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לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
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Parshas Terumah - Shishi with Rashi

In today’s Chumash, we learn about the Mizbeiach Hanechoshes.

Hashem tells Moshe Rabbeinu to make the Mizbeiach Hanechoshes, the mizbeiach made of copper. This mizbeiach should be made of wood covered with copper, and used for the korbanos.

The mizbeiach should be made with four small boxes in the corners of the top of the Mizbeiach. The open space on the top will have room for the kohanim to go and burn the korbanos.

On the outside of the Mizbeiach, there was a copper “grate”, which went around the middle of the Mizbeiach like a belt. This held the rings for the carrying poles, and made it easy for the kohanim to see where the middle of the mizbeiach is. The kohanim needed to know this because some korbanos need to have blood sprinkled on the top half of the Mizbeiach, and other korbanos need their blood sprinkled on the bottom half of the Mizbeiach.

All of the tools for this Mizbeiach should be made of copper.

The Mizbeiach should be built like a hollow box, and wherever the Mishkan will be set up, the Yidden will need to fill it with dirt.

The Mizbeiach also had a ramp to get to the top. We learned earlier in the Chumash that the kohanim are not allowed to go up to the Mizbeiach on stairs.



39 - 43

In today’s Tehillim there is a posuk that says, “Ach Betzelem Yis’halech Ish. “A person walks in the dark (because only Hashem knows the way things really are).

In a maamar, the Rebbe Rashab explains this posuk in another way! “Ach BeTzelem Yis’halech Ish” — a person goes with Tzelem, with a koach called “tzelem” that helps a Yid in his Avodas Hashem.

Every morning, when we wake up, Hashem puts a special koach in the air! It makes us excited about starting the day right and acting the way Hashem wants.

We all sometimes need a push to get us started in doing the right thing!

A thought can come into our mind and get us excited to do something good. This could be from a Bas Kol, a voice from Hashem that the neshama hears, that makes the neshama really want to act in the right way. Even though the body can’t hear it, the neshama can, and the neshama puts thoughts into our head that can make us do Teshuvah!

All this is part of the Tzelem that the posuk is talking about, the hidden koach that goes with a Yid and inspires him to do what’s right!



Likutei Amarim Perek Lamed-Alef

After we do the hisbonenus we learned about in the last two and a half perakim, it will help us be able to always serve Hashem with simcha!

We learned about things that make us feel humble, and feel bad for our neshama that is stuck inside such a low body. When we realize that we are able to connect our neshama to Hashem through Torah and mitzvos, we will decide that this is something we want to be busy with for our entire life!

That’s what the Chachomim mean when they teach us that a Yid should do teshuvah all his life — Kol Yamav BeTeshuvah. It is not talking about teshuvah from an aveira, but teshuvah meaning to return and reconnect the neshama to Hashem. This is a kind of teshuvah we can do our entire life, and it is something that can be done with great simcha!

The Alter Rebbe gives us a mashal that helps us understand the great simcha we have:

It is like a prince who was captured, and had to do hard work in prison, while covered with garbage. Imagine how happy he would be when he is freed and can go back home to the king!

The same thing is with our neshama: Imagine how happy our neshama is to connect to Hashem through Torah and mitzvos! Even though our guf is still low and not clean, we are so happy that we can connect our neshama with Hashem again! The Nefesh Habehamis may not have become kedusha, but the neshama is the most important thing to us! Even though it is true that we have a low guf, it doesn’t take away from our simcha at all!



Zayin Adar

Since the Hayom Yom was written in a year where there were TWO Adars (a Shana Me’uberes) and this year there is only ONE Adar (a Shana Peshuta) we will learn two Hayom Yoms today!

Zayin Adar Alef

Every one of us needs to know that we are shluchim of Hashem, wherever we may be!

What is our shlichus?

Our shlichus is to make the world bright with the light of Torah and Avodah. This is what Hashem created the world for!

And how do we do this shlichus?

By doing mitzvos and having good midos.

Zayin Adar Sheini

Bulach! Vos trets du oif mir? Mit vos bistu hecher fun mir?” “Golem! Why are you walking on me? Why are you better than me?”

That’s what the ground says when we walk on it without saying or thinking about Torah!

What Torah do you know by heart so you can say it or think it when you are walking?



Shiur #225 - Mitzvas Asei #98

Today’s mitzvah is the same as yesterday’s (Mitzvas Asei #98) — that we need to follow what the Torah teaches us about food and drink becoming Tomei.



Hilchos Tumas Ochlin

In today’s Rambam, we learn more about how food and drink become Tomei:

Perek Daled explains the smallest amount of food that is Mekabel Tumah (any amount — even a drop!) and the smallest amount of food that can make other things tomei (at least a Kebeitzah).

Perek Hey teaches us the halachos about the Yad (like the stem) and the Shomer (like the peels) of a food. If a Yad is attached to a food, it can become Tomei. A Shomer can always become Tomei, unless it gets thrown away. Sometimes they are counted as part of the food, and sometimes not!

Perek Vov has the halachos of when foods are counted as “attached” or not. A pile of dough is counted as attached — if part of the dough is touched, the whole thing is Tomei. But if figs were squashed into a pile and some of the figs became Tomei, the rest of them are still Tahor.



Hilchos Ishus - Perek Yud-Tes

Part of the kesuba includes that the money becomes a yerusha for the wife’s children. This perek teaches how this is done.



Zayin Adar

Today is Zayin Adar, the birthday and Yartzeit of Moshe Rabbeinu!

The Rebbe said that in the past, Chassidim did not have a minhag do anything special for this day. However, since the Golus is so dark, we need to use every chance we have to add a chayus in Kedushah! So when Zayin Adar comes, we should use this special day to make a farbrengen! At this farbrengen, we should speak about Torah, the gift from Hashem that Moshe Rabbeinu brought to us — about learning Torah and teaching it to others.

(The Rebbeim would not say Tachanun on Zayin Adar, however Chassidim do.)

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Learning Torah After Davening

The Gemara tells us about a Tanna named Abba Binyomin. This Tanna said that there were two things he was always worried about. One of them was that he always wanted to make sure that his davening should be close to his bed — “Tefilasi Samuch Lemitasi.” He wanted that right after getting up, he should daven, and not take care of other things first! Rashi says that he didn’t even want to learn TORAH before davening!

Why? What is wrong with learning before davening?

In Likutei Torah, the Tzemach Tzedek explains why. There is nothing wrong with learning Torah before davening, but there is something very special about Torah we learn AFTER davening! After we daven and make our neshama’s connection with Hashem strong, the Torah we learn is on a much higher level! The Tanna Abba Binyomin wanted to make sure that ALL of his Torah learning was on this high level.

We see in halacha that there is a mitzvah for a man to set a time to learn Torah in the morning and at night, and the Alter Rebbe says that the best time for this learning (Mitzvah Min Hamuvchar) should be right after davening!

Even if we don’t have enough time then to learn, and we will need to do our learning later in the day, we should still learn at least one halacha or posuk right after davening!

Like it says in the Gemara, we should go MeChayil El Choyil — from strength to strength. We should go right from the strength of davening to the strength of Torah! And someone who does this, going “Mibeis Hakneses L’veis Hamedrash,” straight from shul to the Beis Medrash to learn, will be zoche to greet the Shechinah!

See Gemara Brachos 5a, Likutei Torah Parshas Bracha p. 96b, Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch siman 155



Parshas Zachor

Every week, we read a parsha from the Torah, in order. The Chachomim also set up special parshios which are read on certain Shabbosim — extra pieces of the Torah that are read after the regular parsha. For example, we read another section of the Torah on Rosh Chodesh and Chanukah.

There are four weeks around Adar where we read another section of the Torah after the Parshas Hashavua, in a separate Sefer Torah.

We already leined Parshas Shekalim, which was about the Machatzis Hashekel, around the time of Rosh Chodesh Adar. (That is the time when the Beis Din started nudging people to give their Machatzis Hashekel.)

The week before Purim, we read Parshas Zachor. Parshas Zachor speaks about remembering what Amalek did to the Yidden, and our mitzvah to wipe them out.

This is a very important parsha to hear in Shul! There are different opinions of whether women need to hear this parsha, and also whether it can be fulfilled at other times during the year, like in the Torah reading for Purim which also speaks about Amalek, or other times during the year when this is read.

Therefore, women who don’t have to take care of little kids at home, and definitely girls, should try to go to shul if possible to hear Parshas Zachor being read. If you can’t, you should try to read it from a Chumash at home, or at least talk about remembering Amalek! If you are in shul on Purim when they read the Torah, you can also have in mind to fulfill the mitzvah then.

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Mizbeiach Hanechoshes

According to the Hora’ah of the Rebbe, during these parshios when we learn about the Mishkan in the Torah, we learn more from Torah Shebaal Peh about the Mishkan. This helps us “live with the times,” and brings the Geulah faster!

Today in Chumash, we learned about the Mizbeiach Hanechoshes.

The Mizbeiach Hanechoshes was different than all of the other keilim. All of the other keilim in the Mishkan were made out of gold, but this Mizbeiach was made out of copper! Why?

The purpose of the Mizbeiach was to be a kapara for the Yidden, through the korbanos that they would bring on it. The copper coating itself was also a kapara. Based on a posuk in the Navi (“Itzchacha Nechusha”), copper represents a person who is acting very chutzpadik. The copper of the Mizbeiach itself is a kapara for this chutzpa.

So not only were the korbanos brought on the Mizbeiach something that brought the Yidden closer to Hashem, but the copper itself was a kapara for the Yidden!

See Rashi in today’s Chitas

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