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Parshas Haazinu - Revi'i with Rashi

In yesterday’s Chumash, we learned how the Yidden will take the amazing food of Eretz Yisroel, and instead of using the koach from the food to do mitzvos, they will eat it in a grubbe way which isn’t good for their neshama! That will make them want to do Avodah Zarah — which makes Hashem angry!

It makes Hashem angry to see that they would
Serve idols, when Hashem gave them so much good!

Hashem will hide from them, is what He did say
They’re Hashem’s nation, but they aren’t acting that way!

They bowed down to idols, which are not real
So Hashem will let the Goyim hurt them and steal

The anger of Hashem will burn like a flame
And Yerushalayim will not be the same.

The Yidden will suffer, and suffer once more
Because of the way they acted before.

The way the Yidden act, there’s no doubt
Hashem should (chas veshalom) let the Goyim wipe them out…

(But since the Goyim would probably pretend
That their Avodah Zarah did it, Hashem won’t let in the end.)



55- 59

Today’s shiur Tehillim is kapitelach Nun-Hey through Nun-Tes. Today we also finish the whole Sefer Tehillim which we started on Rosh Chodesh Elul.

In the end of today’s first Kapitel is the very special niggun Padah Veshalom, which we sing on the Geulah of the Rebbeim. In this kapitel, Dovid Hamelech is talking about his OWN Geulah, because there were people who fought against him.

Dovid Hamelech says at the end, the last three words, “Va’ani Evtach Bach” — “and I trust in You.” Dovid Hamelech didn’t think about the people who were trying to hurt him (chas veshalom), and only trusted in Hashem, that Hashem will help him. And of course, Hashem did!

We learn from this in our fight with the Yetzer Hara: If we do what we are supposed to and trust in Hashem, we will for sure win!



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Chof

We learned earlier in this Igeres about how the greatest koach of Hashem is used to create Gashmius, and that in Gashmius, the greatest koach of Hashem is in the lowest part of it — the dirt in the earth!

People, animals, and plants, grow and walk and talk much more than dirt! Still, they all need the dirt to live — they grow and eat things that grow in the earth. Now we understand why! Because the greatest koach of Hashem is in the lowest part of what Hashem created — in the dirt — and everything needs part of that koach!

We finally finish the part that we have of this letter of the Alter Rebbe, where he tells us how we should feel so lucky to have chances to do mitzvos, with Gashmius things — where we can find the greatest koach of Hashem!



Yud Tishrei


(These Minhagim are all already printed in our Machzor. Here are some of them:) We say Krias Shema like every Shabbos and Yom Tov. We say the Yud-Gimmel Midos Horachamim when we take out the Sefer Torah, even on Shabbos. We say the Yom Tehillim after Musaf. We say Ledovid Hashem Ori also by Mincha. We leave the Aron Kodesh open for the whole Ne’ilah. There is no Birkas Kohanim by Ne’ilah. We don’t say the bracha “She’asa Li Kol Tzorki” on Yom Kippur at all, we wait until the next day.

The fast of Yom Kippur is 25 hours long. We add on some time before and after the fast, “Lehosif Me’hachol Al Hakodesh” (to make part of a regular day into Yom Tov). This means that our fast goes into the 26th hour too! (The number 26 is the Gematria of Hashem’s holy name!)



Shiur #65 - Mitzvas Asei #155

Today in Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn the same mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #153) again: How the Beis Din needs to make a calendar and calculate the months and the years. This is the mitzvah of Kiddush Hachodesh.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Bo: הַחֹדֶשׁ הַזֶּה לָכֶם רֹאשׁ חֳדָשִׁים

The details are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Alef, Mesechta Rosh Hashana and Brachos.



Hilchos Kiddush Hachodesh

In today’s Rambam, Perakim Tes-Vov, Tes-Zayin, and Yud-Zayin, we learn how the Beis Din knows if it makes sense that someone would be able see the new moon, to know if the witnesses are telling the truth. (We aren’t talking about people seeing the moon ANYWHERE — only in Eretz Yisroel!)

It might be hard to remember all of the numbers the Rambam gives us, or to understand why we use those numbers, but it’s not too hard to actually make the calculations. Just follow the Rambam’s clear instructions step by step, and you can also figure out if a person could see the moon on any night in Yerushalayim!



Hilchos Geneivah - Perek Hey

Perek Hey explains that we aren’t allowed to buy or sell something that is stolen. If somebody does, the owner can buy it back and make the thief pay him back that money.



Seudah of Motzei Yom Kippur

After Yom Kippur, the Rebbeim wouldn’t just have a piece of cake and then rest from the long and hard avodah of the day. They were careful to wash and eat a real Yom Tov seudah, including singing niggunim and saying Divrei Torah!

See Hisvaaduyos 5746, vol. 1, p. 446; Otzar Minhagei Chabad, Motzei Yom Kippur


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The word “Ne’ilah” means to lock up. The simple meaning is that it’s the end of the day, and it’s our last chance to ask Hashem to forgive us, since the doors are about to be locked.

Chassidus explains that Ne’ilah means that the doors are being locked BEHIND us. This is the time when the deepest part of a Yid’s neshama comes very close to Hashem. It is a very special private time, like a Yechidus with Hashem, that only happens once a year!



Motzei Yom Kippur

One of the reasons we blow the tekiyah at the end of Yom Kippur is to remind us that it is a Yom Tov, and the seudah we eat after Yom Kippur is a Yom Tov meal!

That’s also the reason why we wish each other “Good Yom Tov” as we go home after Ne’ilah.

At this time, a Bas Kol comes from Shomayim, telling us to eat and drink joyfully!

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Tof-Reish-Chof-Gimmel

There are many more halachos for Yom Kippur. See the Halacha Newsletters from Badatz of Crown Heights, and Rabbi Shmuel Lesches of Melbourne to review them all!

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Leshana Haba'ah BiYerushalayim!

At the end of Yom Kippur, after the last Tekiyah, we announce “Leshana Haba’ah Biyerushalayim!” “Next year in Yerushalayim!”

The Frierdiker Rebbe explains that this doesn’t mean that we will wait until next Yom Kippur for Moshiach to come, chas veshalom. It means that Hashem should bring Moshiach RIGHT NOW, and we’ll go right away to Eretz Yisroel! That way, “Leshana Haba’ah,” next Yom Kippur, we will already be fully settled in Yerushalayim!

Bracha of Erev Yom Kippur, 5752

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