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CHUMASH

Parshas Behaalosecha - Shishi with Rashi

The Yidden start to travel, and the Erev Rav complain about the traveling and about the Mahn! Moshe Rabbeinu chooses 70 new Zekeinim to help lead the Yidden.

When the Yidden were about to travel, and the Kohanim who carried the Aron started to go, Moshe would ask Hashem to keep the Yidden safe. (We know this posuk, because we say it before we open the Aron Kodesh in Shul!) “Vayehi Binsoa HaAron...” And when the Kohanim put the Aron down where they were staying, Moshe would ask Hashem to rest among the Yidden.

Like we said yesterday, the Yidden went in one day what usually takes THREE days to go! The Yidden should have been very happy! But the Erev Rav weren’t happy about all of the mitzvos they had to do, and they were looking for a reason to kvetch so they could have an excuse not to do mitzvos. They said they were too tired from going so far.

Hashem was not happy about their complaining, and a fire came from Hashem to punish them. (The Shivim Zekeinim (70 older chachomim) also passed away then, for a different reason — because of something that happened at the time of Matan Torah.) Some of the Erev Rav asked Moshe to daven for them, and the fire stopped. Moshe called that place Taveira, which means a fire.

The rest of the Erev Rav didn’t learn their lesson, though — they also started complaining, and other Yidden complained with them too. They said they wanted meat (even though they had plenty of animals with them that they could have shechted). They complained that they miss eating fish in Mitzrayim without having any mitzvos to keep. They complained about the Mahn which tasted like almost every food, except foods that weren’t healthy for babies. They said that they wanted THOSE foods, and that they were bored of mahn!

Even though THEY complained about the mahn, the Torah tells us about how the mahn was really very special! What was the mahn like? It was like a round white ball, so it was easy to hold and easy to find. It tasted like a kind of danish, but if they wanted it could taste like (and feel like) any other kind of food! Hashem would make the man fall on the dew (like a very light rain that falls in the morning) so it would be clean.

Hashem heard the Yidden complaining about the mahn, and also complaining that Hashem didn’t let them marry whoever they wanted. Hashem was not happy about this complaining either!

Moshe was also upset. He said, “How can I take care of all of the Yidden by myself, without the Shivim Zekeinim (who passed away from the fire)? How am I supposed to give the Yidden meat?”

Hashem told Moshe that He would send the Yidden meat, but they would die if they ate it. Hashem also told Moshe to pick 70 new Zekeinim to help lead the Yidden.

So Moshe picked 70 new Zekeinim: He picked 6 people from each Shevet, and then did a goral to see which ones would be the Zekeinim. Hashem gave the Zekeinim the koach to say Nevuah!

Two of these Zekeinim, Eldad and Meidad, didn’t feel like they deserve the job, but Hashem gave them the Koach of Nevuah anyway. They said a nevuah that Moshe wouldn’t go into Eretz Yisroel, but that Yehoshua would do it instead.

Yehoshua was very upset when he heard this, but Moshe said that he wishes ALL the Yidden would be Neviim!

 
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TEHILLIM

97 - 103

In Kapitel Kuf-Gimmel, the posuk says “Kerachem Av Al Banim, Richam Hashem Al Yereiav” — “The same way a father has Rachmanus on his children, Hashem has Rachmanus on those who have Yiras Shomayim.” Here is a story connected with these words:

Once when the Frierdiker Rebbe was a young boy, he was at a farbrengen with his father, the Rebbe Rashab. It was Sukkos, and the farbrengen was in the freezing cold Sukkah. The farbrengen went until very late, and the Frierdiker Rebbe fell asleep.

Rebbetzin Shterna Sarah (the Frierdiker Rebbe’s mother) came to take him into his warm bed, but the Rebbe Rashab said to let him stay! The Rebbetzin said, “It is cold for him! Doesn’t it say, ‘Kerachem Av Al Banim’ — ‘Hashem has Rachmanus on us like a FATHER has Rachmanus on his child’? Where is your Rachmanus for your son? It’s cold for him!”

The Rebbe Rashab answered, “Let him sleep close to Chassidim that are farbrenging, and that will keep him warm! This varemkeit (warmth) will stay with him for many generations.” (A farbrengen can make the neshama warm and full of chayus — and that feeling can last for a very long time!)

Many years later, the Frierdiker Rebbe told this story at a farbrengen with Chassidim. After the story, he said, “This is Mesirus Nefesh for Chinuch!”

 
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TANYA

Shaar Hayichud Veha'emunah Perek Zayin

Today we learn about Yichudah Ila’ah.

So far we learned about three midos of Hashem. Hashem is called by three names, which are connected to each of these midos.

- Havaya is Chesed
- Elokim is Gevura
- Ad-nay is Malchus

It is Sheim Havaya (Hashem’s Chesed) that make Hashem want to make a world for us. Sheim Elokim (Hashem’s Gevurah) is what makes Hashem hide the chayus so we can live. But Hashem actually MAKES the world (Yeish Me’Ayin) using Sheim Ad-nay, Malchus.

What is the world? The world is TIME and PLACE, that things take time, and that things take up space. This comes from the name of Hashem Ad-nay. The other names of Hashem are from a place in Kedusha where there is no such thing as “time” and “space”!

What happens when you have two names together? Both things are there! So when the name Ad-nay is together with the name Havaya, the time and place of the world is connected with what’s higher than time and place. That’s Yichuda Ila’ah!

A Yid’s neshama is able to connect to Hashem in a way of Yichuda Ila’ah, and even feel it in his avodah!

Imagine you are in your house, far away from New York, watching a video of a Farbrengen. You could feel like you are in 770, while the Farbrengen is happening — even though you are really in your house far away, and it isn’t the year when the farbrengen happened!

But really, in Ruchnius, the words said at the farbrengen are always there. So when you are watching that farbrengen and feel like you’re there — you really are! You are connecting to the Farbrengen in a way of Yichuda Ila’ah — connecting to the chayus of Hashem that is HIGHER than time and place.

The Avodah connected to Yichuda Ila’ah is when even in the world (which is created with the Sheim Ad-nay) we feel Hashem in a way of Havaya — feeling Hashem in a way that is HIGHER than time and place.

Sometimes when we daven, especially on a special day like Rosh Hashana, Yom Kippur, Yud-Tes Kislev, Yud Shevat, or Gimmel Tammuz, we can feel connected to Hashem in a way that we forget we’re standing in shul, we forget how long we are standing for... we feel Hashem in a way that is HIGHER than time and place!

That’s feeling Yichuda Ila’ah.

 
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HAYOM YOM

Chof Sivan

Every Chossid serves Hashem in his own special way. The way he thinks, feels, and acts fits with his own special avodah.

When a Chossid goes into Yechidus for the first time, the Rebbe sees the avodah of his neshama. The words the Rebbe tells him help him understand what his avodah is supposed to be. For the rest of his life, he tries to think, feel, and act according to the Rebbe’s words!

There is something each of us can learn from this Hayom Yom:

The truth is that the Rebbe didn’t need to have a private Yechidus with someone in order to give him horaos. The Rebbe said many times to Chassidim who had questions, that he already answered them during the farbrengen.

In the later years, the Rebbe stopped private Yechidus with Chassidim, and started Yechidus Klalis, which was like a sicha said to a group of Chassidim. (For example, the Rebbe would have a yechidus for all of the Chasanim and Kallos getting married soon, or all the boys and girls about to become Bar or Bas Mitzvah.) In this sicha, the Rebbe would give horaos and brachos for each of those Chassidim. Many times the Rebbe would speak about how being together with other Chassidim in a group brings even more bracha for each Chossid!

Today there are many sichos and videos constantly being published or shared. When we watch them or learn them, we can find the special horaos the Rebbe is giving to us, to guide us in our shlichus to bring Moshiach.

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #312 - Mitzvas Asei #248

Today we learn the same mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #248) one last time for this year — to follow the halachos in Torah about a yerusha, an inheritance. Part of this mitzvah is that the bechor gets a double portion.

In the Rambam’s order of the mitzvos, this is the last mitzvah of the Mitzvas Asei! After this mitzvah, the Rambam adds some general points which are important for all of the mitzvos. The Rambam also says that there are 60 mitzvos for a man and 47 mitzvos for a woman which regular people keep even when there is no Beis Hamikash. The Rambam finishes off with a tefillah asking Hashem to help us keep the mitzvos!

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Nachalos

Perek Tes: One halacha is that if the oldest brother buys fancy clothes, and now everyone is nicer to their family, it doesn’t come out of his money, because it helps all of them.

In Perek Yud, we learn that if we originally divided up the yerusha wrong, we need to divide it again! For example, if the person who passed away said to give a certain tree as a present to his friend, and they forgot when they split up the yerusha, they need to give the person the tree and then divide the yerusha again.

In Perek Yud-Alef, we learn that if someone passes away R”L when his children are too young to get a yerusha, the Beis Din needs to put someone in charge of watching over his things until the children are older.

Even though the person in charge doesn’t need to write down everything he does, he should be very careful, because Hashem Himself is the Tatty or Mommy of these children, like the posuk says, “Avi Yesomim Vedayan Almanos, Elokim B’Meon Kadsho.”

Mazel Tov! Now we’ve finished learning the 13th book of the Rambam, Sefer Mishpatim! Tomorrow we will IY”H start the last sefer of Rambam, Sefer Shoftim!

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Mamrim - Perek Vov

In Perek Vov we learn about the halachos of Kibud Av Va’em. One of the things that we learn is that we always have to listen to our mothers and fathers — but not if they tell us to do an aveira Chas Veshalom!

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Avodah

The Rebbe tells us that each one of the Rebbeim had a certain inyan, that was connected with the Avodah of their generation and was their Ruchnius level. They would be involved in it themselves, and expect their Chassidim to be involved in it too.

For example, the Alter Rebbe expected his Chassidim to have Avodas Halev, to serve Hashem with Ahava and Yirah, as explained in Tanya and the maamarim and Igros Kodesh of the Alter Rebbe.

The Mitteler Rebbe expected his Chassidim to have Avodas Hamoach, to understand and think about the deepest inyonim of Chassidus all the time, so that they would even come up in regular discussions.

The Mitteler Rebbe said that he hopes that when Chassidim meet each other in the street, they will talk about deep things in Chassidus, like Yichuda Ila’ah and Yichuda Tata’ah!

These are the inyonim which we are learning a little bit about in Tanya now!

In our time, the Rebbe expects from Chassidim especially to be involved in hafatzah, to bring Yiddishkeit and Chassidus to every Yid. The Rebbe said over this quote of the Mitteler Rebbe, and said in our times that the Rebbe hopes that Chassidim should always be working on spreading Yiddishkeit and Chassidus everywhere!

Based on farbrengen Yud-Tes Kislev Tof-Shin-Yud-Daled and other sources

 

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TEFILLAH

How Davening Changes Our Day

The Alter Rebbe explains the words of the Chachomim: “Hamispalel Tzorich Sheyihiyeh Libo Lemaala Ve’einav Lematah” — a person who is davening has to have his heart above and his eyes below!

The Alter Rebbe says it means that even when a Yid feels close and connected to Hashem, he still needs to remember the way he is during the regular things he does after davening.

The Rebbe teaches us what this means practically — that a person can’t walk away from davening only feeling inspired and Ruchniyus’dik. We ALSO need to use the time of davening to make general hachlatos for the day about how we should act in our “regular” work, like eating and exercise and playing and working.

Then, later in the day, we can think about what we’re doing, and if we’re acting the way we decided we would during davening.

Sichas Tes-Vov Shevat, 5739

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Saying Amen to Birchos Hashachar

When we hear another person say a bracha, we say Amen — EXCEPT if the bracha is part of a longer bracha. For example, the bracha of Asher Yatzar is a long bracha. It starts with the words “Boruch Ata Hashem,” but there’s another bracha at the end. With this kind of bracha, we only say Amen at the end.

Another long bracha in Birchos Hashachar is “Hamaavir Sheina.” This bracha is a part of the paragraph “Vihi Ratzon” that comes right after it. If we hear someone say the bracha of Hamaavir Sheina, we shouldn’t answer Amen (like we do in the other brachos of Birchos Hashachar), until they end off the bracha with the words “Hagomel Chasadim Tovim Le’amo Yisroel.”

At the end of Birchos Hashachar, we say Birchos HaTorah. There is an opinion that the bracha of Al Divrei Sorah is part of a long bracha, together with the paragraph of Veha’arev Na. According to the Alter Rebbe, though, they are two separate brachos, so we should answer Amen to each.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Mem-Vov

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

The Order of the Geulah

After the histalkus of the Frierdiker Rebbe, the Rebbe spoke about our emunah in Techiyas Hameisim. The Rebbe said that soon there will be “Hakitzu Veranenu Shochnei Afar,” that the Frierdiker Rebbe will have Techiyas Hameisim and take the Yidden out of Golus.

People asked the Rebbe about this. It says in seforim that first Moshiach comes, and then afterwards is Techiyas Hameisim! So why is the Rebbe saying that the Frierdiker Rebbe will take the Yidden out of Golus?

The Rebbe answered that in general that is true. Here is the order of how things happen:

1) Moshiach comes.

2) The Beis Hamikdash is built.

3) All of the Yidden are gathered back into Eretz Yisroel — Kibbutz Galuyos.

4) Techiyas Hameisim — all of the Yidden who passed away will come back to life.

But still, it is also written that certain tzadikim will have Techiyas Hameisim before. That is how a Chossid has Emunah that even after his Rebbe’s histalkus, his Rebbe can be Moshiach who will take the Yidden out of Golus!

See Likutei Sichos vol. 2 p. 517

 
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