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CHUMASH

Parshas Shoftim - Chamishi with Rashi

Moshe Rabbeinu explains to the Yidden what is a true Navi, and a Navi Sheker. Moshe also tells the Yidden about separating Arei Miklat, and that an Ir Miklat doesn’t save a person who killed ON PURPOSE!

Even though Hashem doesn’t let us ask magicians or people who use Tumah to tell us about what will happen later, Hashem DOES give us ways to know what will happen in the future. Hashem lets a Navi know what will happen, and the Navi tells the rest of the Yidden. A Navi can tell us what Hashem wants us to do, and warn us that we need to do Teshuvah so that not good things won’t happen.

But if someone is a Navi Sheker, a FAKE Navi, he needs to be killed! A fake Navi is someone who says what will happen later and then it doesn’t happen, or someone who says that Hashem wants us to do an aveira.

Moshe Rabbeinu also reminds the Yidden about the Ir Miklat: In Eretz Yisroel, we have to set up Arei Miklat, cities that are a safe place for someone who R”L killed a person by mistake. The person can run there, and then the family of the person who was killed won’t hurt him.

But if someone killed a person ON PURPOSE, it doesn’t help to go to an Ir Miklat — we send him out, because he needs to get punished by the Beis Din.

 
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TEHILLIM

29 - 34

Today’s shiur Tehillim is kapitelach Chof-Tes to Lamed-Daled. We also say kapitelach Yud-Gimmel, Yud-Daled, and Tes-Vov for Chodesh Elul.

Kapitel Lamed-Gimmel, in today’s Tehillim, talks about how special Hashem is! Dovid Hamelech says: “Bidvar Hashem, Shomayim Naasu” — “with the WORDS of Hashem, the heavens were made.”

Hashem made the whole world through saying ten things — the Asara Maamaros. (Like “Yehi Ohr!” — “There should be light!”)

Chassidus teaches us that the neshama of a Yid is a part of Hashem, and that by looking into our neshama, we can see and understand Hashem. So to understand more about Hashem’s speaking, we can think about how WE speak!

We only say something after we think about or feel something, to share it with someone else. But what we say is not EVERYTHING we think or feel, just that part that we wanted to share!

From this mashal, we can also understand that when Hashem created the world, through speaking, it’s only a small part of Hashem that is being shared with us. But Hashem is really MUCH greater than the world we see!

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Yud-Beis

Now we are starting a new letter from the Alter Rebbe. This letter will tell us about two kinds of Tzedakah: Tzedakah that we LIKE to give, and Tzedakah that is HARD for us. We will see how any tzedakah is special, but that the tzedakah that is harder is even more amazing!

First, let’s look at what we say in davening and in bentching: “Oseh Shalom Bimromav” — that Hashem makes Shalom in Shomayim.

What does THAT mean? Why should Hashem need to make Shalom in Shomayim? Who is fighting in Shomayim?!?

The answer is that Shalom is not only for when people are fighting, but also when there are two things that are different, and you need them to be together.

In Shomayim, there are two different kinds of Malochim. There is Malach Michoel, who is the nice and giving malach, and Malach Gavriel, who is the strict malach. They are both doing what Hashem wants, but they are doing two opposite things!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Hey Elul

Today we learn the Chabad minhag for putting on a Tallis:

1) Leave the Tallis folded, and put it on your right shoulder.

2) Check the Tzitzis while saying a few pesukim from “Borchi Nafshi.”

3) Take the Tallis off your shoulder and unfold it.

4) Kiss the top of the Tallis (the part that will go by your head)

5) Twirl the Tallis so that it is behind you.

6) Start saying the brachaLehisatef Betzitzis” (wrapping yourself in the Tzitzis) and wrap the Tallis around you so that both corners are over the left shoulder when you finish the bracha.

To do the mitzvah right, we need to leave the Tallis wrapped like that for at least a certain amount of time, so we say some Pesukim from Tehillim to make sure we stay wrapped up for long enough.

When the Frierdiker Rebbe came to America, there wasn’t enough room in 770 where the Frierdiker Rebbe had the seudos, so the bochurim were not allowed in. The bochurim tried to come in anyway (of course!).

How could someone figure out who was a bochur and who was already married and WAS allowed in? The Rebbetzin had an idea! She asked them to say these pesukim baal peh — if they didn’t know them, they must be bochurim!

(If you are married you need to know them by heart — you say these pesukim while your whole face is covered by a Tallis, and you can’t look inside!)

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #31 - Mitzvas Asei #19

In Sefer Hamitzvos today, we learn the mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #19) to thank Hashem after we eat. This is the mitzvah of saying Birchas Hamazon (bentching).

We learn this from a very famous posuk in Parshas Eikev: וְאָכַלְתָּ וְשָׂבָעְתָּ וּבֵרַכְתָּ אֶת ה׳ אֱלֹקֶיךָ

The details are explained in Mesechta Brachos.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Brachos

Perek Alef: The Rambam explains what brachos are, and who made the nusach of the brachos we say. Then the Rambam teaches some general rules about brachos. For example, we learn that lechat’chilah, we should make a bracha in a loud enough voice to hear. We also learn that when we hear a bracha we need to answer Amen!

Perek Beis: In this perek, we learn about Birchas Hamazon, which is the only bracha that is from the Torah. (All other brachos are Miderabanan.) We learn how it is said differently on Shabbos, Yom Tov, and by a chasuna.

Perek Gimmel: We learn about the brachos on foods made from grain. There are five kinds of grain that can make food Mezonos or Hamotzi, depending on how they are prepared.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Keilim - Perek Chof-Daled

In this perek, we learn about leather things that become tomei if a Zav sits on them. One thing the Rambam tells us is that a leather bib can become tomei!

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Chodesh Elul

A group of students once came to the Rebbe for Yechidus a few days before Rosh Hashana.

The Rebbe told them that they should know that time is such a special present from Hashem! Before Rosh Hashana, we need to think about this present and make a hachlata to always use our time in the best way.

“You are very young,” the Rebbe told them. “Hashem gives young people a koach to do lots of good things with lots of energy! But you only stay young for a certain amount of time. Remember to use this special koach as much as you can!”

 

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TEFILLAH

Mizmor Lesoda

The main part of Pesukei Dezimra that the Chachomim originally established starts with Ashrei.

Before going to the main part of Pesukei Dezimra, we say a few other things.

First we say Mizmor Lesodah. This is kapitel Kuf of Tehillim, and is the song that was sung when bringing a Korban Todah in the Beis Hamikdash.

This kapitel even hints to the way the korban was brought: There are 40 words, like the 40 loaves that were brought together with the Korban Todah, and it has Hashem’s name in it 4 times, hinting to the 4 kinds of people who bring the Korban Todah to thank Hashem for nissim that happen to them.

The Chachomim tell us that there are really nissim happening to us every day! We don’t see them because many times, Hashem hides them from us. We thank Hashem for these hidden nissim every day by saying Mizmor Lesodah at the beginning of Pesukei Dezimra.

We don’t say Mizmor Lesodah on Shabbos or Yom Tov, Erev Pesach or Erev Yom Kippur, or Chol Hamoed Pesach. That is because these are all days when a person was not allowed to bring the Korban Todah in the Beis Hamikdash.

In the Midrash it says that when Moshiach comes, all songs will become unimportant — except for Mizmor Lesodah, this song of thanks to Hashem!

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

The Order of Brachos

When we have many foods in front of us to eat, what do we make a bracha on first?

Even if we know which brachos to say on each food, it is a Mitzvah Min Hamuvchar (a mitzvah done in the best way) to say the brachos in the right order.

Here is the general order of brachos:

1) Mezonos
2) Hagafen
3) Ha’eitz
4) Ho’adamah
5) Shehakol

(There is a siman in Hebrew to remember this order: Maga Aish, “touch fire” — Mezonos, Gafen, Eitz, Adamah, SHehakol.)

For example, if we have foods that are Shehakol, Hagafen, and Ha’adamah, we will first say Hagafen, then Ha’adamah, and then Shehakol.

Then, we will need to look at all of the foods with the same bracha, and figure out which of them we should say the bracha on, which will include the other foods with the same bracha.

We will IY”H learn more about this tomorrow.

See Seder Birchos Hanehenin perek Yud

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

We'll Have the Beis Hamikdash Again!

The Navi Micha said many nevuos about Moshiach.

Hashem showed Micha some of the same things about Moshiach as He showed to the Navi Yeshaya! That’s why this nevuah is almost exactly the same as one from Yeshaya.

וְהָיָה בְּאַחֲרִית הַיָּמִים יִהְיֶה הַר בֵּית ה׳ נָכוֹן בְּרֹאשׁ הֶהָרִים וְנִשָּׂא הוּא מִגְּבָעוֹת וְנָהֲרוּ עָלָיו עַמִּים

Vehaya Ba’acharis Hayamim — This nevuah will happen in the end of the days of Golus:

Yihiyeh Har Beis Hashem Nachon Berosh Heharim — The house of Hashem, the Beis Hamikdash, which was destroyed, will again be in place on the top of the most important mountain

Venisa Hu Mig’vaos — Which will be higher than all of the hills, so everyone can see it!

Venaharu Alav Amim — And the nations will be rushing towards it, to serve Hashem there too!

See Micha perek Daled posuk Alef

 
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נפטר ב' מנחם אב ה'תשע"ג

 
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