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CHUMASH

Parshas Bamidbar - Revi'i with Rashi

Today we learn about Aharon’s family. Really, the Torah says it’s about the families of Moshe and Aharon, but then it only tells us about Aharon’s family! Rashi shows us from the Gemara that it’s because Moshe taught them Torah, so it’s like they are Moshe’s kids too!

Aharon had four sons:
1) Nadav
2) Avihu
3) Elazar
4) Isamar

Nadav and Avihu had no children. They passed away when they brought Ketores in the Mishkan without permission. Elazar and Isamar were Kohanim along with Aharon.

Hashem now tells Moshe that Shevet Levi has a special job, to help the kohanim guard the Mishkan. Aharon and his children are the kohanim.

Hashem says, “Even though I made the bechorim holy, since they were involved in the Cheit Ha’Egel, the Kedusha to work in the Mishkan will go to Shevet Levi, who didn’t do the Egel.”

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TEHILLIM

1 - 9

Today we are starting the Sefer Tehillim again from the very beginning!

The Gemara says that Kapitel Ches (8) is talking about Matan Torah!

If you look in the kapitel, you will see that posuk Beis and the last posuk have the same words in them! Why? Let’s see what the Gemara says:

When Hashem wanted to give the Torah to Yidden, the Malachim were upset! They thought, “Hashem wants to give such a special hidden treasure to PEOPLE?!”

They said Posuk Beis of this kapitel to Hashem: “Hashem Adoneinu, Mah Adir Shimcha Bechol Ha’aretz, Asher Tenah Hodcha Al Hashomayim!” “Hashem, You are so great, put your Torah in Shomayim!”

Hashem told Moshe Rabbeinu to answer the Malochim. Moshe answered, “What does the Torah say? Not to steal. Do Malochim have a Yetzer Hara that they would want to steal from each other?” After Moshe told them this and some more reasons why only Yidden can keep the Torah, the Malochim agreed.

They said this posuk again, saying how great Hashem is — but this time not asking Him to keep the Torah in Shomayim. They just said, “Hashem Adoneinu, Mah Adir Shimcha Bechol Ha’aretz.” “Hashem, You are so great.” They agreed that the very best place for the Torah is with a Yid who has a Yetzer Hara, in this world, where he can make a Dira Betachtonim!

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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Nun-Gimmel

We are starting to learn the last Perek of the first section of Likutei Amarim today!

We asked earlier, “What does it mean that Hashem’s Shechinah was in the Beis Hamikdash? Isn’t Hashem everywhere?” We explained that of course Hashem is everywhere, but He is hidden. In the Beis Hamikdash, we can FEEL Hashem!

The Alter Rebbe started to explain to us how the Shechinah can be felt in the Beis Hamikdash. The Shechinah needs a “cover” so we can feel it in the world (otherwise it is too strong), and that cover is the Torah, the Chochmah of Hashem.

There are many steps that Hashem’s Shechinah goes through. In each Ruchnius world, a different part of Torah can be the cover. Now, finally, the Alter Rebbe will tell us how the Shechinah comes into the Beis Hamikdash in this world!

What part of Torah “covers” the Shechinah in this world?

In the times of the First Beis Hamikdash, it was the Aseres Hadibros, engraved in the Luchos! With that “cover,” we could feel Hashem in the Beis Hamikdash!

In the times of the First Beis Hamikdash, when we had the Luchos, we were able to feel the Shechinah in a very strong way. The Shechinah didn’t need to go through so many steps to reach the Luchos, so we could feel the Shechinah from the Ruchnius world of Briyah, even though most Gashmius is in a lower world of Asiyah!

This is because the Luchos weren’t regular Gashmius, they were made by Hashem Himself! Hashem made the Luchos, “Maaseh Elokim Chayim” — using the chayus of the name of Hashem called “Elokim Chayim.” The level of Elokim Chayim is the way Hashem is felt in the olam of Briyah. That’s why we were able to feel the Shechinah on the level of Briyah when we had the Luchos in the Beis Hamikdash!

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HAYOM YOM

Alef Sivan

Today is forty-five days of the Omer!

We won’t say Tachanun until Yud-Beis Sivan. (Why? The first days of Sivan are days of preparation for receiving the Torah, so we don’t say Tachanun those days. In the times of the Beis Hamikdash, there were seven days for people to bring their Korbanos in case they weren’t able to do it on Yom Tov itself, called Yemei Tashlumin. Nowadays too, since these Yemei Tashlumin are connected to Shavuos, we don’t say Tachanun until they are over, on Yud-Beis Sivan.)

~

Do you know that EVERY Yid loves Hashem deep inside their neshama? We learned in Tanya many times that it is because of Avraham Avinu’s Mesiras Nefesh! Hashem told Avraham that all Yidden will be BORN with a love for Hashem hiding inside their neshama.

Today the Rebbe shows us something CHASSIDIM are born with, in the zechus of the Rebbeim:

Every chossid WANTS to be close to Chassidus. No matter where they are, everyone who is a chossid or comes from a family of Chassidim, wants to be close to Chassidus deep inside their neshama.

Even if this part of their neshama gets covered up for whatever reason, deep inside, every chossid will always yearn for Chassidus. All they need to do is to bring it out by learning Chassidus and acting like a chossid.

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #307 - Mitzvas Asei #246

We are learning the same mitzvah again in Sefer Hamitzvos, (Mitzvas Asei #246) that the Beis Din needs to pasken according to halacha when there is an argument between people about money.

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RAMBAM

Hilchos To'ein Venit'an

Perek Yud: Usually we say that whoever has something, we assume that it is his. If someone else says it isn’t, that other person needs to prove it, or else the Beis Din won’t take it away. (“Hamotzi Meichaveiro, Alav HaRaayah”) But in this perek, we learn that we don’t always say that about an animal, who might wander off, or a servant who can walk around on his own.

Perek Yud-Alef: If someone is living on property for at least three years with nobody else protesting, we assume that it belongs to him, even if he doesn’t have any papers to prove it. This is called a chazaka.

In Perek Yud-Beis we learn the details of how something becomes a chazaka. For example, a person has to live on property for three years STRAIGHT, or else we don’t assume it is his.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Shechitah - Perek Tes

In today’s Rambam, we learn more times when we say that an animal is treifah. One halacha is that if an animal falls from a high place and then isn’t able to walk anymore, it is treifah. But if it jumped by itself, then we do not say that it is treifah, because an animal knows how to jump without hurting itself!

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INYANA D'YOMA

Rosh Chodesh

Today, Rosh Chodesh Sivan, is a very special day!

On Rosh Chodesh, the Yidden came to Midbar Sinai, the place where they were going to get the Torah. There they camped — they stopped and set up their tents to stay as they prepared for Matan Torah.

When the Torah tells us about this, it doesn’t say, “Vayachanu, and THEY camped” (for many people), the Torah says “Vayichan, and HE camped” (like for one person).

Why does the Torah say Vayichan, for one person, when it is talking about ALL of the Yidden?

Because when the Yidden camped near Har Sinai, they were like one person, not a group of millions of people! They were all thinking about one thing, that they were about to get the Torah, all together! They were like one person, with one heart.

The Medrash tells us that it was right then when Hashem decided to give the Torah to the Yidden! Hashem said, since it is clear that the Yidden hate machlokes and love shalom, and are now camped as one person, now is the time to give them the Torah!

Of course, Moshe Rabbeinu helped the Yidden themselves prepare for Matan Torah in the days afterwards. But Hashem was ready as soon as He saw the beautiful achdus of the Yidden when they camped near Har Sinai, to give the Yidden the Torah!

Every year on Shavuos, we remember and relive Matan Torah. But we shouldn’t only remember the actual day of Matan Torah, we should also relive the achdus of the Yidden then, which began today, on Rosh Chodesh Sivan! This is a very important preparation for receiving the Torah.

The Rebbe spoke about this achdus to prepare for Matan Torah many times over the years. The Rebbe asked that we should speak about achdus, think about achdus, learn about achdus, and actually DO peulos of Ahavas Yisroel and Achdus Yisroel!

One year, the Rebbe asked to make farbrengens around the world on the Shabbos before Rosh Chodesh. At the Rebbe’s own farbrengen that week, the Rebbe asked that the children should share their lechaims and mezonos with each other, so that they are able to do an act of Ahavas Yisroel right then!

Even though Ahavas Yisroel and achdus are important all year, there are times that are special times for it. One of those times is today, as a preparation for Matan Torah! This special time for Ahavas Yisroel won’t only help us be ready to get the Torah again on Shavuos, but it will also take away the reason for the Golus, and bring the Geulah!

See Likutei Sichos chelek Chof-Ches p. 233

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TEFILLAH

Yud-Beis Pesukim - Ve'ahavta

The tenth posuk in the Yud-Beis Pesukim is the posuk of Ve’ahavta.

Ve’ahavta Lereiacha Kamocha — You should love your friend like yourself!

Rabbi Akiva Omer — Rabbi Akiva says about this

Zeh Klal Gadol BaTorah — That it is a very important rule in the Torah!

This posuk speaks about the very special mitzvah of Ahavas Yisroel!

The Rambam tells us that there are two main ways we keep this mitzvah: We should be as careful with our friend’s kavod as we are with our own kavod, and we should be as careful with our friend’s money as we are with our own money!

A person’s kavod is very important to them. We don’t like being embarrassed in front of other people, or when other people make us feel silly or left out. Part of the mitzvah of Ahavas Yisroel is to be careful about other people’s kavod too! We should be careful not to embarrass other people or make them feel left out.

A person’s money is also important to them. We don’t like if people ruin our things, or make us spend money that we worked hard to earn for no reason. Part of Ahavas Yisroel is being careful with other people’s money too! We should be careful with their toys and their books, and not make them spend money when they don’t want to.

Even though, as we learned before, this mitzvah includes all of the mitzvos Bein Adam Lechaveiro, the Rambam and Shulchan Aruch bring these two specific things which we learn from this mitzvah itself.

When we do that, we are following one of the lessons of this posuk!

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Shelo Lehaamin Lezulaso

There are six constant mitzvos (Mitzvos Temidios), mitzvos that we need to keep all the time, by having our mind used to thinking in a specific way.

The second of these mitzvos is “Shelo Lehaamin Lezulaso,” not to believe in anything but Hashem. (This is the matching Mitzvas Lo Saasei for the first of these six mitzvos, which is to believe only in Hashem.)

We keep this mitzvah by knowing that there is nothing in the world that has its own koach, everything comes from Hashem.

In the times when people worshiped Avodah Zarah, this meant that nobody should think that a malach or a star has its own koach. Really, malochim and parts of the sky have koach only because Hashem gives it to them.

Nowadays, this also means that we shouldn’t think that someone else is in charge of our needs. It’s not up to the boss at work, the next door neighbors, or the principal to give us the things we need. Hashem is the One in charge of everything that happens to us and in the entire world! Hashem often makes other people His shluchim to help us, but the real bracha is coming straight from Hashem.

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

The Great Shofar of Moshiach

The Navi Yeshaya says that when Moshiach comes, a great shofar will be blown! Then the Yidden will come back from all of the places where they are lost or in Golus, even very far away. They will all come back together to Yerushalayim, where they can serve Hashem in the Beis Hamikdash!

This great shofar has a special koach in Ruchnius! That is how it will bring all of the Yidden back.

The shofar we hear in Elul wakes us up to do teshuvah. This great shofar will be able to do this in a much stronger way! It will wake up the pintele Yid from EVERY Jew, even Yidden that are very far away from Yiddishkeit. This will make all of them want to come closer to Torah and mitzvos, and they will all come together in Yerushalayim to serve Hashem.

See the maamar “Vehaya Bayom Hahu” Tof-Shin-Chof-Ches (mugah for Rosh Hashana Tof-Shin-Nun-Beis)

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