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CHUMASH

Parshas Terumah - Shishi with Rashi

In today’s Chumash, we learn about the Mizbeiach Hanechoshes.

Today we learn about the Mizbeiach Hanechoshes, the copper mizbeiach. This mizbeiach should be made of wood covered with copper, and used for the korbanos.

The mizbeiach should be made with four small boxes in the corners of the top of the Mizbeiach. The open space on the top will have room for the kohanim to go and burn the korbanos.

On the outside of the Mizbeiach, there was a copper “grate”, which went around the middle of the Mizbeiach like a belt. This held the rings for the carrying poles, and made it easy for the kohanim to see where the middle of the mizbeiach is. The kohanim needed to know this because some korbanos need to have blood sprinkled on the top half of the Mizbeiach, and other korbanos need their blood sprinkled on the bottom half of the Mizbeiach.

All of the tools for this Mizbeiach should be made of copper.

The Mizbeiach should be built like a hollow box, and wherever the Mishkan will be set up, the Yidden will need to fill it with dirt.

The Mizbeiach also had a ramp to get to the top. We learned earlier in the Chumash that the kohanim are not allowed to go up to the Mizbeiach on stairs.

 
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TEHILLIM

18 - 22

In Perek Chof-Beis (22), one of today’s kapitelach of Tehillim, it says how Yidden have bitachon in Hashem. When there is a problem, we cry to Hashem and He saves us: “Becho Bot’chu Avoseinu...” “Our fathers trusted in You...” (Do you know the niggun to these words?)

A big tzadik named Rabbeinu Bachaye wrote a sefer teaching Yidden how to serve Hashem. His sefer is called Chovos Halevavos. One of the sections is called “Shaar Habitachon.” It teaches how a person can have bitachon in Hashem. It’s not something that is always easy — a person needs to work hard to trust in Hashem. The Rebbe would tell many people to learn this part of Chovos Halevavos so they can learn how to have bitachon.

The Rebbe teaches us that having bitachon takes a lot of effort and is a very big mitzvah. A person who has proper bitachon in Hashem can even get brachos he doesn’t deserve! His strong bitachon can even make up for things he may have not done right in the past, and because of this strong connection to Hashem, he WILL deserve those brachos!

 
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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Chof-Zayin

To be able to win over our Yetzer Hara, we need to have zerizus, enthusiasm, which is the opposite of atzlus, being slow and lazy. When people are happy, they use zerizus! When they are upset, they act with atzlus.

One of the things that can make people upset is feeling bad about themselves. We can feel bad that we have not good thoughts, or taavos for something that isn’t kedusha.

Let’s say there is a person walking down the street, trying to find his way to his friend’s house. He is looking for the street signs, and suddenly sees a picture that isn’t tznius, or hears someone talking about something not appropriate! He might first think, “Oh, that sounds good!” But right away he stops himself from thinking about it, because thinking about an aveira can separate a person from Hashem (chas veshalom). Afterwards, he might still be upset. He thinks, “What kind of person even WANTS something against Hashem? Why do I have to stop myself from thinking about terrible aveiros?”

In yesterday’s Tanya, the Alter Rebbe told us a way to make sure we stay happy:

If you are able to give a lot of money to tzedakah, or you help an old lady cross the street, or you say a lot of Tehillim on Shabbos Mevorchim, how do you feel? You feel happy, because you did a mitzvah! Doing a mitzvah connects a Yid to Hashem, and brings bracha in Gashmius and in Ruchnius!

Well, stopping ourselves from thinking about aveiros is a mitzvah too! It is a Mitzvas Lo Saasei, called “Lo Sasuru.” Every time we think about something else so we won’t think about something not allowed, we are doing a mitzvah! So every time a bad thought pops into our minds, we should be excited — now we have another chance to do a mitzvah! Just like through any other mitzvah, we are able to connect to Hashem and get lots of brachos in Gashmius and in Ruchnius!

Today, the Alter Rebbe adds another point about this:

You might have gotten upset that you want things that aren’t kedusha. But wanting things like that is NORMAL for a person with a Yetzer Hara! If you’re upset about it, it means you think that you’re really supposed to be like a tzadik, who doesn’t have a Yetzer Hara to give him these ideas.

But that’s gaavah! A person needs to be Makir Mekomo, to know who he really is. Our avodah is the avodah of a beinoni, who DOES have a Yetzer Hara, and needs to work hard to win over it.

If you know that it’s your avodah to not let your Yetzer Hara make you think about these kinds of things, you won’t be upset when they pop into your mind! You will know you’re just doing your job!

Tomorrow we will IY”H learn more about the special avodah we have to win over our Yetzer Hara (called iskafya), and the great nachas ruach it brings to Hashem.

 
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HAYOM YOM

Gimmel Adar Alef

The Alter Rebbe said that the mitzvah of Ahavas Yisroel is even for a Yid you never even saw… and FOR SURE to a person who lives near you and is part of your community!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Mitzvas Asei #89, Lo Saasei #145, #148

Today we learn 3 mitzvos about EATING korbanos:

1) (Mitzvas Asei #89) It is a mitzvah for the kohanim to eat certain parts of the korbanos. Their eating it is part of the kapara for the person who brought the korban!

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Tetzaveh: וְאָכְלוּ אֹתָם אֲשֶׁר כֻּפַּר בָּהֶם

The details of the mitzvah are explained in a few places in Mesechta Zevachim.

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #145) It is asur to eat a Korban Chatas or a Korban Asham (called Kodshei Kodshim) outside of the Beis Hamikdash, and all other Korbanos (Kadashim Kalim) we have to eat ONLY in Yerushalayim!

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Reeh: לֹא תוּכַל לֶאֱכֹל בִּשְׁעָרֶיךָ

3) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #148) Someone who is not a kohen is not allowed to eat from the korbanos that are Kodshei Kodshim.

We learn this mitzvah from the same posuk in Parshas Tetzaveh: וְזָר לֹא יֹאכַל כִּי קֹדֶשׁ הֵם

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Maaseh HaKorbanos

In today’s Rambam, we are learning about specific kinds of korbanos and how we bring them:

Perek Zayin: In this perek, we learn how to bring a Korban Chatas! There are two kinds — some are eaten, and some are just burned. The Korban Chatas that we burn is burned outside of Yerushalayim.

Perek Ches: If anything touches the blood of a Korban Chatas before the blood was sprinkled on the Mizbeiach, it needs to be washed. (This is the only kind of korban that we need to do this for!) Whatever pot we use to cook the meat of a Korban Chatas (the kind we eat) needs to be washed, or broken if it is made of clay.

Perek Tes: The Rambam teaches us the halachos about a Korban Asham and a Korban Shelamim. At the end of the perek, the Rambam also mentions the Korban Pesach!

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Temidin Umusafin - Perek Zayin

We learn about bringing the special korban for Rosh Chodesh, and the Pesach korbanos and the Korban Omer. We hear how they would cut the barley for the Korban Omer: Erev Pesach, they would tie the barley into bundles while it was still growing, to make it easier to cut. After Yom Tov, everyone would come out to watch! They would ask each of these questions three times out loud to make sure everyone understood what was happening, and everyone would answer together:

- Did the sun set? — YES!

- Is this a sickle? (a special kind of knife to cut plants) — YES! - Is this a basket? — YES!

- If it was Shabbos: “Is it Shabbos?” — YES!

- Should I cut the barley? — CUT!

They asked each question three times, and each time, everyone would answer out loud.

The Rambam then tells us exactly how the korban was prepared!

 
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DARKEI HACHASSIDUS

Adar

Adar is a very special month. The Chachomim tell us that Mishenichnas Adar Marbim Besimcha, that we need to add in simcha in the month of Adar.

This year is different than most other years. Most years, we have this special month for just one month, but this year, because it’s a leap year, we have two months — 60 days of Adar! (Adar Alef has 30 days, and Adar Beis has 29 days, plus the first day of Rosh Chodesh Adar Alef)!

This means we have lots of extra days of this mazel’dike month!

Since we get all of these extra brachos, we have to make sure to also add lots of extra simcha during these two months!

How? Here are some ways:

- Learning Torah or doing mitzvos more carefully will bring us simcha, since mitzvos make us happy!

- We can think about how Hashem is always with us!

- We can make ourselves and everyone around us more happy, using the Gashmius things we are allowed to use!

See Sefer Hasichos 5752 vol. 2, p. 391

 

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TEFILLAH

Yud-Gimmel Midos HoRachamim

After Shemoneh Esrei, we say a short paragraph telling Hashem that we are not embarrassed to admit that we — each of us, and all Yidden together — need to be better. We say a paragraph called Vidui, a list of aveiros according to the Alef-Beis, starting with “Ashamnu.”

The Arizal, who taught us to say Vidui every day, also taught that we should say the Yud-Gimmel Midos HoRachamim each day. These are the words of the Torah which Hashem taught Moshe Rabbeinu, to wake up Hashem’s Rachmonus so He will forgive the Yidden for their aveiros.

This is introduced by a rhyming poem, where we say to Hashem that He taught us to say the Yud-Gimmel Midos HoRachamim.

The Yud-Gimmel Midos HoRachamim themselves are only said if we are with a minyan.

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Ahavas Yisroel

We learned in the Hayom Yom today about the mitzvah of Ahavas Yisroel.

The main point of Ahavas Yisroel is to show concern about the needs of another person. Just like we think about and take care of all the things we need ourselves, we should also be concerned about what another person needs. It doesn’t matter who this person is, or how old he or she is — we care that they should have all that they need.

We see this very clearly in davening! At the beginning of our tefillos, where we will ask Hashem for our needs and our family’s needs, we say Hareini Mekabel. We first take upon ourselves the mitzvah of Ahavas Yisroel, showing that we are concerned for another Yid’s needs together with our own.

By showing this Ahavas Yisroel, this causes Hashem to accept our tefillos, and give us all we ask Him for!

See the letter of the Frierdiker Rebbe that today’s Hayom Yom comes from

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Mizbeiach Hanechoshes

According to the Hora’ah of the Rebbe, during these parshios when we learn about the Mishkan in the Torah, we learn more from Torah Shebaal Peh about the Mishkan. This helps us “live with the times,” and brings the Geulah faster!

Today in Chumash, we learned about the Mizbeiach Hanechoshes.

The Mizbeiach Hanechoshes was different than all the other keilim. All of the other keilim in the Mishkan were made out of gold, but this Mizbeiach was made out of copper! Why?

The purpose of the Mizbeiach was to be a kapara for the Yidden, through the korbanos. The copper coating itself was also a kapara. Based on a posuk in the Navi (“Itzchacha Nechusha”), copper represents a person who is acting very chutzpadik. The copper of the Mizbeiach itself is a kapara for this chutzpa.

See Rashi in today’s Chitas

 
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