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לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
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CHUMASH

Parshas Acharei - Sheini with Rashi

We are learning more about the Avodah of Yom Kippur:

On Yom Kippur, the Kohen Gadol does the Avodah in the Mishkan and the Kodesh Hakodoshim for Hashem to forgive the Yidden. We learned that in order to forgive the Yidden for not being careful enough with the tahara of the Mishkan and its keilim, he mixes the blood of his Korban Chatas with the blood of the Yidden’s Korban Chatas, and sprinkles it on the Paroches.

Today we learn how the Kohen Gadol is mechaper for any mistakes with the kedusha of the Mizbeiach Hapnimi, where the ketores was brought. The Kohen Gadol sprinkles the Mizbeiach Hapnimi with the same mixture of blood. This causes Hashem to forgive the Yidden in case the Mizbeiach became tomei by touching something tomei, or if the ketores had become tomei.

Then the Kohen Gadol goes out of the Kodesh and the person chosen the day before brings the goat for Azazel. The Kohen Gadol says vidui, asking forgiveness for all of the aveiros of the Yidden, leaning his hands on the goat’s head. Then he sends the goat to the desert with a kohen, to push the animal off the Azazel cliff. This takes away the aveiros of the Yidden.

The Kohen Gadol takes the fat of the korbanos to be burned on the Mizbeiach. Then he goes to the Mikvah to change back into the clothes of the Kohen Gadol that he wears all year (the Bigdei Zahav). He brings a Korban Olah for himself and for the Yidden. Then he brings seven sheep for the Korban Musaf of Yom Kippur.

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TEHILLIM

113 - 118

In today’s Tehillim (which is Hallel), we have the Rebbe’s kapitel.

In Kapitel Kuf-Tes-Zayin, Dovid Hamelech thanks Hashem for the many nisim that happened to him, saving him from all of his troubles. Dovid Hamelech promises that he will bring korbanos to thank Hashem!

In one of the pesukim, Dovid Hamelech says, “Kos Yeshuos Esa U’vesheim Hashem Ekra,” “I will lift up the cup of saving, and I will call in the name of Hashem.”

The meforshim explain what kos Dovid Hamelech is talking about: When we bring a korban, wine (nesech) is poured on the Mizbeiach along with the korban. Dovid Hamelech says that he will lift up the wine when he brings his korbanos to thank Hashem!

The Gemara also learns from here that when we have a cup of bracha, like the cup of wine from Kiddush and Havdalah, we should lift up our kos and hold it so that everyone can see it!

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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Mem-Beis

In today’s Tanya, the Alter Rebbe answers a very important question:

We said that one of the ways to have Yiras Shomayim is to think about how we’re standing in front of Hashem, because when a person is standing in front of a king, he is afraid to do anything the king won’t like!

But how can we feel like we’re standing in front of a king? We can SEE a king, but we can’t see Hashem!

The Alter Rebbe tells us how we CAN see Hashem!

Are you afraid of a king when he is asleep? No! We are only afraid of the king when he is awake. We are afraid of the CHAYUS of the king, and when we see the king when he is awake, we can see that the king’s chayus is there!

Guess what?

When we look at things in the world, like the mountains and the trees and the sun and the clouds — we are looking at something that is full of Hashem’s chayus, just like we are looking at a king! If we remember this when we look at things, it can make us feel Yiras Shomayim.

We have to practice a lot! Whenever we see something, we can remember — this thing is full of Hashem’s chayus! Everything in the world is like Hashem’s “clothes”!

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HAYOM YOM

Chof-Daled Nisan

Today is the ninth day of the Omer!

We don’t say Shehecheyanu during the days of Sefiras Haomer.

Every person has part of us that isn’t good.

Should that make us feel bad? It shouldn’t!

Even in the Beis Hamikdash, there was an Avodah that had to do with “not good” things that have to be sent away. The Se’ir La’Azazel was pushed off a cliff on Yom Kippur to be a kapara for aveiros of the Yidden.

We need to do the same thing with whatever we have that isn’t good — we need to fix ourselves by getting rid of the “bad” that’s inside of us.

This is one of the things we are working on now, during Sefiras Ha’omer!

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #316 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #310, Asei #224, Lo Saasei #300

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn 3 mitzvos:

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #310) A Beis Din can’t let a witch live (a witch is someone who uses the koach of tumah to make magic).

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: מְכַשֵּׁפָה לֹא תְחַיֶּה

2) (Mitzvas Asei #224) The Beis Din needs to follow the halachos of giving malkos (lashes) — one of the punishments a Beis Din gives for certain aveiros.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: וְהִפִּילוֹ הַשֹּׁפֵט וְהִכָּהוּ לְפָנָיו

The details are explained in Mesechta Makos.

3) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #300) The Beis Din can’t hit someone during Malkos more than he’s supposed to be hit. Part of this mitzvah is never to hit another Yid, or even just pick up our hand as if we were going to hit him!

We also learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: כְּדֵי רִשְׁעָתוֹ בְּמִסְפָּר אַרְבָּעִים יַכֶּנּוּ לֹא יֹסִיף

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Sanhedrin

In today’s Rambam, we learn more about how the Sanhedrin judges.

In Perek Yud, one of the things we learn is how every judge has to have his OWN opinion. Because of that, we don’t ask the oldest or greatest judge to say his opinion first, because then the other judges might not want to say something different.

Perek Yud-Alef talks about the differences between judging cases about money (Dinei Mamonos), and judging cases where someone would be punished by being killed (Dinei Nefashos). In Dinei Nefashos, the Beis Din needs to try to find ways to make the person not guilty. One of the ways we see this is that even someone who is not a judge can give a reason why NOT to punish someone, but only the judges can give a reason to say why he is guilty!

Perek Yud-Beis explains how the Sanhedrin can pasken that someone is Chayav Misa. The judges first need to make sure that there were witnesses who saw it happen, and that the person was warned first that he is not allowed to do the aveira.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Shaar Avos HaTumos - Perek Vov

This perek teaches us about how Avodah Zarah is an Av Hatumah and can make other things tomei.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Sefiras Haomer

Today we are working more on the midah of Gevurah. Like we said yesterday, Gevurah is being strong — being stronger than our Yetzer Hara.

Here’s another way we can exercise our Gevurah:

Sometimes a person wants to show that they’re the most special. They’re better than anyone else! They’re faster, stronger, smarter, taller, prettier…

How do other people feel if someone does that? They feel bad.

But we can use our Gevurah! Instead of showing that we’re better, we can think about what the other person will feel like. If we know that what we say or do will make someone else feel bad, we can use our Gevurah and not say it!

▼ Jump to Coloring Books & Downloads ▼

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TEFILLAH

The Yud-Beis Pesukim

The Rebbe didn’t teach all of the Yud-Beis Pesukim at once. The Rebbe taught the first six pesukim on Rosh Chodesh Iyar, Tof-Shin-Lamed-Vov, and then the Rebbe taught the next six pesukim on Lag B’Omer, a few weeks later.

Each set of six pesukim is set up in the same way: There are two pesukim from Torah Shebichsav (the Chumash), then there are two pesukim from Torah Shebaal Peh (Mishna, Gemara, or Medrash), and then there are two pesukim from Chassidus (Tanya).

Even though we call them all pesukim, only the first two of each set of six are actually pesukim from the Torah. The rest are Maamarei Razal, sayings of the Chachomim.

Let’s go through the first six!

The first two pesukim are from Torah Shebichsav:

Torah Tziva — This posuk comes from Parshas Vezos Habracha.

Shema Yisroel — This posuk comes from Parshas Va’eschanan, and it is the first posuk of Shema which we say many times in davening.

Then we have two Maamorei Razal from Torah Shebaal Peh:

Bechol Dor Vador — This is a Mishna in Mesechta Pesachim, which we also say in the Haggadah.

Kol Yisrael — This is a Mishna in Mesechta Sanhedrin. We say this Mishna before beginning each perek when we say Pirkei Avos!

The last two are from Tanya:

Ki Karov — This is in the Shaar Blatt of Tanya. Even though it is also a posuk, the Alter Rebbe bases the whole Tanya on this posuk!

Vehinei Hashem — This is from the beginning of Perek Mem-Alef of Tanya.

The reason why the Rebbe chose these pesukim is because they have messages that are important even for small children! So besides for knowing them by heart, we need to make sure that we know what they mean and the lessons they have for us!

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Sefiras Ha'omer

Sefiras Haomer is a very important mitzvah! We are supposed to count sefirah as soon as we can after Tzeis Hakochavim.

Starting from a half hour before Shkiyah, we are careful not to eat more than a snack of Mezonos or Hamotzi so that we won’t forget to count on time. If we have another way to remember — like if we have someone who will remind us afterwards, or we usually go to a minyan where everyone counts together — then we are allowed to eat even a regular meal.

Women do not HAVE to count sefirah, but it is a mitzvah if they do, and they should also say a bracha.

A boy, even before Bar Mitzvah, needs to count Sefirah if he is already at the age of Chinuch.

See Laws and Customs of Sefiras Haomer, by Rabbi Shmuel Lesches

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Thanking Hashem and Bringing Moshiach

In the haftora of Acharon Shel Pesach, we learn about the promises the Navi told King Chizkiyahu about how Sancheriv would not capture Yerushalayim! In fact, just like the Navi said, Sancheriv left without even shooting a single arrow!

The Chachomim tell us that Hashem wanted to make Chizkiyahu Moshiach! Hashem didn’t in the end, because Chizkiyahu did not thank Hashem properly for the nisim Hashem made with the fall of the wicked Sancheriv. So, many of the nevuos did not come true then — they will only happen in the times of Moshiach!

From this we learn how important it is to thank Hashem for His nissim, and how this is connected with bringing Moshiach closer!

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