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Parshas Netzavim - Revi'i with Rashi

In today’s Chumash, Moshe Rabbeinu tells the Yidden what will happen to them in the times of Golus. After all of their tzaros, they will do teshuvah and Hashem will bring the Geulah!

Don’t worry Yidden, it’s never too late
Even if your aveiros are very great.
Even if the scary Tochacha comes true
And even if into Golus Hashem sends you.

You will do Teshuvah, and Hashem will forgive!
Back to Eretz Yisroel you will go to live.
From Golus you will all go out, it’s true —
And Hashem will also — He was in Golus too!

No matter how far away a Yid might become
Hashem will take them all out of Golus, one by one
(Do you know when this will happen and how?
It’s our mitzvos that bring Moshiach NOW!)

Then Hashem will do a “bris” on our heart
To take off the Yetzer Hara part!
We’ll be able to serve Hashem perfectly
And the world will look just like Hashem wants it to be!



119 (first half)

Today’s shiur Tehillim is the first half of kapitel Kuf-Yud-Tes. Since this kapitel is so long, we will finish it tomorrow! We also say the three kapitelach for Chodesh Elul: Ayin-Gimmel, Ayin-Daled, and Ayin-Hey.

The last posuk of today’s Tehillim, which starts with a Lamed, is “Lechol Tichla Ra’isi Keitz, Rechava Mitzvas’cha Me’od.” “I have seen an end to every goal, but Your mitzva is very wide.”

The Alter Rebbe explains that “Lechol Tichla” is like the words “Klos Hanefesh,” which means that the neshama wants to become close to Hashem. For all of these feelings, there is an end! There is only so much a person can love Hashem and come close to Hashem by just wanting.

But a mitzvah — “Rechava Mitzvas’cha Me’od” — a mitzvah has NO limits, it connects us to Hashem more than anything else! We will get to see how high we reach through our mitzvos only in the time of Techiyas Hameisim!

The Rebbe Rashab also explains this posuk even deeper according to Chassidus, in his famous hemshech Tof-Reish-Samach-Vov. (A hemshech is a group of maamorim that are connected to each other, and help us understand one inyan very very well. This sefer has 61 maamorim, and explains why Hashem made the world.)



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Yud-Tes

This letter in Igeres Hakodesh is an explanation of inyonim in Chassidus. One of the inyonim explained here is the difference between what a Navi sees and what a Chochom understands about Hashem. Today we will learn the question that starts the explanation.

We learned in Parshas Ki Sisa that Moshe Rabbeinu asked for permission to see Hashem.

Hashem said he would be able to, but only the “back.” A person is not able to see the “face” of Hashem.

But if you look in Kabbalah and Chassidus, you will see that a person CAN understand what the “face” of Hashem means. In fact, if you learn this Igeres Hakodesh well, you can learn it right here!

Does that mean that the Arizal, and anyone else who knows Kabbalah, knew MORE than Moshe Rabbeinu? How could that be? Doesn’t it say in the end of Chumash that there will never be another Navi as great as Moshe Rabbeinu?



Chof-Hey Elul

In today’s Hayom Yom, we learn that Hashem bentches the month of Tishrei. That gives us the koach to bentch each new month on Shabbos Mevorchim the rest of the year!

Minhagim and Reminders for Shabbos Mevorchim Tishrei (which was Chof-Hey Elul the year Hayom Yom was first printed):

- Say the whole Tehillim in the morning of Shabbos Mevorchim. Farbreng.

- On Shabbos Selichos, we say Selichos after midnight, but all the rest of the days we say Selichos in the morning.

- When we lein Netzavim and Vayelech separately, Shvi’i and Maftir are the same!

The Alter Rebbe teaches us something that he heard from the Maggid, who heard it from the Baal Shem Tov! It is about Shabbos Mevorchim Tishrei — where we DON’T bentch the Chodesh in Davening!

Why don’t we give a bracha to the month of Tishrei? Because HASHEM gives the bracha Himself!

What is this bracha? We can see this bracha in the parsha we lein on Shabbos Mevorchim Tishrei: Parshas Netzavim.

The parsha starts “Atem Netzavim Hayom” — “you are standing today.”

“Today” means Rosh Hashana, the Yom HaDin (day of judgment). “Netzavim” means standing strong — winning the case and getting a Shana Tova!

Tishrei is the seventh month. It is so full of brachos from Hashem! It gives the koach to fill up the rest of the year too with Hashem’s brachos. It is with the koach of Hashem’s bracha for this special month that we are able to bentch all of the other months ourselves!



Shiur #51 - Mitzvas Asei #159, Lo Saasei #323, Asei #160, Lo Saasei #324

Now we start to learn the halachos about resting — on Yom Tov! In Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn four mitzvos about resting on Pesach:

1) (Mitzvas Asei #159) The first day of Pesach is Yom Tov, and we need to rest from doing melacha. (Outside of Eretz Yisroel, we rest on the first TWO days of Pesach!)

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Bo: וּבַיּוֹם הָרִאשׁוֹן מִקְרָא קֹדֶשׁ

The details are explained in Mesechta Beitzah (Yom Tov).

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #323) We are not allowed to work on the first day of Pesach.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Bo: כָּל מְלָאכָה לֹא יֵעָשֶׂה בָהֶם

3) (Mitzvas Asei #160) The seventh (last) day of Pesach is Yom Tov, and we need to rest from doing melacha. (Outside of Eretz Yisroel, Shvi’i Shel Pesach AND Acharon Shel Pesach are Yom Tov.)

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Bo: וּבַיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי מִקְרָא קֹדֶשׁ

4) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #324) We are not allowed to work on Shvi’i Shel Pesach, the seventh day of Pesach.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Bo: כָּל מְלָאכָה לֹא יֵעָשֶׂה בָהֶם



Hilchos Shevisas Yom Tov

In Perakim Alef, Beis and Gimmel of this new set of halachos, we start to learn about resting on Yom Tov:

On Yom Tov, we are only allowed to do the kinds of melacha we need for making food. But even those melachos, we are only allowed to do to actually make food!

There are only two melachos that we can do for other reasons: We are allowed to carry things outside even for other reasons, and we are allowed to light a fire for other reasons (like to be warm).

But the Chachomim warn us not to leave all of the work for Yom Tov, because then we will be working the whole time and not able to enjoy Yom Tov! So we are allowed to cook on Yom Tov so the food will be fresh, but we should not grind wheat on Yom Tov, because we could do that before Yom Tov. Since it wouldn’t make the food taste better to do it later, we shouldn’t push it off until Yom Tov.



Hilchos Nizkei Mamon - Perek Hey

This perek tells us about 10 conditions Yehoshua made when the Yidden came into Eretz Yisroel. Many of them are about when we are allowed to use other people’s fields without asking.



Chof-Hey Elul

Today is Chof-Hey Elul — the day when Hashem made the world! Rosh Hashana is really the SIXTH day of Creation, when Hashem made Adam Harishon!

The Arizal says that special dates on the Jewish calendar are really b’ruchnius happening again every year! We can get the special kochos of the day by learning about it in Torah. There is a minhag of Chassidim (that the Rebbe told us about) to learn the part of Parshas Bereishis that talks about what Hashem created on that day!

On the first day of creating the world, Hashem said “Yehi Ohr” — there should be light. We also need to make sure that we fill the world with light — the light of Torah!


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Malchiyos, Zichronos, Shofros

Musaf is an extra Shemoneh Esrei we add on Shabbos and special days. Musaf is instead of bringing the Korban Musaf, the korbanos in honor of the day.

Musaf is set up with three brachos at the beginning to praise Hashem, one bracha in the middle about the korbanos that were brought in the Beis Hamikdash on this Yom Tov, and three brachos at the end thanking Hashem.

In the Musaf of Rosh Hashana, we have THREE brachos in the middle!

1) Malchiyos — We say pesukim that speak about the Malchus of Hashem. Saying these words helps us to accept Hashem as King, Kabolas Ol Malchus Shomayim! (In this bracha, we also mention the extra korbanos of Rosh Hashana that were brought in the Beis Hamikdash.)

2) Zichronos — We say pesukim asking Hashem to remember us (zikaron) for good on this special day.

3) Shofros — All of these things happen through the mitzvah of Shofar on Rosh Hashana! We say pesukim that mention the shofar and what it accomplishes.

In each of these sections, we say ten pesukim. The first three pesukim come from Torah, the next three from Navi, and then three more from Kesuvim. Then we say one last posuk from Torah.

The ten pesukim from each of these sections match with the Asara Maamaros, the ten things Hashem said to create the world!



"Maos Chitim"

There is a minhag that before Pesach, money is given out in each city to help people buy matzah and wine and food for Pesach. That’s because on Pesach we can’t work, but the things we need are very expensive! This is called Maos Chitim (“flour money”).

The truth is that other Yomim Tovim are also days off of work where we need to pay for extra things. Even Rosh Hashana has extra things we need to buy, and it’s extra days off of work.

That’s why the Rebbe asked that we also keep this minhag for the other Yomim Tovim, including Rosh Hashana. You can give to the fund where you live, and it is also good to give to the Yidden in Eretz Yisroel (many times in Tanya, the Alter Rebbe tells how special it is to give tzedakah to Eretz Yisroel). Here’s are some places you can choose — you can give by just clicking here: or

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Veheishiv Leiv Avos Al Banim

When Moshiach comes, all of the Yidden will do teshuvah!

The Navi Malachi tells us that Hashem will first send Eliyahu Hanavi to help the Yidden be ready. But it will first be the children that will understand, and they will help their parents to come closer to Hashem!

וְהֵשִׁיב לֵב אָבוֹת עַל בָּנִים וְלֵב בָּנִים עַל אֲבוֹתָם פֶּן אָבוֹא וְהִכֵּיתִי אֶת הָאָרֶץ חֵרֶם

Veheishiv Leiv Avos Al Banim — The children will help their parents to do teshuvah and come closer to Hashem

Veleiv Banim Al Avosam — And then the parents will help their children too!

Pen Avo — This way, it won’t happen that when Moshiach comes, the Yidden will not have done teshuvah

Vehikeisi Es Ha’aretz Cheirem — And Hashem will need to punish the world.

(Even though this is a good nevuah, in the sefarim of Nach, the sefer ends by again writing the posuk before this one, about Eliyahu Hanavi, in order to finish off with happy words!)

When the Rebbe made the campaign for Tzivos Hashem, and also for children to learn Sefer Hamitzvos, he connected it with this posuk! This posuk tells us that children will be the ones to help their parents to live the way Hashem wants, including learning Rambam. The parents will learn from the example of their children, and will want to become better!

See Malachi perek Gimmel perek Chof-Daled

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