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Sheini with Rashi

Today Hashem tells Moshe to count the THIRD family of the Leviim, to find out how many of them are the right ages to do the job of carrying parts of the Mishkan. Only Leviim who are older than 30 and younger than 50 are strong enough to do it right. (When someone is 30, they are as strong as they will get, but once they turn 50 they start being less strong.)

The Torah tells us their job again: To carry the walls of the Mishkan (with all of their pieces), and the poles with all of THEIR pieces from the Chatzer (the courtyard — the “fence” around the Mishkan).

Isamar, the son of Aharon, was in charge of making sure they knew how to do it right.

Now Moshe did what Hashem told him, and counted the men from the 3 families of the Leviim to see who was strong enough to do the work. Here’s how many he counted:

- Kehos: 2,750
- Gershon: 2,630
- Merari: 3,200

These Leviim were the right age to carry the parts of the Mishkan and play music with heavy instruments for the Avodah.



39 - 43

In today’s Tehillim, it says “Haysa Li Dimasi Lechem Yomam Valayla, Be’emor Eilai Kol Hayom Ayei Elokecha.” “My tears were like my food all day and night, when they say to me all day ‘Where is Hashem?’”

The Rebbe explains that this posuk is saying that for a person to really be close to Hashem, we need to be crying for Hashem ALL the time, not just on Shavuos or only when we’re davening, but even when we’re eating or playing on a regular weekday.



Shaar Hayichud Veha'emunah Perek Alef

This part of Tanya is called “Shaar HaYichud VeHaEmunah.” This means that it talks about the mitzvah of knowing that Hashem is One — understanding that there is nothing separate from Hashem, even if it sometimes looks like that. We will learn about how that is, and the things that we are not able to understand, and we need to take in a way of Emunah.

First the Alter Rebbe tells us that there are two ways of understanding Achdus Hashem, knowing that Hashem is One. They are hinted to in the pesukim of Shema and Boruch Shem. The Alter Rebbe will explain these two ways (Yichuda Ila’a and Yichuda Tata’a) in Shaar HaYichud VeHaEmunah.

The Alter Rebbe starts with a question to show that we don’t understand Achdus Hashem yet.

There is a posuk in the Torah that says “Veyadaata Hayom Vehasheivosa El Levavaecha Ki Hashem Hu HaElokim, Bashomayim Mimaal Ve’al Haaretz Mitachas, Ein Od” — “You should know today and take to your heart that Hashem is our G-d, high in Shomayim and under the earth — there is nothing else.”

The Alter Rebbe says that this is a funny-sounding posuk! Would anyone think that there’s another Aibishter hiding under the ocean?

The Torah must be teaching us something from this posuk, showing that Hashem is One. (The Alter Rebbe will explain what later.)

The Alter Rebbe starts to explain it with a posuk in Tehillim: “Leolam Hashem Devarcha Nitzav Bashomayim” — “Hashem’s Word is always in Shomayim.”

The Baal Shem Tov explains what this means: “Hashem’s Word” means the words Hashem used to make the world — the Asara Maamaros (for example “Yehi Or”, “Yehi Rakia”). And the word “Leolam,” “forever”, means that Hashem has to keep on saying these words for the world to be there. If He stopped, the world would just completely disappear, just like it was before Hashem made it.

The Arizal says that it’s not just people that need this — even things that don’t move (like rocks) also need this chayus or else they can’t be there.

The Rebbe points out that today’s Tanya has a very special connection to Shavuos, because it mentions the 3 Tzadikim connected to Shavuos!

- Moshe Rabbeinu who gave us the Torah (there’s a posuk from Torah — Veyadaata Hayom)
- Dovid Hamelech whose yartzeit is Shavuos (there’s a posuk from his Tehillim — Leolam Hashem)
- Baal Shem Tov whose yartzeit is Shavuos (the Alter Rebbe brings his explanation on the posuk)



Zayin Sivan

Outside of Eretz Yisroel, on the second day of Shavuos we say Birchas Kohanim. Today’s Hayom Yom tells us our minhagim when we hear Birchas Kohanim:

1) We are supposed to face a certain way during the bracha.

When the Kohanim say:
- Yevarechecha — face forward
- Hashem — turn your head to the right side
- Veyishmerecha — face forward
- Ya’eir — turn your head to the left side.
Do this pattern for all the words — face forward, head to the right, face forward, head to the left.

2) We say a special Tefillah to ask Hashem that our dreams happen in a good way. The Rebbe shows us where we say this.

We only say this paragraph, Ribono Shel Olam, while the Kohanim are SINGING the tune that comes before the words. When they say the words we need to be quiet and listen. We say one part before each of the last three words. (You can see where the parts end in the Siddur because it has two dots like at the end of a posuk.)

3) After Birchas Kohanim, we say a paragraph called Adir Bamarom, and the Rebbe tells us when we say that.

We say this paragraph right after saying Amein to the last bracha the Kohanim give us, while we’re still covered with the Tallis.



Mitzvas Asei #96

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #96) is about the kind of tumah that comes from the body of a Neveila — an animal that died.



Hilchos Keilim

In today’s Rambam, we learn about what kind of keilim can get Midras. That means that if a Zav sits on something, stands on something, or leans on something, it becomes tomei with a tumah called Midras.

In Perek Chof-Daled, we learn about leather things that become tomei if a Zav sits on them. One thing the Rambam tells us is that a leather bib can become tomei!

Perek Chof-Hey teaches us about furniture that can become tomei with Midras. A baby stroller is one thing that can become tomei, because people sometimes lean on strollers. But a cane isn’t, because it only helps a person balance.

In Perek Chof-Vov, the Rambam tells us about when keilim that were broken, taken apart, or attached to other keilim can get the tumah of Midras.



Hilchos Gerushin - Perek Vov

In this perek, the Rambam teaches us the halachos of a Shliach Kabalah, a shliach who is allowed to take the get for the woman.




At the end of Yom Tov, to bring the Kedusha of Yom Tov into the rest of the year, the Rebbe would always make a farbrengen — and we do too!

We sing the niggunim of each of the Rebbeim, because the Rebbeim come and join us when we sing their niggunim. We say Divrei Torah and Chassidus. Since Shavuos is the Yartzeit of the Baal Shem Tov, we should say Chassidus from the Baal Shem Tov.

In these farbrengens, the Rebbe would talk about making sure we say Chitas, and about the chinuch of children.


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In the Rebbe’s Haggadah, the Rebbe brings an explanation from Torah Ohr about what Hallel is all about. It says that Hallel is praise of Hashem, and revealing Hashem. The words of Hallel praise Hashem, but what does it mean “revealing Hashem?”

On days when we say Hallel (like the days of Shavuos), these are days when the Emes of Hashem is revealed in the world.

Usually, when we look around at the world, that’s all we see — a world! We see all kinds of Gashmius, which seems to run by its own system. But the emes of Hashem is that the chayus of every part of the world is only Hashem, Who created it all!

On days we say Hallel, that emes is more felt and revealed.



Torah and Story of Baal Shem Tov

Shavuos is the yartzeit of the Baal Shem Tov.

There is a minhag from the Rebbeim to tell over a story and a Dvar Torah of the Baal Shem Tov on Shavuos. The Rebbe says that it is appropriate for everyone who knows about the minhag to keep it!

Here is one Dvar Torah of the Baal Shem Tov, from Hayom Yom:

The Baal Shem Tov loved light.

The word “ohr” (light) has the same Gematria as the word “Raz,” which means a secret. Someone who knows the secret in everything can bring ohr, light into it! That was what the Baal Shem Tov did: He revealed the secrets of the Torah, Chassidus. This brought much light into the world!

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Learning Torah Straight From Hashem!

The Navi Yeshaya gave nevuos about the Geulah to the Yidden of his time. He told them that even though during Golus Yidden are busy running after taavos and aren’t interested in the precious Torah and its mitzvos, the Geulah will change things! When Moshiach comes, Hashem will take away our taavos. We won’t be as interested in the Gashmius of the world, and Hashem won’t be hidden anymore! We will be able to see Hashem clearly and learn His holy Torah with joy!

וְנָתַן לָכֶם ה׳ לֶחֶם צַר וּמַיִם לָחַץ וְלֹא יִכָּנֵף עוֹד מוֹרֶיךָ וְהָיוּ עֵינֶיךָ רֹאוֹת אֶת מוֹרֶיךָ

VeNasan Hashem Lachem — In the times of the Geulah, Hashem will put in your hearts

Lechem Tzar Umayim Lachatz — That a little bit of bread and a little bit of water will be enough for you to be happy, you won’t be running after taavos anymore.

Velo Yikanef Od Morecha — And your Teacher, Hashem, won’t be hidden from you anymore

Vehayu Einecha Ro’os Es Morecha — And your eyes will be able to see your Teacher, Hashem!

Hashem will be so close to all of the Yidden.

See Yeshaya perek Lamed posuk Chof

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