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לעילוי נשמת ר׳ יוסף בנימין בן ר׳ מנשה קאלטמאנן
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לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
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CHUMASH

Parshas Va'eschanan - Shlishi with Rashi

Moshe Rabbeinu separates the cities for the Ir Miklat on the other side of the Yarden, so he could be part of the mitzvah!

Moshe decided to separate the cities for the Ir Miklat on the other side of the Yarden now, even though they won’t be used until the Yidden are living in Eretz Yisroel. Even though Moshe Rabbeinu wouldn’t be allowed to enter Eretz Yisroel, he wanted to be as much a part of it as he could.

One Ir Miklat was in Reuven’s part (Betzer), one in Gad’s (Ramos), and one in Menashe’s (Golan).

Then Moshe got ready to review some of the mitzvos!

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TEHILLIM

60 - 65

Today’s kapitelach are Samach until Samach-Hey.

In today’s Tehillim there is a posuk, “Nosata LeReiacha Neis Lehisnoses Mipnei Koshet Sela” — “You give those who have Yiras Shomayim a sign to hold up for the sake of truth.”

The word Neis can mean a few different things:

Neis — a sign
Neis — a miracle
Nisayon — a test

Do you know what a Nisayon is? Chassidus explains that Hashem sometimes makes a person THINK that there is something in the way, that doesn’t let him do what Hashem wants. But it could be that what is stopping us isn’t even real!

For example, a person could think that if they do a mitzvah, someone will get angry at them — but it’s not even true! Hashem makes them FEEL that way to test them, to see if the mitzvah is so important to them that they will do it even though they are afraid.

Since a person needs to use a very strong part of his Neshama to be able to do this Mitzvah and not to be afraid, he becomes a stronger and better Yid.

In fact that is the very reason why Hashem gives a Yid a nisayon — to bring out the deeper kochos that are hiding inside his neshama and make him a stronger Yid!

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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Daled

We learned before that there are two kinds of ways a person can feel something: Chitzonius Halev (when we need to think about something and feel like we want it), or Pnimius Halev (when it’s something we want or need so much we don’t even have to think about it at all)!

Of course, it is much easier to do our avodah and to daven to Hashem if our Pnimius Halev is only wanting things that are good for us. But the Pnimius Halev of a Yid can sometimes be stuck in Golus, making us feel like we NEED to have Gashmius things that we like.

So how do we get it out?

The truth is that we need to have the help of Hashem. But there is still something we need to DO in order to GET Hashem’s help! What is that?

We have to use our Pnimius Halev for a mitzvah, instead of for the Gashmius things that we want!

Which mitzvah do we use our Pnimius HaLev in? The mitzvah of Tzedakah!

When we work hard to earn money we are using not only using our Chitzonius Halev, we are using our Pnimius Halev. We are using ALL of our kochos to get that money. When we give some of that money later to Tzedakah, we are taking our Pnimius Halev and using it for a mitzvah!

That is what we are able to do in order to take our Pnimius Halev out of Golus. Then Hashem helps us with the part we cannot do ourselves, and Hashem helps us to completely redeem our Pnimius Halev, our neshama, from Golus. Then we will have a Geulah Protis, a private Geulah in our Avodas Hashem, and then together with other Yidden that will bring the Geulah Klolis, the Geulah for all the Yidden!

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HAYOM YOM

Yud-Alef Menachem Av

Today we learn a short story about the Alter Rebbe that is connected to the Shabbos after Tisha B’Av.

In Tof-Kuf-Chof-Daled, when the Alter Rebbe was 19 years old, he went to Mezritch, together with his brother R’ Yehudah Leib, to learn Torah from the Maggid.

But R’ Yehudah Leib didn’t ask for permission from his wife first, so he went back home. The Alter Rebbe had asked permission, so he was able to stay. At first the Alter Rebbe wasn’t sure he should stay, but after two weeks he decided to become a Chossid!

The first maamar he heard from the Maggid was Nachamu, Nachamu. (We’re not sure if that is the first maamar he HEARD, or the first maamar he heard after he decided to become a Chossid.)

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #37 - Mitzvas Asei #154

Today in Sefer Hamitzvos we bentch. Really! We say the nusach of the bentching the way the Rambam did. (Pay attention, there are a lot of differences!) We also say the brachos of the haftora, and the list of haftoras for each parsha.

Then we learn one mitzvah, from the new sefer of Rambam we are starting!

It is a mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #154) for us to rest on Shabbos (and to make sure our animals and slaves do too!)

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: וּבַיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי תִּשְׁבֹּת

The details are explained in Mesechta Shabbos and Mesechta Beitzah (Yom Tov).

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RAMBAM

Nusach Birchas Hamazon - Hilchos Shabbos

In today’s Rambam, we also say the Rambam’s nusach in bentching. Then we read through a list with the haftora for each parsha in the Torah. With that, we finish Sefer Ahava, the second sefer of the Rambam! Now we will start the third sefer, called Zemanim.

The first set of halachos in Sefer Zmanim is Hilchos Shabbos.

Perek Alef: If a person does a melacha on Shabbos, is he doing an aveira from the Torah, or an aveira from the Chachomim? (Of course both are asur!) To be punished by the Beis Din for doing a melacha, one of the halachos is that he needs to have kavanah, to WANT to do the melacha.

Perek Beis: Even though the halachos of Shabbos are so important, there is a mitzvah that always comes first: Saving a life! In fact, if it might save someone’s life, we are NOT supposed to ask a Rav first, we should try right away to save them, even if it means doing a lot of things that are asur on Shabbos.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Terumos - Perek Alef

The Rambam starts talking about WHERE food needs to grow to need to take Terumah.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Learning Chitas Every Day

One time at a farbrengen, the Rebbe said that there are people who give excuses so they can be free from saying Chitas. They say that it’s too hard or they don’t have enough time.

They should know that they also are making themselves free from getting the brachos from Hashem that come from learning and saying Chitas!

Make sure not to miss out on any of these special brachos — learn Chitas every day!

▼ Jump to Coloring Books & Downloads ▼

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TEFILLAH

Le'olam Yehei Adam

We learned that the section “Le’olam Yehei Adam” and the first Shema were made a part of davening close to the end of the time of the Amoraim. At that time, there was a gezeira from the king that the Yidden could not say Shema. Since it was dangerous to say Shema together in shul, the Chachomim told the Yidden to say Shema secretly in their homes before coming to daven.

But even though it only became part of davening then, the words of Le’olam Yehei Adam were written over 100 years earlier.

Where did they come from?

Eliyahu Hanavi used to come often to learn with a certain Amora, called R’ Anan.

R’ Anan wrote down the things he learned from Eliyahu Hanavi. This later became a sefer, which we still have today, called Tana Devei Eliyahu (“We learned from Eliyahu”).

One of the things R’ Anan wrote down was how Eliyahu Hanavi explained a certain nevuah from the Navi Amos. The Navi says that there will come a time when Yidden will be hungry — but not for food or water, they will be hungry for words of Torah!

Eliyahu Hanavi said that this nevuah was also speaking about a time of Shmad, when goyim will try to keep Yidden from doing mitzvos. This will make the Yidden feel hungry for Torah and mitzvos, because they won’t be able to keep them in public!

R’ Anan wrote down what Eliyahu Hanavi said about this, beginning with the words “Le’olam Yehei Adam,” and ending, “Amar Hashem.” This whole section of davening is the words of Tana Devei Eliyahu.

It starts:

Le’olam Yehei Adam Yerei Shomayim Baseser” — A person should always have Yiras Shomayim, even if he has to do it Baseser, in a hidden way.

One of the paragraphs ends, “Baruch Mekadesh Shemo Borabim” — the best way is to be able to make a Kiddush Hashem in public. But even when we can’t, we at least make a Kiddush Hashem in private, by doing the mitzvos secretly.

At the time when this was added to davening, this was very important! The Yidden needed to think about this when they said Shema secretly, remembering how important it is to do mitzvos even in such a time.

But nowadays we are NOT in a time of Shmad, Boruch Hashem! We ARE able to do mitzvos in public, and the goyim are not trying to stop us! So why was this kept as a part of davening for always?

One reason is because we ALWAYS need to remember the way the Yidden act in a time of Shmad!

Our Yiras Shomayim needs to also be in private. It is not enough to do mitzvos only when other people are looking. Deep inside, where only Hashem can see, we ALSO need to have Yiras Shomayim.

This Tefillah reminds us that our Avodas Hashem should be in a way of Pnimius and Emes, even when others can’t see.

See Beis Yosef siman Mem-Vov se’if Ches, Tana Devei Eliyahu perek Chof-Alef

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

After the Nine Days

Just because now the Nine Days are over, it doesn’t mean that we are done with thinking about the Beis Hamikdash or adding in Kedushah to bring Moshiach! The Rebbe said that we shouldn’t STOP making siyumim now, we should keep making them until Chamisha-Asar B’Av — the big Yom Tov that comes after (and because of) Tisha B’Av!

We are now coming to the end of the summer, where the days are longer than the nights. Starting from Chamisha Asar B’Av, the nights start getting longer, and the Gemara tells us to learn more Torah at night.

The Rebbe tells us that we shouldn’t wait until Chamisha Asar B’Av, we should already start adding in our Torah learning now!

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Absorbing Kedusha

Did you ever hear an echo?

When sounds bounce off of walls or rocks, we can hear an echo. But if you scream into a pillow, you won’t hear an echo, because the pillow absorbs the sound and it doesn’t bounce away!

In Parshas Vaeschanan, we review the Aseres Hadibros. One of the things the Medrash tells us about the Aseres Hadibros is that when Hashem said these words, there was no echo.

That’s not how things usually work! Very loud sounds bounce off of mountains and rocks and make a loud echo. An echo isn’t a bad thing, it can sometimes make something sound more important and loud. So why did Hashem make a neis that there should be no echo from the Aseres Hadibros?

The Rebbe explains that this wasn’t actually a neis, it was the way the world is supposed to work! If a sound is absorbed into the mountain, it won’t bounce off and echo. At the time of Matan Torah, the world was able to absorb the words of Hashem completely, so they didn’t bounce off and echo!

Matan Torah was like a small taste of Moshiach. Just like by Matan Torah, when Moshiach comes, the world will be able to absorb kedusha completely!

See Likutei Sichos chelek Daled, Parshas Va’eschanan

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