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CHUMASH

Parshas Haazinu - Rishon with Rashi

Today we start to learn the song Haazinu, that Moshe Rabbeinu taught the Yidden before he passed away.

The sky and the earth should hear what I say
Because they’ll be there forever, like they’re here today!
So no Yid will ever be able to say
“I didn’t hear about the mitzvos, no way!”

The sky and the earth are able to give
Rain to fall and plants to grow, so the Yidden can live.
So they can reward the Yidden if they do
The things Hashem is asking them to!

The Torah is like rain, that everything needs
(People and animals, and even seeds!)
Torah makes everyone happy, and also
Learning Torah makes us grow!

When in the Beis Hamikdash you hear Hashem’s name
Say good things about Hashem — say Baruch Sheim!
Everything Hashem does is fair, you bet!
He will give everyone what they deserve to get.

If not good things keep happening, life feels like no fun
You should know that it’s because of things YOU have done!
Hashem loves you and chose you, but what did you do?
You weren’t smart, and didn’t do what Hashem told you to!

 
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TEHILLIM

10 - 17

Today’s shiur Tehillim is kapitelach Yud through Yud-Zayin. The three kapitelach are Tzadik-Alef, Tzadik-Beis, and Tzadik-Gimmel.

Kapitel Yud-Alef in Tehillim talks about how Hashem brings tzaros to a Tzadik, but really it’s all for his good.

The last posuk says, “Tzadik Hashem Tzedakos Ahev” — Hashem loves giving tzedakah.

When Hashem gave us the Torah, we were able to feel Hashem in the world and help the whole world to know Hashem. That’s the best kind of tzedakah there could be!

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Yud-Tes

Yesterday we said that Moshe Rabbeinu saw the “back of Hashem.” Even though the “back” of Hashem is very great, the higher levels of Hashem are much much greater!

Today we learn a mashal for the Chitzonius (like the “back”) and the Pnimius (like the “face”) of Hashem, from the neshama kochos of a person.

In general, the kochos of a person can be split up into five parts:

1) Sechel - what a person knows

2) Midos - what a person feels

3) Machshava - what a person thinks

4) Dibur - what a person says

5) Maaseh - what a person does.

Which of these is the most connected to a person (pnimius)?

Doing things is a wonderful part of being a person, but it isn’t at all the same thing as something you KNOW. What you know is always a part of you, but you can always just walk away from something you are doing! It is very different than the pnimius of what you know.

Moshe Rabbeinu was able to see only the “back,” the part of Hashem which is compared to a person’s maaseh. Seeing a higher level is impossible for a person!

Moshe Rabbeinu was so close to Hashem like a person that SEES someone, and tzadikim who taught Kabbalah and Chassidus understood Hashem like someone who HEARS about someone.

What was Moshe Rabbeinu able to see?

He could see the chayus of Hashem where the Torah comes from! That’s why Moshe is the one who gave the Torah to Yidden. This chayus is in all the Mitzvos of the Torah which are all Gashmius things.

But inside the Torah is a chayus that is higher than Gashmius — the light of Chassidus, called the light of Torah. Now, this light of Torah can only be UNDERSTOOD, even by the great tzadikim who teach Kabbalah and Chassidus. When Moshiach comes, EVERYONE will be able to SEE it!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Beis Tishrei

In one of the maamorim in the Alter Rebbe’s Siddur, it says that we are supposed to say Ana BeKoach before we blow the Shofar.

But there is one problem — we DON’T say Ana BeKoach!

The Rebbe explains that the Alter Rebbe means that when saying the pesukim before the tekiyos, a person should have kavana which is connected with the name of Hashem spelled out by the words of Ana B’koach. It is important that whoever is involved in having kavanos from Kabbalah needs to know it very well, and then his kavana will be accepted.

There is a story about a Chossid of the Baal Shem Tov, R’ Wolff Kitzes. One year, he had the special zechus to blow the Shofar in the Baal Shem Tov’s shul! He was very nervous that he should think about the right things, and asked the Baal Shem Tov to teach him what he should think about.

R’ Wolff Kitzes wrote down this list of Kavanos, and brought the paper to shul so he would remember what he should think about.

But when it was time to blow the Shofar, he couldn’t find the paper anywhere! He was so upset, he couldn’t remember ANY of the Kavanos at all! He just cried and blew the Shofar as best as he could.

Later, the Baal Shem Tov told him that his Shofar blowing was perfect! The Kavanos are like having a key to a door, so you can open the door for the Yidden’s Tefilos. But just crying to Hashem is like an axe that can chop the whole door down!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #73 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #355

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos we learn the same mitzvah as yesterday again (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #355) — that a person is not allowed to act like he is married to a woman without first doing the mitzvah of Kiddushin, getting married according to Torah.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Ki Seitzei: לֹא תִהְיֶה קְדֵשָׁה מִבְּנוֹת יִשְׂרָאֵל

The details are explained in Mesechta Kesubos and Kiddushin.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Ishus

In today’s Rambam, we learn about things a husband has to do for his wife. One halacha is that he has to buy her new clothes every year.

We also learn about moving: One halacha is that if the husband says that the neighbors are not good people, he can make his wife move even if she doesn’t want to. And the same is for her — if she thinks the neighbors aren’t good people, she can make them both move away.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Tefillah - Perek Yud-Alef

In this perek, we learn about a shul! In a place where there are 10 Yidden, we need to make sure there is a shul. A shul has to be treated with kavod, and we have to keep it clean — sweeping and mopping the floors!

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Rosh Hashana

At the end of each Yom Tov, we make a farbrengen, so the Kedusha of Yom Tov will also come into the week!

The Rebbe said that on Rosh Hashana, we should sing the Niggunim from each of the Rebbeim, starting from the Baal Shem Tov, and say something about each of the Rebbeim.

Why?

By saying something and singing the Niggun of each of the Rebbeim, we connect to them. This helps us in our Avodas Hashem in general and to bring the special chayus of Rosh Hashana into the regular days of the year!

 

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TEFILLAH

Rosh Hashana

Did you know that the Rebbe started to put together a second volume of Hayom Yom, Hayom Yom Chelek Sheini, for the next year?

In 5758, Agudas Chassidei Chabad printed this Sefer. Here is one of the pisgamim from Volume Two of Hayom Yom, about Rosh Hashana:

The Rebbe Rashab would give a special hora’ah:

Be careful to use the time of the two days of Rosh Hashana to ask Hashem for good Midos!

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Mivtzoyim on Rosh Hashana

During the days of Rosh Hashana, we should try to help as many Yidden as possible do the mitzvah of hearing the shofar! The Rebbe encouraged us to go out and find people who didn’t hear the shofar yet, and blow for them. We should try to blow all 30 kolos, to do the mitzvah in the best way.

We should especially go to the Yidden who COULDN’T go to shul, Yidden who are in nursing homes, hospitals, or prisons.

Even if you already did the mitzvah of hearing the shofar, you can make the bracha again when blowing for other people, since helping them to do the mitzvah is also your mitzvah.

But if you are blowing only for a woman or a group of women, one of them should say the bracha, because a man and woman’s chiyuv in shofar is different.

See Halachos U’Minhagei Chabad, p. 19

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

The Alef of Geulah

The changes that will happen in the world when Moshiach comes are hinted to in the difference between the word “Golah” (Golus) and the word “Geulah.” Both of these words have the same exact letters, just that Geulah has one Alef added.

This Alef teaches us many things about how Moshiach’s coming will change the world!

The most basic change is the one we daven for on Rosh Hashana: We ask Hashem, “Veyeida Kol Pa’ul Ki Ata Pe’alto!” Hashem should be King over the whole world, and everything that Hashem made should recognize that Hashem made it!

This will happen when Moshiach comes, when everyone will see that Alef — that Hashem is Alufo Shel Olam, the Master of the whole world.

When Hashem isn’t hidden anymore, and everyone and everything recognizes that Hashem is King, so many of the not-good things in Golus will just stop! Most of the hardships of Golus are because Hashem is hiding. When Moshiach comes, they will all disappear!

See Sicha of Parshas Emor, Tof-Shin-Nun-Alef

 
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