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Parshas Haazinu - Shvi'i with Rashi

Moshe Rabbeinu told all of the Yidden this song of Haazinu. After he finished, Yehoshua repeated it to the Yidden as well. Today was his first day as the leader of the Yidden, together with Moshe Rabbeinu, and he also needed to tell them these words.

Moshe finished: “Remember what I told you! By following these words you can make sure your children keep the Torah too. Learning Torah and doing mitzvos is what your whole life is about! And in that zechus, Hashem will let you live in Eretz Yisroel.”

Now Hashem told Moshe that he was about to pass away. He would need to climb up Har Nevo, and Hashem would take his neshama, just like he took Aharon’s neshama, with a “kiss” of Hashem.

Moshe would be able to LOOK at Eretz Yisroel, but even though he wanted very much to go in, Hashem wouldn’t let.

When the Yidden heard this, they said that they wouldn’t let Moshe go up on Har Nevo — they didn’t want Hashem to take Moshe Rabbeinu away from them! Moshe Rabbeinu thought he should sneak up the mountain when nobody was looking, so that they wouldn’t stop him, but Hashem told him to go up even when they were all watching. Nobody would be able to stop him from doing what Hashem asked.



44 - 48

The Tehillim for today is kapitelach Mem-Daled to Mem-Ches. We also say Kuf-Tes, Kuf-Yud, and Kuf-Yud-Alef for the three kapitelach we add each day until Yom Kippur.

In today’s Tehillim, there is a very special posuk: “Kol Kvuda Bas Melech Penima” — “The kavod of a princess is inside.” This means that a woman, because of tznius, shows her kavod inside her house, not outside in front of everyone.

(Hashem set up the world in a way that a man goes out into the world and gets parnasa, and the woman is the Akeres Habayis — making the home a place where Hashem can feel comfortable.)

But in the Navi, it says that when Moshiach comes, the women will be outside too, and even showing their kavod outside!

Since now we are so close to Moshiach, we need to start acting in a way of Geulah. So today, women and girls need to go outside too, to go to school and learn Torah, and to do mivtzoyim. But since we are still in Golus, and we still have a Yetzer Hara, we need to be careful that it should be in a way of tznius.

Farbrengen Parshas Tazria Tof-Shin-Mem-Alef, see Tehillim with Pirush Tehilos Menachem, Kapitel Mem-Hey p. 23



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Chof

In this letter, the Alter Rebbe teaches us how we can see the STRONGEST koach of Hashem especially in Gashmius. Because of this, we will feel how special it is to do a mitzvah with Gashmius!

Today, the Alter Rebbe explains how this greatest koach of Hashem, called Ein Sof, makes Gashmius from nothing!

The koach of Ein Sof uses the letters of the Asara Maamaros (the letters and words we see in Parshas Bereishis) to make the Gashmius. (We learned a bit of how this works in Shaar HaYichud VeHaEmunah!) In Kabbalah, the Asara Maamaros are called the Koach of Sefiras Hamalchus.

That means that when we start learning Parshas Bereishis again on Simchas Torah, we will understand what we are learning! When Hashem made the world, and said “Yehi Ohr” (there should be light), and made light, all the way until Hashem said “Naaseh Adam” (we should make man) — these “words” of Hashem that made the world had the STRONGEST koach of Hashem in them, the koach of Ein Sof!



Ches Tishrei

We are learning the system R’ Zushe of Anipoli made for teshuvah, based on the letters of the word Teshuvah. There are five pesukim teaching us about teshuvah, that start with these five letters.

We learned the first four steps so far:

1) TOF — Tomim Tihiyeh: We need to be serious about acting the way Hashem wants! It should be the only thing that is important to us.

2) SHIN — Shivisi Hashem Lenegdi: We need to always think about how Hashem is right there in everything, giving it new chayus every second. When Hashem is with us always, we will NEED to act only the way He wants!

3) VOV — Ve’ohavta Lereiacha Kamocha: Loving another Yid is loving the part of Hashem that is inside of him, and will always remind us of Hashem Who is watching everything we do.

4) BEIS — Bechol Derochecha Do’eihu: Look around and see how everything happens with Hashgacha Protis! It reminds us that everything that happens to us is only because Hashem made it that way, and we need to use every chance to do more mitzvos.

Finally, today we will learn the last letter of the word Teshuvah, which is Hey.

Hey stands for “Hatzneia Leches Im Hashem Elokecha” — “Go in a way of Tznius with Hashem.”

There were big Tzaddikim who used to do mitzvos, in a very careful way. They would act in a way that other people didn’t realize that they were doing so many mitzvos! If people DID find out, it would make them feel very bad. They didn’t want other people to see their mitzvos, their mitzvos were just for Hashem! They didn’t want other people to look at them and think they are so special.

When we do mitzvos JUST for Hashem, and not so other people will see, it will remind us to only make Hashem happy and act the way He wants — the Avodah of Teshuvah.

When we follow these five steps of Teshuvah, we will be sure to have done the Avodah of Teshuva the way a Yid should.



Shiur #79 - Mitzvas Asei #222

Today’s Sefer Hamitzvos is the same as yesterday’s (Mitzvas Asei #222) — that if a man and woman can’t stay married, the husband has to give his wife a get. (A get is a paper that shows that they are not married anymore.)

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: וְכָתַב לָהּ סֵפֶר כְּרִיתֻת וְנָתַן בְּיָדָהּ

The details are explained in Mesechta Gitin.



Hilchos Girushin

Today in Rambam (Perakim Daled, Hey, and Vov) we learn about the get and how a person can write it. A get can’t be written with invisible ink or juice that will disappear! It’s better not to write a get with a pencil, because it can be erased.

We also learn about how someone can give a get. A get has to be given to the woman. We learn the halachos if he throws her the get, or gives it to someone else to give to her.



Hilchos Tefillah, Tefillin U'Mezuzah V'Sefer Torah - Perek Beis

In today’s Rambam, we learn how the parshios of Tefillin are written. The Rambam says that Tefillin NEVER need to be checked if they were written by a good sofer that we can trust! In fact, Hillel HaZokein wore tefillin that he got from his zaidy, and he never got them checked! (Nowadays, though, we are careful to check our tefillin very often.)




There is a halacha that when it is the special time for one mitzvah, it pushes away other mitzvos that can be done always. The same is with mivtzoyim: All year, we have so many mivtzoyim we need to think about — helping Yidden with Tefillin, Shabbos candles, Mezuzah, buying Yiddishe sefarim, and all of the other ones!

But now, there is a special mivtza coming up that we need to get ready for: To make sure as many Yidden as possible will make a bracha and shake Lulav and Esrog on Sukkos.

For something to work best, we need to plan before. Now we have just a week left until Sukkos, so we need to think about how we are going to make this year’s Sukkos mivtzoyim the best ever!


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When each Yom Tov comes during the year, we make a Shehecheyanu, thanking Hashem for bringing us again to this special time. Women make the bracha of Shehecheyanu when they bentch licht, and men make the bracha during Kiddush.

On Yom Kippur, women are able to make Shehecheyanu when they bentch licht, but of course, there is no Kiddush on Yom Kippur! Instead, the men make Shehecheyanu in davening. They say the bracha after Kol Nidrei, since we start this tefillah before shkiyah.

In order for all of the men to be able to say the bracha, first they all say it quietly, and afterwards the Chazan says it out loud. Of course, women who already said Shehecheyanu should NOT say it again — that would be a bracha levatala!

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, Hilchos Yom Hakipurim, siman Tof-Reish-Yud-Tes; and Shevach Hamoadim, Hilchos Leil Yom Kippur




Kaparos is a mitzvah we do just one time every year! We usually remember most of the halachos about this special mitzvah, but there are some things we can use an extra reminder about:

1) If the chicken we are using for kaparos will not be given to poor people to eat, we should make sure to give to tzedakah as much as the chicken is worth.

2) We shouldn’t think that when we do kaparos, our aveiros are forgiven. Instead, we should think about how really, we deserve that whatever was done to the chicken should have been done to us! Thinking that will help us do teshuvah.

See Shevach Hamoadim, Kaparos

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Shofar of Moshiach

The Navi teaches us about the time of the Geulah: “Vehaya BaYom Hahu, Yitaka BeShofar Gadol” — “Hashem will blow a big Shofar.” Then it says that all of the Yidden will come back from the far away places they are in Golus, and come back to Yerushalayim to serve Hashem!

The Alter Rebbe tells us that the sound of this Shofar will have a special chayus from Hashem for the Yidden to do Teshuvah!

The shofar nowadays also helps Yidden who come to Shul, that THEY should want to do Teshuvah. But the Shofar Hashem will blow when Moshiach comes will be a VERY BIG Shofar! It will help even Yidden who don’t think about Hashem (because they are busy with the taavos that are in Gashmius), and even they will want to do Teshuvah!

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