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CHUMASH

Parshas Emor - Shlishi with Rashi

In today’s Chumash, we are learning about the animals used for a Korban:

To be kosher for a korban for Hashem, the animal can’t have a mum — anything wrong with it. For example, an animal with a broken leg, or a cut, or one leg longer than the other ones, all can’t be used for a korban. We can sell the animal and give the money to the Beis Hamikdash, but it can’t be brought on the Mizbeiach.

If a Goy wants to bring a korban as a present to Hashem, he also can’t bring an animal with a mum.

We also learn that we can’t bring a newborn baby animal as a korban, we have to wait until the eighth day after it is born. We’re also not allowed to bring a mommy and a baby animal as korbanos on the same day.

The Torah also reminds us that we need to eat the meat of the korban on the same day, and not leave it until the next day.

Hashem tells us to make sure to learn and keep the Torah, because that’s the whole reason Hashem took us out of Mitzrayim!

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TEHILLIM

77 - 78

Kapitel Ayin-Ches reviews all of the nissim that Hashem did for the Yidden, starting from Yetzias Mitzrayim, until the time when Hashem made Dovid Hamelech the king over the Yidden!

In one of the pesukim in this kapitel, the posuk says “Vayikatz Keyashen Hashem” — Dovid Hamelech asks Hashem to wake up!

What does this mean? Does Hashem sleep?!

Chassidus explains (in the Bar Mitzvah maamar) that during Golus, the chayus that the world feels is like the chayus a person feels when he is sleeping. When someone is asleep, the neshama goes up to Shomayim and the person can only have dreams, and not think about things that make sense.

The same way, during Golus, the world doesn’t feel most of the chayus of Hashem. It only feels the little bit of chayus, like the chayus of a person who is asleep.

So we ask Hashem to bring Moshiach, when everyone can see and feel the chayus of Hashem in the world like a person who is awake!

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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Mem-Ches

In the last two perakim, we started to learn another kavana, something that will make us want to learn Torah and do mitzvos because we love Hashem — Lishma!

In the first part of the kavana, we think about how we were like a poor person, sitting alone in a garbage dump. Hashem Himself came and took us out of the garbage dump of Mitzrayim, and brought us close to Him! And every day, Hashem gives us the chance to leave our Mitzrayim, through Kabolas Ol we take upon ourselves in Shema, and brings us closer to Hashem than we could ever feel through learning Torah and doing mitzvos!

When we think about how much Hashem loves us, and how much Hashem does for us, we start feeling a strong Ahava to Hashem too! But how do we show Hashem how we feel?

In these next two perakim, we will see how we can learn a way to show our strong Ahava back to Hashem!

First we will learn about how Hashem created the world through tzimtzum, where Hashem’s strong chayus is hidden in order that there can be a Gashmius’dike world.

Hashem’s chayus is so strong, that it needs to be hidden so it can come into the world.

How is this chayus hidden? This is called Tzimtzum, that Hashem hides most of the chayus and only a VERY little bit of it shines in the world.

The MAIN chayus of Hashem, called Sovev Kol Almin, is completely hidden. It’s called “Sovev” (around) not because the chayus isn’t inside of the world, but because it isn’t FELT in the world — since the chayus is too strong.

Only a little bit of this chayus, called Memalei Kol Almin, can be felt in the world. This chayus “fills” up each specific part of the world with just the right amount it needs to be what it is.

But the chayus of Memalei Kol Almin goes through such a big tzimtzum that it cannot be compared to Sovev Kol Almin at all!

Here’s a mashal to understand:

Think of a HUGE number, like 5 billion, 700 thousand, and 63. Wow, that’s a lot!

Now think of a small number, like 1. Can you compare 1 to 5,000,700,063? Well, yes, you can, but those numbers are very far apart!

But can you compare even TEN billion to infinity? No! Infinity means that it has no end — that it just keeps going on forever, past where numbers can even count! Infinity can’t even be compared to a hundred billion, even though it is such a big number.

The chayus of Sovev Kol Almin is like infinity. The chayus of Memalei Kol Almin can’t be compared to the chayus of Sovev Kol Almin at all! Still, Hashem made a tzimtzum to this chayus of Sovev Kol Almin, so that there could be a world the way we have it, where a Yid can have a part of making a Dira Betachtonim!

Later we will learn that when we think about how Hashem put everything aside to make a world where we can do a mitzvah, we also want to put everything aside in our own lives to be able to serve Hashem properly!

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HAYOM YOM

Tes-Vov Iyar

Today is thirty days of the Omer!

In today’s Hayom Yom, we learn about the Ahavas Yisroel that the Chassidim of the Alter Rebbe had.

They used to say, “This piece of bread that I have is YOURS just as much as it is mine!” They felt that a part of everything they had really belonged to someone else.

Not only that, but they thought about the part that belonged to the other person, even before they thought about the part that belonged to themselves. First they said “it’s yours” and only then did they say “it’s mine”!

Once at a farbregen, the Frierdiker Rebbe told this story about the Ahavas Yisroel of the Alter Rebbe’s Chassidim. Then the Frierdiker Rebbe shared a story that he saw:

In the summer of Tof-Reish-Nun-Zayin, the Frierdiker Rebbe and the Rebbe Rashab were in the country, at a resort. The Frierdiker Rebbe woke up very early, and was working on something. He saw that his father, the Rebbe Rashab, had also woken up early, and started to get ready for davening.

Afterwards, still early in the morning, the Rebbe Rashab told the Frierdiker Rebbe to come with him for a walk. On the walk, the Rebbe Rashab said: When you wake up early and learn and daven, you’re doing something important. But if you don’t have a chance during the day to do something that actually helps another Yid, it’s a dry day! You need to ask Hashem to send you a Yid that you can do a favor for, someone you can really help.

Later that day, two people came from the city Rudnia to speak to the Rebbe Rashab. They asked for a favor that was very important to them.

The Rebbe Rashab called over his son, the Frierdiker Rebbe, and told him: You see! When we truly want to help someone, Hashem will help make it possible.

See Sefer Hasichos Tof-Reish-Tzadik-Tes, p. 339

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #292 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #219, Asei #245

Today we learn the last perek about workers, and we’ll start a new set of halachos — the halachos of borrowing.

We have two mitzvos today in Sefer Hamitzvos:

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #219) You can’t stop an animal from eating while it’s working.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Ki Seitzei: לֹא תַחְסֹם שׁוֹר בְּדִישׁוֹ

Even though the posuk only talks about a cow which is plowing a field, the mitzvah is for any animal and for any kind of work.

The dinim of this mitzvah are explained in Perek Zayin of Mesechta Bava Metziah.

2) (Mitzvas Asei #245) If someone borrows something, he needs to follow the halachos of a borrower, a shoel.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: וְכִי יִשְׁאַל אִישׁ מֵעִם רֵעֵהוּ

The halachos are explained in Perek Ches of Mesechta Bava Metziah, and Perek Ches of Mesechta Shevuos.

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Sechirus - She'eilah Upikadon

In Perek Yud-Gimmel, we learn more about today’s mitzvos: When an animal is working, we need to let it eat whatever it’s working on. We can’t cover its mouth, or scare it so it won’t eat. But if it’s working on something that will make the animal sick, we can cover the animal’s mouth — because this mitzvah is there to make the animal feel good. Eating something that will make it sick WON’T make the animal feel good, so we are allowed to stop it from eating!

We also start learning halachos about borrowing, Hilchos She’eilah Upikadon:

Perek Alef talks about your responsibilities if you borrow something. One halacha is that if you ask your friend, “Can I borrow your pencil to do my homework?” — then you can’t use the pencil for anything else.

If the pencil breaks while you’re doing your homework, you don’t need to get him a new pencil, but if it breaks while you are carrying it home, you DO need to get him a new pencil.

In Perek Beis we learn that when the owner is working together with the person who borrowed something from him, it’s not counted as borrowing according to halacha. So if you are working on a poster with your friend, and you borrow your friend’s markers since you forgot to bring yours, you don’t have to pay him back even if you stepped on one of the markers and broke it.

If a husband and wife borrow something from each other, it is ALWAYS counted like they are working together! So if your Mommy borrowed Tatty’s hammer and broke it, she doesn’t have to buy him a new one.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Maachalos Asuros - Perek Yud-Alef

In this perek we learn about Yayin Nesech, wine that a goy touched. We are not allowed to drink it, in case the goy used it for Avodah Zarah. If there was Yayin Nesech in a bottle, the bottle can become not kosher.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Sefiras Haomer

This week we are working on a very special midah in Sefiras Haomer. It is called the Midah of “Hod.” Every day this week, we are working on making one thing about the “Hod” way of behaving even better, the way Hashem wants it to be!

Hod is like the word “Hoda’ah,” which means Bittul.

In the Mishna, we see the word Hoda’ah when one Tanna changes the way he thinks, and agrees with another Tanna. (“Modim Chachomim L’Rabi Meir.”)

For us, Hoda’ah is that even though we understand things or want to do things one way, we are ready to change our minds and do what HASHEM wants us to do!

~

One time the Rebbe spoke about the Lubavitcher Yeshivas made by the Rebbe Rashab. He asked, “How can a Yeshiva like this work? Most Yeshivos learn Gemara most of the day, and there is more time where the bochurim can choose what to learn or do.

“In Tomchei Temimim, you need to learn Gemara, Chassidus, Daven (ba’avodah), go out to help other Yidden (like on mivtzoyim), and keep a very strict seder! If there is so much happening, how can the bochurim have a chayus in anything?”

The Rebbe explained that the Rebbe Rashab taught the bochurim not to think about THEMSELVES and what THEY like learning or doing, just think about what Hashem wants! Then they can have a chayus in EVERY part of Yeshiva, since they know that the Rebbe, the Nasi of the Yeshiva, set up this seder showing them the Ratzon of Hashem!

This is the midah of Hod.

We all have many things to do: Learn well in Cheder. Be nice and help our friends. Listen to our parents and teachers. Go on mivtzoyim and help in the Shlichus. Make a Kiddush Hashem for the whole world. Learn Chitas! Have fun so we are healthy and happy.

When we know that Hashem wants all of these things, and we have Hod, we can do it ALL in a beautiful way! This is actually another meaning of Hod — “beautiful!”

See sicha of Acharon Shel Pesach Tof-Shin-Lamed-Vov (printed in the hosafos to Likutei Sichos Chelek Yud-Daled)

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TEFILLAH

Vehinei

The sixth posuk of the Yud-Beis Pesukim starts with the words “Vehinei Hashem.” This posuk comes from the Tanya, in Perek Mem-Alef. The Alter Rebbe uses these words to strengthen our Yiras Shomayim, by remembering that Hashem is always watching us to see if we will behave in the right way!

Vehinei Hashem Nitzav Alav — Hashem is standing right next to us!

U’melo Chol Ha’aretz Kevodo — And even though Hashem’s glory fills the world,

U’mabit Alav — Hashem is looking specifically at US!

Uvochein Klayos Valeiv — Hashem checks to see what we are thinking and feeling

Im Ovdo Kara’ui — To see if we are serving Hashem the way we should.

When we think about this, we will be careful to always do what Hashem wants!

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Muktza

We are in the middle of learning some of the halachos of muktza. Now we are learning about a Bosis Ledavar Ha’asur, a “base” for something muktza which becomes muktza too.

If we have, for example, a drawer that has muktza things inside, it might become a bosis. This would happen if the muktza was put there on purpose, and was there during Bein Hashmashos, when Shabbos starts. It would then be called a “Bosis Ledavar Ha’asur”, and we would not be allowed to open it at all on Shabbos!

So how do we keep the drawer from becoming a bosis so we can open it?

We make sure that it is a base for something non-muktza as well (Bosis Ledavar Ha’asur Vehamtuar), and that the non-muktza thing is more important!

We can do this by making sure that during Bein Hashmashos, when Shabbos starts, there is something inside the drawer that is more important than the muktza, like a sefer. Since the most important thing in the drawer now is the sefer, then the muktza doesn’t make it into a bosis, and we are allowed to open the drawer.

This would only be with a drawer, though, where you can’t shake out the muktza. But if it was on a table, even though you are allowed to move the table, if it is possible we should try to shake off the muktza thing first. (We will learn more about this later IY”H.)

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Shin-Tes

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Kibbutz Galuyos

The Navi Yeshaya said a famous nevuah about Kibbutz Galuyos, Hashem gathering back all of the Yidden when Moshiach comes. This is the first posuk of this nevuah:

וְהָיָה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא יוֹסִיף ה׳ שֵׁנִית יָדוֹ לִקְנוֹת אֶת שְׁאָר עַמּוֹ אֲשֶׁר יִשָּׁאֵר מֵאַשּׁוּר וּמִמִּצְרַיִם וּמִפַּתְרוֹס וּמִכּוּשׁ וּמֵעֵילָם וּמִשִּׁנְעָר וּמֵחֲמָת וּמֵאִיֵּי הַיָּם

Vehaya Bayom Hahu — This will happen in the days of Moshiach:

Yosif Hashem Sheinis Yado — Hashem will stretch out His hand again, like in the times of Yetziyas Mitzrayim

Liknos Es She’ar Amo — To take the rest of His nation

Asher Yisha’er — That are left in many places:

Me’Ashur UmiMitzrayim, Umipasros UmiKush Ume’Eilam UmiShin’ar UmeiChamas — From Ashur and from Mitzrayim, and from Pasros and from Kush, and from Eilam and from Shin’ar and from Chamas

Ume’Iyei Hayam — And from the islands of the sea.

Just like in the times of Yetziyas Mitzrayim, when Hashem took out every Yid from Golus, Hashem will again take out every Yid from this Golus!

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