going in the order of the parts of Torah that these pesukim are taken from — Torah Shebichsav, Torah Shebaal Peh, and Tanya.

Before we review the actual pesukim, we need to first review the purpose of them.

Why were these pesukim specifically chosen, and why do we need to know them by heart?

Torah is not just a wisdom or knowledge for our mind. Torah is Chayeinu, our life! Torah is not just for when we have a sefer that we can learn from and think about. Even when we don’t have a sefer, like when we are eating, drinking, walking, playing or lying in bed, we also need to live with the Torah!

In order to do that, we need to know the words of Torah Baal Peh, so we can live with them all the time.

We need to know certain pieces of the Torah which have a message that is very clear and easy to understand.

To make it possible for children as well to live with the horaos of Torah, the Rebbe chose these pesukim which have very clear messages that also children can understand and live with. The Rebbe wanted us to learn them by heart, so that we will live with them even when we’re eating or playing. We should even know them well enough to discuss them with our friends, so that they will also be able to live with the lessons of Torah that we already learned!

See sicha Rosh Chodesh Iyar Tof-Shin-Lamed-Vov



Davening Without Tachanun

We don’t say Tachanun from the beginning of Sivan until the end of the Yemei Tashlumin, on Yud-Beis Sivan.

There are many things we do differently in Shacharis when we don’t say Tachanun. Even though the main part of Tachanun is after Shemoneh Esrei (including the longer Tachanun on Monday and Thursday), there are other parts of davening that speak about aveiros or things that are related to tzaar (pain), and we don’t mention them on joyous days when we don’t say Tachanun.

- Before and after the Akeidah, there are Tefillos asking Hashem to remember the zechus of the Avos and not forsake us in Golus, and we do not say them when we don’t say Tachanun.

- We skip the paragraph before the Korban Tomid which asks Hashem to forgive our aveiros like the Korban Tomid did in the time of the Beis Hamikdash.

- We skip the paragraph after we finish going through the order of the Avodah that was done each day in the Beis Hamikdash, which says that because of our aveiros we don’t have the Beis Hamikdash.

- In one of the brachos of Shemoneh Esrei, Selach Lanu, we ask Hashem to forgive us. We still say the bracha, but we don’t do an action that shows that our aveiros are from the Yetzer Hara in our heart. Usually we bang our fist on our chest, over our heart, by the words “Chotono” and “Foshonu.” When we don’t say Tachanun, we don’t do this.

- We don’t say Tachanun after Shmoneh Esrei — including the longer Tachanun on Mondays or Thursdays.

- We don’t say Kapitel Chof after the second Ashrei, which speaks about tzaar. (The Frierdiker Rebbe said that on days we don’t say Kapitel Chof in davening, we should say it before the daily Tehillim, as a part of Tehillim and not a part of Tefillah.)

- We don’t say “Tefillah Ledovid” before the Shir Shel Yom. This paragraph is the conclusion of Tachanun, and also mentions painful things.

We also say Shir Hamaalos (which speaks about Geulah) instead of Al Naharos Bavel (which speaks about the Churban of the Beis Hamikdash) in the kapitelach of Tehillim we say before bentching.

Tachanun is where we ask Hashem to forgive our aveiros. On days we don’t say Tachanun, it means Hashem is ready to overlook our aveiros even without us asking, and on these happy days we only speak about happy things in davening!

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Seeing the Chayus of Hashem

We learned in Tanya today that even though the true chayus of everything in the world is the chayus of Hashem from the letters of the Torah which gives it life, we are not able to see this chayus in everything today.

It is interesting that now, as we get closer to Moshiach, scientists are starting to see a hint to this chayus! They can see that even things that don’t move, like rocks, really DO have a lot of chayus inside of them. If you look at a rock with a very strong microscope, you can see that it is made of atoms that really are moving around! Still, we can’t see how it’s all made of the chayus of Hashem through the letters of the Alef-Beis — but soon, when Moshiach comes, we will see that too!

Yeshaya HaNavi says that when Moshiach comes, our eyes will be allowed to see how everything exists only with Hashem’s chayus!

וְנִגְלָה כְּבוֹד ה׳ וְרָאוּ כָל בָּשָׂר יַחְדָּו כִּי פִּי ה׳ דִּבֵּר

Venigla Kevod Hashem — When Moshiach comes, Hashem’s kavod will be revealed

Vera’u Chol Basar Yachdav — And everyone will be able to see together

Ki Pi Hashem Diber — That it was Hashem Who said these words of comfort, since they happened!

Chassidus explains that the words “Ki Pi Hashem Diber” can also mean that everyone will see that it is the words of Hashem that constantly give chayus to the world and make it exist!

See Yeshaya perek Mem posuk Hey

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