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Shlishi with Rashi

Now Moshe tells the same thing to Yehoshua, before he leads the Yidden into Eretz Yisroel:

“Be strong and brave, Yehoshua! You will take the Yidden into Eretz Yisroel and give each Yid their part.

“Hashem is going with you, don’t be afraid! He won’t leave you!”

Then Moshe wrote down the whole Torah, and gave it to the kohanim and to the Yidden.



10 - 17

Today’s shiur Tehillim is kapitelach Yud through Yud-Zayin. The three kapitelach are Tzadik-Alef, Tzadik-Beis, and Tzadik-Gimmel.

Kapitel Yud-Alef in Tehillim talks about how Hashem brings tzaros to a Tzadik, but really it’s all for his good.

The last posuk says, “Tzadik Hashem Tzedakos Ahev” — Hashem loves giving tzedakah.

When Hashem gave us the Torah, we were able to feel Hashem in the world and help the whole world to know Hashem. That’s the best kind of tzedakah there could be!



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Yud-Tes

Yesterday we said that Moshe Rabbeinu saw the “back of Hashem.” Even though the “back” of Hashem is very great, the higher levels of Hashem are much much greater!

Today we learn a mashal for the Chitzonius (like the “back”) and the Pnimius (like the “face”) of Hashem, from the neshama kochos of a person.

In general, the kochos of a person can be split up into five parts:

1) Sechel - what a person knows

2) Midos - what a person feels

3) Machshava - what a person thinks

4) Dibur - what a person says

5) Maaseh - what a person does.

Which of these is the most connected to a person (pnimius)?

Doing things is a wonderful part of being a person, but it isn’t at all the same thing as something you KNOW. What you know is always a part of you, but you can always just walk away from something you are doing! It is very different than the pnimius of what you know.

Moshe Rabbeinu was able to see only the “back,” the part of Hashem which is compared to a person’s maaseh. Seeing a higher level is impossible for a person!

Moshe Rabbeinu was so close to Hashem like a person that SEES someone, and tzadikim who taught Kabbalah and Chassidus understood Hashem like someone who HEARS about someone.

What was Moshe Rabbeinu able to see?

He could see the chayus of Hashem where the Torah comes from! That’s why Moshe is the one who gave the Torah to Yidden. This chayus is in all the Mitzvos of the Torah which are all Gashmius things.

But inside the Torah is a chayus that is higher than Gashmius — the light of Chassidus, called the light of Torah. Now, this light of Torah can only be UNDERSTOOD, even by the great tzadikim who teach Kabbalah and Chassidus. When Moshiach comes, EVERYONE will be able to SEE it!



Beis Tishrei

In one of the maamorim in the Alter Rebbe’s Siddur, it says that we are supposed to say Ana BeKoach before we blow the Shofar.

But there is one problem — we DON’T say Ana BeKoach!

The Rebbe explains that the Alter Rebbe means that when saying the pesukim before the tekiyos, a person should have kavana which is connected with the name of Hashem spelled out by the words of Ana B’koach. It is important that whoever is involved in having kavanos from Kabbalah needs to know it very well, and then his kavana will be accepted.

There is a story about a Chossid of the Baal Shem Tov, R’ Wolff Kitzes. One year, he had the special zechus to blow the Shofar in the Baal Shem Tov’s shul! He was very nervous that he should think about the right things, and asked the Baal Shem Tov to teach him what he should think about.

R’ Wolff Kitzes wrote down this list of Kavanos, and brought the paper to shul so he would remember what he should think about.

But when it was time to blow the Shofar, he couldn’t find the paper anywhere! He was so upset, he couldn’t remember ANY of the Kavanos at all! He just cried and blew the Shofar as best as he could.

Later, the Baal Shem Tov told him that his Shofar blowing was perfect! The Kavanos are like having a key to a door, so you can open the door for the Yidden’s Tefilos. But just crying to Hashem is like an axe that can chop the whole door down!



Mitzvas Asei #11

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn one very important mitzvah: We need to teach Torah to our kinderlach or our talmidim, and also learn ourselves! We need to make sure we know it well enough so that even if they ask questions, we can answer them right away.



Hilchos Talmud Torah

Perek Beis: The very first halacha in today’s Rambam is that if a city doesn’t have teachers for small children to learn Torah, the city deserves to be destroyed! That’s because the Torah of small children is what makes the world exist!

We also learn rules for teachers: They can’t do other work while they’re teaching, because it distracts them from teaching. A teacher also need to make sure that his class isn’t too big. A teacher isn’t allowed to get upset at his students if they didn’t understand something.

Perek Gimmel: The Rambam tells us how important and special learning Torah is. Every single Yid is able to have the crown of Torah!

In Perek Daled, we learn a very important halacha for talmidim — if we don’t understand something, we need to keep asking until we do understand!

We also learn when someone can take a break from learning Torah: One time is when there is a mitzvah that needs to be done, and nobody else can do it. BUT, kinderlach don’t stop learning Torah, even to help build the Beis Hamikdash — that’s how important their Torah learning is!



Hilchos Erkin VaCharamin - Perek Gimmel

What if I promised to give as much as my baby brother is worth to the Beis Hamikdash — and didn’t actually give it until my brother was older? Do I give as much as a baby is worth, or how much a kid is worth? The Rambam teaches us that the amount is based on when he made the promise to give, not when the Beis Din wants to take it. We also learn what happens if someone can’t afford to give the donation in the end, or if his present was lost or stolen. Sometimes the Beis Din needs to take his things instead of his money.



Rosh Hashana

At the end of each Yom Tov, we make a farbrengen, so the Kedusha of Yom Tov will also come into the week!

The Rebbe said that on Rosh Hashana, we should sing the Niggunim from each of the Rebbeim, starting from the Baal Shem Tov, and say something about each of the Rebbeim.


By saying something and singing the Niggun of each of the Rebbeim, we connect to them. This helps us in our Avodas Hashem in general and to bring the special chayus of Rosh Hashana into the regular days of the year!


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Rosh Hashana

Did you know that the Rebbe started to put together a second volume of Hayom Yom, for the next year?

In 5758, Agudas Chassidei Chabad printed this Sefer. Here is one of the pisgamim from Volume Two of Hayom Yom, about Rosh Hashana:

The Rebbe Rashab would give a special hora’ah:

Be careful to use the time of the two days of Rosh Hashana to ask Hashem for good Midos!



Mivtzoyim on Rosh Hashana

During the days of Rosh Hashana, we should try to help as many Yidden as possible do the mitzvah of hearing the shofar! The Rebbe encouraged us to go out and find people who didn’t hear the shofar yet, and blow for them. We should try to blow all 30 kolos, to do the mitzvah in the best way.

We should especially go to the Yidden who COULDN’T go to shul, Yidden who are in nursing homes, hospitals, or prisons.

Even if you already did the mitzvah of hearing the shofar, you can make the bracha again when blowing for other people, since helping them to do the mitzvah is also your mitzvah.

But if you are blowing only for a woman or a group of women, one of them should say the bracha, because a man and woman’s chiyuv in shofar is different.

See Halachos U’Minhagei Chabad, p. 19

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



The Alef of Geulah

The changes that will happen in the world when Moshiach comes are hinted to in the difference between the word “Golah” (Golus) and the word “Geulah.” Both of these words have the same exact letters, just that Geulah has one Alef added.

This Alef teaches us many things about how Moshiach’s coming will change the world!

The most basic change is the one we daven for on Rosh Hashana: We ask Hashem, “Veyeida Kol Pa’ul Ki Ata Pe’alto!” Hashem should be King over the whole world, and everything that Hashem made should recognize that Hashem made it!

This will happen when Moshiach comes, when everyone will see that Alef — that Hashem is Alufo Shel Olam, the Master of the whole world.

When Hashem isn’t hidden anymore, and everyone and everything recognizes that Hashem is King, so many of the not-good things in Golus will just stop! Most of the hardships of Golus are because Hashem is hiding. When Moshiach comes, they will all disappear!

See Sicha of Parshas Emor, Tof-Shin-Nun-Alef

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