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CHUMASH

Parshas Pekudei - Chamishi with Rashi

Hashem tells Moshe Rabbeinu that he should put up the Mishkan all by himself on Rosh Chodesh Nissan!

Here is the way Moshe Rabbeinu should set it up:

1) Put up the Mishkan building.
2) Put the Aron in the Kodesh Hakodoshim.
3) Put up the Paroches between the Kodesh and the Kodesh Hakodoshim, to be a mechitzah in front of the Aron.
4) Set up the Shulchan and the Lechem Hapanim on it.
5) Bring in the Menorah and light it.
6) Put the Mizbeiach Hazahav opposite the place of the Aron.
7) Put up a curtain by the entrance of the Mishkan.
8) Put the Mizbeiach Ha’olah (the big copper Mizbeiach for korbanos) in front of the entrance to the Mishkan.
9) Set up the Kiyor between the Mishkan and the Mizbeiach, and fill it with water.
10) Set up the Chatzer around the Mishkan.
11) Put up a curtain by the entrance to the Chatzer.

Then, Moshe Rabbeinu should get the Mishkan and its keilim ready to be used. He should first anoint the Mishkan and all of the keilim inside of it with the Shemen Hamishcha, to make them holy. He should also anoint the keilim outside of the Mishkan, the Mizbeiach and the Kiyor.

Moshe Rabbeinu should bring Aharon and his sons to the entrance of the Mishkan and toivel them in the mikvah.

During the Shivas Yemei Hamiluim, Aharon wasn’t fully a Kohen Gadol yet. Because of that, he wasn’t allowed to put on the special clothing himself, and Moshe Rabbeinu dressed him. Now, on Rosh Chodesh Nisan, Aharon was allowed to put on the special clothing of the Kohen Gadol. Still, Hashem told Moshe Rabbeinu to help him again! Then he should anoint him with the Shemen Hamishcha.

Moshe should also help the kohanim all put on their Kesones, the main piece of clothing of a kohen. Then he should anoint them with the Shemen Hamish’cha so they will be ready to do the avodah. This will make them kohanim now, and forever!

Moshe did just what Hashem told him to!

 
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TEHILLIM

145 - 150

In today’s Tehillim, we do the last five kapitelach of Tehillim, and finish the whole sefer, like we do at the end of every month!

After the Churban Beis Hamikdash, the Chachomim made a takana that Yidden need to daven every day using a certain nusach of 18 brachos, Shmoneh Esrei. This would take the place of the korbanos that they couldn’t bring anymore, and would help them express themselves to Hashem in Lashon Hakodesh, which not everyone knew so well, since they were in Golus outside of Eretz Yisroel.

The Chachomim felt that it was important to not just get up and daven Shmoneh Esrei, but to praise Hashem first to remember who we are davening to. So they made a takana that before Shmoneh Esrei, we need to say Pesukei Dezimra, praises to Hashem. They started and ended Pesukei Dezimra with a bracha, Boruch She’amar and Yishtabach.

The main part of the praises in Pesukei Dezimra are these five kapitelach from the end of Tehillim!

One of the pesukim in the first kapitel of Tehillah Ledovid (we add two pesukim to from other kapitelach before, so it starts with the word Ashrei), is “Gadol Hashem Umehulal Me’od, Veligdulaso Ein Cheker.” “Hashem is great and is praised very much, and we can’t even imagine His greatness!”

The Alter Rebbe tells us in perek daled of Tanya that even though we can’t imagine Hashem’s greatness or understand Hashem, Hashem gave us a way to be connected to His greatness, through learning Torah and doing mitzvos!

When we realize how special this is, we will love Hashem and want to do Torah and mitzvos in the best way.

 
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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Lamed-Daled

What are you going to dress up as this Purim? Do you know anyone that will be dressed up like a world?

Guess what? Hashem is dressed up like a world and everything inside of it! But not just on Purim — EVERY day.

When we look at the world, it looks like there are many different things. There are different kinds of people, animals, plants, and rocks. There are so many kinds of things that happen all the time, and many of them might even seem strange!

But really there is ONE Aibershter who is inside of everything and is everywhere, and there is nothing besides for him — we just can’t see it.

There are some big tzadikim who were able to see it and feel it their whole lives (even when they were sleeping!), like the Avos and the Neviim, and Moshe Rabbeinu! In fact, ALL of the Yidden felt it during Matan Torah!

After Matan Torah, we were able to feel it in the Mishkan. That’s why Hashem wanted us to build the Mishkan, so we would feel the oneness of Hashem there. Finally when Moshiach comes, the whole world will see it, and the “mask” Hashem put in the world to hide Himself will be taken away!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Lamed Adar Alef

The Rebbe Rashab said, “A Chosid macht a svivah.” What does this mean?

When a chossid acts the way a chossid should be, people around him see and learn from him. They also start to act the way the should!

If that’s not happening, if people around him aren’t starting to behave better, he needs to ask himself why. He should ask himself, “Vos tu ich oif der velt?” “What am I accomplishing in the world?”

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #188 - Mitzvas Asei #70

Today’s mitzvah is the same one as yesterday’s!

(Mitzvas Asei #70) If a person isn’t sure if he did an aveira, he needs to bring a korban called an Asham Talui.

We learn this mitzvah from two pesukim in Parshas Vayikra:

וְאִם נֶפֶשׁ כִּי תֶחֱטָא וְעָשְׂתָה אַחַת מִכָּל מִצְוֹת ה׳ אֲשֶׁר לֹא תֵעָשֶׂינָה וְלֹא יָדַע וְאָשֵׁם וְנָשָׂא עֲו‍ֹנוֹ: וְהֵבִיא אַיִל תָּמִים מִן הַצֹּאן בְּעֶרְכְּךָ לְאָשָׁם אֶל הַכֹּהֵן וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן עַל שִׁגְגָתוֹ אֲשֶׁר שָׁגָג וְהוּא לֹא יָדַע

The details are explained in Mesechta Kerisus.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Shegagos

In today’s Rambam, we learn about the Korbanos a person brings if he did an Aveira by mistake.

Perek Vov and Zayin: These perakim teach us the halachos if a person forgot that something is an Aveira, and then did it a lot of times. Does he need to bring a new korban for each time he did the Aveira, or just one for the whole time he forgot?

Perek Ches: The Rambam teaches us about the Korban Asham Talui — if a person isn’t sure he did the kind of Aveira that he would need to bring a Korban Chatas for (an aveira that is punished by Kareis). These are the halachos about today’s Mitzvah!

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Avodas Yom Hakipurim - Perek Hey

Today we learn what happens if the Avodah was done in the wrong order, or if something wasn’t done exactly like it says in the Torah.

Mazel Tov! We have now finished this section of halachos!

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Megillas Esther

It says in the Megillah that many goyim decided to become Yidden after the story of Purim, because the fear of the Yidden fell upon them, meaning that they were afraid of the Yidden. “Verabim Me’Amei Ha’aretz Misyahadim, Ki Nafal Pachad Hayehudim Aleihem.”

The simple meaning of the posuk is that they became geirim because they were afraid that the Yidden would kill them for being ready to fulfill Haman’s decree.

But seforim bring another way to explain this posuk, that “the fear of the Yidden” means the Yiras Shomayim that the Yidden have! Their Yiras Shomayim fell upon the goyim, and made them want to change.

There’s a lesson we can learn from this for nowadays too: If we want goyim not to hurt Yidden, but instead to help them, we need to make sure they see our Yiras Shomayim!

When do the goyim see our Yiras Shomayim? Not when we’re in shulgoyim don’t see us when we’re in shul. They see us when we eat, sleep, do business, or walk in the streets! When we act in a way that shows that we know Hashem is with us and watching us, and do things the way that Torah teaches us, that is something everyone can see. When Goyim see that Yiras Shomayim, they realize that it’s something very special, and want to learn from us and help us. Then they will certainly not do anything to cause Yidden any harm chas veshalom.

Based on farbrengen Purim 5718

 

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TEFILLAH

Shir Shel Yom - Yom Chamishi

Imagine you went to Yerushalayim,
And went to take a peek
Inside the Beis Hamikdash
On one of the days of the week.

You’d hear the Leviim singing
A song that is unique
A special kapitel Tehillim
Just for that day of the week!

And nowadays in our davening,
Holy words we speak
We also say the Shir Shel Yom,
The song for that day of the week!

The Shir Shel Yom for Yom Chamishi is kapitel Pey-Alef, which starts with the words “Harninu L’Elokim Uzeinu.” This means, “Let us sing to Hashem, Who is our strength!”

When Hashem first created the world, it was quiet. There was nothing to make noise! Only on Yom Chamishi, when Hashem created the birds and fish, the world started to fill with song. Each bird uses its own voice to sing praise to Hashem!

So on Yom Chamishi, we also join and sing to Hashem!

Another reason why this is the Shir Shel Yom for Yom Chamishi is because of a posuk later in the kapitel: “Anochi Hashem Elokecha, Hama’alcha Me’Eretz Mitzrayim,” “I am Hashem Your Aibershter, Who brought you up out of Eretz Mitzrayim.”

Do you know what day of the week Yetziyas Mitzrayim was?

That’s right, on Yom Chamishi!

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Adar Prizes

Parents should give money and other good things to their children in Chodesh Adar. We know that “Mishenichnas Adar, Marbim Besimcha” — when Adar starts, the Torah tells us we need to do even more things that make us happy!

Just like we give kids things on Yom Tov to make them happy, we need to make them happy in Chodesh Adar! Especially fathers, who are sometimes strict, need to give their children special treats so they know he loves them.

See Sicha of Parshas Terumah, 5752

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Children and the Third Beis Hamikdash

In Avos D’R’ Nosson, it says that kids also gave donations to build the Mishkan (which we just learned about)! The Rebbe says that we can learn from here that kids will give from their own money to help build the Beis Hamikdash Hashlishi as well!

The Rebbe tells us that it’s a good idea to give kids money, so they can give their own money to tzedakah, and they’ll have what to give for the Beis Hamikdash Hashlishi!

See Sicha of Parshas Terumah, 5752

 
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