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לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
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Parshas Re'eh - Sheini with Rashi

Moshe is telling the Yidden about bringing Korbanos and eating regular meat in Eretz Yisroel.

When the Yidden come into Eretz Yisroel, the Mishkan won’t have a place to stay yet. During those years, when Eretz Yisroel is being conquered, you can build a Mizbeiach in any place to bring a korban if you decide to give an animal as a present to Hashem.

But once the Beis Hamikdash is built, that will be the ONLY place to bring a Korban!

Only if a Korban becomes posul and you redeem it with money, you can shecht it somewhere else, because it loses its Kedusha.

All types of presents to Hashem that become holy we can only eat in Yerushalayim, because that is the city in Eretz Yisroel with the MOST kedusha.

When you celebrate in Yerushalayim, don’t forget to take care of the Leviim, and give them the presents Hashem told you to give!

While you were in the Midbar, you were only allowed to eat meat from your animals if you brought them to the Mishkan and gave part of the meat to Hashem as a Korban Shelamim. But this will change when you come into Eretz Yisroel, since you won’t live so close to the Mishkan anymore. You will be able to shecht an animal and eat it without bringing it as a korban. But don’t make a mistake and think that since the blood won’t be sprinkled on the Mizbeiach you are allowed to eat it. Blood is always asur for a Yid to eat!

Remember to keep all of Hashem’s mitzvos, whether they are easy or hard — and Hashem will give you brachos that it will be good for you and for your children after you!



113 - 118

The kapitelach in today’s Tehillim (kapitelach Kuf-Yud-Gimmel to Kuf-Yud-Ches) are the ones we say in Hallel!

In the parsha Shema, the posuk says that a Yid should love Hashem “Bechol Me’odecha,” “with all of your strength.” Rashi explains that this also means, “Bechol Midah U’Midah Shehu Moded Lach,” “with every midah that Hashem masures for you” — to love Hashem whether Hashem acts with you in a midah of chesed, kindness, or Hashem acts with you with a midah of gevurah, being strict.

Rashi also gives us an example from today’s Tehillim:

In kapitel Kuf-Tes-Zayin, Dovid Hamelech shows us how to do this!

First, Dovid Hamelech says, “Tzara Veyagon Emtza, Uvesheim Hashem Ekra.” “I found many troubles, and I call out in the name of Hashem.” Then, at the end of the kapitel, Dovid Hamelech says, “Kos Yeshuos Esa, Uvesheim Hashem Ekra.” “I praise Hashem for being saved, and I call out in the name of Hashem.”

Both pesukim end with the same words — “Uvesheim Hashem Ekra.” Whether Dovid Hamelech was in a time of trouble (“Tzara Veyagon Emtza”) or was saved by Hashem (“Kos Yeshuos Esa”), he loved Hashem the same way and called out in the name of Hashem (“Uvesheim Hashem Ekra”)!

This is one way we can serve Hashem “Bechol Me’odecha,” by loving Hashem the same way all the time!



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Zayin

“Ashreinu Mah Tov Chelkeinu, Umah No’im Goraleinu!” We are so happy with our Chelek, and how pleasant is our Goral! This is part of the nusach of davening, and the Alter Rebbe explains what it means:

The Alter Rebbe explained that our “Chelek” (part) means our neshama which is a Chelek of Hashem, and the mitzvos which are a “chelek” of the entire Torah and mitzvos, which has 613 main parts. We said that during the time of Davening, we can feel the Elokus in the chelek of our neshama and the chelek of Torah and mitzvos that connects us to Hashem!

Now we will learn about the meaning of U’mah Na’im Goraleinu, that our lot is sweet.

For each neshama, and in each different time, there can be a mitzvah that is EXTRA important! We need to have more chayus in it, be more careful with it, and make sure to do it right away — not letting anything stop us! Our neshama shines with this mitzvah!

Why that mitzvah and not a different one? We don’t know! It’s like a Goral, a lottery from Hashem — He chooses a mitzvah and we don’t have a reason why.

We don’t know why Hashem chose, for example, that in the times of the Gemara the main mitzvah was learning Gemara, and why now, in the times close to Moshiach, the main mitzvah is tzedakah and helping other Yidden. We don’t know why one person’s special mitzvah is Tefillin, and another person has a different mitzvah that his neshama shines through.

This is the meaning of “Umah No’im Goraleinu” — how pleasant is our lot, to have these specific mitzvos that make our neshama shine in everything we do!



Chof-Daled Menachem Av

Today’s Hayom Yom is one of the many Hayom Yoms which teach us about Ahavas Yisroel!

When the Yiddishe world first heard about Chassidus, a lot of frum Yidden had many questions about it. Some of them were sure that Chassidus was not a good thing for Yiddishkeit, and fought against it!

Many people didn’t understand the reasons why to be worried about Chassidus, but they fought too, just to make trouble. Of course, that hurt the Chassidim most of all — people were doing mean things for no reason at all!

The Chassidim complained to the Alter Rebbe about these people who didn’t understand what was going on, but were STILL just being mean!

The Alter Rebbe said that “Zaide” (the Baal Shem Tov) LOVED proste Yidden, the rough, uncivilized people who never learned how to behave as proper Jews.

The Alter Rebbe said that in the first days of coming to Mezritch, the Maggid said that the Baal Shem Tov would always say that loving a Yid is loving Hashem.

All Yidden are like Hashem’s children, and when we love the father (Hashem), we love all of His children too (the Yidden)!

Sometimes little kids make trouble just because other people are making trouble. But for sure the father loves ALL of the children. The same way, Hashem loves all of the Yidden, even the proste Yidden. And just like Hashem still loves every Yid, we should too!



Shiur #50 - Mitzvas Asei #165, Lo Saasei #329, Asei #164, Lo Saasei #196

Today we learn FOUR mitzvos about Yom Kippur!

1) (Mitzvas Asei #165) We need to rest from doing melacha on Yom Kippur.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Acharei: שַׁבַּת שַׁבָּתוֹן הִיא לָכֶם

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #329) We are not allowed to work on Yom Kippur. The dinim of this mitzvah are explained in Mesechta Beitzah, Megillah, and other places.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Emor: וְכָל מְלָאכָה לֹא תַעֲשׂוּ

3) (Mitzvas Asei #164) We need to do things that aren’t comfortable for our body on Yom Kippur — the inuyim (no eating or drinking, no baths, no shmearing creams, no leather shoes, and married people have to act differently).

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Acharei: תְּעַנּוּ אֶת נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם

4) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #196) We are not allowed to eat on Yom Kippur. The dinim of this mitzvah are explained in the end of Mesechta Yoma.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Emor: כִּי כָל הַנֶּפֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר לֹא תְעֻנֶּה וְגוֹ׳ וְנִכְרְתָה



Hilchos Shevisas Asor

In today’s Rambam, we learn all three perakim of “Shevisas Asor” — resting on the tenth day of Tishrei, which is Yom Kippur!

One thing the Rambam says is that a kid that isn’t nine years old yet shouldn’t fast on Yom Kippur because it might bring to a sakana. After turning nine, kids can practice by fasting for an hour longer than they are used to waiting before they eat.

Even kids shouldn’t wear leather shoes on Yom Kippur, even though they are allowed to eat and drink.



Hilchos Terumos - Perek Yud-Daled

Today we learn more halachos about Medumah, food that has Terumah mixed in with it. We learn the halachos about when we are not sure if a certain mixture is Medumah.

For example, if there are two kinds of apples mixed together, and one Terumah apple falls in, do we count ALL the apples or only the apples that are the same kind as the Terumah apple, to see if there are enough to make it botul?




We learned in Tanya that each time (and each neshama) has a certain mitzvah that is extra-special and extra important! So what mitzvah is it nowadays?

After the Rebbe became Rebbe, someone asked the Rebbe what the Avodah is for our generation.

The Rebbe answered that now that we have the Torah from all of the generations before us, and the Rebbeim taught us so much Chassidus, it is our mission to teach it to other people, so that EVERYONE should know it! It is our shlichus to spread Yiddishkeit and Chassidus to ourselves and to everyone around us — Hafotzas Hayahadus Vehamaayanos Chutza!

At the Kinus Hashluchim in 5752, the last Shluchim convention where we were zoche to hear a sicha from the Rebbe, the Rebbe told us something more: Now is the time to make the last preparations for the Geulah which is coming very soon. We need to learn and teach about the Geulah and Moshiach, so we’ll all be ready!

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Ribon Haolamim

Once we have finished the Seder HaKorbanos, the order of the Avodah in the Beis Hamikdash, we say a special tefillah to Hashem.

We say, “Hashem, You told us to bring the Korban Tomid and the Ketores! But now, because of our aveiros, we have no Beis Hamikdash, and we can’t bring them. So please, count the words we say as if we had brought the real korbanos, like the posuk says, ‘Uneshalma Parim Sefaseinu.’”

Because this paragraph is Tachanun, where we mention our aveiros, we only say it on days when we say Tachanun.

(For those that wear a Tallis or Tefillin, here, right before Eizehu Mekoman is the place where they put them on.)



Learning Halachos Hatzrichos

There are many mitzvos that are easy to learn just by watching other people do them. For example, it’s not hard to learn how to shake the Lulav and Esrog properly.

But other mitzvos are complicated. Unless a person actually learns the halachos about them, they will probably not always be doing them right.

For example, we know that we are not allowed to talk during davening. But what if we hear thunder in the middle of Ashrei — do we stop and say the bracha? Or what if we are davening Shema slowly and we hear the Chazan starting to repeat Shemoneh Esrei — can we answer Amen? The answer to these questions are part of the halachos of Hefsek BeTefillah, when we can interrupt our davening.

We know that pens and markers are muktza on Shabbos. But what do we do if we find a pen in the box of mentchies? And what do we do if we picked up a pen by mistake? This is part of the halachos of muktza, and we won’t always know what to do unless we learn these halachos!

The Rebbe wanted everyone to learn the halachos that we need to live properly as a Yid. Starting from the youngest grades, all the way up to kollel and in the shuls, everyone should have daily shiurim in these halachos.

See in detail Shulchan Menachem vol. 4, p. 238 ff

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Wake Up Yidden!

We will learn one more nevuah from Hoshea about the Geulah.

The Navi Hoshea says that when Moshiach comes, Hashem will “roar like a lion” and wake up the Yidden to come back to Eretz Yisroel!

אַחֲרֵי ה׳ יֵלְכוּ כְּאַרְיֵה יִשְׁאָג כִּי הוּא יִשְׁאַג וְיֶחֶרְדוּ בָנִים מִיָּם

Acharei Hashem Yeilchu — In the times of the Geulah, the Yidden will all follow Hashem

Ke’aryeh Yish’ag — The way all of the animals of the forest come when the lion (king of the animals) roars

Ki Hu Yish’ag — Because Hashem will “roar” and wake up the hearts of Yidden

Veyecherdu Vanim Miyam — And the Yidden — Hashem’s children — will hurry from the places of their Golus, to the Geulah!

See Hoshea perek Yud-Alef posuk Yud, with Metzudos

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