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Parshas Vayikra - Revi'i with Rashi

Today we learn about another kind of Korban Nedava that a person can give as a present to Hashem, called a Korban Shelamim. (This korban makes shalom in the world because everyone gets to eat a part of it — the person bringing it, the kohen, and the Mizbeiach!)

A person can bring a Korban Shelamim from 3 kinds of animals — any kind of cow, or a sheep, or a goat. Of course, none of them can have a mum — any injuries or anything wrong with it!

Part of the animal gets burned on the Mizbeiach, including all of the cheilev, a certain kind of fat that is inside of an animal.

The Torah reminds us that Yidden do not eat cheilev or blood!



35 - 38

In Kapitel Lamed-Zayin, there is a posuk that says “MeiHashem Mitzdei Gever Konanu,” “Hashem sets up the footsteps of a person.”

The Alter Rebbe, in the first years of his nesius, said a Torah on this posuk:

When a person comes to a place, it’s so he can do a mitzvah there — either a mitzvah that is just for Hashem, or a mitzvah that also helps another Yid. We are shluchim of Hashem to do this mitzvah, and a shliach has the koach of the one who sent him — he has the koach of Hashem inside of him to be able to do his shlichus in that place!

Malochim are also sent to do things for Hashem, but their shlichus is different. Malochim don’t need to keep the Torah, only Yidden do. So when a Yid does a shlichus for Hashem by doing a mitzvah, it is a shlichus that is connected to Torah, which is very special!

(We learn this in Hayom Yom — can you find which day?)



Likutei Amarim Perek Lamed-Hey

Yesterday we learned that a Yid is like an oil candle: The fire is the Shechinah, the wick is the body, and the oil (that the fire needs) is the mitzvos.

Today the Alter Rebbe explains why only MITZVOS work as the oil to keep the Shechinah shining on us.

Really, we would think that the holy neshama should be enough to keep the Shechinah shining! Why do we need mitzvah oil?

Of course the neshama is very holy and a part of Hashem, but it can’t make Hashem SHINE. When we say that Hashem is shining, it means that you can’t see anything except for Hashem!

That doesn’t work with just a neshama, because once a neshama comes into the guf of a person, it knows that it’s a neshama. That makes it feel a little bit separate from Hashem.

But mitzvos are what Hashem WANTS, not something separate from Hashem! So when a Yid does a mitzvah, the only thing that’s important is Hashem Himself and that this mitzvah is what Hashem wants us to do!

That’s why it takes mitzvah oil to make Hashem’s Shechinah shine in a Yid, because there is nothing from the person in the way.


So now we know that for Hashem to shine through us, we have to do mitzvos.

But did you know that there are TWO kinds of mitzvos?

1) The mitzvah of learning Torah — this makes the light of the Shechinah shine in our Neshama!

2) Mitzvos we do with Gashmiyus things — these make the light of the Shechinah shine in our Guf too!

Here’s how it works:

When you stretch out your hand to light the Shabbos candles, your hand makes Hashem’s Shechinah shine not just on your hand, but on your whole body, because your whole body is connected!


Even though we said that Hashem’s Shechinah shines in different ways and in different places, we shouldn’t think that there is more than one Hashem chas veshalom. It’s the same Hashem!

A good mashal for this is the sun: Just like one sun can shine through a lot of windows, Hashem can shine in a lot of different ways at the same time!



Vov Adar Sheini

There are two nuscha’os explaining how the Tanya was made:

1) The Alter Rebbe gave eitzos to Chassidim in Yechidus for 10 years, and then he wrote the Tanya. People made copies, but they made mistakes, so the Alter Rebbe had the Tanya printed.

2) The Alter Rebbe spent 20 years writing the Tanya, making sure every word was perfect, and only then he let it be copied so people could learn it. When he saw that the people copying it made mistakes, the Alter Rebbe sent the Tanya to be printed.

The Tzemach Tzedek said that the first Rosh Hashana of his life, the Alter Rebbe said a maamar which is about what we learn in the first 3 perakim of Tanya!



Shiur #194 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #107, Asei #107

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #107) If we decided that a certain animal will be for a Korban Asham, we can’t change it afterwards and bring it as a Korban Chatas! It has to be the SAME animal for the SAME Korban.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Bechukosai: לֹא יַקְדִּישׁ אִישׁ אֹתוֹ

The details of this mitzvah are explained in Perek Hey of Mesechta Temurah.

Now we start a new Sefer of Rambam, and a new set of halachos, about Tumah and Tahara!

2) (Mitzvas Asei #107) The first mitzvah of this Sefer is that if someone becomes tomei with Tumas Meis (touching the body of a person who passed away), he needs to follow the halachos about what he is not allowed to do while he is tomei, and how he can become tahor again.



Hilchos Temurah - Hilchos Tumas Meis

In today’s Rambam, we finish learning the halachos of Temurah.

Perek Daled: In this perek, the Rambam teaches us what happens if an animal that is supposed to be a Korban or a Temurah has a baby! The Rambam finishes with a lesson from the halachos of Temurah that will help us in our Avodas Hashem!

Now we have finished Sefer Korbanos! Then we start learning a NEW sefer of Rambam, the 10th sefer, Sefer Tahara! The first set of halachos is Hilchos Tumas Meis, about the kind of tumah that comes from the body of a person who passed away R”L.

Perek Alef: The Rambam explains how a person can get Tumah.

Perek Beis: This perek teaches us what can give Tumas Meis.



Hilchos Me'ilah - Perek Vov

This perek has more examples to know if a person is doing the aveira of me’ilah — for example, someone who uses the Machatzis Hashekel which he was supposed to give to the Beis Hamikdash.



Lebn Mit Di Tzeit

The very first word of this week’s parsha, “Vayikra,” is written with a small alef. This small alef teaches us that Moshe was very humble, he saw himself as small.

Did you ever wonder why the alef is the letter that is small, and not a different letter — like maybe the mem of Moshe?

The Rebbe shows us that the alef teaches us what it REALLY means to be humble. The word alef comes from the same word as aluf, which means a leader or teacher.

Being humble doesn’t mean to think that you are worth nothing. People who have a Torah kind of humility know about the special kochos Hashem gave them. They are an aluf! They use their kochos to be a leader or teach others!

So how are they being humble? They remember that these kochos are not something of their own. Their talents are presents from Hashem, that they have an achrayus to use. This not only keeps them from being proud, it makes them humble! They know that they have this big achrayus, and know that someone else might even do a better job than them!

Moshe Rabbeinu felt this way, and we learn from him how we need to feel as well.

See Likutei Sichos chelek Yud-Zayin, page 1


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When we say Kavei and Ein Keilokeinu, we are reviewing Shemoneh Esrei!

Shemoneh Esrei is the main part of tefillah nowadays. It is in place of the Korban Tomid which was brought twice every day in the Beis Hamikdash.

And as part of the Avodah in the Beis Hamikdash, after bringing the Korban Tomid, the kohen would burn the Ketores on the Mizbeiach Hazahav!

That’s why we end off Ein Keilokeinu by praising Hashem that we bring the ketores before Him. Then we review the 11 spices that were inside the ketores.

It is true that we said the ketores before, in Korbanos, but this is the main time we say it, since now we are saying it at its proper time — after the Korban Tomid!

See Shaar Hakolel, perek Yud-Alef, os Lamed-Alef



Ad D'Lo Yada

We learned yesterday about Seudas Purim, today we’ll learn about the mitzvah to drink wine on Purim — Ad D’lo Yada.

Part of the mitzvah of having simcha on any Yom Tov is drinking wine. But since drinking too much wine can make a person behave not properly, we are careful about how much we drink. In fact, one of the jobs of the Beis Din used to be to send officers around on Yom Tov to make sure that nobody was drinking too much! (Rambam, Shevisas Yom Tov, perek Vov, halacha 21)

But on Purim, the halacha is different. We don’t just drink enough wine to give us simcha, we drink in a way of Ad D’lo Yada! The Chachomim tell us that a person needs to drink wine on Purim until he won’t know (“Ad D’lo Yada”) the difference between Arur Haman (“cursed is Haman”) and Boruch Mordechai (“blessed is Mordechai”)!

Of course, this doesn’t mean that it is fine to act in a not proper way!

If a person is sure that he is drinking wine for the mitzvah, and he is sure it won’t stop him from doing any mitzvos properly, then it’s a mitzvah to drink enough wine to become shikker.

But if someone isn’t sure that he will behave properly even if he is shikker, then he shouldn’t drink that much. Instead, he can do the mitzvah by drinking more wine than he usually does, to show his joy at the great neis that Hashem did!

The Rebbe would say many times that the gezeira of not saying more than four lechaims, especially for younger people, should also be kept on Purim.

See Shevach Hamoadim, Halachos Uminhagei Chabad - Purim, and Halacha newsletters from Chabad communities

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Purim When Moshiach Comes

Kol Hamoadim Asidim Libotel L’asid Lavo, Viyemei Hapurim Einam Beteilim Le’olam.” The Chachomim tell us that all of the Yomim Tovim will become botul when Moshiach comes, but the Yom Tov of Purim will NEVER become botul.

The Megillah even says this clearly! “Viyemei Hapurim Ho’eileh Lo Yaavru Mitoch Hayehudim, Vezichram Lo Yasuf Mizaram.” “These days of Purim will never leave the Yidden, and will never be forgotten by their children.”

But what does it mean that a Yom Tov will be botul? Does that mean no more Pesach seder, chas veshalom?

Of course not! We know that when Moshiach comes, we will be able to keep ALL the mitzvos, and none of the mitzvos will ever go away! We will still keep every single Yom Tov, with all of their halachos!

The word “botul” doesn’t mean that something disappears, it just means that it doesn’t seem as important. The Chachomim don’t say that Yomim Tovim will go away, they say that the Yomim Tovim will become botul!

Why will Yomim Tovim become botul when Moshiach comes?

Usually, Yom Tov feels VERY different and special. Adults don’t go to work like they usually do, and we celebrate with yummy foods and wine. When Moshiach comes, all of the melacha will be taken care of for us, and we will just be busy learning Torah and doing mitzvos. And when Moshiach comes, we will ALWAYS have lots of yummy food, so that part won’t feel so special! That’s what it means that the Yom Tov will be botul — in some ways, EVERY day will be like Yom Tov, so the real Yomim Tovim won’t feel so different!

But the way we celebrate on Purim will ALWAYS feel different. It is the only day when we have simcha in a way of Ad D’lo Yada! So even if every day feels like Yom Tov, Purim will always feel like a special day.

See Maamar Layehudim Haysa Orah, Purim 5712

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