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CHUMASH

Parshas Naso - Sheini with Rashi

Today Hashem tells Moshe to count the THIRD family of the Leviim, the family of Merari, to find out how many of them are the right ages to do the job of carrying parts of the Mishkan. Only Leviim who are older than 30 and younger than 50 are strong enough to do it right. (When someone is 30, they are as strong as they will get, but once they turn 50 they start being less strong.)

The Torah tells us their job again: To carry the walls of the Mishkan (with all of their pieces), and the poles with all of THEIR pieces from the Chatzer (the courtyard — the “fence” around the Mishkan).

Isamar, the son of Aharon, was in charge of making sure they knew how to do it right.

Now Moshe did what Hashem told him, and counted the men from the 3 families of the Leviim to see who was strong enough to do the work. Here’s how many he counted:

- Kehos: 2,750
- Gershon: 2,630
- Merari: 3,200

These Leviim were the right age to carry the parts of the Mishkan and play music with heavy instruments for the Avodah.

 
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TEHILLIM

49 - 54

In the last posuk of Kapitel Nun, Dovid Hamelech says: “Zoveiach Todah Yechabdaneni” — “a person who brings a Korban to give thanks to Hashem is bringing Hashem kavod.”

The word “Zoveiach” (“bring a korban”) means to shecht. The Gemara says that a person who shechts his Yetzer Hara brings kavod to Hashem!

How do we shecht our Yetzer Hara? The Rebbe explains that when we shecht an animal, that animal doesn’t have chayus anymore. The same thing is when we shecht our Yetzer Hara. The Yetzer Hara loses its chayus in getting excited about Gashmius things that we like or want. Instead, we should get excited about Kedusha things, like davening or doing mitzvos!

By getting excited about things for Hashem, we stop being excited about things for the Yetzer Hara. This takes away the chayus from our Yetzer Hara, and brings kavod to Hashem!

 
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TANYA

Shaar Hayichud Veha'emunah Perek Beis

The world is created in a way of Yeish Me’Ayin, so it needs a constant chayus of Hashem in it to make it exist. This chayus is the letters of the Asara Maamaros, which the world was created with.

The Alter Rebbe tells us about people, who even though they believe that Hashem made the world, they make a big mistake. They don’t think that there is such a thing as Hashgacha Protis or that Hashem does nisim.

How do they make this mistake? They think that Hashem makes the world the way a person makes something, for example a clay bowl. He can make the bowl and then walk away, and the bowl just stays there. That’s because he is making one thing from another thing.

But Hashem makes the world from NOTHING, Yeish Me’Ayin! Since it is created Yeish Me’Ayin, it always needs the chayus from Hashem in it so it can exist.

Even though those people don’t believe in the miracles of the Torah, the Alter Rebbe tells us — so that we should know — an example from Kriyas Yam Suf! With Kriyas Yam Suf, the water stood up like a wall — but only when Hashem kept the wind blowing against it. Even though this was a neis with something that was already there, and Hashem just made it work in a different way, it STILL needed a constant koach of Hashem.

If that’s the way it is with something that is already there, of course the world, which is created from nothing, needs a constant koach of Hashem so it can exist!

What is this chayus that Hashem gives the world? It is the letters of the Alef-Beis that spell the ten things Hashem said to create the world, the Asara Maamaros! These letters of the Alef-Beis come into every part of the world and make them exist.

 
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HAYOM YOM

Tes Sivan

When the Frierdiker Rebbe came to America, he began many new projects to strengthen Yiddishkeit. One of these projects, which was directed by our Rebbe, was called Chevras Mishnayos Baal Peh. This Chevra was to encourage people to learn Mishnayos by heart. The Mishnayos was split up for the entire year, and everyone who joined the program got a part to learn by heart.

On Isru Chag Shavuos in Tof-Shin-Beis (the year before the Hayom Yom was written), there was an event held in honor of completing oone cycle of learning the whole Mishnayos by heart, and splitting up Mishnayos to learn Baal Peh for the coming year. The Frierdiker Rebbe said a sicha there, and yesterday and today’s Hayom Yoms (Ches and Tes Sivan) are the main points of that sicha. Today’s Hayom Yom talks about the Mishnayos Baal Peh.

When the air of the world isn’t tahor, we can’t feel our connection to Hashem very well.

The world needs to have more tahor air!

How do we make the air tahor? The only way to do it is with words of Torah! Reviewing Mishnayos Baal Peh makes our connection to Hashem shine and makes the air tahor for us, and everyone around us!

Mishnayos shows that our neshama is connected to Hashem, because the word “Mishnah” is the same letters as the word “Neshama”!

Mishnayos that we learn Baal Peh is a very good way to make the air tahor wherever we go, even when we don’t have a sefer with us. This is what the posuk says, “Uvelechtecha Baderech,” that we should speak words of Torah even when we are going on our way!

The Frierdiker Rebbe says that it’s hard to find words to say how much reviewing Mishnayos all the time helps us, and protects every Yid! And there are no words to explain the nachas it brings Hashem!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #301 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #236

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #236) that not only is it not allowed for someone to lend with Ribbis (interest), it’s not even allowed for someone to BORROW from a Yid with Ribbis! So even if the person we’re borrowing from doesn’t know about the mitzvah, we’re not allowed to borrow from him and pay interest.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Malveh VeLoveh

Perek Yud-Tes: One of the things we learn in today’s Rambam is that when the Beis Din needs to take away someone’s field to pay back a loan, they shouldn’t take the best field, and they shouldn’t take the worst field — they should take the middle kind, the “beinonis.” (Really, Torah says that the nicest way to do it is to take the worst field away, but the Chachomim were afraid nobody would want to make any more loans if they did that. That’s why they made the halacha that we should take from the beinonis.)

In Perek Chof, we learn about what the Beis Din should do if someone doesn’t have a lot of money or property, and TWO people come to the Beis Din because their loans weren’t paid back. Who gets paid back first? The halacha is that whoever’s loan was made first gets paid back first. If both were at the same time, whoever went to the Beis Din first gets paid back first!

Perek Chof-Alef: Let’s say that Reuven borrowed money from Shimon, but never paid it back. In the meantime, Reuven sold his field to Levi! Levi worked very hard on the field, and fixed it up so it is now worth more money. But since Reuven still owes him money, Shimon is allowed to take the field from Levi. This perek has the halachos about if he can take the fixed-up part of the field to pay back the loan, since it is now worth more.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Eidus - Perek Yud-Zayin

In Perek Yud-Zayin, we learn that even if you KNOW that someone is telling the truth, you can’t be a witness unless you really saw or heard what happened.

So if a teacher says to one of his talmidim, “You know I would never lie! Someone owes me money, but I only have one witness. Please be the second witness for me!” The talmid can’t be an eid — that would be a not true witness, since the talmid didn’t really see what happened!

The Beis Din would give a little mussar about someone who says a false eidus, to try to prevent people from doing it.

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Chassidishe Parsha

In the first maamar of the Likutei Torah for this week, Parshas Naso, the Alter Rebbe explains how the travels of the Yidden in the Midbar were preparing the world for the Geulah.

What is a Midbar?

In a Midbar, there is no water. Nothing can grow there.

Kedusha is a source of life! Kedusha is about making things grow! A place where nothing can grow must be the opposite of kedushakelipah.

The Yidden traveled for 40 years in the Midbar, this place of kelipah. But they had the Aron and the Shechinah traveling in front of them! This great light of kedusha pushed away the kelipah that was there.

These years in the Midbar, then, were very important. They were already preparing the world for the coming of Moshiach! Because of the travels of the Yidden in the Midbar, the kelipah was pushed away. This was a preparation which would eventually let the light of the Geulah shine!

 

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TEFILLAH

Don't Pick Up Your Phone Before Davening!

The Rebbe once said at a farbrengen:

It can happen that a Yid will wake up in the morning, and the first thing he does is to run to the telephone to make an important call. He can’t wait until after Modeh Ani, after Hodu, or after learning a bit of Torah after davening. He needs to rush and make this phone call before the businessman leaves his house, so he won’t miss making the deal!

This kind of behavior comes from not having enough emunah, and not understanding that it is Hashem Who brings us hatzlacha in all we do.

If we had proper emunah, we would realize that it’s impossible that following what the Torah tells us in Shulchan Aruch should make us lose out in what Hashem wants to give us! It is impossible that davening in shul, and learning a shiur afterwards, should cause us to miss out in the parnasa that was decided for us.

So why does a Yid go to the phone before davening? He isn’t going to use the phone to remind his friend to come to the minyan — the real reason a phone was created...

He thinks that his hatzlacha is based on what HE does: If he gets the businessman in time, it will be good. But the truth is that when we first daven and learn something, and only afterwards go to the phone, that is when we get Hashem’s bracha!

See farbrengen Balak Mem-Daled

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Velo Sasuru

There are six mitzvos that we are supposed to keep all the time. These mitzvos keep us always connected to Hashem!

The sixth of these mitzvos is “Velo Sasuru.” This mitzvah comes from the posuk, “Velo Sasuru Acharei Levavchem Ve’acharei Eineichem,” “you shouldn’t turn to follow after your heart and your eyes.” That means that you shouldn’t believe or behave according to ideas that are not the way Torah teaches.

The Chachomim teach us that we should be careful not to read or watch things that teach us non-Torah ideas, so that we won’t end up following them. This means not to read books or newspapers that are against Torah, and not to look at advertisements or videos that show a way of life that is not right for a Yid.

Part of this mitzvah is also to be careful not to look at or think about things which are not tznius, which can make a person think or do something against Torah.

Any time that we keep ourselves from looking where we shouldn’t look, or thinking what we shouldn’t think, we are keeping this mitzvah! The Chachomim teach us that if a person holds himself back from doing an aveira, Hashem rewards him as if he did a mitzvah. The Alter Rebbe tells us in Tanya that for this reason we should be happy every time we are able to keep this mitzvah!

The reason why this is the last mitzvah is that when we keep the first five mitzvos (1- to believe in Hashem, 2- not to believe in anything else, 3- to know that Hashem is One, 4- to have Yiras Hashem, 5- and have Ahavas Hashem), then it will make it much easier to keep this mitzvah!

We learned before that the best way to be strong in these mitzvos is through learning Chassidus, which shows us how to live according to these mitzvos all the time.

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Seven Times As Good

The Navi Yeshaya gives a mashal about Hashem’s goodness in the times of the Geulah.

Imagine that night, which can feel scary and dangerous, felt as good and safe as daytime! And that daytime, when we can see things clearly and feel safe, was MUCH better!

This is a mashal for the way things will be when Moshiach comes. The “night” times, times of pain and suffering, will not exist. And the “day” times, the times during Golus that things are good, will be so much better during the Geulah!

וְהָיָה אוֹר הַלְּבָנָה כְּאוֹר הַחַמָּה וְאוֹר הַחַמָּה יִהְיֶה שִׁבְעָתַיִם כְּאוֹר שִׁבְעַת הַיָּמִים בְּיוֹם חֲבֹשׁ ה׳ אֶת שֶׁבֶר עַמּוֹ וּמַחַץ מַכָּתוֹ יִרְפָּא

Vehaya Or HaLevana Ke’Or HaChama — The light of the moon will be like the light of the sun,

Ve’Or HaChama Yihiyeh Shivasayim — And the light of the sun will be seven times seven as strong

Ke’Or Shivas HaYamim — As the light of all of the seven days of Creation together!

Rashi says that we see that things will be 343 times as good — seven times seven (Shivasayim) times seven (days of Creation)!

BeYom Chavosh Hashem Es Shever Amo — On the day that Hashem will bandage their injuries

U’Machatz Makaso Yirpa — And will completely heal their wounds.

May we be zoche to see Hashem’s goodness with the Geulah Sheleimah now!

See Yeshaya perek Lamed posuk Chof-Vov

 
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