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Parshas Ki Savo - Sheini with Rashi

We are continuing to learn the words of Moshe Rabbeinu about the mitzvos the Yidden will be doing when they come into Eretz Yisroel.

On Erev Pesach in the fourth year of Shemitah, a person needs to check and make sure that he gave all of the Terumah and Maaser he owes.

He has to make sure that none of it is left in his house! Then he says the Vidui Maaser, telling Hashem that he did his job! He gave all of the presents he was supposed to, in the right order, the way Hashem wants. He didn’t make it tomei, or use it for the wrong things. He used the Terumah and Maaser to make people happy, like Hashem wants!

At the end, he says: Hashem! I did what you asked me to do! Now You should do what You promised — to give the Yidden brachos!



79 - 82

Today’s shiur Tehillim is kapitelach Ayin-Tes to Pey-Beis. For Elul, we say kapitelach Mem-Vov, Mem-Zayin, and Mem-Ches.

There is a niggun in each one of these kapitelach! Do you know them all?

In Kapitel Pey, Dovid Hamelech starts asking Hashem that “Roei Yisroel Haazina, Noheg Katzon Yosef.” “The Shepherd of Yidden, listen, the One who takes care of Yosef like sheep.”

In this posuk, Yidden are called with TWO names: Yisroel and Yosef.

We know Yidden are called Bnei Yisroel, because we are all children of Yaakov Avinu, who is also called Yisroel. But why are all Yidden called with the name Yosef, if he was only one of the Shevatim?

The reason is because in the time when there was no food in Eretz Yisroel, Yosef was the one who fed all the Yidden. Since he gave all the Yidden chayus, we are all called in this posuk by his name!



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Tes-Vov

In this Igeres Hakodesh, the Alter Rebbe is teaching us about the ten kochos in a Yid’s neshama, and how they are a mashal for the Eser Sefiros of Hashem.

Today the Alter Rebbe teaches us about the kochos of the Neshama that a Yid has inside of him:

Let’s say our Mommy and Tatty are teaching us the first parsha in Chumash. We are learning about how Hashem made the world for a reason — so that Yidden will learn Torah and do mitzvos and bring Moshiach! They want us to understand our special job in the world, and how to do it with lots of chayus!

Our Mommy and Tatty know much more than they can explain to us. They already learned Torah and lived in Hashem’s world for many years. They know a lot because of all that they learned, and from all of the things that happened to them. If they try to tell us EVERYTHING they know, we might get mixed up and not understand anything at all!

So our parents will use the special kochos Hashem gave them. The kochos help them figure out what to tell us, and how to explain it. This way we will love to hear about it, and it will make us excited to live the way Hashem wants!

In today’s Tanya, the Alter Rebbe shows us how, for example, a parent can use each of the natural kochos of Chesed, Gevurah, Tiferes, Netzach, Hod, Yesod, and Malchus, to teach something in a way that their child will appreciate it.

Later we will see how everybody can use these same kochos of the Nefesh Elokis to serve Hashem every day.



Tes-Zayin Elul

In today’s Hayom Yom, we learn an explanation of the Alter Rebbe on a Gemara, which teaches us how incredible it is to do a favor for another Yid!

When you do a favor for someone else, you probably know that you did a mitzvah of Ahavas Yisroel!

But do you know HOW MANY PEOPLE you helped with that Ahavas Yisroel?

It says in the Gemara that when you save one Yid, it is like you are really saving a whole world!

Based on this, the Alter Rebbe said that when we do something for another person, we should realize that we are really helping him, his children, his grandchildren... all the way until Moshiach comes!


Because we should look at a neshama the way it is in Adam Kadmon — the part of Hashem before the Neshamos even go into separate people! There, we can see how the neshama is together with every neshama that will come from it. And when we help that one neshama, we are really helping EVERYONE that will come from it. So we aren’t just helping one Yid, we are helping a whole world!



Shiur #42 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #322

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #322) is the same as yesterday’s — that a Beis Din is not allowed to punish anyone on Shabbos. We learn this mitzvah from the posuk that says, “You shouldn’t burn a fire on Shabbos.”

This is a posuk in Parshas Vayakhel: לֹא תְבַעֲרוּ אֵשׁ

Really, this posuk seems strange — we already know that we can’t burn a fire on Shabbos, because it’s one of the Lamed-Tes Melachos! The Mechilta explains that this is talking about one of the types of punishment, called Sereifah, that a Beis Din sometimes needs to give. We are not allowed to do this type of punishment, or any of the other punishments, on Shabbos.

The Talmud Yerushalmi says that we learn from the end of this posuk (“Bechol Moshvoseichem,” in all of your dwellings) that the Beis Din can’t judge at all on Shabbos.



Hilchos Shabbos

Today’s perakim in Rambam are continuing to teach us about the melacha of Hotza’ah, carrying. We are not allowed to transfer things from one reshus (type of area) to another, or to carry things inside some types of reshus.

Perek Tes-Vov: We learn the halachos about when someone is in one reshus, and is moving something in a different reshus. For example, sticking your hand out through a window and drawing up water from a well.

Perek Tes-Zayin: We learn the halachos about what types of walls can surround an area to make it into a different type of reshus. (Halacha calls these walls mechitzos, and nowadays many people call it an “eruv.”)

Perek Yud-Zayin: In those days, most houses were inside of courtyards, and most courtyards were in an alleyway (mavui). We learn what needs to be done to the mavui to make it into a Reshus Hayochid. We also learn about pasim, small dividers that can sometimes act as a mechitza to make it into a different reshus.



Hilchos Mikvaos - Perek Zayin

When things fall into a mikvah, they can sometimes help make a mikvah kosher, or sometimes make it posul. If something falls in that changes the color of the water, it makes the mikvah posul. But if snow or salt fall in, they can count as part of the 40 se’ah we need to have a kosher mikvah! Juice doesn’t count for the 40 se’ah, but it doesn’t make the mikvah posul either.



Chassidishe Parsha - Ki Savo

Moshe Rabbeinu tells the Yidden in this week’s parsha (in the Chumash of Shabbos) that they saw all the Nissim that Hashem made for them, from going out of Mitzrayim until now — right before they will go into Eretz Yisroel.

Still, Moshe Rabbeinu says that Hashem didn’t give you a “Leiv Lodaas” — a heart to understand — until today. Until now, they felt things by themselves, but now, HASHEM will give them a special chayus in their neshama that they never felt before! They will need this special chayus so they can go into Eretz Yisroel!

The Alter Rebbe says that the same thing happens every year during the Aseres Yemei Teshuva. Hashem gives a special chayus into the Neshama of every Yid, so we have extra koach to do Teshuvah, come close to Hashem, and get a Ksiva Vachasima Tova — and a year of Geulah for all of the Yidden!

See Likutei Torah parshas Ki Savo, maamar Vayikra Moshe


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Shemoneh Esrei on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur

The way Shemoneh Esrei is set up is that there are 3 brachos at the beginning praising Hashem, brachos in the middle asking Hashem for our needs, and 3 brachos at the end praising Hashem again.

The Chachomim teach us that these three brachos at the beginning of Shemoneh Esrei are very special. We ONLY praise Hashem and mention the zechus of the Avos. We are careful not to add anything or to ask for anything during this time when we speak about the greatness of Hashem.

But on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur, we do add something!

On these holiest days of the year, we add FIVE paragraphs in the first brachos of Shemoneh Esrei! In these paragraphs, we are not speaking more about Hashem’s praises. We are asking Hashem for something very important. In each of these five paragraphs, we are asking Hashem to bring the Geulah!

Because this is such a special time, the Chachomim added these paragraphs in the middle of Hashem’s praises. This helps us realize how important it is to ask Hashem to bring Moshiach now!

Sicha of Rosh Hashana, Hisvaaduyos 5744, vol. 1, p. 27



Arba Minim for Kids

Starting from 30 days before, we start thinking about the Yomim Tovim coming up! We already started learning about Rosh Hashana, which is coming up in 2 weeks, but it is already less than 30 days to Sukkos! So we will also learning something about Sukkos:

It is a good thing to buy a kosher set of the Daled Minim (Lulav, Esrog, Hadassim and Aravos) for boys over age 6, which is the age of chinuch miderabanan. Every home (or at least every community) should have a set of the Daled Minim that is especially for children. (Of course, boys over Bar Mitzvah should have their own mehudar set).

The reason why we should have a set of Arba Minim for children is because you are supposed to make a bracha over a set that belongs to you. If you don’t have your own, someone else can give it to you as a Matana Al Menas Lehachazir, a present that you will give back afterwards (they should tell you that they are doing this). This way it will belong to you when you make the bracha.

But the halacha is that a child of the age of chinuch is allowed to GET a present, but cannot GIVE a present to an adult. So if you give your Lulav to a child as a Matana Al Menas Lehachazir, you can’t get it back — and then the adults won’t have a Lulav and Esrog to make a bracha on!

So if you only have one set of the Daled Minim, you shuld NOT give it to children as a Matana Al Menas Lehachazir, instead you should just let them borrow it. But then the kids are not doing the mitzvah properly, because they are not making a bracha on a set that belongs to them. That’s why it is best to have a set that is just for the kids, that they can give each other as a Matana Al Menas Lehachazir.

That is probably the reason why children were not allowed to shake the Rebbe’s Lulav and Esrog during the main days of Sukkos. In the later years, on Hoshaana Rabbah, after the adults finished bentching, the children were given the Rebbe’s Lulav and Esrog to make a bracha on.

See Halachos Uminhagei Chabad p. 60

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Hashem Will Rest in Yerushalayim

In the middle of perek Beis, the Navi Zecharia starts a new nevuah to the Yidden! Much of this nevuah talks about the times of Moshiach.

(This nevuah is the haftorah for Parshas Behaalosecha and Shabbos Chanukah, because in this nevuah, Zechariah saw a menorah! In Parshas Behaalosecha we learn about the Menorah, and Chanukah we light the menorah!)

Hashem tells the Yidden to be happy, because He will again rest in Yerushalayim, together with the Yidden!

רָנִּי וְשִׂמְחִי בַּת צִיּוֹן כִּי הִנְנִי בָא וְשָׁכַנְתִּי בְתוֹכֵךְ נְאֻם ה׳

Rani Vesimchi Bas Tzion — Sing and be happy, daughter of Tzion (Yerushalayim)

Ki Hineni Va — Because, look! I will come

Veshachanti Vesocheich — And I will rest among you.

Ne’um Hashem — So says Hashem.

See Zechariah perek Beis posuk Yud-Daled

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