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CHUMASH

Revi'i with Rashi

Moshe Rabbeinu reminds the Yidden about the Aseres Hadibros that they heard by Matan Torah!

At Matan Torah, Hashem spoke to the Yidden face to face! Moshe reviews each of the Aseres Hadibros — do you know them?

1) Believe in Hashem!
2) Don’t make or daven to Avodah Zarah.
3) Don’t promise in Hashem’s name for no reason.
4) Keep Shabbos!
5) Kibbud Av Va’em
6) Don’t kill.
7) Don’t get married to a woman who is already married.
8) Don’t kidnap.
9) Don’t lie to a Beis Din if you are a witness.
10) Don’t be jealous of things that belong to someone else.

 
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TEHILLIM

69 - 71

Today’s kapitelach of Tehillim are Samach-Tes to Ayin-Alef.

One of the pesukim in Kapitel Samech-Tes is “Va’ani Sefilosi Lecha Hashem Eis Ratzon.” We ask Hashem that our Tefilos should come at a special time! We say this posuk every day in Mah Tovu.

There is another place we say this posuk as well — before we take the Torah out on Shabbos at Mincha time. The reason why we say it by Mincha on Shabbos is because that’s ALSO a very special time, the most special time of the whole Shabbos! This special time of Mincha on Shabbos has its own name in the Zohar, it is called “Raavah Deraavin.

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Hey

It says in the posuk, “Vaya’as Dovid Sheim” — “Dovid made a name.” The Zohar explains that Dovid Hamelech made HASHEM’S name!

How can a person make Hashem’s name? Isn’t Hashem’s name already there?

In this Igeres Hakodesh we will see how this can be, and that the way we do it is through giving tzedakah.

But first let’s learn something about the way a person speaks. We see something very interesting about speaking: A person THINKS about what they are going to say! But we don’t think about the way we move our mouth to talk — that part comes from a deeper part of the neshama than the WORDS we want to say. That’s why a little kid can understand what’s happening, and WANTS to say something, but can’t say the words yet. Because that part of the neshama takes more time for the body to grow into.

What does this have to do with making Hashem’s name? We will see IY”H over the next few days!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Yud-Gimmel Menachem Av

Reminder: When we lein the Aseres Hadibros in shul on Shabbos, stand up and face the Sefer Torah.

Shema is also in this week’s Parsha! In today’s Hayom Yom, we learn a deeper meaning of one of the pesukim in Shema:

In Shema, it says “Vedibarta Bam” — “you should say them.” What is “them”? The words of Torah! But there are 4 kinds of learning Torah that this posuk is hinting to:

1) Beshivtecha Beveisecha (when you sit in your house) — the way the neshama learns Torah when it is “home” in Shomayim, before it comes down in the world.

2) Uvelechtecha Baderech (when you go on your way) — When the neshama comes down into the world, into a body. There, it goes “on its way” its whole life!

3) Uveshachbecha (when you lie down) — when a person passes away. Even then the Torah protects him!

4) Uvekumecha (when you get up) — when we have Techiyas Hameisim we will learn Torah more!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Mitzvas Lo Saasei #237

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn ANOTHER mitzvah (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #237) about ribbis: It’s not only asur to LEND, or to BORROW with Ribbis, you can’t do ANYTHING to help a loan with ribbis! You can’t:

1) guarantee the loan (say that you’ll pay it back if the other person doesn’t)
2) be an eid for the loan (be a witness — watch them making the loan so it will be a real loan)
3) write down the loan (record it to show that it really happened).

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Malveh VeLoveh

In Perek Chof-Beis of today’s Rambam, we learn about how the Beis Din collects money from someone who didn’t pay on time. We sometimes give the person more time to pay, but if he still doesn’t, the Beis Din writes an “adrachta.” With an adrachta, the person who lent the money is allowed to take away property from the person who borrowed the money, in order to pay back the loan.

Perek Chof-Gimmel has halachos about when we say that a shtar doesn’t count. If it is ripped or smudged, it is fine as long as we can still read it. We learn that the Beis Din tears a shtar in a certain way — ripping it into 4 pieces. If a shtar is ripped that way, the shtar doesn’t mean anything anymore!

In Perek Chof-Daled, we learn about the names on the shtar. It has to be clear who the people written on the shtar are, or else the Beis Din can’t take away the money from them.

So what happens if there are a few people with the same name in one city? How can they write a shtar that shows that they borrowed or lent money? How would we know which one the shtar is talking about?

The halacha is that they need to write their grandparents’ names, so we can tell them apart. And if their grandparents’ names are the same too, then they need to say their GREAT-grandparents’ names on the shtar!

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Shechitah - Perek Daled

In this perek we learn about who is and isn’t allowed to shecht.

 
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DARKEI HACHASSIDUS

Learning Torah

A six-year old boy once came with his father to the Rebbe for Tishrei.

While they were there, the father had Yechidus with the Rebbe and brought his son in together with them.

At the Yechidus, the Rebbe asked the boy what he had learned that day. The boy wasn’t in school in Crown Heights, and didn’t have anything to answer the Rebbe.

The Rebbe looked at the boy’s father. It was clear that the Rebbe was disappointed. “How could this be?” the Rebbe asked him.

Even if we are not in school, we need to be learning every day!

Seen in Perspectives Magazine vol. 18, published by Merkaz Anash

 

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TEFILLAH

Terumas Hadeshen

When we say the pesukim describing korbanos in the Beis Hamikdash during davening, Hashem counts it as if we are actually bringing these korbanos!

The first part of the korbanos that we say in davening is the paragraph talking about the Terumas Hadeshen. This is when the kohanim would clean off the ashes on the Mizbeiach from the korbanos of the day before so it would be ready for the new day.

Terumas Hadeshen was the first avodah in the Beis Hamikdash every day, and so it’s also the first part of korbanos in our davening.

Chassidus explains a Ruchnius’dike reason why we say the Terumas Hadeshen first. A person might think he is very special, since he learns Torah and does mitzvos. He thinks he doesn’t have anything he needs to do better. But when he comes to daven, he is reminded that he first needs to clean off his “ashes,” the parts of his behavior that are not appropriate. Coming close to Hashem in davening helps him realize that he needs to fix things up, and he will work on himself to become better!

See Sefer Hamaamarim Tof-Shin-Zayin p. 203, Ohr Hatefillah, vol. 2, p. 232

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Tzedakah Before Learning

Ani Betzedek Echezeh Panecha.” “With tzedek I will see Your face.”

The Chachomim explain this posuk to mean that with tzedakah (tzedek) we will see Hashem’s face in davening. It teaches us that in order to be close to Hashem when we daven, we should first give tzedakah.

The Rebbe adds that learning Torah is also coming close to Hashem, “seeing Hashem’s face.” So based on this posuk, we should also give tzedakah before learning Torah!

Giving tzedakah before learning also helps our learning. One of the rewards for giving tzedakah is that our mind and heart become a thousand times more clear. This will help us have hatzlacha in our learning!

See Toras Menachem 5749,vol. 2. p. 223, Shulchan Menachem vol. 4, p. 231

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Seeing Elokus

This week’s Chassidishe Parsha (Likutei Torah) has the most maamorim of all the parshios in Chumash Devarim!

In the first maamar, the Alter Rebbe explains to us why Moshe Rabbeinu wanted so much to go into Eretz Yisroel:

If Moshe Rabbeinu had led the Yidden into Eretz Yisroel, the Yidden would have been able to see Hashem! It would make the Geulah of coming out of Mitzrayim and into Eretz Yisroel a permanent Geulah -- with no other Golus afterwards. It would have been the times of Moshiach, right away!

The Alter Rebbe tells us a story to explain what it means to understand Elokus in a way of Re’iyah, seeing:

One time R’ Avraham Halevi, a talmid of the Arizal, came to his Rebbe the Arizal. When he came, he saw that the Arizal was resting. After about two hours, the Arizal woke up. He told R’ Avraham Halevi what he had seen when he was asleep: He had gone to the Yeshiva Shel Maalah, and seen secrets about the parshios of Balak and Bilaam that he wouldn’t be able to explain, even if he spent 80 years straight speaking!

How is it possible that in two hours of resting the Arizal was able to see something in the Yeshiva Shel Maalah that it would take more than eighty years to say?

It’s because what he learned in the Yeshiva Shel Maalah was in a way of SEEING the secrets of Torah, not hearing them. And seeing something teaches us in a much greater way than ANY amount of explaining!

That’s the way the Yidden would have recognized Elokus if Moshe Rabbeinu would have brought them into Eretz Yisroel, and that’s the way we’ll see Elokus when Moshiach comes!

In order for the Geulah to be something that Yidden earned, Hashem wanted Yehoshua to lead the Yidden into Eretz Yisroel. But it wasn’t a complete Geulah — we were sent into Golus many times after that. And in the end, the complete Geulah will come through OUR work!

Even though the Yidden didn’t get the complete Geulah then, we are now at the very end of Golus. Soon we will be able to experience this kind of SEEING Elokus with the final Geulah, which will never have another Golus afterwards!

 
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נפטר ב' מנחם אב ה'תשע"ג

 
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