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לעילוי נשמת ר׳ יוסף בנימין בן ר׳ מנשה קאלטמאנן
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מוקדש לחיזוק ההתקשרות לכ״ק נשיא דורנו
ע"י ולזכות הרה"ת ר' לייביש משה וזוגתו מרת רינה ילדיהם קיילא באשא, בנציון דוד, אליהו איסר, רבקה שיינדל אלטא שיחיו גולדהירש


Those who make Chitas for the month of Menachem Av possible:


לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ מרדכי בן הר׳ פינחס מענטליק
ולזכות הרה״ח זאב יחזקאל הכהן בן מינדל שי׳ לבריאות הנכונה

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Parshas Devarim - Shishi with Rashi

In today’s Chumash, Moshe Rabbeinu reviews with the Yidden how they captured the lands of Sichon and Og.

Sichon and Og: Moshe Rabbeinu reminds the Yidden how they won over Sichon and Og, the kings of the Emori, even though these kings were SO strong! Hashem told them to fight with these nations, and they did, completely capturing their land.

Part of their land went to Shevet Reuven and Gad, and part to some of the families of Shevet Menasheh.



39 - 43

Today we say Tehillim for Yom Zayin, which is kapitelach Lamed-Tes to Mem-Gimmel.

In the end of Kapitel Mem-Alef, it says “Baruch Hashem Elokei Yisroel, Me’Haolam Ve’ad Ha’olom, Amen VeAmen!” “Blessed is Hashem, the Hashem of the Yidden, from one world to the other world — Amen and Amen!”

Chassidus explains what two worlds we are talking about!

There are two kinds of worlds that Hashem created: Hidden worlds, and worlds we can see. For example, there are some things that are easy for us to understand, and there are other things that are very hard for us to understand! (Like some parts of Torah.)

Baruch Hashem — to bentch Hashem! That means in this posuk to bring Hashem from a hidden world to a world we can see. One way we can do this is by helping someone understand a part of Torah or Yiddishkeit that is “hidden” for them, that they don’t know it yet! By teaching other Yidden about Torah and mitzvos, it brings Hashem from the hidden world to the world we CAN see!



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Gimmel

In Igeres Hakodesh, there are many letters where the Alter Rebbe encourages Chassidim to give a lot of tzedakah! In this letter, the Alter Rebbe explains how special tzedakah is and what happens when we give it!

The most important thing that happens we can’t see at all. Hashem “hides it away in a box” close to Him, and keeps that box closed until Moshiach comes.

There is something else that happens when we do this mitzvah, which is that after the neshama finishes its shlichus in this world, it gives the neshama the tools it needs to feel close to Hashem in Gan Eden.

Finally, there is a teeny bit of light that shines from the mitzvah in this world. That shine of Hashem’s chayus helps keep a Yid safe in the world, that nothing bad should happen in Gashmius OR Ruchnius.

When we understand this, we will never want to miss a chance to give Tzedakah!



Zayin Menachem Av

Today’s Hayom Yom tells us something about the Tanya that we are learning now, the beginning of Igeres Hakodesh:

The first two letters in Igeres Hakodesh were written ten years apart from each other!

There is a sicha from the Frierdiker Rebbe that tells us the history of the letters we are learning now in Igeres Hakodesh. It shows us that the first letter is from when Chassidus Chabad just started, and the second letter is from a later time, when Chassidus Chabad had a big challenge and came out with hatzlacha!

The first letter was written in three sections: The first section was written by the Alter Rebbe when he already had Talmidim, but before he went to Mezritch to learn from the Maggid. There, he wrote about how important it is to learn Shas, in order to strengthen Emunah.

The second section of the letter was written after he came back from Mezritch, when he already knew the purpose of his neshama, which was to start Chassidus Chabad. Here already, the Alter Rebbe speaks about how important it is to work on Avodas HaTefillah.

The third section was written years later, when he already had Talmidim living in different places, and this letter was to make sure that the talmidim were davening properly, according to Chassidus Chabad.

The second letter in Igeres Hakodesh was written after Chassidus Chabad had a big challenge against it, and had hatzlacha! This letter was written after the Alter Rebbe came out of prison on Yud-Tes Kislev, which was when Chassidus Chabad proved that it would last!



Shiur #33 - Mitzvas Asei #19

Today in Sefer Hamitzvos we learn the same mitzvah again (Mitzvas Asei #19) — that after we eat, we need to bentch.

We learn this from a very famous posuk in Parshas Eikev: וְאָכַלְתָּ וְשָׂבָעְתָּ וּבֵרַכְתָּ אֶת ה׳ אֱלֹקֶיךָ

The details are explained in Mesechta Brachos.



Hilchos Brachos

Perek Zayin: The Rambam teaches us the halachos of Derech Eretz B’Seudah — the mentchlich way to act at a meal. For example, you shouldn’t look at someone else eating, or at someone else’s plate, so that you won’t embarrass him. Another halacha is that you shouldn’t throw food or ruin it.

Perek Ches: We learn about the brachos on food, aside for Mezonos and Hamotzi, which we already learned earlier.

Many of the Geonim before the Rambam said that sugar cane is either Ha’eitz or Ho’adamah. The Rambam says that it is not a fruit, and we need to make a Shehakol.

If you put food into your mouth without making a bracha, what do you do? Do you know?

Perek Tes: Just like we’re not allowed to enjoy eating food without a bracha, we aren’t allowed to enjoy a good smell without a bracha. We do this at Havdalah every week — Borei Minei Besamim!

There are specific brachos for smells, depending on where the smell comes from, like from a plant or from a flower. Just like Shehakol is a general bracha for food, Borei Minei Besamim is a general bracha for smells.

There are certain smells we don’t make a bracha on at all, like smells from Avodah Zarah.



Hilchos Matnos Aniyim - Perek Zayin

Now we start learning the halachos of the mitzvah of giving Tzedakah! We need to give a poor person what he needs.

One halacha is that if someone says he is hungry, we give him right away. If someone says he needs clothes, we can first check if he is telling the truth. When a person goes from door to door to collect money, we give him a little bit, since he will be getting from a lot of people.



Zayin Menachem Av

The Rebbe teaches us that Zayin Av is a day when we need to work even harder to bring the Geulah.

The Gemara tells us that on Zayin Av, the Goyim came into the Beis Hamikdash to make the Churban.

Why does the Gemara tell us this?

It isn’t just to tell us a story, or to help write a history book. It definitely isn’t written to make us feel bad by telling us sad things!

The Gemara is a part of Torah, and the purpose of Torah is to teach us how we should act. So if the Gemara tells us about Zayin Av, it must be because we need to know it in order to do something because of it!

We learned before that especially during the Three Weeks, we need to learn extra Torah and give more tzedakah in order to bring the Geulah. When the Nine Days start, we work even harder, making siyumim and being even more careful with Ahavas Yisroel. On Zayin Av, the Gemara says, the Churban was already starting. This is a message to us that today, we need to put in even MORE effort to bring the Geulah! We should take on new hachlatos and do something MORE to change the Golus into Geulah!

One year, in a sicha from Zayin Menachem Av, the Rebbe said that especially today we need to beg Hashem extra hard to bring Moshiach! We should add in Achdus by learning Torah and giving Tzedakah together with other Yidden.

See sicha Zayin Menachem Av Tof-Shin-Mem-Tes

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In Mah Tovu and Adon Olam, we show how davening is a special time and place for our neshama to approach Hashem.

In davening, we are going to ask Hashem for many things. But what zechus do we deserve it with?

The next part of davening is the Akeidah, where we remind Hashem about the zechus of the Avos, Avraham and Yitzchak. The Mesiras Nefesh they had is a tremendous zechus for all of the Yidden!

The story of the Akeidah also helps us with another part of davening. When we daven, we are making ourselves more aidel, so we can feel kedusha more. We are working on making our neshamos stronger and overcoming the Yetzer Hara. With the koach of Mesiras Nefesh that we have inside of us, from the Avos, we will be able to win over our Yetzer Hara!

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman alef



Halachos of Tisha B'Av

On the fast of Tisha B’av, we do certain things to remind ourselves that we are sad about the Churban.

Here are some of the halachos that are different when Erev Tisha B’Av is on Shabbos:

- On Erev Tisha B’Av, starting at Chatzos, we only learn the parts of Torah that we are allowed to learn on Tisha B’Av itself. (If someone is running late, the daily shiurim of Chitas and Rambam can be finished until Shkiyah.) We don’t say Pirkei Avos, which is usually said after Mincha.

- On Shabbos, we don’t show any signs of mourning. So we eat a big Shabbos seudah for the Seudah Hamafsekes, and don’t eat an egg dipped in ashes like we usually do.

- We stop eating at Shkiyah, when the fast starts, even though it is still Shabbos. The other halachos of Tisha B’Av start then too. But we are still allowed to wear leather shoes and sit on regular chairs until after Shabbos is over.

- Even though we are not supposed to wear nice clothes on Tisha B’Av, we continue to wear our Shabbos clothes on Motzei Shabbos.

- We do not make Havdalah until after Tisha B’Av is over. In shul a candle is held up to say the bracha Borei Me’orei Ha’aish in shul before Eichah.

For detailed halachos of Tisha B’Av, see the Halacha Newsletter prepared by Rabbi Shmuel Lesches, Melbourne

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Who Will Build the Third Beis Hamikdash?

There are two opinions about who will build the third Beis Hamikdash. Will it be Moshiach who tells the Yidden to build it, or will it come down from Shomayim?

The Rebbe gives a few explanations to show us that BOTH are true! Here is another explanation:

We learn about how the third Beis Hamikdash will be built from the Navi Yechezkel. Hashem gave Yechezkel a nevuah where a malach showed him around the third Beis Hamikdash, measuring all the different parts so he would know exactly how it should look!

But some parts of this nevuah are hard for us to understand. The Rambam tells us that Yechezkel’s words are “aino mefurash umevuar,” they are not explained fully. That means that we can’t just follow Yechezkel’s instructions and build the Beis Hamikdash Hashlishi.

But there are many parts that we DO understand! Some of these parts were already built once before according to Yechezkel, in the second Beis Hamikdash. We know exactly how they should look, and we can follow the Navi’s instructions to build them just right!

The Rebbe says that these are the parts of the Beis Hamikdash that Moshiach will tell us to build. We will build whatever we can understand.

And then what about the rest, the parts that aren’t so clear?

Hashem will send down all the rest of the Beis Hamikdash from Shomayim, and we will have the complete Beis Hamikdash Hashlishi, which will last forever!

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