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Parshas Pinchas - Shishi with Rashi

Hashem tells Moshe to tell the Yidden about the other korbanos that we bring on Yom Tov: The korbanos for Pesach, Shavuos, Rosh Hashana, and Yom Kippur.

PESACH: Every Yid brings the Korban Pesach. Every day of Pesach, the kohanim also bring a Korban Olah like the korbanos of Rosh Chodesh, on behalf of all of the Yidden: 2 bulls, 1 ram, and 7 lambs. We also bring a goat for a Korban Chatas, in case someone did an aveira with the kedusha of the Beis Hamikdash or korbanos without realizing it, like coming in when they were tamei without knowing.

SHAVUOS: (like the korban for Rosh Chodesh) 2 bulls, 1 ram, and 7 lambs for a Korban Olah AND a goat for a Korban Chatas.

ROSH HASHANA: 1 bull, 1 ram, and 7 lambs for a Korban Olah AND a goat for a Chatas.

YOM KIPPUR: (like the korbanos of Rosh Hashana) 1 bull, 1 ram, and 7 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas (not counting the goat for Azazel).

Each animal brought for a Korban Olah also needs a Mincha with soless (fine flour) and oil, and a Nesech (wine):

- For each lamb (Keves): 1/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/4 hin of oil, and 1/4 hin of wine
- For each ram (Ayil): 2/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/3 hin of oil, and 1/3 hin of wine
- For each bull (Par): 3/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/2 hin of oil, and 1/2 hin of wine

Of course, even on Yomim Tovim, we bring the Korban Tomid!



88 - 89

Today’s shiur Tehillim is kapitelach Pey-Ches and Pey-Tes.

One of the things it talks about in Kapitel Pey-Tes is how Hashem gave the melucha (the special job to be the Yiddishe kings) to Dovid Hamelech and his children. “Zaro Le’olam Yihiyeh” — “his children will be forever.”

Now we don’t have any Yiddishe king, so what happens to Hashem’s promise?

Moshiach comes from Dovid Hamelech, so Hashem’s promise to Dovid Hamelech really does go forever! We will see that our king Moshiach comes from the family of Dovid!



Igeres Hateshuvah Perek Vov

If a person chas veshalom deserves to get Kareis, the Torah says that he is supposed to pass away at a young age. We explained why — because the neshama of a Yid gets chayus from deep inside Hashem, like when a person blows air from deep inside. Just like with someone blowing, if something is blocking him, the air can’t get there. Certain big aveiros “block” the chayus of Hashem from coming into a person’s neshama, and after a while the chayus in the neshama runs out, and the person passes away.

So how come nowadays people live a long time even though they do big aveiros?

The Alter Rebbe now gives us the answer: We said that the person passes away because he has no more chayus in his neshama. But if the person can get chayus from somewhere else, then he can live!

That’s what happens nowadays, after the Beis Hamikdash was destroyed. A person can get chayus from somewhere else and stay alive, even if there are big aveiros blocking Hashem’s deep chayus from coming.

Where can a person get chayus from, if not from the neshama?

During the time of the Beis Hamikdash, Yidden ONLY got chayus from Kedusha. Still, tumah has chayus in the world too. After the Churban, the aveiros of Yidden made it that we can get chayus from tumah! It makes it possible for a person to live like nothing happened, even if he got kareis and can’t get chayus from the neshama.

We will IY”H see more about this tomorrow.



Yud-Ches Tammuz

In today’s Hayom Yom, we see how the Alter Rebbe was very proud of one of his Chassidim for his hard work in his avodah.

The Alter Rebbe said about his chossid R’ Moshe Vilenker, that R’ Moshe has “Mochin D’Gadlus.” By putting his kochos into learning Chassidus for ten years, he made his mind able to hold a tremendous amount of Chassidus!

What were these ten years that the Alter Rebbe was talking about?

Before R’ Moshe Vilenker went into Yechidus with the Alter Rebbe, he prepared for three years. Only then did he go into Yechidus.

Afterwards, for seven years, he was constantly thinking about, farbrenging about, and trying to learn more about the words that the Alter Rebbe told him. R’ Moshe Vilenker made sure that what the Alter Rebbe told him could be seen in every part of his life.

One of the things this Hayom Yom can help us to understand is what we are learning now in Igeres HaTeshuvah! The Alter Rebbe told us that a person can do teshuvah very quickly, but to make sure that the teshuvah will last, a person needs to learn well, understand, and farbreng with himself (together with the other steps of teshuvah that we will learn about soon) for a long time! To be the best kind of teshuvah possible, the Alter Rebbe writes that it can take up to 10 years! We learn from R’ Moshe Vilenker that if we work hard, we will succeed.



Shiur #1 - Hakdama

WOW! We are starting to learn the Rambam again, from the beginning — for the 40th time!

Today in Sefer Hamitzvos, we don’t learn about any mitzvah yet! First we learn about WHY the Rambam wrote the Sefer Hamitzvos. The Rambam explains that this sefer shows us what the 613 mitzvos are.

Did you know that there are other Chachomim who count the 613 mitzvos in a different way than the Rambam?

In Sefer Hamitzvos, the Rambam first teaches us how the 613 mitzvos should be counted, so that later on in the sefer Mishnah Torah, where he explains all of the mitzvos, it will be clear what the mitzvos are.

The Rambam will show us 14 rules to figure out why something is counted as a mitzvah from the Torah. We will IY”H learn them over the next few days!




In today’s Rambam, the Rambam explains why he made the sefer called Mishnah Torah.

The Rambam reviews the whole history of Torah — how it came from Moshe Rabbeinu on Har Sinai, and how it was taught and learned and passed down Baal Peh for 40 generations, until the time of the Mishnah (when R’ Yehudah Hakadosh saw it needed to be written down) and the time of the Gemara (when Ravina and R’ Ashi saw it would be forgotten if it wasn’t written down, because of the tzaros of Golus).

The Rambam saw that the Golus was so strong, there was another problem: The reason for the Mishnah and Gemara is so we know the halachos, how Hashem wants us to live. And even though it’s all written down, the Gemara has all of the discussion about these halachos, and they aren’t in order. So unless someone knows the whole Shas, they might not be able to find the halachos they will need to know!

So the Rambam says that he took the courage to do something important. He put together all of the halachos in order, written clearly, in an organized way without any questions and answers — so that EVERYONE (big Talmidei Chachomim and simple people too) can see and understand exactly what Hashem wants us to know and to do!




In today’s Rambam, the Rambam starts to explains why he made the sefer called Mishnah Torah.

The Rambam reviews the whole history of Torah — how it came from Moshe Rabbeinu on Har Sinai, and how it was taught and learned and passed down Baal Peh for 40 generations, until the time of the Mishnah (when R’ Yehudah Hakadosh saw it needed to be written down) and the time of the Gemara (when Ravina and R’ Ashi saw it would be forgotten if it wasn’t written down, because of the tzaros of Golus).



The Three Weeks

Nowadays, the avodah of the Three Weeks is a bit different than it used to be!

In Tof-Shin-Nun-Alef, there were very big nisim that happened in the world, like the Gulf War, where the Yidden in Eretz Yisroel were saved from a big rasha named Saddam who wanted to hurt us; and that Yidden were able to leave Russia, where they had been stuck for so long!

The Rebbe told us that this is a sign that we’re going into the times of Moshiach!

The Rebbe said then that now we need to look differently at these three weeks. Because we are so close to the Geulah, we should think less about how sad the Churban is, and think more about making ourselves excited about the fact that we will see the Beis Hamikdash soon!

By adding in Torah and mitzvos in general, especially in the mitzvah of Ahavas Yisroel, and by learning the halachos of the Beis Hamikdash and how it looks, we will soon see the Beis Hamikdash rebuilt again!


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Kriyas HaTorah on Shabbos Mincha

The Gemara says that Moshe Rabbeinu set up for the Yidden that they shouldn’t go three days without reading the Torah. So we lein on Monday and Thursday every week, in addition to Shabbos.

Later Ezra and his Beis Din added more details to this takana. They taught that three people get an aliyah on Monday and Thursday, and we lein at least 10 pesukim from the Torah.

Ezra also added an extra Kriyas HaTorah because of those who are very busy during the week, and don’t get to shul to hear Kriyas HaTorah on Monday and Thursday. That is why we lein as well on Shabbos during Mincha.

See Rambam Hilchos Tefillah, perek Yud-Beis halacha Alef



Good Shabbos After Mincha

It is the minhag not to say “Good Shabbos” after Mincha time on Shabbos.

This is because at Mincha time on Shabbos is when Moshe Rabbeinu, Yosef Hatzadik, and Dovid Hamelech passed away. (This is also why we say the 3 pesukim of Tzidkoscha after Shemoneh Esrei during Shabbos Mincha, for these three tzadikim.)

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch with Biurei Halacha, siman 292 se’if 5

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Splitting Up Eretz Yisroel

In this week’s parsha, Parshas Pinchas, we learn how the Yidden were counted. Hashem says that Eretz Yisroel should be split up for the Yidden that were counted now!

In one of his nevuos, the Navi Yechezkel tells us that when Moshiach comes, Hashem will split up Eretz Yisroel among the Yidden again!

זֹאת הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־תַּפִּילוּ מִנַּחֲלָה לְשִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאֵלֶּה מַחְלְקוֹתָם נְאֻם ה׳ אֶלוֹקִים

Zos Ha’aretz — This is the land

Asher Tapilu — which you should give out

Minachala Leshivtei Yisroel — as the nachalah of the Shevatim

Ve’eieleh Machlekosam — and this is how you should split them up

Ne’um Hashem Elokim — says Hashem.

The Gemara explains that this time, when they divide up Eretz Yisroel, they should do it differently than the way it was done in the Midbar. This time, Hashem Himself will give each Shevet their part, and Shevet Levi will also get a part of Eretz Yisroel, not just cities like they had before!

In Tof-Shin-Lamed-Ches the Rebbe said a maamar explaining how Eretz Yisroel will be divided, according to Gemara and Chassidus! In the maamar, the Rebbe also tells us the Avodah we need to do to get ready for this to happen.

See Yechezkel perek Mem-Ches posuk Chof-Tes, Maamar Le’eileh Techaleik

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