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CHUMASH

Parshas Eikev - Chamishi with Rashi

Moshe is still farbrenging with the Yidden, teaching them how to act, so that they will be successful in Eretz Yisroel.

“Yidden! What does Hashem want from you? Just to have Yiras Shomayim, so you will do all the mitzvos!

“Hashem chose YOU from all of the goyim! Don’t make Him upset at you — listen to His mitzvos! Look at all of the special things Hashem did for you, like making the Yidden have so many kinderlach and grow and grow, and taking you out of Mitzrayim!

“Remember all of the ways Hashem helped you in the Midbar — and also remember what happened to the Yidden who didn’t listen to Hashem. So do what Hashem wants, and you will be able to live in Eretz Yisroel for a long time!”

 
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TEHILLIM

104 - 105

Today’s kapitelach are Kuf-Daled and Kuf-Hey.

In today’s Tehillim, in Kapitel Kuf-Hey, it speaks about the history of the events that led all the way up until when the Yidden went into Eretz Yisroel. It tells how Hashem promised the land to Avraham, how the Yidden had to go down to Mitzrayim because of the hunger, how Hashem took the Yidden out of Mitzrayim, and the nissim that happened until they came to Eretz Yisroel. It is very interesting to see how the whole history is recorded in this one kapitel!

The end of the kapitel is “Vayitein Lohem Artzos Goyim,” “Hashem gave the Yidden the land of the nations,” that Hashem took Eretz Yisroel away from the Goyim and gave it to the Yidden, who Hashem planned for it to belong to from the beginning.

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Vov

Here is another letter from the Alter Rebbe, explaining to Chassidim how special it is to give Tzedakah. (The Alter Rebbe especially wanted Chassidim to send money to the Chassidim in Eretz Yisroel, who had no way to get money. This is actually one of the reasons why the Alter Rebbe was arrested before the Chag HaGeulah of Yud-Tes Kislev!)

There is a posuk (in Mishlei) that teaches us that the reward for giving Tzedakah is that a Yid gets Emes (truth).

What does it mean “to get Emes,” and why do we get it for giving Tzedakah?

To understand this, first let’s learn something about our neshamos: When the neshama is born in a body, it can only see things that a Gashmius body can let it see. It can’t see Hashem and that Hashem is one — even though it is true! (Like we learned before in Tanya, “Hashem is one” means that even though there are so many things in the world, and even though Hashem made a whole world from nothing, it didn’t change Hashem!)

It is a big rachmonus on the poor Neshama when it is in a Gashmius’dike body and can’t see the Emes.

IY”H tomorrow we will see what this has to do with getting emes as a reward for giving tzedakah.

 
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HAYOM YOM

Chof-Alef Menachem Av

Today we learn how EVERY Chossid needs to be a Shliach for Chassidus!

Even when we’re busy with other things, we need to be thinking about how we can help Chassidus and Chassidim. And whenever we meet someone, we should try to inspire them to learn Chassidus or come to a farbrengen.

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #17 - Mitzvas Asei #73

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #73) is that if someone does an aveira (Chas Veshalom!) he needs to SAY to Hashem what he did and ask Hashem to forgive him.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Vayikra: וְהִתְוַדָּה אֲשֶׁר חָטָא

The details are explained in the end of Mesechta Yoma.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Teshuvah

Perek Alef: If a person does an aveira, he needs to admit he did to Hashem. For some aveiros, Hashem will then forgive the person right away, and sometimes will forgive the person on Yom Kippur.

Perek Beis: The Rambam teaches us that a person knows he did true teshuvah if he is in the same situation as before, and still doesn’t do the aveira again.

We also learn that if someone asks us for forgiveness for something he did to us, we should forgive him!

The Rambam tells us that even though Hashem accepts our teshuvah ALL the time, in the Aseres Yemei Teshuvah, ending with Yom Kippur, Hashem accepts our teshuvah right away!

Perek Gimmel: In this perek, there is a very famous halacha! The Rambam says that Hashem judges every person and the whole world together based on the things that people do.

Since we don’t know exactly how we deserve to be judged, the Rambam tells us to always imagine that the world is on a scale that is equal, perfectly balanced. If a person does even one mitzvah, it will tip the scale to the side of good (or chas veshalom the opposite). We need to realize that every choice we make is so important, for ourselves and for the whole world!

We are judged for the year on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur, based on these scales. Since we don’t know where the scale is up to, during the Aseres Yemei Teshuvah we add in extra mitzvos and Maasim Tovim to make sure we are judged for a good year!

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Keilim - Perek Yud

This perek has the halachos about parts of keilim, and tells us when they can become tomei.

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Chof Av

It is very interesting that of all of the Torah we still have from R’ Levi Yitzchak, the Rebbe’s father, was from the seforim that were written during his Golus!

The Rebbe says that teaches us something very important — one of the ways that makes our Torah, and especially Chassidus, last — is when it comes from Mesiras Nefesh! When we learn Torah, especially when it is very hard for us, that will make sure that it will stay with us forever!

 

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TEFILLAH

Ana B'Koach

In Korbanos, we have the paragraph of Ana B’koach, which we say during many tefillos.

This paragraph is very special and very holy! It was written by R’ Nechunya ben Hakana with deep meanings in Kabbalah. Ana B’koach has 42 words. The first letters of each word together spell out one of Hashem’s holy names!

When we finish reading these words, we say Baruch Sheim, blessing the name of Hashem we just read through the words of Ana B’koach.

Ana B’koach always helps us bring our tefillos up to Hashem. When we say it at the beginning of Shacharis, it helps us elevate our entire davening!

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Kavod of a Sefer Torah

One of the ways we show kavod for a Sefer Torah is by standing up when the Torah is being carried.

When the Sefer Torah is being brought to the Bimah or to the Aron Kodesh, we need to stand up out of kavod, and stay standing until the Torah is resting on the Bimah or inside the Aron Kodesh.

If the Torah is being carried somewhere else, we need to stand up until we can’t see it anymore.

See Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, siman Chof-Ches, se’if Gimmel

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Feeling Better from the Churban

The Navi Hoshea warned the Yidden of his time about the Churban, if they wouldn’t do teshuvah. But he also reminded them that Hashem always loves the Yidden, and that we would see that in the times of the Geulah.

The Navi told the Yidden that even though the first and second Beis Hamikdash would be destroyed, Hashem would build a third one in the times of the Geulah. Then the Yidden would feel better from the Churban:

יְחַיֵּינוּ מִיֹּמָיִם בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁי יְקִמֵנוּ וְנִחְיֶה לְפָנָיו

Yechayeinu Miyomayim — Hashem will make us feel better again from the two days (from the two times the Beis Hamikdash were destroyed)

Bayom Hashlishi Yekimeinu — On the third day (when the third Beis Hamikdash will be built), He will help us get up

Venichyeh Lefanav — And we will live in front of Hashem.

See Hoshea perek Vov posuk Beis

 
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