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CHUMASH

Parshas Bo - Chamishi with Rashi

In today’s Chumash, Moshe and Aharon tell the Yidden about the mitzvah of the Korban Pesach.

Moshe and Aharon told the Yidden about the mitzvah Hashem had given them:

The Yidden should take one of their lambs or baby goats, or buy one just for the Korban Pesach. After shechting it before the night of Pesach, they should smear some of the blood on the top and sides of the door frame. The Yidden shouldn’t go outside that night until the morning.

The Yidden will start to keep the Yom Tov of Pesach when they come to Eretz Yisroel! When they will have children who will ask them why they are bringing the Korban Pesach, they should tell them that it is because of the miracle of Hashem skipping over (Pasach) the Jewish homes to save the Yidden during Makas Bechoros.

When the Yidden heard Moshe Rabbeinu tell them about this mitzvah, they bowed to Hashem! They just heard many pieces of good news: They heard that the Geulah is about to happen, that they will go into Eretz Yisroel, and they will have children! They wanted to show their appreciation to Hashem, so they bowed.

The posuk tells us that the Yidden did what Hashem said. Even though they didn’t actually do it yet, since they decided to do it, the Torah considers it as if it was already done.

From this we see the power of a hachlata! Once we decide to do something good, even before we do it, Hashem already considers it like we did it, and rewards us for it!

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TEHILLIM

44 - 48

Today’s kapitelach of Tehillim are Mem-Daled through Mem-Ches.

In today’s Tehillim, there is a very special posuk: “Kol Kvuda Bas Melech Penima” — “The kavod of a princess is inside.” This means that a woman, because of tznius, shows her kavod inside her house, not outside in front of everyone.

(Hashem set up the world in a way that a man goes out into the world and gets parnasa, and the woman is the Akeres Habayis — making the home a place where Hashem can feel comfortable.)

But in the Navi, it says that when Moshiach comes, the women will be outside too, and even showing their kavod outside!

Since now we are so close to Moshiach, we need to start acting in a way of Geulah. So today, women and girls need to go outside too, to go to school and learn Torah, and to do mivtzoyim. But since we are still in Golus, and we still have a Yetzer Hara, we need to be careful that it should be in a way of tznius.

Farbrengen Parshas Tazria Tof-Shin-Mem-Alef, see Tehillim with Pirush Tehilos Menachem, Kapitel Mem-Hey p. 23

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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Chof-Alef

We learned yesterday that the mashal of a person’s speaking is different than the nimshal of Hashem’s words which were used to create the world. A persons’ words become separated from him after he says them, but NOTHING can become separate from Hashem! So even after Hashem said the words that created the world, the world didn’t become something separate — it is always connected to Hashem.

Did you ever see a one-way mirror? Some shuls have a special kind of Mechitzah where from the men’s side, it looks like a mirror, but from the women’s side, you can see straight through like plain glass! The whole world is a little bit like that! When we look around at the world, it looks like it is something for itself. From Hashem’s point of view, though, the whole world never becomes separate from Hashem.

The whole world is always one with Hashem. It is only that Hashem made many tzimtzumim, like layers of hiding through the different Ruchnius worlds, all the way until this Gashmius’dike world.

Hashem wanted that the things that are created should FEEL separate. Hashem WANTS us to feel like we have an existence of our own, so that we will be able to live in the world and serve Hashem.

The truth is, however, that this is only how we feel. All of the levels of hiding are “see-through” to Hashem, they don’t hide anything at all! What is dark to us is light to Hashem. Even the tzimtzumim are part of Hashem!

When Moshiach comes, we will also be able to see it!

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HAYOM YOM

Ches Shevat

Baruch Hashem, now we’re right before the Geulah!

We need to know that any tzaros (Chas Veshalom) that Yidden have are because Moshiach is about to come, and just like it hurts before a baby is born, it “hurts” right before Moshiach comes.

But we don’t want this hurting to last a long time. We need to do everything we can to make Moshiach come RIGHT AWAY! We need to especially be careful to keep all of the mitzvos in the most beautiful way, and do EVERY minhag without any compromise!

One time, a reporter came to the Rebbe from a big television station, and asked the Rebbe, “What is your message for the whole world about Moshiach?” The Rebbe answered that Moshiach is ready to come — everyone should do something EXTRA (“something additional”) in goodness and kindness to bring Moshiach. Then the Rebbe gave the reporter and the video people TWO dollars, to show them by example that we need to do something extra.

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #196 - Mitzvas Asei #107

Today’s mitzvah is the same one as yesterday:

(Mitzvas Asei #107) When a neshama leaves a body, the body becomes Tomei. Someone who touches or is in the same house as the body gets some of this Tumah too, called Tumas Meis. There are many halachos about how a person gets this tumah, and how they pass it on. Today’s mitzvah is to follow all of these halachos!

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Tumas Meis

In today’s Rambam, Perakim Vov, Zayin, and Ches, we learn more about Tumah. The Rambam writes about which kinds of things can become Tomei. One halacha is that anything from the sea, like a fish, can’t become Tomei.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Kiddush Hachodesh - Perek Yud-Ches

In this perek, the Rambam tells us how the Beis Din uses these calculations to decide when the new month should start. For example, even if the new moon could have been seen based on their calculations, if it was too cloudy than nobody could see it! We also learn what happens if nobody sees the new moon in time.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Lebn Mit Der Tzeit

In yesterday’s Chumash, Revi’i of Parshas Bo, we learned that Hashem told Moshe Rabbeinu about the mitzvah of Korban Pesach, and in today’s Chumash, Moshe Rabbeinu tells the Yidden about it. On the tenth day of Nissan, the Yidden should take a sheep and tie it to their bed. They should keep the sheep there until Yud-Daled Nissan, when they will shecht it as the Korban Pesach. That means that the sheep would be there for four days!

Why did Hashem make them keep the sheep for four days? Why couldn’t they just get a sheep right before shechting it, or just prepare it the day before?

The Rebbe explains in a sicha (on a Rashi in this week’s Chumash) that this mitzvah was very important for the Yidden, so that they will be ready for the Geulah!

While the Yidden were in Mitzrayim, they were bare of mitzvos. Hashem wanted to give them mitzvos, so that they will deserve the Geulah. Hashem gave them two important mitzvos, one in Sur MeiRa, and one in Asei Tov.

1) The first mitzvah Hashem gave the Yidden was Dam Milah, the blood of the Bris Milah. This mitzvah shows the connection a Yid has to Hashem, even in his body. That is what they needed for Asei Tov.

2) The second mitzvah was the mitzvah of Dam Pesach, the blood of the Korban Pesach. This mitzvah showed that the Yidden were not serving Avodah Zarah, even though the Mitzriyim worshiped sheep. This is what the Yidden needed for Sur MeiRa, to separate themselves from the Avodah Zarah they were attached to in Mitzrayim.

But why did they have to do the mitzvah for FOUR days?

We learn from the Akeidah that four days is enough time to think something through, and make sure that we understand what we are doing. When Hashem gave Avraham Avinu the mitzvah of the Akeidah, it took three days after he got the mitzvah for him to get there, so that the mitzvah could only be done on the fourth day. This way, the Satan would not be able to argue that Avraham was just confused and didn’t have time to properly think about what he was doing.

Here too, since the Yidden would take the sheep for FOUR days, it would show that they really understood that they didn’t want to serve Avodah Zarah, and they only wanted to serve Hashem! This way they would really be ready to leave Mitzrayim.

This is also a lesson which teaches us how important it is to do mivtzoyim! Every Yid needs to come out of Golus, so we need to make sure every Yid deserves it. We see that it only took two mitzvos for the Yidden to deserve to come out of Mitzrayim! When we go on mivtzoyim, we are giving Yidden a chance to do even just one or two mitzvos, so that every Yid will deserve the Geulah!

See Likutei Sichos chelek Tes-Zayin, Parshas Bo (p. 114)

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TEFILLAH

Birchas Hamazon

We learned that the four brachos of Birchas Hamazon were made by:

1) Moshe Rabbeinu, in connection with the Mohn
2) Yehoshua, in connection with coming into Eretz Yisroel
3) Dovid Hamelech and Shlomo Hamelech, in connection with Yerushalayim and the Beis Hamikdash
4) The Chachomim, in connection with the neis of Beitar

The Rebbe’s grandfather, R’ Avraham Lavut, wrote a sefer called Shaar Hakollel. This sefer explains the Alter Rebbe’s nusach of davening.

In it, he brings from the words of the Tashbeitz, that when the Gemara says that, it doesn’t mean that Moshe Rabbeinu or Yehoshua WROTE those parts of Birchas Hamazon. It means that they set up these brachos with a certain inyan, but the specific nusach we use was written later.

In the times of Shlomo Hamelech, they said a bracha about the Beis Hamikdash, but of course they didn’t use the words we do, asking Hashem to rebuild it! That nusach was written in later times, after the Churban.

See Shaar Hakollel

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Kiddush

The Gemara teaches that there are ten things we should have for a Kos Shel Bracha, a kos used for a bracha, such as Kiddush or Havdalah.

Today we will learn about the first two things on this list: Shetifah and Hadacha.

A Kos Shel Bracha should be cleaned inside (shetifah), and outside (hadacha). This means that if the kos is dirty, we should rinse it and wash it, or at least wipe it clean with a napkin or cloth.

According to halacha, if the kos is already clean, we don’t need to worry about these two anymore. But in Sifrei Kabbalah, it seems that there is an inyan in Ruchnius to do this anyway. According to this, we should rinse the kos before Kiddush (or wipe it if we don’t have water), even if it is already clean.

We actually saw this by the Rebbe, that before using a Kos Shel Bracha at a farbrengen, the Rebbe would take a cloth and wipe the kos clean.

See Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch siman Reish-Ayin-Alef se’if Yud-Ches, siman Kuf-Pey-Gimmel se’if Beis, and Piskei Teshuvos siman Kuf-Pey-Gimmel se’if Beis

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Ki Besimcha

The Rebbe accepted the nesius at the farbrengen of Yud Shevat 5711. The last thing the Rebbe said before leaving this farbrengen was that Chassidim need to work together with shalom and Achdus to bring the Geulah.

The Rebbe explained the posukKi Besimcha Seitzeiu” (which was usually sung at the end of the Rebbe’s farbrengens) to show what happens when we have shalom.

1) First, a good eitza to have Shalom and Achdus is to have simcha! When we are besimcha, it is easier to have Shalom. This is hinted to in the posuk, because first we say “Besimcha Seitzeiu” (go out with simcha), and then “Uveshalom Tuvalun” (and you will be brought with shalom).

2) Sometimes things are hard for us. When we have shalom, these things not only won’t be in the way, but they will help us to do even more! We say this in the posuk, “Heharim Vehagva’os Yiftzechu Lifneichem Rina,” “the mountains and hills,” which usually block people, “will burst into song in front of you” — they will start to help you!

3) When we have shalom, the nevuos about Moshiach will come true! We hint to this in the posuk, by saying “Vechol Atzei Hasadeh Yimcha’u Chof,” that all the trees of the field will clap hands. Rashi explains that this is because the trees will ALL give fruit, which is one of the nevuos which will take place in the times of the Geulah!

See Likutei Sichos chelek Beis page 503

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