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CHUMASH

Parshas Devarim - Revi'i with Rashi

Moshe Rabbeinu reminds the Yidden that because of what was done, only the children of those who left Mitzrayim will be able to go to Eretz Yisroel.

Having to stay in the Midbar: Hashem told the Yidden, “You complained that the children would get hurt if you tried to go to Eretz Yisroel, and now THEY will be the only ones to go live there!” The Yidden had to take a LONG detour, and stay in the Midbar for 40 years, until this generation of adults all passed away.

Some Yidden decided to go to Eretz Yisroel without permission. Hashem told Moshe to warn them, but they didn’t want to listen. They went, and Hashem didn’t help them — the Emori came and attacked them.

Even though the Yidden begged Hashem to let them go to Eretz Yisroel after all, Hashem didn’t let. The Yidden had to go back and travel into the desert, farther away from Eretz Yisroel, for 38 years.

 
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TEHILLIM

1 - 9

Today we start the Tehillim again from the beginning! Today’s kapitelach are Kapitel Alef until Kapitel Tes.

Many times when Yidden were in trouble, the Rebbe would speak about a posuk from one of today’s kapitelach: “Mipi Olelim Veyonkim Yisadeta Oz” — “from the mouths of children and babies You get koach to destroy the enemies.” The Rebbe explained that the koach of the Torah and mitzvos of children is what gives us koach to destroy all of our enemies!

From this posuk we learn that when even a very small child or a baby says words of Torah or does a mitzvah, it is able to protect Yidden everywhere!

This is why chinuch of small children is so important, because it helps keep all Yidden safe!

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hateshuvah Perek Yud-Alef

A Yid always needs to be besimcha! Even if he did an aveira, he STILL needs to always be besimcha!

If he’s thinking about the aveira he did (Teshuva Tata’ah), he should be happy since he knows that Hashem for sure forgives him!

And of course, when he is learning Torah and doing mitzvos with an extra chayus (Teshuvah Ila’ah), then he is FOR SURE besimcha!

Now the Alter Rebbe tells us one more thing where a Yid might think that he should be sad — but even then, he needs to be besimcha! What is that?

Dovid Hamelech says in Tehillim that we should always remember our aveiros (Vechatasi Negdi Somid). If a person is always remembering his aveiros, won’t he get sad?

The Alter Rebbe says no! Really, it’s just the opposite! That’s a GREAT reason to be besimcha! Why?

Dovid Hamelech isn’t saying that you need to THINK about your aveiros all the time, just that you should remember that they exist.

Instead, any time when someone does something you don’t like, or something happens from Hashem that you don’t like, you can remember your aveiros and say “Zol Zain A Kaparah!” Any time something happens that doesn’t seem so good, you can think about that aveira for a second and say, “Okay Hashem, now You gave me a kapara for the aveira!”

So when Dovid Hamelech says to remember our aveiros, it doesn’t mean to be always thinking about them to make us sad, just that we should always remember that they exist. This will help us accept uncomfortable things in life happily!

We’ll see more about this IY”H tomorrow!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Alef Menachem Av

Today we learn something very special about Moshiach’s humility:

Moshiach will teach Torah to ALL of the Yidden — to the Avos and Moshe Rabbeinu. That shows us how great Moshiach is, that he can even teach such great tzadikim! Still, Moshiach will ALSO teach even very simple Yidden who don’t understand very much.

This shows that Moshiach is so humble! Even though he is very great, he will learn with everyone!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #13 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #10, #47, #60, #6, #5, #2, #3, #4, #15, Asei #186, Lo Saasei #23, #24

Now we have started learning Hilchos Avodah Zarah, the halachos about not serving Avodah Zarah. Hashem gave us many mitzvos about keeping away from Avodah Zarah, so we will be learning many mitzvos every day while we learn these perakim!

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #10) We are not allowed to learn about or think about Avodah Zarah, for example to learn about a religion which is Avodah Zarah. We are also not allowed to look at and think about an image of Avodah Zarah, like a picture or statue.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Kedoshim: אַל תִּפְנוּ אֶל הָאֱלִילִם

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #47)VeLo Sasuru” — This is a mitzvah for our thinking. We are not allowed to feel free in our mind to think into non-Torah ideas. Our thoughts need to be only according to the way Torah teaches us. The second half of this mitzvah is not to let our minds get too busy thinking about taavos, enjoying things which won’t help our Avodas Hashem. (This is one of the 6 Mitzvos Temidiyos, the mitzvos we need to keep ALL the time.)

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Shelach: וְלֹא תָתוּרוּ אַחֲרֵי לְבַבְכֶם וְאַחֲרֵי עֵינֵיכֶם

3) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #60)Birchas Hashem” — We are not allowed to give the opposite of a bracha to Hashem.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: אֱלֹקִים לֹא תְקַלֵּל

The details are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Zayin.

4) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #6) We are not allowed to do things to an Avodah Zara if that is how it is served, even if it is not bowing down to it or bringing it korbanos. So if a certain Avodah Zarah is served by throwing a rock at it, we aren’t allowed to throw a rock (even though it’s okay to throw rocks in other places where they won’t hurt anyone!)

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Yisro: וְלֹא תָעָבְדֵם

The details are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Zayin.

5) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #5) We are not allowed to bow to or bring korbanos to ANY Avodah Zarah, even if that’s not how most people worship that Avodah Zarah.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Yisro: לֹא תִשְׁתַּחֲוֶה לָהֶם וְלֹא תָעָבְדֵם

The details are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Zayin.

6) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #2) We are not allowed to make an idol ourselves or pay someone else to make an idol, even if we won’t use it.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Yisro: לֹא תַעֲשֶׂה לְּךָ פֶסֶל וְכָל תְּמוּנָה

The details are explained in Mesechta Avodah Zarah.

7) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #3) We are not allowed to make an idol for someone else who will use it as an Avodah Zarah, even for someone who is not Jewish.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Kedoshim: וֵאלֹהֵי מַסֵּכָה לֹא תַעֲשׂוּ לָכֶם

The details are explained in Mesechta Avodah Zarah.

8) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #4) We can’t make a statue of a person, even just because it looks pretty.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Yisro: לֹא תַעֲשׂוּן אִתִּי אֱלֹהֵי כֶסֶף וֵאלֹהֵי זָהָב לֹא תַעֲשׂוּ לָכֶם

The details are explained in Mesechta Avodah Zarah perek Gimmel.

9) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #15) We are not allowed to say things that get a group of people to do Avodah Zarah. A person who does this is called a Madiach.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: לֹא יִשָּׁמַע עַל פִּיךָ

The details are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Yud.

10) (Mitzvas Asei #186) If there is a city of people who serve Avodah Zarah, we need to burn it down! This is called an Ir Hanidachas, a city that let themselves be convinced by a Madiach to serve Avodah Zarah.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Re’eh: וְשָׂרַפְתָּ בָאֵשׁ אֶת הָעִיר וְאֶת כָּל שְׁלָלָהּ

The details are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin.

11) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #23) We can’t rebuild an Ir Hanidachas after it was burned down.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Re’eh: וְהָיְתָה תֵּל עוֹלָם לֹא תִבָּנֶה עוֹד

The details are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Yud.

12) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #24) We can’t take anything from an Ir Hanidachas — it ALL needs to be burned.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: לֹא יִשָּׁמַע עַל פִּיךָ

The details are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Yud.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Avodas Kochavim

Perek Alef: In today’s Rambam, the Rambam explains how people starting serving Avodah Zarah in the first place. Of course Adam Harishon knew that Hashem created the world! How did so many people start davening to idols?

At first, it was just a little mistake — people thought that since Hashem created the sun and moon, they need to show the sun and moon special kavod. Then later, they forgot that Hashem made the sun and moon in the first place...

Later, Avraham Avinu thought for a long time and realized that Hashem created the world! He started teaching everyone again to daven only to Hashem, and NOT to Avodah Zarah.

In Perek Beis, the Rambam explains to us why we have so many mitzvos to keep us away from Avodah Zarah: Because it is easy for a person to make a mistake. We sometimes have questions about Hashem and Torah, but many times we just didn’t know enough to really understand. If we just do whatever we think makes sense, it is very easy to end up serving Avodah Zarah. So we have many mitzvos to keep us from making a mistake!

Perek Gimmel teaches us halachos about when something a person does is considered Avodah Zarah. If a person makes a statue of a person, he gets punished, but it is fine to paint a picture of someone.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Yesodei HaTorah - Perek Alef

In Perek Alef, the Rambam teaches us the first, most important thing we need to know before we learn anything else in the whole Torah: To know that there is only one Hashem, that He created everything, that He controls everything, and that nothing could exist without Hashem. We can’t see Hashem, but we know that He is always there!

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

The Nine Days

Especially during the Nine Days, Yidden think about how hard it is to live without the Beis Hamikdosh, and to be in Golus. There are many things we are not allowed to do in the Nine Days, like swimming and doing laundry, because we are mourning, like an avel (chas veshalom) for the Beis Hamikdosh.

But, the Rebbe says, a Yid needs to be besimcha! That will bring Moshiach closer!

So what ARE we allowed to do in the Nine Days that will bring us Simcha? Learning Torah! Like we learned today, when you finish learning a part of Torah it brings simcha! (On Shabbos, we will finish a whole sefer of Chumash!)

The Rebbe made a takanah that every day of the Nine Days we should be part of a Siyum on a Mesechta of Gemara, since that is a way that we ARE allowed to be happy during this time. This kind of simcha will for sure bring Moshiach closer!

The Rebbe said that children should be part of these siyumim, even if they don’t understand the siyum at all! (We see an example for this from Shulchan Aruch, that we bring a bechor to a siyum Erev Pesach, even if he is very little.)

Visit Chabad.org/siyum for a daily siyum by NCFJE!

See Sefer Hasichos Tof-Shin-Nun-Alef p. 719 (children participating in siyumim)

 

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TEFILLAH

Birchos HaTorah

According to Kabbalah, the brachos that we say in Birchos HaTorah are considered three separate brachos.

1) Al Divrei Sorah — we bless Hashem for the mitzvah of learning Torah!

2) Vehaarev Na — we ask that our Torah learning should be enjoyable, that it should be lasting, that our children and Klal Yisrael also appreciate it, and that we learn for the right reasons!

3) Asher Bachar Banu — we thank Hashem for choosing US to give His special gift to, and that Hashem is Nosein HaTorah, constantly giving it to us!

Some say that the three brachos are because of the three parts of Torah: Mikra (Tanach), Mishna, and Medrash (sources and reasons for the halachos of Torah and the deeper meanings of pesukim).

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

The Nine Days

Do you know the halachos of the Nine Days? Here are some of the things we aren’t allowed to do:

- We don’t eat fleishigs — even things that are cooked with fleishigs, like the soup part of chicken soup. (We are allowed to taste a bit of the Shabbos food before Shabbos to make sure the spices are good.)

- We don’t take baths or showers unless we are dirty!

- We don’t cut our nails or our hair (we can cut our nails Lekavod Shabbos).

- We don’t wear “fresh” clothes that are nice and just washed

- We don’t go swimming or boating

We don’t do these things to remind us how sad we are that we don’t have the Beis Hamikdash back yet.

But when Moshiach comes, these will be very HAPPY days!

- The Rebbe tells us to make a siyum every day of the Nine Days, to have simcha in a way that we ARE allowed!

Here is a detailed guide with the halachos of the Nine Days, by Rabbi Lesches from Melbourne, Australia: Link

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Moshiach Will Be Our King

After the times of Shlomo Hamelech, the Yidden were split into two groups — one group followed the Malchei Yehudah, and the other followed the Malchei Yisrael. The Navi Yechezkel told the Yidden a nevuah that when Moshiach comes, the Yidden won’t be split anymore! They will all be one nation, with one king.

Hashem promises:

וְעַבְדִּי דָוִד מֶלֶךְ עֲלֵיהֶם וְרוֹעֶה אֶחָד יִהְיֶה לְכֻלָּם וּבְמִשְׁפָּטַי יֵלֵכוּ וְחֻקֹּתַי יִשְׁמְרוּ וְעָשׂוּ אוֹתָם

Ve’avdi Dovid Melech Aleihem — My servant, Dovid (Melech Hamoshiach, who comes from Dovid) will be a king over them

VeRo’eh Echad Yihiyeh Lechulam — And one “shepherd” will take care of them all. (A leader of the Yidden is like a shepherd, who watches and takes care of each of his sheep.)

U’veMishpatai Yeileichu — The Yidden will follow in the ways of My mishpatim (this is a type of mitzvah that we understand)

Ve’chukosai Yishmoru — And they will hold my Chukim in their hearts (this is a type of mitzvah we don’t understand)

Ve’asu Osam — And they will do all of these mitzvos.

See Yechezkel perek Lamed-Zayin posuk Chof-Daled

 
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