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CHUMASH

Parshas Vayishlach - Shvi'i with Rashi

In today’s Chumash, we hear about the people who used to live in Seir, until Eisav pushed them out. We also hear about all of the eight kings of Edom which is Eisav (even though they were from other places, and not really from the land of Edom)!

Before Yaakov and Eisav were born, Sheim told Rivkah that when one would be strong, the other would be weak. So the Torah tells us all of the kings that ruled from Eisav, before the Yiddishe kings from Yaakov.

In Nach where it speaks about the Yiddishe kings, it says that from then on, there were no more kings of Edom. And after the last Yiddishe king, it says that again there were kings from Eisav’s family.

In Yalkut Levi Yitzchak, a sefer with the Torah of the Rebbe’s father, there are many explanations from Kabbalah about the eight kings from Eisav’s family and what each of them represent.

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TEHILLIM

79 - 82

Today’s shiur of Tehillim is kapitelach Ayin-Tes through Pey-Beis.

Kapitel Pey-Alef was a kapitel that was said in the Beis Hamikdash on Rosh Hashana!

It mentions that you should blow the shofar: “Tiku Bachodesh Shofar, Bakeseh Leyom Chageinu,” and in the next posuk, “Ki Chok L’Yisroel Hu, Mishpot Leilokei Yaakov.” “You should blow a shofar on the new month, on the day that is decided as our Yom Tov; because it is a decree for Bnei Yisroel, a ruling of Hashem, the G-d of Yaakov.”

The Gemara learns from this posuk that between Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur, a person is judged for all of the brachos they will get for the coming year.

There are also other opinions in the Gemara, that a person isn’t just judged on Rosh Hashana, but he is judged every day! According to one opinion, we are judged every HOUR! The Chachomim tell us about a tzadik called R’ Yeiva Sava, that even when the food was on the table in front of him, he would daven to Hashem that He should give him food!

The Rebbe Rashab explains in Kuntres Umaayon that really all of these things are true. There is a general chayus that is decided for a person between Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur, but every day it is decided how that chayus should come to the person. It’s like having money in the bank: Will you use it for something good, something not so good, or will it just sit in the bank until later?

How is this judgment decided? Based on how we behave!

So the Rebbe Rashab makes sure we know this, so that we don’t do anything silly like not having Kibbud Av Va’eim because we want to have fun, or davening super-fast so we can go play outside. We will get MORE brachos if we do the mitzvah right, and in the end we’ll have more fun too if we do what Hashem wants!

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TANYA

Kuntres Acharon Siman Zayin

In today’s Tanya, the Alter Rebbe talks about the mitzvah of tzedakah. One of the special things about tzedakah is that it is able to bring the light of Hashem from our minds, into our hearts.

Really this is something that is very hard to do by ourselves, but when we give tzedakah to someone else who can’t get the money themselves, Hashem also helps us do something WE can’t do by ourselves — to bring the light of Hashem from our minds into our hearts!

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HAYOM YOM

Tes-Zayin Kislev

In today’s Hayom Yom, we see that one of the main things Chassidus teaches us is how to control our behavior based on what we know and what we learn. This is called “Moach Shalit Al Halev,” that our mind can control our heart, meaning that what we know can control the way we feel.

One way to have Moach Shalit Al Halev is that we can STOP ourselves from feeling a certain way by thinking about something. For example, if we are in a silly mood and are playing around in the classroom, that means we feel like having fun — our heart wants to have fun! But if the principal walks in, we will stop right away, because our mind understands it’s not good for the principal to see us acting silly.

Another way of having Moach Shalit Al Halev is to think about something in our mind to HELP US WANT IT in our heart. For example, if someone thinks about all of the fun things they will get when they go to camp, they will be excited and want to go! They are able to make themselves feel a certain way by thinking about something!

Chassidus teaches us to use this koach in Avodas Hashem! Here are some ways to use it:

Let’s say that we want something that the Torah says we should not have (like if we see a candy that belongs to someone else, or we want to say something not true) — we can stop ourselves from feeling that way by remembering that Hashem is there watching everything we are doing!

We can also use our mind to make ourselves feel a certain way, like to think about how being connected to Yiddishkeit is the best way of living there could be! This will make us feel more connected to Yiddishkeit, and we will want to always act the way the Torah teaches us!

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #160 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #139, #112, Asei #65

Today we learn 3 more mitzvos about Korbanos:

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #139) A Kohen is usually able to eat from a Korban Chatas. But a kohen can NOT eat from any Korban Chatas that has its blood sprinkled inside of the Kodesh or the Kodesh Hakodoshim (on the Mizbeiach Haketores, the Paroches, or the Aron).

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Tzav: וְכָל חַטָּאת אֲשֶׁר יוּבָא מִדָּמָהּ אֶל אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד לְכַפֵּר בַּקֹּדֶשׁ לֹא תֵאָכֵל בָּאֵשׁ תִּשָּׂרֵף

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #112) A bird that is brought for a Korban doesn’t get shechted with a knife, it gets shechted with a very sharp fingernail! This is called Melikah. It is a mitzvah for the Kohen to make sure not to cut off the whole head when he is shechting it.

This mitzvah is learned from a posuk in Parshas Vayikra: וּמָלַק אֶת רֹאשׁוֹ מִמּוּל עָרְפּוֹ וְלֹא יַבְדִּיל

3) (Mitzvas Asei #65) We need to follow all of the halachos about how to bring a Korban Asham.

We learn this mitzvah from the posuk in Parshas Tzav: זֹאת תּוֹרַת הָאָשָׁם

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Maaseh HaKorbanos

In today’s Rambam, we learn more about bringing Korbanos.

Perek Daled: We learn about WHEN Korbanos are allowed to be brought (during the day) and also what we need to think about when we bring the KorbanKavana!

Perek Hey: This perek teaches us WHERE we bring Korbanos, and how we give the different parts of the Korban to Hashem.

Perek Vov: We learn EXACTLY how to bring a Korban Olah!

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Temidin U'Musafin - Perek Vov

This perek of Rambam is like reading a story, about how the kohanim wake up in the morning and go do their Avodah!

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INYANA D'YOMA

Sheva Brachos

We are still in the days of the Sheva Brachos after the Rebbe’s chasunah.

This special chasuna, when the Rebbe married the Frierdiker Rebbe’s daughter, was the first step in the Rebbe being together with the Frierdiker Rebbe, and later becoming the next Rebbe — the Nasi of the Dor Hashvi’i.

At the chasuna, during the Kabolas Ponim, the Frierdiker Rebbe said a maamar. Before starting the maamar, the Frierdiker Rebbe gave a short but amazing introduction. He said that he would include an inyan of Torah from each of the Rebbeim, and through this each of the Rebbeim would be invited to the chasuna. (The Frierdiker Rebbe also included R’ Boruch Sholom, the oldest son of the Tzemach Tzedek, who is the Rebbe’s great-grandfather.)

The Frierdiker Rebbe said the first half of this maamar during the Kabolas Ponim, and the second half during the seudah of the chasunah. The maamar speaks about the avodah of Avraham Avinu, how he had Mesirus Nefesh to spread the knowledge of Hashem to the whole world! It also explains how important it is to have bittul and Yiras Shomayim before we start learning Torah.

The Frierdiker Rebbe also said more maamarim connected to the chasuna. One was said the night before the chasuna (at a special seudah for the chosson, called the “choson mohl”), and another one was said the Shabbos after the chasunah. There was also a maamar said on Yud-Tes Kislev, which was the fifth day of the Sheva Brachos. In these maamarim, the Frierdiker Rebbe mentioned the inyan of “Kol Hashvi’in Chavivin” (the seventh is special), and how the seventh one brings the Shechinah down into the world.

These maamarim were very special to the Rebbe! When the Rebbe became Rebbe on Yud Shevat, his very first maamar of Bosi Legani discusses many of the same inyonim. The Rebbe explains how our generation is Dor Hashvi’i, the seventh generation from the Alter Rebbe, that will bring the Shechinah down into the world and bring Moshiach. There were also many later maamarim the Rebbe said that were based on these maamarim of the Frierdiker Rebbe.

On Yud-Zayin Kislev (tomorrow!) in Tof-Shin-Nun-Beis, the Rebbe gave out a copy of these maamarim, in a kuntres called Kuntres Drushei Chasunah, to men, women, and children!

▼ Jump to Coloring Books & Downloads ▼

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TEFILLAH

Mincha of Shabbos

In Mincha of Shabbos, we say “Uva Letziyon.” During the week, we say this after Shmoneh Esrei in Shacharis, but because Shabbos davening is so long already, the Chachomim moved it to Mincha.

We also read the Torah before Shemoneh Esrei. Ezra from the Anshei Knesses Hagedolah made this takana because there are some Yidden who aren’t so interested to come hear the Torah being read on Monday and Thursday in Shul. Since they come to Shul on Shabbos, he said that we should make another Torah reading at Mincha for them. We say a posuk from Tehillim first (V’ani Sefilasi, from Kapitel Samech-Tes) — that shows us how special and important this takana is for all Yidden.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Reish-Tzadik-Beis

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Teshuvah With Simcha

One of the maamorim that the Rebbe said based on the maamorim in Drushei Chasunah is the maamar Margela Bepumei D’Rava Tof-Shin-Mem-Vov. In this maamar, the Rebbe tells us that nowadays we need to do teshuvah with simcha!

In this maamar the Rebbe tells us that since we are so close to the Geulah, now our main learning of Chassidus should be not so much to think about the Golus our aveiros caused. Instead, we should do teshuvah in a way of simcha, to have more chayus in learning Torah and davening and living the way a Yid should!

Also, when we say Tehillim, it shouldn’t be with a broken heart the way Yidden used to say it, but we should say Tehillim with simcha and bitachon, knowing that things WILL be good!

See Maamar Margela Bepumei 5746

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Shabbos and Moshiach

One of the things we say about Shabbos in Lecha Dodi is “Sof Maaseh Bemachshava Techilah,” Shabbos was the last part of creating the world, but it was Hashem’s first thought. Hashem wanted from the very beginning that Creation should finish with Shabbos!

The same thing is also true about the Geulah, which is also compared to Shabbos!

Even though the Geulah comes all the way at the end of the world’s time, it is Machshava Techilah — in Hashem’s “mind” first. Hashem planned from the very beginning that Shabbos would come at the end. Geulah is the reason why Hashem created the world!

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