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CHUMASH

Parshas Terumah - Shvi'i with Rashi

In this week’s parsha we learned how Hashem gave Moshe Rabbeinu instructions on Har Sinai about the Mishkan that the Yidden should build. Today we learn the final section in building the Mishkan. We learn about the Chatzer, the “fence” around the Mishkan, made to show that the area around the Mishkan is holy too! The Yidden will make a long curtain, like a net, to hang on poles that go all the way around the Mishkan.

The Chatzer will be shaped like a big rectangle, 5 amos (almost 8 feet, or 2.4 meters) high, with the long side measuring 100 amos, and the short side measuring 50 amos (about 80'x40' or 24x12 meters). There will be 20 poles on the longer sides, and 10 poles on the short sides. Each side will have a long hanging curtain made of linen, made in a way that you can see through it (like a loose net). The curtains will hang on hooks attached to each pole.

On the front side, there will be TWO curtains, one on each side (15 amos wide each), leaving space in the middle as a doorway. Hanging by the “door” will be a fancy curtain like the ones inside the Mishkan, made of colorful thread with patterns of birds and lions.

The poles to hang the chatzer should be very fancy — they were wood covered with gold, wrapped with a silver pattern and silver hooks! The bottom of each pole will be put into a copper piece.

The Mishkan shouldn’t be right in the middle of the chatzer — it should be closer to one of the sides. In the empty space of the Chatzer, the kohanim should put the mizbeiach and the kiyor.

All the tools the kohanim will need to put the Mishkan together, like hammers and stakes to keep the curtains from flying up, should all be made of copper!

According to the Hora’ah of the Rebbe, during these parshios when we learn about the Mishkan in the Torah, we learn more from Torah Shebaal Peh about the Mishkan. This helps us “live with the times,” and brings the Geulah faster!

In today’s Chumash, we learned about the Chatzer of the Ohel Moed. The Rambam says that the Azara in the Beis Hamikdash was similar to the Chatzer of the Mishkan.

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TEHILLIM

44 - 48

Before Kapitel Mem-Ches (like for most kapitelach) there are a few words that tell us what the Kapitel is about.

The words before this kapitel tell us that it is about when Moshiach will come — how beautiful Yerushalayim will be, and how we will bring the korbanos and see all of the things the Neviim told us will happen when Moshiach comes.

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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Lamed-Alef

In today’s Tanya, we finish Perek Lamed-Alef, which is the end of the hisbonenus of how we can reach simcha after merirus, how we come to feel a real happiness even after knowing all of the negative things about ourselves.

Yesterday we learned that we should think to ourselves that even though our guf is low, our neshama is the main thing, and by davening and learning Torah we can connect our neshama back with Hashem the way it was before it came into a body. This makes us very happy, so that our Avodas Hashem will be with true simcha!

Today the Alter Rebbe adds something we can think about to make our teshuvah and simcha even STRONGER!

We can think to ourselves: Did we choose to have such a low guf that will try to shlep us away from being connected to Hashem?

Of course not! Hashem is the One Who GAVE us this guf.

And why did Hashem do this?

Because Hashem wants us to bring our guf (and the world around us) closer to Hashem too!

When we learn the halachos of Torah which speak about Gashmius things and do mitzvos using our guf (and things from the world), we are not only connecting our neshama to Hashem, we are bringing our guf (and the world around us) up with the neshama too! This is even a greater teshuvah, because it is returning not only the neshama, but also the guf and the world, to their source!

That will also bring us a stronger simcha because we will realize that not only does it bring joy for our neshama, but for our guf as well, because it is doing what Hashem created it for!

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HAYOM YOM

Ches Adar

Since the Hayom Yom was written in a year where there were TWO Adars (a Shana Me’uberes), and this year there is only ONE Adar (a Shana Peshuta) we learn TWO Hayom Yoms every day!

Ches Adar Alef

When the Alter Rebbe needed a melamed to teach his son, the Mitteler Rebbe, when was still a young boy, he chose one of the talmidim of the Maggid.

The Alter Rebbe told him, “We’ll make a deal! I have a mitzvah to teach my son, and you have a mitzvah to earn money for your family. Let us switch mitzvos: You will learn with my son, and I will pay you so you can take care of your family.”

Then the Alter Rebbe told the Melamed how he should teach: “You need to start with Alef.” And the Alter Rebbe told him what an Alef is.

An alef is a dot on top, and a dot underneath — that’s an Alef.

Then he explained what this means:

A child needs to know that the Alef of Torah is the Yud on top — Hashem, the Yud underneath — the Yid, and the line of Emunah which connects them.

Another version of what the Alter Rebbe told him: A Yud above is the neshama, a Yud underneath is the body, and a line of Yiras Shomayim connects them.

Ches Adar Sheini

We will learn in Tanya that this world is called Tachtonim, the lowest part, because Hashem is most hidden here. This can make the world confusing, and many times it looks like things aren’t going right.

When this happens, it can make a person upset! Many times, this will make us groan or sigh. In Yiddish, this is called a krechtz, or an anacha in Hebrew.

Groaning about the fact that something needs to change is an important part of avodah, like we learn in a different Hayom Yom. (Do you know where?) But there is something MUCH more important to do!

The Rebbe Rashab writes a letter to a Yid who was upset about something that wasn’t going right, and was krechtzing about it. The Rebbe Rashab tells him that it is better to do one peulah, one action, than to groan a thousand times!

No matter what happens to us, and no matter how we feel, Hashem is always there. Torah and mitzvos have a tremendous koach, and they never change! And when we stop krechtzing and work on doing what we’re supposed to, Hashem will definitely help us.

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #226 - Mitzvas Asei #98

Today’s mitzvah is the same as yesterday’s (Mitzvas Asei #98) — that we need to follow what the Torah teaches us about food and drink becoming Tomei.

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Tumas Ochlin

In today’s Rambam, we learn more about foods and drinks becoming Tomei:

Perek Zayin: The Rambam teaches us that when foods are joined together by a liquid, then all of it can become tomei at once. We also learn about a Tvul Yom — someone who went to the Mikvah during the day but needs to wait until night to become tahor.

Perek Ches: If a part of a food became tomei, sometimes not the whole thing becomes tomei. For example, if a piece was sticking out of a loaf of bread, sometimes it’s considered separate from the loaf, and only that part becomes tomei. We also learn more halachos about a Tvul Yom.

Perek Tes: What happens if a Tvul Yom was shaking a pot with wet Terumah vegetables, and then he sees his hands are wet, and isn’t sure if the pot splashed on his hand or he touched something inside of it? If he touched the food, he might have made it tomei! We learn the halachos in a case like this, and many other cases.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Ishus - Perek Chof

This perek teaches us all about a naden (dowry), which the Rambam calls “Parnasa.” This is money that a father gives his daughter before she gets married.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Lebn Mit Der Tzeit

This Shabbos, we read Parshas Zachor, one of the four parshios that the Chachomim tell us to read in the weeks around Purim. This section of the Torah talks about the mitzvah to remember what Amalek did to the Yidden, and to destroy Amalek.

We read this before Purim because Haman came from the family of Amalek.

There is also a Ruchnius Amalek that we need to destroy as part of our Avodas Hashem!

When the Torah tells us what Amalek did to us, it says “Asher Karcha Baderech” — “that they happened to meet you on the way.”

The Avodah of a Yid needs to be with varemkeit, warmth. We need to feel our Emunah in Hashem in the mitzvos that we do, and to be dedicated to doing what Hashem wants with Kabolas Ol — whether we understand it or not.

The word “karcha” (met you) has in it the word “kar,” which means cold.

Cold things stay still. Ice cubes don’t move around. But if you put water in a hot place, it will start moving and bubbling and boiling!

In our Avodas Hashem, we also have “cold” and “warm.” A person’s mind thinks. It isn’t excited. It “keeps its cool” and doesn’t show lots of chayus. But a heart feels excitement and enthusiasm! It is warm and alive!

The Ruchnius war of Amalek against a Yid is “karcha,” to make us cold. It wants to make us think about everything in Yiddishkeit, and only to do things that make sense. It tries to make us think about things we see and find an explanation for them, so we won’t realize that it is Hashgacha Protis, Hashem doing it.

That is the war we have with Amalek, to stay warm in our Yiddishkeit! We need to feel our Emunah in Hashem, and make sure that our connection to Hashem isn’t just what we understand, but with Emunah and Kabolas Ol.

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TEFILLAH

How Davening Changes Our Day

The Chachomim say that a person who is davening has to have his heart above and his eyes below! (“Hamispalel Tzorich Sheyihiyeh Libo Lemaala Ve’einav Lematah.”)

The Alter Rebbe explains that this means that even when someone feels close and connected to Hashem, they still need to remember the way they are during the rest of the day.

The Rebbe teaches us that practically this means that a person can’t walk away from davening only feeling inspired and Ruchniyus’dik. We ALSO need to use the time of davening to make general hachlatos for the day about how we should act in our “regular” work, like eating and exercise and playing and working.

Then, later in the day, we can think about what we’re doing, and if we’re acting the way we decided we would during davening.

Sichas Tes-Vov Shevat, 5739

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Talking About Purim Mivtzoyim on Shabbos

Purim is so close! We might want to talk about and plan our Purim Mivtzoyim.

Are we allowed to? On Shabbos, we aren’t allowed to plan for things that will be after Shabbos, or to talk about how we will do melacha after Shabbos! This is called “Vedaber Davar,” that even our talking on Shabbos should be in a Shabbos’dike way.

But when it is something that is a mitzvah, we ARE allowed to talk about it on Shabbos. And something that will help many Yidden is ALWAYS a mitzvah! So on Shabbos, we are allowed to talk about giving tzedakah, and of course we can talk about doing Mivtzoyim!

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Shin-Vov se’if Yud-Beis

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

How to Keep a Hachlata

The Gemara says that a person is judged every day (and according to one opinion, every moment) to see what will happen to him, based on how he acts. But aren’t we already judged on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur to see what will happen the whole year?

The answer is because when Hashem gives us something, it comes through many steps. So even though the brachos are there, the way we act makes the brachos come into Gashmius so we can see them.

But when Moshiach comes, whatever Hashem gives to us will come straight to us and right away!

All of the things that will happen when Moshiach comes are because of the way we act now. What can we do that will make this happen Le’asid Lavo?

We need to make sure that when we give Hashem HIS needs (the mitzvos he wants us to do), it doesn’t go through a bunch of steps!

Sometimes, like on special days or at special times, we make hachlatos. We decide we will do more or better mitzvos! But when it comes to actually doing them, it can take a while. We remember the hachlata, but don’t really do anything about it. Or we might decide later to do just part of the hachlata, and not the whole thing.

We need to start trying to do the WHOLE hachlata, and right away! When we act in this way, not only will Hashem start treating us that Moshiach’dik way now, it is also important to deserve what will happen Le’asid Lavo!

See Rambam Hilchos Beis Habechirah 1:5

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