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Chamishi with Rashi

Hashem tells Moshe how to make a mechitzah inside the Mishkan, to separate the Kodesh and the Kodesh Hakodoshim. It should match the first cover of the Mishkan, made of colorful threads with the shapes of animals on it.

They will hang the mechitzah on four wooden poles covered in gold, that have gold hooks on them. The hooks will hold a rod for the mechitzah. At the bottom of the poles (Kerashim) will be silver boxes, like the poles of the walls of the Mishkan.

When the mechitzah is up, the Yidden should put the Aron in the right place, which will be the only thing in the Kodesh Hakodoshim.

In the Kodesh section, the Yidden should put the Shulchan, the Menorah, and Mizbeiach Hazahav (the Mizbeiach Haketores, which we learn about next week).

The Yidden should also make a curtain for the door of the Mishkan, like the Mechitzah that was between the Kodesh and the Kodesh Hakodoshim. It should hang on a rod attached to five wooden pillars covered with gold, but with a copper box on the bottom.



10 - 17

In Kapitel Tes-Vov (15), we learn about the special midos that a Yid needs so his neshama will be able to go to Gan Eden.

One of the things it says is “Nivzeh BeEinav Nimas” — “he is embarrassed of himself, and thinks he is disgusting.”

What kind of midah is that?!

The Alter Rebbe tells us what it means soon in Tanya: That when our Yetzer Hara is getting too big and too proud, and not leaving room to think about Hashem and another Yid, we need to do something about it! We need to spend some time thinking about the part of us that is a Nefesh Habehamis, and how it’s disgusting that it tries to take us away from Hashem.

Then we’ll be able to make room in our hearts for Hashem, and daven like a Yid and win over our Yetzer Hara!



Likutei Amarim Perek Chof-Zayin

When a person is feeling sad, he doesn’t have enough energy to fight with his Yetzer Hara and only listen to his Yetzer Tov!

One of the things that can make a person feel sad and slow is that even when he’s doing other things, his mind keeps trying to think about aveiros! A person might say, “I only want to think about GOOD things, why do such terrible things keep coming into my head?”

The Alter Rebbe says that he is making a big mistake! Instead of being SAD about it, he should be HAPPY! Because when a person says “NO! I won’t think about that aveira!” he is doing a mitzvah, which should make him very happy!

The Chachomim say that a person who is tempted to do an aveira but stops himself, gets a reward just like he did a mitzvah! So when a person thinks something he shouldn’t be thinking, and he stops and think something else instead, he should be happy that he is able to do this mitzvah, and will be rewarded for it, just like for any other mitzvah.



Beis Adar Alef

The Avodah of Chabad that the Alter Rebbe set up for Chassidim is to find the pnimius in our Avodas Hashem. We need to have kavana in the mitzvos we do, and do them with an Emes!

What does that mean?

It means that when we do a mitzvah, we need to know what we are doing.

For example, when we are learning a posuk in Chumash, we need to know that these are the words of Hashem! When we are davening, we need to prepare ourselves and know that we are standing before Hashem. When we say a bracha, we need to have kavana that we are bringing kedusha into the world. When we do a favor for another Yid and help him, it should be with a feeling of Ahavas Yisroel, not just because it makes us feel good!

In order to accomplish this, we need to learn Chassidus, which teaches us all of these things, and try to understand it the best we can. Then we need to make it part of our lives, and part of the way we live as a Yid.



Mitzvas Lo Saasei #139, #112, Asei #65

Today we learn 3 more mitzvos about Korbanos:

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #139) A Kohen is usually able to eat from a Korban Chatas. But a kohen can NOT eat from any Korban Chatas that has its blood sprinkled inside of the Kodesh or the Kodesh Hakodoshim (on the Mizbeiach Haketores, the Paroches, or the Aron.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Tzav: וְכָל חַטָּאת אֲשֶׁר יוּבָא מִדָּמָהּ אֶל אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד לְכַפֵּר בַּקֹּדֶשׁ לֹא תֵאָכֵל בָּאֵשׁ תִּשָּׂרֵף

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #112) A bird that is brought for a Korban doesn’t get shechted with a knife, it gets shechted with a very sharp fingernail! This is called Melikah. It is a mitzvah for the Kohen to make sure not to cut off the whole head when he is shechting it.

This mitzvah is learned from a posuk in Parshas Vayikra: וּמָלַק אֶת רֹאשׁוֹ מִמּוּל עָרְפּוֹ וְלֹא יַבְדִּיל

3) (Mitzvas Asei #65) We need to follow all of the halachos about how to bring a Korban Asham.

We learn this mitzvah from the posuk in Parshas Tzav: זֹאת תּוֹרַת הָאָשָׁם



Hilchos Maaseh HaKorbanos

In today’s Rambam, we learn more about bringing Korbanos.

Perek Daled: We learn about WHEN Korbanos are allowed to be brought (during the day) and also what we need to think about when we bring the KorbanKavana!

Perek Hey: This perek teaches us WHERE we bring Korbanos, and how we give the different parts of the Korban to Hashem.

Perek Vov: We learn EXACTLY how to bring a Korban Olah!



Hilchos Temidin Umusafin - Perek Vov

This perek of Rambam is like reading a story, about how the kohanim wake up in the morning and go do their Avodah!




In Chodesh Adar, it’s a mitzvah to ADD in simcha — every day needs to be more than the day before.

We can learn how to be happier each day from the last posuk in the 12 Pesukim! “Yismach Yisroel Be’Osav” — every Yid is happy because he knows that Hashem is happy that we are learning Torah and doing mitzvos and bringing Moshiach closer!

When we know Hashem is happy, that makes US happy!

See Sefer Hasichos 5752, Parshas Terumah


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After Shemoneh Esrei, we say Tachanun.

According to the Arizal, we say the Vidui, which includes all kinds of aveiros a person could do, in the order of the Alef-Beis. This brings out Hashem’s Rachamim for the Yidden.

We say Tachanun using the word “we,” not “I,” and we mention all kinds of aveiros, even ones we are sure we didn’t do ourselves. Even Tzadikim say Tachanun! This is because Yidden are all connected to each other, so we ask Hashem for Rachmonus for ourselves together with all of the rest of the Yidden.



Velo Sasuru

By stopping ourselves from thinking about aveiros, we are doing a mitzvah!

When someone gets an idea of a taavah or another aveira he wants to do, he might want to think about it. But by stopping himself from even thinking about it, he is doing a mitzvah — the mitzvah of “Velo Sasuru.”

According to the Rambam, one of the 613 mitzvos is “Velo Sasuru Acharei Levavchem Ve’acharei Eineichem,” not to let our minds be busy thinking about things that are asur or taavos that are not helpful for our Avodas Hashem.

So for example, when a person is walking outside or is riding in a car, he might accidentally notice a sign with a non-tznius picture on it, or a picture of a delicious-looking non-kosher food. By not thinking about these things, and thinking about something else instead, we are doing this mitzvah of Velo Sasuru!

Like we learned in today’s Tanya, doing this mitzvah should make a person very happy!

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



The Keilim in the Kodesh

When we learn the parshios in the Torah about the Mishkan, we also add in learning from Torah Shebaal Peh about these things.

Today we learn about the way the keilim were set up in the Kodesh.

The Shulchan should be placed on the Tzafon side, the Menorah on the Darom side, and the Mizbeiach between them, but closer to the Mizrach entrance to the Kodesh. Which means that the first thing you see when you go into the Kodesh will be the Mizbeiach Haketores.

Now let’s see what is the inyan of each of these keilim in the Ruchnius’dike Mishkan of every Yid:

- Shulchan: This is our involvement in Gashmius
- Menorah: Our Ruchnius, especially learning Torah
- Mizbeiach Haketores: Tefillah, which is compared to bringing Ketores

Just like in the Mishkan, the first thing you approach is the Mizbeiach, the same thing is with the Mishkan of every Yid: First thing every morning, you need to daven! Only after that do you do the rest of your avodah to create a Mishkan for Hashem, through the Gashmius and Ruchnius we are involved with during the day.

See Reshimas Hamenorah; Hamaor ShebaTorah p. 482

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