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Parshas Korach - Sheini with Rashi

We learned yesterday that Moshe told Korach and his group to bring Ketores to show that Hashem didn’t want everyone to be a Kohen Gadol. Moshe Rabbeinu tried to make Dasan and Aviram feel better so they would do Teshuvah, but they didn’t want to listen.

At first, Moshe thought that this group was just jealous of the special job of the Kohen Gadol, who got to do the holiest jobs in the Mishkan. He thought that by trying to bring Ketores, they would realize that Hashem had not chosen them.

But Dasan and Aviram kept complaining: “You didn’t bring us to Eretz Yisroel like you promised us!”

Moshe realized that they didn’t just want the honor of being the Kohen Gadol, they didn’t want ANYONE to be in charge of them! He asked Hashem to punish only those who brought their ketores for the wrong reasons — those that didn’t like that anyone was in charge.

All night, Korach tried to get the Yidden to join him. He went to all of the Shevatim, convincing them that he was trying to help them. He managed to get them all to come with him the next morning.

The next morning, the original 250 people who joined Korach took their ketores and stood by the Mishkan with Moshe and Aharon. Everyone else was there too.

Then, everyone could see Hashem’s cloud in front of them, with a special message!



120 - 134

Today’s Tehillim are the 15 Shir Hamaalos.

The Rebbe Maharash once said that if someone doesn’t have parnasa, it’s not really the parnasa that is missing, it’s the bitachon in Hashem that is missing!

A Chossid once complained to the Rebbe Maharash about how hard it is for him at home, because he has no money. He said (from today’s Tehillim), “MeiAyin Yavo Ezri?” “Where will my help come from?”

The Rebbe Maharash answered, “Your answer is in the next posuk! ‘Ezri Me’Im Hashem, Osei Shomayim VaAretz!’ Your help comes from Hashem, Who takes care of everything in the Shomayim and the earth. He gives everything what it needs in the right time, and He will take care of you too!”



Shaar Hayichud Veha'emunah Perek Ches

In the first half of Shaar Hayichud Veha’emunah, the Alter Rebbe explained the posuk Veyadaata Hayom, where Moshe Rabbeinu tells the Yidden that they should know (Veyadaata) that Hashem Hu Ha’elokim, and Ein Od Milvado — there is nothing aside for Hashem. The Alter Rebbe helped us to be able to look at the world where Hashem is hidden and still KNOW that there is nothing aside for Hashem. Now we are learning what the Rambam says is impossible for a person to properly understand — about Achdus Hashem (Hu Vedaato Echad). This we will have to take with Emunah.

We have no mashal to understand Achdus Hashem, how Hashem is one with all of the sefiros. Why not? Because any mashal we have is from the way things are with US, and that’s NOT the way they are with Hashem!

Today the Alter Rebbe reviews the levels we have in our neshama. But we will see that even the highest koach of our neshama which we can imagine (Chochmah) is not a good mashal for Hashem at all!

There are five levels in how the neshama expresses itself. From highest to lowest:

1) Chochmah: (knowing) like knowing about someone who needs help

2) Midos: (feeling) like feeling Rachmonus for the person

3) Machshava: (thinking) like thinking about how to help them

4) Dibur: (talking) like talking to someone about a plan for what to do

5) Maaseh: (doing) like giving the person what he needs

We will see that by a person, Chochmah is the highest level. But by Hashem, Chochmah is considered the lowest level! So of course, it is not a good mashal for Hashem at all, and it is impossible for us to really understand how Hashem and His Chochmah are one.



Chof-Zayin Sivan

Today we learn something about how we get good parnasa.

Hashem has a plan for how much money a person should get for a whole year. The way to get these things is through Hashem’s bracha.

How do we get Hashem’s bracha? By doing our business the way Hashem wants. For example, we aren’t allowed to sell something so we will earn more money than the Torah allows us to — Ona’ah. When we act the way the Torah tells us, we get a DOUBLE bracha!

1) We get enough money for everything we need

2) We will be able to use our money for GOOD things, not things like doctor bills or lawyers, chas veshalom!



Shiur #333 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #167

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #167) is that the Kohen Gadol has to be careful not to move or touch something that can give him Tumas Meis. (That sounds just like yesterday’s mitzvah, that a Kohen Gadol should not become Tomei, but the Rambam shows us how really they are two separate mitzvos — not to be in a place that can make him tomeiLo Yavo, and not to touch or move something that can make him tomeiLo Yitama!)

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Emor: וְעַל כָּל נַפְשֹׁת מֵת לֹא יָבֹא



Hilchos Aveil

Today’s Rambam (perakim Vov, Zayin, and Ches) talks about the halachos of a person who is mourning for someone who passed away.

Very soon when Moshiach will come, there will be no more reason for Hashem to take a person’s neshama away from their Guf. In fact, Hashem will return every neshama to their proper guf with Techiyas Hameisim!



Hilchos Nedarim - Perek Tes

Depending on what words a person uses, a neder he makes might mean different things. Like if a person would say that grapes are asur for him, would that also include grape juice and wine?



Chof-Ches Sivan - Shemonim Shanah

Tonight is Chof-Ches Sivan! There are two very special things that happened on Chof-Ches Sivan:

1) Eighty years ago, through many nisim, the Rebbe and Rebbetzin left Europe which was very dangerous at that time. On Chof-Ches Sivan, they arrived safely in America.

2) Chof-Ches Sivan was the beginning of a new level in the Rebbe’s work of spreading Yiddishkeit! The Rebbe began working to spread Yiddishkeit in America, and from there spreading in a new way to the rest of the world.

On the 50th year since the Rebbe and Rebbetzin came to America, in Tof-Shin-Nun-Alef, a special kovetz was put together. It had the story of how the Rebbe was miraculously saved, and sichos and maamarim that were connected to the day of Chof-Ches Sivan. The Rebbe gave out copies of this kovetz as a gift to all of the men, women, and children that were there!

This year is a special year, because it is 80 years since the Rebbe and Rebbetzin came to America. On Chof-Ches Sivan, we should remember the nisim that happened, and thank Hashem for them! We should also take this time to make hachlatos in making our Yiddishkeit strong, and in spreading Yiddishkeit in the new way that the Rebbe began on Chof-Ches Sivan, 80 years ago!

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Ribono Shel Olam Hareini Mochel

R’ Nechunya ben Hakana was a rich, but humble Talmid Chochom, who lived at the time of the second Beis Hamikdash. He became one of the first Tannaim, the Chachomim who taught the Mishna. He wrote a sefer on Kabbalah (called the Sefer HaBahir), and also the tefillah of Ana Bekoach, which we say in many places in davening.

The Gemara says that R’ Nechunya ben Hakana lived for a very long time. His students once asked him, “What zechus do you have that you have lived for so long?”

R’ Nechunya answered that it is because of three things that he does:

1) He would not take kavod at the expense of someone else.

The Gemara gives an example of this kind of behavior: R’ Huna was once walking back from work, carrying his shovel over his shoulder. One of his Talmidim saw, and wanted to take the shovel from him — he didn’t think it was kavodik for a Talmid Chochom like R’ Huna to be carrying a shovel himself! R’ Huna said, “If you are used to carrying shovels, you can hold it for me. But if you are not the kind of person who usually will go around with a shovel, than let me carry it. I don’t want my kavod to be more important than your kavod!”

2) He never went to sleep when he was upset at someone. First he forgave the person, and then went to sleep.

The Gemara gives an example of this from how Mar Zutra acted: Every night, before he went to sleep, he would say: “I forgive anyone who made me upset!”

3) He never fought about money — instead, he just forgave the money that was owed to him.

The Gemara brings an example of this kind of thing from Iyov: When Iyov went shopping, he wouldn’t ask for the change if the storekeeper didn’t give it to him. He didn’t want to make a fight about money.

In the first paragraph of Kriyas Shema She’al Hamitah, we forgive anyone that we are upset at. We follow the example of R’ Nechunya ben Hakana (and Mar Zutra), and first say that we are mochel anybody who may have done anything to upset us in any way.

See Gemara Megillah 28a, cited in “Mesechta Shel Tefillah” p. 244



Avak Lashon Hara

In the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch (siman Kuf-Nun-Vov), in the halachos about Lashon Hara, there is a se’if about Avak Lashon Hara. Avak Lashon Hara means the “dust” of Lashon Hara — even though it’s not actually Lashon Hara, we need to be careful about it because it can bring to Lashon Hara. One of the halachos is that we should not speak too much about someone’s praises, even in front of people that like him, because once we talk too much about the good things, we’ll end up saying something not good too, since everyone has not good things about them.

We see from this halacha that it is not a good idea to talk too much about other people at all!

The Rebbe explains that we see something similar to this in last week’s Parsha, Parshas Shelach. When the Meraglim came back from Eretz Yisroel, they had some things they were worried about Eretz Yisroel. They could have just told Moshe in short what they had seen. Instead, they started talking and talking about all the things they saw, and what they thought about them. They ended up even saying that they don’t think it’s possible to go into Eretz Yisroel!

That scared all of the Yidden, and they said they didn’t want to go to Eretz Yisroel after all. In the end, the Yidden had to travel in the Midbar for 40 years, and all of that generation passed away and were not able to go into Eretz Yisroel.

The Rebbe tells us that this was one of the mistakes of the Meraglim — that when they saw something that might be a problem with Eretz Yisroel, they talked and talked about it until they ended up saying even terrible things and made a wrong decision.

One lesson we can learn is that if we see a person doing something we are not sure about, we should not talk too much about it! Talking too much about another person can bring us to say things that we for sure should not say.

The Rebbe discusses this, and other lessons that can be learned from the mistake that the Meraglim made, in a sicha in Likutei Sichos chelek Yud-Ches, first sicha for Parshas Shelach. (This sicha was learned b’Achdus by many Chassidim around the world, as part of Project Likutei Sichos.)

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Moshiach Will Be Our Leader Forever!

The Navi Yeshaya tells us that when Moshiach comes, he will stay our ruler forever! It was so sad for the Yidden when we went into Golus and no longer had a Yiddishe king, but that will never happen again.

לֹא יָבוֹא עוֹד שִׁמְשֵׁךְ וִירֵחֵךְ לֹא יֵאָסֵף כִּי ה׳ יִהְיֶה לָּךְ לְאוֹר עוֹלָם וְשָׁלְמוּ יְמֵי אֶבְלֵךְ

Lo Yavo Od Shimsheich — Your sun will not set anymore

Veyereichech Lo Yei’asef — And your moon will not hide its light.

This is a mashal that teaches us that Moshiach will stay our king forever! Even though a sun usually sets, and in the past we went into Golus and lost our kings, Moshiach’s rulership will never end.

Ki Hashem Yihiyeh Lach Le’or Olam — Because Hashem will be your light forever

Veshalmu Yemei Evleich — And your days of sadness will end.

We will never again have the sadness of losing the Yiddishe kings, because Hashem will make sure that the Melucha of Moshiach lasts forever.

See Yeshaya perek Samach posuk Chof

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