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CHUMASH

Sheini with Rashi

Moshe is telling the Yidden about bringing Korbanos and eating regular meat in Eretz Yisroel.

When you come into Eretz Yisroel, you will have the Mishkan set up in different places. At times when you don’t have the Mishkan, you can build a Mizbeiach in another place and bring a korban there.

But once the Beis Hamikdash is built, that will be the ONLY place to bring a Korban!

Only if a Korban becomes posul and you redeem it with money, you can shecht it somewhere else, because it loses its Kedusha.

All types of presents to Hashem that become holy we can only eat in Yerushalayim, because that is the city in Eretz Yisroel with the MOST kedusha.

When you celebrate in Yerushalayim, don’t forget to take care of the Leviim, and give them the presents Hashem told you to give!

While you were in the Midbar, you were only allowed to eat meat from your animals if you brought them to the Mishkan and gave part of the meat to Hashem as a Korban Shelamim. But this will change when you come into Eretz Yisroel, since you won’t live so close to the Mishkan anymore. You will be able to shecht an animal and eat it without bringing it as a korban. But don’t make a mistake and think that since the blood won’t be sprinkled on the Mizbeiach you are allowed to eat it. Blood is always asur for a Yid to eat!

Remember to keep all of Hashem’s mitzvos, whether they are easy or hard — and Hashem will give you brachos that it will be good for you and for your children after you!

 
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TEHILLIM

119 (first half)

In Tehillim, we are saying the first half of the LONGEST kapitel in the whole Tehillim, Kapitel Kuf-Yud-Tes!

One of the pesukim in today’s Tehillim is “Baruch Ata Hashem Lamdeini Chukecha” — “Blessed are You Hashem, teach me Your mitzvos!”

The Shulchan Aruch tells us that if we start saying a bracha and then realize it’s a mistake, we can say the words “Lamdeini Chukecha” so we say a whole posuk and don’t Chas Veshalom say Hashem’s name for no reason!

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Ches

In many of the letters in Igeres Hakodesh, the Alter Rebbe gives Chassidim a chayus in giving tzedakah, by explaining all of the special things that happen when we give Tzedakah!

In this letter, the Alter Rebbe talks about something special that happens to a Yid when he davens — BECAUSE of his tzedakah! We also learn why we use the mashal of “planting” to understand how tzedakah works.

The Gemara says that R’ Elazar would first give a coin to a poor person, and then he would go to daven. This was based on a posuk from Tehillim: “Ani Betzedek Echzeh Panecha,” “With tzedakah I will see Your face.” Before going to see Hashem’s face in davening, R’ Elazar would first give tzedakah.

What does it mean to “see Hashem’s face” in davening?

We see in today’s Tanya!

In the Ruchnius’dike worlds, like Atzilus and Gan Eden, it is easy to see how Torah and Chassidus are true and make a lot of sense. Down here in the Gashmius world, it is much harder to see.

But during davening, sometimes Hashem gives us a little peek into the way things really are! Hashem might give us a thought or a kavana that helps us realize how Torah and Yiddishkeit are true. This is why davening is called “seeing Hashem’s face,” because we might get a chance to clearly see the way things really are, the way malochim and neshamos can see them! This is a wonderful chesed from Hashem.

In tomorrow’s Tanya, we will learn why we need tzedakah to get this special experience!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Chof-Hey Menachem Av

The Rebbe Rashab taught that we say “L’Torah, Le’Chuppah, U’leMaasim Tovim” also for a girl. Today we learn why!

By the bris of a baby boy, we say “Kesheim Shenichnas LaBris, Kein Yikanes LeTorah, LeChuppah, U’leMaasim Tovim” — “just like he was brought into the bris, he should also grow to Torah, to the Chuppah, and to do mitzvos!”

Really, Torah is also part of Maasim Tovimmitzvos. Because it’s impossible to do these mitzvos unless we learned Torah to know how to do them and to WANT to do them!

When we say “Torah” here, we are talking about the mitzvah of Talmud Torah — to use every possible moment to learn Torah. This is one of the mitzvos that girls and women don’t have to keep, because it would make it harder for them to do their main shlichus as a Jewish woman!

So you would think that for a girl, you should only say the second half of the bracha, “LeChuppah UleMaasim Tovim,” since they are not mechuyav in the mitzvah of Talmud Torah.

But the Rebbeim did say “LeTorah, LeChuppah, U’leMaasim Tovim” for a girl too! Why? Because the Chachomim teach us that a girl has a part in the mitzvah of Talmud Torah. She makes sure that her husband and her children are doing the mitzvah properly, by sending her husband to go learn Torah and making sure her children learn Torah too!

Then, not only is she doing her shlichus of being the Akeres Habayis, she also takes a part in the mitzvah of Talmud Torah! Because she makes it happen, she also gets a part of the reward for this special mitzvah!

That’s why it is our minhag that when a baby girl is born, we also say L’Torah, L’Chuppah, U’lemaasim Tovim, that she should have the zechus of ALL of these things!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Mitzvas Lo Saasei #282, #283, Asei #229, #228

Today we learn 4 mitzvos in Sefer Hamitzvos:

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #282) Usually we listen to whatever MOST of the judges say, but for a Beis Din to punish a person who might be chayav misa, there is a special mitzvah: The number of judges who say that the person is chayav misa have to be at least two more than the amount of judges who say that he isn’t. Unless there are two judges more who say that this person is chayav misa, it is an aveira to punish the person in this way.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: לֹא תִהְיֶה אַחֲרֵי רַבִּים לְרָעֹת

The details are explained in Perek Daled of Mesechta Sanhedrin.

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #283) This mitzvah is in a case where the Beis Din is deciding if someone is chayav misa or not (Dinei Nefashos): Every judge has to pasken the way he understands things himself, not just agree with other judges. He can’t rely on what another judge says, even if he respects his opinion, or if most of the other judges are saying the same thing. He needs to pasken based on his own understanding.

We learn this from the same posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: וְלֹא תַעֲנֶה עַל רִב לִנְטֹת

The Rambam also tells us other things that the Chachomim learn from this posuk:

1) A judge who paskened that the person was innocent can’t change his mind and say that he is guilty.

2) The first judge to say his opinion should be a judge who thinks that the person is not chayav misa.

3) The Beis Din can’t go back and change the psak if they paskened that the person was not guilty.

4) The first judge to share his opinion should not be the greatest judge.

The details of this mitzvah are also explained in Perek Daled of Mesechta Sanhedrin.

3) (Mitzvas Asei #229) Beis Din needs to keep the halachos of Sekilah (one of the ways a Beis Din punishes). The Rambam tells us in the specific aveiros when they are punished with Sekilah.

We learn this from another posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: וּסְקַלְתֶּם אֹתָם בָּאֲבָנִים וָמֵתוּ

The details are explained in Perek Vov of Mesechta Sanhedrin.

4) (Mitzvas Asei #228) Beis Din needs to keep the halachos of Sereifah (another one of the ways a Beis Din punishes). The Rambam tells us in the specific aveiros when they are punished with Sereifah.

We learn this from a posuk in Parshas Kedoshim: בָּאֵשׁ יִשְׂרְפוּ אֹתוֹ וְאֶתְהֶן

The details are explained in Perek Zayin of Mesechta Sanhedrin.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Sanhedrin

In today’s Rambam, we learn more about how the Sanhedrin works.

In Perek Daled, we learn about a special kind of Semicha. This Semicha is the way to pass down a special koach of Hashem to judge as part of the Sanhedrin. This koach was passed down from one judge to another, and goes all the way back to Moshe Rabbeinu!

Unfortunately, for certain reasons we don’t have this kind of Semicha nowadays — it was not passed down all the way to our times.

Perek Hey: In this perek we learn what each type of Beis Din is able to pasken on. For example, setting up a king can only be done by a big Sanhedrin of 71 judges, and a case where someone might be chayav misa can only be done by a Beis Din of at least 23 — a small Beis Din of 3 is not allowed to pasken in such a case.

In Perek Vov, we learn what happens if the Beis Din made a mistake. We also learn that if someone is afraid a Beis Din might make a mistake, he can sometimes choose to go to a bigger one.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Shevuos - Perek Beis

In this perek we learn the different ways that are considered making a promise according to halacha. For example, thinking about making a promise is not counted unless a person actually says the words.

 
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DARKEI HACHASSIDUS

Kibbud Av Va'em

Our Mommies and Tatties are so special!

The Torah says that there are three partners in making a Yid: A father, a mother, and Hashem. Isn’t that amazing? Our parents are partners with Hashem!

Also, Mommy and Tatty take such good care of us — would we have food, or clothes, or a house, or toys without them?

That’s one of the reasons why Hashem gave us this mitzvah of Kibbud Av Va’em, since we are giving Kavod to Hashem when we give them kavod — they are Hashem’s partners! It is also our way of saying thank you to them for all they do.

Sometimes this can be a hard mitzvah to do right.

One time, there was a boy who was having a hard time doing this mitzvah, and he asked the Rebbe what to do. The Rebbe answered that he should write down the posukKabed Es Ovicha V’Es Imecha” (honor your father and mother), and for the next few weeks read it from the paper every day. This will help to remember to do the mitzvah right!

 

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TEFILLAH

Aizehu Mekoman

After the section of the korbanos, the Chachomim taught that we should say two parts of Torah. First we say the Mishna of “Aizehu Mekoman,” which is the fifth perek of Mishnayos Zevachim. Then we say the beginning of the Medrash on Chumash Vayikra, called Toras Kohanim. This is the paragraph that starts “Rabi Yishmael,” explaining the 13 ways we learn things from Torah.

The Chachomim added these sections to make sure that every day, everyone has the opportunity to learn at least one piece of Mikra, Mishna, and Talmud!

- Mikra (the Chumash) we already did before, with the Korban Tomid.

- Mishna is this part, Aizehu Mekoman.

- Talmud is the Medrash of Rabi Yishmael, which is also a part of Talmud.

This Mishna was chosen because it speaks about korbanos, and because it is very unusual! Most Mishnas have a lot of Machlokes, that there are many opinions from all of the different Tannaim. But this part of Torah Shebaal Peh was clear to everyone, exactly as it was taught by Moshe Rabbeinu on Har Sinai, without any machlokes!

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Nun

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Aizehu Mekoman

It is important to understand the words of davening. But even if we don’t, we are davening to Hashem, and Hashem understands what we are saying!

The section of Aizehu Mekoman is different. The reason we say these paragraphs is in order that we LEARN something from every part of Torah. When we learn Torah Shebaal Peh, we only do the mitzvah when we understand what we are learning!

So it is even more important to understand these paragraphs, so that we really do learn this part of Torah!

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Nun

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Everyone Will Have Nevuah!

The next sefer of Trei Asar is Yoel.

There are two main inyonim in the sefer of Yoel: That there will be a plague of locusts if the Yidden don’t do teshuvah, and a nevuah about Moshiach.

One of the things the Navi Yoel says about the times of the Geulah is that all of the Yidden will be Neviim! Hashem tells the Navi:

וְהָיָה אַחֲרֵי כֵן אֶשְׁפּוֹךְ אֶת רוּחִי עַל כָּל בָּשָׂר וְנִבְּאוּ בְּנֵיכֶם וּבְנֹתֵיכֶם זִקְנֵיכֶם חֲלֹמוֹת יַחֲלֹמוּן בַּחוּרֵיכֶם חֶזְיֹנוֹת יִרְאוּ

Vehaya Acharei Chein — This will happen afterwards, in the time of the Geulah

Eshpoch Es Ruchi Al Kol Basar — I will pour My chochmah and understanding of Hashem onto every person.

Venib’u Bneichem Uvnoseichem — Your sons and daughters will say nevuos,

Zikneichem Chalomos Yachalomun — Your old people will dream nevuos,

Bachureichem Chezyonos Yir’u — Your young men will see visions of nevuos!

See Yoel perek Gimmel posuk Alef

 
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